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xtended, like those of an immense female conspirators was Hortensia let, over the whole kingdom of France, Beauharnois, daughter of Josephine, ind the cord for drawing it was in the and wife of Louis Buonaparte, whom mands of Buonaparte. Paris was, of his brother created King of Holland, ourse, the centrical point from which and afterwards deposed. To this per. he subordinate agents received their son, at once his step daughter and lecret instructions ; committees of sister-in-law, Buonaparte was so tenhe disaffected were established in derly attached as to give room for the different quarters of the city. The scandal, notwithstanding the propinmost active members were women, quity of this double connection. She who, having beld rank at the court of had been created by Louis, Duchess Buonaparte, had been repulsed or of St Leu, at the request, it was betreated with neglect at that of Louis. lieved, of the Emperor Alexander, They were, in general, the wives of who had magnanimously extended Buonaparte's generals and nobles and his protection to several of the fallen statesmen, to whom the aristocratic house of Buonaparte. At Nanterre, pride of the court-ladies denied the Neuilly, and St Leu, meetings of the honours of the drawing-room. It is principal conspirators were held; and astonishing how much the passions of her confidential friend, Madame Hafemale emulation and revenge influ- melin, is said to have assisted in conenced the feelings of their relations, cealing the agents whom Buonaparte and influenced a grand national catas- sent from Elba. The Duchess of trophe. A quarrel betwixt two ladies Bassano, wife of that Maret, Duke of of Queen Anne's household occasion. Bassano, who was considered for some ed the peace of Utretcht; and the time as Buonaparte's favourite counaristocratic state maintained by the fe. sellor; with the Duchess of Montemale attendants of the Duchess d’An- bello, (wife of Marechal Lanne,) and gouleme, had some share in bringing other ladies, whose rank at the royal on the battle of Waterloo. One re court was inferior to that which they markable agent and victim of the had held at the emperor's, were enshort-lived revolution acknowledged gaged in the plot. Seductions of how much he was influenced by such every species were used to draw the considerations. “ I shall no longer,” discontented within the vortex of said Ney, when he deserted the cause conspiracy; nor was it safe to be. of his sovereign for that of Buona come possessed of the secret without parte,“ see my wife return from the joining their measures. It is said that Tuilleries in tears, on account of the such a confidence was fatal to Geneneglect with which she has been ral Quesnel, who, having repulsed treated;" and many, besides the Ma- with indignation the treasonable prorechal, felt

, though they might not posals made to him at one of these acknowledge, the impulse they recei- societies, was soon afterwards assassived from these womanish grievances. nated and flung into the Seine. Offended pride hesitates at no mea At the meetings held in the houses sures for gratifying vengeance. Be- of these intriguing females, the whole sides the purses of their husbands, or artillery of conspiracy was forged and lovers, which, of course, they com- put in order, from the political lie, manded, many of these female intri- which does its work if believed but guers devoted their jewels to the cause for an hour, to the political song or of revolution, and the sale produced squib, which, like the fire-work from considerable sums. The chief of these which it derives its name, expresses

love of frolic or of mischief, accord broken his parole, and Aed from Eng ing to the nature of the materials land when a prisoner of war. amongst which it is thrown. From agitated like a lake by a subterranea these places of rendezvous the agents earthquake, revolutionary movemen of the plot sallied out upon their re- began to shew themselves among spective rounds, furnished with every the populace. At times, under pre lure that could rouse the suspicious tence of scarcity of bread or emplog landholder, attract the idle Parisian, ment, tumultuous groups assemble seduce the Ideologue, who longed to on the terrace of the Tuilleries, wil try the experiments of his Utopian clamours which reminded the Duche theories upon real government, and D'Angouleme of those which prece above all, secure the military, from ded the imprisonment and death the officer, before whose eyes trun- her parents. The police disperse cheons, coronets, and even crowns, them for the moment; but, if any a were disposed in ideal prospect, to rests were made, it was only of such the grenadier, whose hopes only aim- wretches as shouted when they hear ed at blood, brandy, and free quarters. others shout, and no efforts were made

The lower orders of the populace, to ascertain the real cause of symp particularly those inhabiting the two toms so alarming great suburbs of Saint Marceau and The police of Paris was at this Saint Antoine, were disposed to the time under the direction of Mon cause from their natural restlessness D’André, formerly a financier. His and desire of change; from the ap- loyalty does not seem to have bees prehension that the king would dig- doubted, but his prudence and acticontinue the expensive buildings in vity are very questionable ; nor does which Buonaparte was wont to em he seem ever to have been completeploy them; trom a jacobinical dislike ly master either of the duties of his to the lawful title of Louis, joined to office, or the tools by which it was to some tender aspirations after the hap- be performed. These tools, in other py days of liberty and equality; and words, the subordinate agents and Jastly, from the disposition which the officers and clerks, the whole machi: lees of society every where manifest nery as it were of the police, had reto get rid of the law, their natural mained unchanged since that dreadcurb and enemy. The influence of ful power was administered by SaRichard Lenoir was particularly use vary, Buonaparte's head spy and conful to the conspirators. He was a fidential kidnapper. This body, as wealthy cotton-manufacturer, who well as the army, felt that their hocombined and disciplined no less than nourable occupation was declined in three thousand workmen in his em. emolument and importance since the ployment, so as to be ready at the fall of Buonaparte, and looked back first signal of the conspirators. Le with regret to the days when they Noir was called by the royalists San were employed in agencies, dark, seterre the Second; being said to as cret, and well-recompensed, unknown pire, like that celebrated suburbian to a peaceful and constitutional admibrewer, to become a general of Sans nistration. Like evil spirits employed Culottes. He was bound to Buona- by the spells of a benevolent enchantparte's interest by his daughter ha er, these police-officers seem to bave ving married General Lefebre Des served the king grudgingly and unwil. nouettes, who was not the less the lingly; to have neglected their duty, favourite of Napoleon that he had when that could be done with impu


ty; and to have shewn that they lice officers, had found more advanad lost their activity and omnisci- tage under the imperial than under ace, so soon as embarked in the the royal government, were several rvice of legitimate monarchy. of them in the interest of their old Under the connivance, therefore, master. And it is averred, that the not with the approbation of the po- correspondence relating to the conce, conspiracy assumed a more open spiracy was carried on through the ad daring aspect Several houses royal post-office, contained in letters

dubious fame, but especially the sealed with the king's seal, and disCaffé Montanssier, in the Palais Roy- patched by public messengers wear. e, were chosen as places of ren- ing his livery. ezvous for the subordinate satel Such open demonstrations of treates of the cause, where the toastssonable practices did not escape the iven, the songs sung, the tunes observation of the royalists, and they erformed, and the language held, appear to have been communicated Il bore allus to Buonaparte's glo- to the ministers from different quaries, his regretted absence, and his But each of these official perBesired return. To express their sonages seems scrupulously to have nopes that this event would take place entrenched himself within the routine in the spring, the conspirators adopt. of his own particular department, 80 ed for their symbol the violet; and that what was only of general import afterwards applied to Buonaparte him to the whole, was not considered as selt the name of Corporal Violet. The the business of any one in particuflower and the colour were publicly lar. Thus, when the stunning catasworn as a party distinction, before it trophe had happened, each endeawould seem the court had taken the voured to shift the blame from him. least alarm; and the health of Buo. self, like the domestics in a large and naparte, under the name of Corporal ill-regulated family; and although all Violet, or Jean d'Epée, was pledged acknowledged that gross negligence by many a royalist without suspicion had existed elsewhere, no one admitof the concealed meaning.

ted that the fault lay with himself. Paris was the centre of the conspi. This general infatuation surprises us racy, but its ramifications extended upon retrospect; but Heaven, who through France. Clubs were formed frequently punishes mankind by the in the chief provincial towns. Regu- indulgence of their own foolish or lar correspondences were established wicked desires, had decreed that between them and the capital; an in- peace was to be restored to Europe tercourse much favoured, it has been by the extermination of that army to asserted, by Lavallette, who, having whom peace was a state so odious ; been long director general of the and for that purpose it was necessary posts under Buonaparte, retained con that they should be successful in their sider ble influence over the subordi- desperate attempt to dethrone their nate agents of that department, none peaceful and constitutional sovereign, of whom had been displaced upon the and to reinstate the despot who was king's return. It appears trom the soon to lead them to the completion evidence of Mons. Ferrand, director of their destiny, and, it may be pres general under the king, that the cou sumed, of his own. miers, who, like the soldiers and po


Buonaparte embarks at Elba-And lands in France

- And marches to GapSuspicions of Treachery in the War Department.-Labedoyere joins Buongparte with his Regiment.-Revolt of the Troops at Grenoble.- Measures of the Royal Party.Soult is displaced from the Ministry. The Treason of Le febre Desnouettes, and Lallemand is discovered, and prevented. Defection of the Troops under Macdonald.-Decrees of Lyons.-Buonaparte's progress to Auxerre.His Interview with the Vicar-General.-- Ney is appointed to command against Buonaparte.--He deserts and joins him. The King visits the Chamber of Deputies. Their Enthusiasm in the Royal Cause.X Camp formed at Melun-But its Fidelity is doubted. The King leaves Parisexpelled from Lisle-And compelled to Retreat to Ghent. -Disasters of his Followers.-Defection of the Army at Melun.-State of Affairs at Paris.-. Buonaparte enters the Capital and completes the Revolution.--Fickleness of the People and their Leaders.

All was now prepared in France, the road to Paris and with the safest and waited but the presence of the path to peace through the temple of head of the conspiracy. It is said, that victory. The die, however, wascast, and for some time previous to his taking it was no longer time to draw back. the last desperate step a gloom was Some previous steps had been cauobserved to hang upon Buonaparte's tiously ventured upon. Three hun. mind. He shurned society, was solis dred of Buonaparte's old guard had tary and moody, relinquished his usual been landed at Frejus, under the chaexercises and amusements, and seemed racter of disbanded soldiers. It was to brood over some dark and import- by means of these men that the alleant thoughts. That he deeply consider. giance of the military was corrupted ed the consequence to others of the and seduced, and their minds prepa. measure he was about to adopt, we can red for what was to ensue. We cannot not believe; but it was fraught with such suppose that such a number of persons personal risk and danger as might well were positively entrusted with the sehave startled him. If he failed in ma cret, but every one of them was prekingthe desired impression on the mind pared to sound forth the praises of the of the French soldiers and the people, emperor in his exile, and all entertainhe could hardly expect to avoid death; ed and disseminated the persuasion and if he succeeded, he had still to that he would soon appear to reclaim uppose the force of a lately subdued his rights. and divided nation against the united On Sunday, 26th Febru. strength of Europe, grown wise by ary, the troops who had fol- Feb. 26. experience, and familiar at once with lowed Buonaparte to the is.

nd of Elba receivedorders to embark. Campbell was, approached the isle, hat the imprudence of the treaty of the appearance of the national guard ontainbleau might be complete, the on the batteries, instead of the hel. amic emperor had been left in pos- metted grenadiers of the imperial ession of a small flotilla that he might guard, at once apprised the British ave another chance of becoming mas resident of what had happened. When r of a real one. The vessels were, he landed, he found the mother and brig called the Inconstant, some ze- sister of Buonaparte in a well-painted ecks and row-boats, in all seven trans- agony of anxiety about the fate of orts, op board of which nine hun- their emperor, of whom they affected red soldiers were embarked. The to know nothing, except that he had nal resolution was kept so secret, that steered towards the coast of Barbary. ven Bertrand was a stranger to it They appeared extremely desirous to ntil an hour before its being carried detain Sir Niel Campbell on shore. ato execution. The officers were Resisting their entreaties, and repell. nost of them engaged at a ball given ing the more pressing arguments of y Pauline Borghese, the sister of the governor, who seemed somewhat Buonaparte, and only left it to go on disposed to use force to prevent him Yoard the little squadron. The gene- from reimbarking, Sir Niel Campbell al officers who attended Buonaparte, regained his vessel, and set sail in purTere Bertrand, Drouet, and Cam- suit of the adventurer. But it was too bronne, together with the director of late; they only attained a distant sight the mines, Monsieur Porrs de cette, of the flotilla, after Buonaparte and who had contributed largely to the his forces bad landed, expence of the expedition. A procla In tlieir passage the adventurers mation from General Lapi, calling made a narrow escape, as they fell in himself governor of the island of Elba, with a royal French frigate. The solfirst announced to the inhabitants that diers on board of the Inconstant were their temporary emperor was recalled commanded to put off their


and by Providence to a wider career of lie down upon the deck, while the glory.

captain of the brig exchanged some Sir Niel Campbell, appointed by questions of ordinary civility with the the British government to reside in captain of the frigate, to whom he the isle of Elba at the court of Buo. chanced to be known. This done, naparte, was absent on a short expe- each vessel followed her own course, dition to the coast of Italy, a circum- and Buonaparte, on the 1st of March, stance which doubtless had some share found himself once more on the coast in determining the moment of the em of France, off Frejus, in the gulf of St barkation ; for although the British Juan. Here, in token of his resumed officer had neither the authority nor pretensions to the throne of France, the efficient means to prevent Buona- he caused his attendants and soldiers parte and his guards from going assume the tri-coloured cockade, whenever they thought fit, yet his ab- and throw into the sea those which sence might be represented as a con- they had worn in Elba. This was nivance on the part of England at the done with shouts of Vive l'Empereur; step which the ex-emperor of France and under these colours and auspices had adopted, and no means of' delu- they commenced their disembarkasion were now to be omitted. When tion. on its return, the English sloop of

It seemed essential to the success war Partridge, in which Sir Niel of an enterprise, which rested entirely

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