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nearer to Brussels and the Prussians, down with its weight, and overset to than that which they had left. The tally the ranks which opposed them. best and bravest among them scarce The lancers, and cuirassiers wbo supe ly hoped that the Prussians, after a ported them, fled in great disorder, day of such slaughter as that of Ligny, and
gave no further disturbance to the would be speedily organized, and English retreat. At five o'clock, the they themselves leaving, in the posi- British army arrived on the ground tion of Quatre Bras, the only advan- which long before the Duke of Weltage they had derived from the ac. lington had caused to be surveyed by tion of the 15th, were, in all pro- the quarter-master-general, as a fabability, now to contend, unaided, vourable situation, in case circumwith the whole French army. The stances should require a stand to be hostile cavalry, indeed, were not long made before Brussels. in making their appearance on the
The field of Waterloo, as this mecauseway to harass the retreat. But morable spot is now most generally the fields were rendered so deep by named, is very easily described. The the rain as to make it impossible army occupied a chain of heights, ex. for them to act upon the flank tending from a small village on the of the British, who occupied the right called Merke Braine, to a bamcauseway; and it was only near the let called Ter la Haye on the left
. village of Genappes that they of. The extent
may be a mile and a half
. fered any serious interruption or an. This line of heights corresponds with noyance to the English army. Ge- a similar, but somewhat higher, chain, nappes is a small town, situated on running parallel to those on which the the causeway to Brussels, which pass- English ariny was posted. The two es through its confined street, and lines are divided from each other by a crosses the Dyle, a deep and sluggish valley, which winds betwixt them, of stream, over a long narrow bridge, various breadth at different points, forming a defile very unfavourable but, generally speaking, not exceed. for a retreating army. A corps of ing half a mile. The declivity on lancers here attacked the rear of the each side has a various, but, generalBritish, while they were engaged in ly speaking, a very gentle slope, and filing through the village. The Earl is diversified by a number of undulaof Uxbridge ordered the 7th hussars ting banks, which seem as if formed to attack the lancers. They advanced by the action of water, though no gallantly to the charge ; but, from stream flows through the little valley. the length of the enemies' weapons, This ground is traversed by two highand the manner in which they were roads, or causeways, both leading to drawn up, having each flank well se. Brussels, the one from Charleroi cured, and a mass of cavalry in their through Genappes, by which the Brirear, the British regiment sustained tish army had just retreated, and the a repulse. The lancers kept their 'other from Nivelles. After intersect. ranks, but were nevertheless some. ing the ralley and reaching the sumwhat disordered by the vivacity of mit of the heights, these two roads the attack, when Lord Uxbridge or unite at the hamlet of Mont Saint dered the lite-guards to attack them. Jean, which is considerably to the The Jong swords, strong horses, and rear of the British 'position. The tall meri of these fine regiments, ef farm of Mont Saint Jean, which must fected what the hussars had been un. be distinguished from the village, is able to accomplish. Their charge bore more immediately close to the rear ;
| another farm-house, called La to the east, and about the centre of the ie Sainte, (from the only hedge in British right-wing, is the mansion of
neighbourhood, which runs along Hougoumont, an old-fashioned Fle: ridge behind it) is situated upon mish villa, with a chapel and courtCharleroi causeway, near the foot yard, a garden surrounded by a wall its descent from the heights into and a hedge, and about two acres of valley. Exactly fronting Mont park-ground filled with
tall beech trees. int Jean, on the opposite eminence, The rest of the valley is open ground, d on the same road from Charleroi, and was then covered with rye and La Belle Alliance, another small wheat of great height. Such was the mlet; and these two points form aspect and bearings of the ground, arly the respective centres of the which, after few hours, was to become ench and English positions. Farther immortal in history.
Disposition of the British Army.-The French come on the Ground.-T
Dispositions. The Action commences. - Attack on Hougoumont— And On the British Right.-The Mode of receiving it. It is finally unsuccessful Attack on the British Centre and Left.-Death of Picton.-Cavalry Engage ment.—Bulow's Corps begins to enter into Action.-Reiterated Attackse the French.- Personal Conduct of the Duke of Wellington.--Great Loss of the British Troops.-Attack by the Imperial Guards - It is Lotally defea:ed. The British attack in Line. The Prussians come up in Force. This French are totally Routed.-Flight of Buonaparte.-Movements of the Prussians.-Affair at Wavre.Pursuit of the French by Blucher.-Loss o the Armies engaged.
To the memorable field on which troops were drawn up in two lines, was fought the battle of the eightó the centre being nearly in front of eenth of June, the Prussians gave the the farm of Saint Jean, and the left name of La Belle Alliance, from that extending along the ridge until the of a small hamlet, or cabaret, in the extreme Hank reached a hamlet callcentre of the French position, which ed Smouhen, and a farm-house named seemed to Blucher to bear a happy Papelotte, where it was sufficiently allusion to the confederacy of the covered by buildings, inclosures, ravictors. The French call it the battle vines, and thickets. From Smouhed, of Mont Saint Jean, from a farm- the country to the left is covered with house and hamlet in the centre of thickets and wood, which extend as the British line. But the British have far as Wavre, and by the broken roads given the action a name from the which intersect this difficult ground a little town of Waterloo, the nearest communication was maintained with village of any consequence, although Blucher's army. The right of the two miles in the rear of the actual British army extended along the scene of battle. It was in Waterloo same heights, but following their die that Lord Wellington established his rection sloped semi-circularly back. head-quarters on the night of the wards, until the extreme right flank 17th, anii we retain that name as rested on Merke- Braine, where it most familiar to the British ear and was protected by a ravine. The imagination.
troops were disposed as follows: The The evening was spent in dispo- right consisted of the second and sing the army in order of battle for fourth English divisions, the third the next day. The arrangement was and sixth Hanoverians, and the first simple and compact. The British Belgians, under Lord Hill. The cen
e was composed of the corps of the its verge might, by a few resolute Prince of Orange, with the Bruns- troops, be made good against almost rickers and troops of Nassau, ha- any force, as there is no way to peneing the guards, under Gen. Cooke, trate into it for several miles, save by n the right, and the division of Ge- the causeway from Charleroi to Bruseral Alten on the left. The left sels, already so often mentioned. Thus ring consisted of the divisions of Pic- posted, Wellington dispatched a meson, Lambert, and Kempt. The se sage to Blucher, to apprize' him, that ond line was in all instances formed if he could spare him the support of f the troops deemed least worthy of two corps of his army, he was deteronfidence, or which had suffered too 'mined to abide the fate of battle on everely in the action of the 16th to the ground he now occupied. The le again exposed until extremity. It gallant veteran immediately offered vas placed behind the declivity of the to join the English general with his eights to the rear, in order to be safe whole army, and in case Buonaparte rom the cannonade, notwithstanding should fail to accept the battle offered vbich it suffered greatly from the him by Wellington, he proposed they hells thrown at 'venture beyond the should attack him with their united :minence by the French. The caval. strength on the ensuing day. ty was placed in the rear of the in The night was tempestuous and fantry, ready to pour through the in- rainy in the extreme, and the British tervals, and act as opportunity offer- officers and soldiers suffered much by ed. It was distributed through all being exposed to its rigour in their the line, but the greater proportion open bivouac. The thunder rolled was placed in the left of the centre, unremittingly, with such sheets of or to the east of the main causeway lightning and deluges of rain as are from Charleroi. The farm-house of seldom seen but in a tropical climate. La Haye Sainte served as the key to The French were even yet more expothe centre, lying immediately under sed to the severity of the weather, for the middle of the British line. It was they had to deploy out of the line of fortified as well as the time admitted, battle which they had formed in the and garrisoned with Hanoverians. The morning, with a view of attacking the chateau and garden and park of Hou- position of Quatre Bras, and this opegoumont formed at once a very strong ration consumed some time. The Engadvanced post, and the key to the lish, upon the 17th, were therefore long British right. The castle and garden upon their ground forthe nightere their were occupied by a detachment of the enemies appeared. It was nearly twiguards, under Lord Salton and Colo- light when Buonaparte, with his ad: nel Macdonell, the wood or park byvanced guard, reached a little farmthe sharp-shooters of Nassau. 'house called Caillou, about a mile in
Such was the order of battle, in which the rear of La Belle Alliance, where the British troops slept on their arms. he established his head-quarters. His Their ground was not strong enough 'artillery, placed on the corresponding to merit the name of a military posi- range of heights to those of Mont St tion, but it was a fair field, upon which Jean, cannonaded the British posibattle might be offered or accepted tion, and were answered by the with little advantage to either party. Duke's artillery. But most of his la case of disaster, the wood' of Soig, troops remained at the little town of pies, a close and extensive forest of Genappes, or in the vicinity, and were beech trees, lay within two miles, and not again marched until the ensuing
morning. By this means the British Buonaparte himself directiog even troops obtained time to take some manquvre. The division of Loba food, and prepare their arms for the was kept in reserve to oppose duty of the eighteenth, before the Prussian corps so soon as they shoul battle actually commenced.
make their expected appearance o It was past ten o'clock on that im- the British left. portant day ere the French army, To diminish, as far as possible, the Arriving by divisions, were disposed chance of the British receiving assis along the heights of La Belle Alli- ance from any strong body of theis ance, ready for the attack which their allies, Buonaparte dispatched an ad master had meditated. It is said he de-camp to General Grouchy, why, expressed unusual surprise and satis. as formerly mentioned, followed the faction on finding that the English Prussians with an army of obseros had not, as was generally expected tion, amounting to thirty-five in the French army, prosecuted their forty thousand men. The messenger retreat during the night, and that he carried him orders to attack their exclaimed, extending his hand to- position at Wavre with as much viva wards the hostile position as if to city as possible, to cross the Dyle grasp it, “ I have them then at last, and to compel the main body of the these English!" The numbers, as Prussians to a general action. This well as the quality of the troops he order was in the style of Buonaparte's commanded, might justify the confi- usual maneuvres, for had Grouchy dence of a general who had never succeeded in drawing all Blucher's before engaged the British Napo- force upon himself, as his emperor Jeon had under him at least an hun- intended, he must have been destroje dred thousand men of all arms, to ed by the superiority of the enemy, which the Duke of Wellington cer But Buonaparte would in that even tainly could not oppose seventy thou have had a considerable chance of sand of his own army. Bụt both par. victory over the English, and it was ties
s reckoned on the approximation no new thing in his tactics to sacri. of a considerable Prussian corps, the fice a general and a division to ensure apprehension of which obliged Napo. his own success. leon to maintain a strong reserve, and Having thus, he conceived, given thus considerably diminished his ac- such orders as would fully occupy the tual superiority. The French line, Prussian forces, Napoleon commanddrawn up on the heights of La Belle ed an attack on the British position, Alliance, occupied considerably more His plan comprehended no ingenious space than the British : the former combination or refinement of tactics, being two miles in length, the latter being simply that to which the French, only one mile and a half; within such and this general in particular, have a narrow theatre was so deep a trage. owed most of their victories, the sysdy to be acted, a circumstance which tem, uamely, of advancing columns helps to account for the sanguinary ter column to attack on the same nature of the conflict. The French spot, of hurrying forward artillery, and left wing was commanded by no less bringing squadron after squadron 10 a person than Prince Jerome, (ci.de the charge, until, confounded and weayant King of Westphalia,) the centre ried out with the number and pertiby Generals Reille and D’Erlon, the pacity of their assailants, his enemies right by Count Lobau. Soult and should manifest some irresolution, or Ney acted as Lieutenants-General, fall into some disorder, which no solo