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as covered with an innumerable neral Duhesme, surrounded by some uantity of cannon, caissons, carriages, of the Black Brunswickers, whose aggage, arms, and wrecks of every fury for their duke's death was that ind. Those of the enemy who had night sated with revenge, begged ttempted to repose for a time, and for his life. “ No," answered the ad not expected to be so quickly hussar, to whom he petitioned," the ursued, were driven from more than duke died yesterday," and instantly ine bivouacs. In some villages they cut down the suppžiant. When quarttempted to maintain themselves, but ter was refused to officers of diss soon as they heard the beating of tinction, who might have possessed vur drums or the sound of the trum- the means of recompensing the favour set, they either fled or threw them- shewn to them, it may be readily beelves into the houses, where they lieved that the common soldiers exwere cut down or made prisoners. It perienced no mercy. Indeed the very was moonlight, which greatly favoured fact of speaking French was sufficient the pursuit, for the whole march was to induce the Prussians, in the first but a continued chase, either in the fury of the pursuit, to put to death coro fields or the houses.

those who used the obnoxious lan“ At Genappe the enemy had en- guage; and proceeding upon this getrenched himself with cannon and neral rule, some innocent individuals overturned carriages. At our ap- lost their lives by mistake. In fact, proach we suddenly heard in the town the minds of the Prussian soldiers a great noise and a motion of car were on fire with their former wrongs riages. At the entrance we were ex and their late defeat, and it must be posed to a brisk fire of musketry. We owned that they avenged both to the replied by some cannon-shot, followed uttermost. At Genappe, Buonaparte's by an hurrah, and an instant after the carriage, his cabinet, and his baggage, town was our's.” It will be remember. fell into the hands of the victors. ed that this town of Genappe, with its Joined to one hundred and fifty pieces narrow street and the bridge over the of cannon which the English had taDyle, now encumbered with cannon ken, an equal number was captured and baggage, forms a defile of slow by the Prussians during the pursuit, and difficult passage, even to troops with the whole materiel and baggage conducted with every degree of order. To the unfortunate fugitives it. It required all the glory, nay all proved an inextricable snare, and all the solid advantage of this immortal who did not escape at the first alarm day, to repair the bloody price at of the Prussians' entrance, were cut which victory had been purchased. to pieces without mercy. In the small Near one hundred officers were slain, inn and its offices, about forty grena- and more than five hundred wounded, diers were put to death. The spirit many of whom afterwards died. Geo with which they had advanced to bat. nerals Cooke, Adams, almost every britle, and maintained the conflict while gade officer of reputation, were woundthey were assailants, was so complete-ed, and many of them severely. The ly cowed by their present condition, very last fire of the enemy had been that most of them attempted no re fatal to many officers of distinction : sistance, but turning their faces to the Lord Uxbridge then received the wall as if afraid to look on the instru. wound for which he was liged to ment of death, were slaughtered like suffer amputation; Sir Thomas Bradsheep with the lance and sabre. Ge ford that of which he afterwards

of the army

died. Sir Francis D'Oley and Co- peculiarly inveterate enemy, must aclonel Fitzgerald were both slạin at count for vast numbers of those who the same period of the action. The were missing. But when it is consi. killed and wounded amounted to at dered, that of one hundred and bity least fifteen thousand men, and if thousand men, a third part of the the Prussian loss is included, must number was neyer collected after the have considerably exceeded twenty campaign of four days, it must be althousand. The utmost humanity and lowed, that, after all deductions ai kinduess were shewn to the wound. those slain in the actions of the 15th. ed by the citizens of Brussels, who, 16th, and 18th, the swords of the during the whole of this dreadful Prussians could not have had edge, if battle, had been agonized by sinis. their revenge had found appetite, to ter reports of its being about to ter- devour the remainder. The truth is, minate in favour of the French. Some that many thousands disbanded after adherents Napoleon doubtless possess they reached France, threw away or ed within the walls of Brussels, but sold their arms and uniforms, and new the hearts of the Belgians were gene ver rejoined their standards. Strasrally averse to a renewal of his domi- gers find in almost every situation, nion. The battle of Waterloo made but especially as meniala, men who a deep impression on their feelings in have seen this bloody field, and who favour of the Prince of Orange, their usually conclude their account of it future sovereign, who so gallantly sup with their resolution never again to ported the honour of the Netherlands. embrace the trade of arms. His bravery, and the wound which he Wonderful as these consequence received by a ball through his shoul of a single engagement proved at the der, while fighting at the head of the time, the subsequent results, which pational troops, served to endear him followed from the battle of Waterloo, to his new subjects.

were yet more astonishing. But be It is impossible to calculate the loss fore proceeding to detail them, it is of the French army. Since the gene. proper to mention the sensation prorals of that nation, and particularly duced in Britain by the news of this Buonaparte, have acted upon the syse important victory, which seemed the tem of making war (as one of them. very key-stone as it were which comselves expressed it) without looking pleted her triumphal arch. Even behind them, or calculating upon the those who had most deprecated the possibility of a reverse, no instance bad hazard of war, were delighted as well hitherto occurred in which defeat was as surprised at its unexpected and so totally and irredeemably disastrous. glorious termination, and triumphed It is supposed that they left at least in the event which had falsified their twenty thousand men on the field of own prognostications. It seemed to battle. The prisoners did not exceed all as if the black storm, which had seven thousand, among whom were so suddenly obscured the political baCount Lobau and General Cambrone. rizon, had condensed and discharged The utter disorder of the fight,-the itself in one loud and horrific peal of absence of all courage, and even pre. thunder, and that the clouds had then sence of mind on the part of the fugi- dispersed on the instant, and the sky tives,—the unusual circumstance that been restored to twice its usual serethe chase was followed by a fresh and nity and brilliancy.

CHAP. XV.

the Army.--Grant to the Duke of Wellington.-Motion respecting Corporal

Punishments in the Army. Thanks to the Duke of Wellington and the Army for the Victory of Waterloo.-National Monument in Honour of that Vic.

tory.- Monuments to Generals Ponsonby and Picton.- Honours and Privi. - leges conferred on the Troops.-Waterloo Subscription.-Vote.of Thanks to

the Duke of York.

The first care of the British parlia- the course of that momentous strug. sent, on the arrival of the tidings of gle, transcended, in his own personal he victory of Waterloo, was to testify exertions, even the great deeds of his he gratitude of the nation to the au former campaigns. He had himself bors of that glorious atchievement. received a letter from an officer of Jo the 23d of June, only five days high raok, who was on the field of kter the battle, the Chancellor of the battle, and one well qualified to form Exchequer, in the House of Commons, a correct judgment, who stated, that poved that a sum, not exceeding two the personal exertions of the Duke hundred thousand pounds, should be of Wellington were incredible, and granted, for the better enabling the threw all his preceding achievements brustees appointed in the former ses completely into the shade. But these sion to carry into effect the purposes exertions had secured the success of for which they had been appointed, the day, of which every one but the by purchasing a suitable residence and great commander himself had at one estate for the Duke of Wellington and time despaired. At one period of the bis heirs. The Chancellor was inter- battle, he took possession of a high pupted by repeated cheers, while he ridge, from which he declared he dwelt upon those incidents of the bat- would never move; nor did he move te which illustrated the character of but in triumph. At another, when the Duke of Wellington. “It might his position was strongly attacked, he appear surprising to the House, that threw himself into the centre of a as the forces of the Duke of Welling- square of infantry, which was furious. ton and Prince Blucher were together ly charged by the enemy's cavalry, superior to the French in number be. but which, fortunately for his coun. fore the battle, that they should have try and the world, resisted the shock been inferior when the attack was with dauntless intrepidity. I men. made. This arose from the great ex: tion these things,' said the officer, teat of the allied line, which enabled • because they are precisely those of the French to make a push at a par. which you will not find a word in his own ticular point in superior force, and dispatches. Every person around him from the very considerable distance was either killed or wounded. There which some corps of the allies had to was another characteristic trait of that march before they could reach the illustrious commander, which he could scene of action. He understood that not abstain from communicating to the illustrious commander who guided the House. He had received a letter

from the Duke of Wellington, dated time, that the conduct of ministers, in from Binch, a town in advance of the the prosecution of this war, waving for place where the battle was fought; the moment all consideration of its and in a postscript he says I forgot necessity or policy, was such as ex. to mention, in my public dispatch, that torted his applause ; and he had a 5000 prisoners have been already hesitation in saying, that every da. brought in, and others are continually partment of government must base arriving.' This motion was most cor exerted itself to the utmost to give dially agreed to. Mr Whitbread, on that complete efficiency to all the this occasion, delivered his sentiments component parts of the army, which for nearly the last time (his lament- enabled the genius of the Duke of ed death happening very soon af- Wellington, aided by such means, 5 terwards); and his speech is well accomplish the wonderful victory be worthy of commemoration, as indica. had achieved.” tive of that manly and candid spirit On the 23d of June the thanks dl which has called forth the admiration the House were unanimously voted to even of his greatest political enemies. the Duke of Wellington, and to the He said, that he had not the slightest officers and men of the British arıny : intention of opposing the grant, as it to the officers and men of the allied was the only means now left for the forces, serving under the Duke; and nation to testify its gratitude, beyond to Prince Blucher and the Prussian that vote of thanks which they had army. Sir Francis Burdett, after sta just passed. It remained for the Duke ting his dissent from the opinion that of Wellington to do that, which he had been expressed by the mover of alone could do, to add to his own the resolutions, (Lord Castlercagh), great military fame; and he had in- added, that “whatever opinions might deed done more than was ever done, exist on the justice and expediency, he believed, by any single comman or the injustice and inexpediency of der. It was undoubtedly gratifying the present war, there could be but to the House, and it must be gratify: one opinion as to the merit of the ing to the country, to hear those indi. English and their allies in the late vidual traits of heroism in that illustrie struggle—there could be but one opi

. ous chief, and especially the one which nion on the surpassing glory with the right honourable gentleman had which their efforts had on this occasion related, connected as it was with his been crowned. What he would wish entire confidence in the bravery and to propose was this, that the troops fidelity of his troops. He should have who had deserved so well of the coun. been sorry if the votes of that day had try, should receive a more substantial passed without his presence, to ex reward than a vote of thanks, however press his most unfeigned approbation great the honour might be of a vote of them. With respect to the loss of thanks from that House. He wishthat had been sustained, and which ed to lay in his claim for had plunged so many illustrious fami- tion of the present military system, and lies in affliction, he could not advert hoped, when the Mutiny Bill should to that loss without dissenting from be brought in next year, gentlemen an expression used by the noble lord, would not think that the English soland lamenting the grievous fact, that dier, who had deserved so much of they had fallen in the prose cution of his country, was the only soldier in the a war into which this country had world for whom the degrading punishbeen led, without just or necessary ment of flogging was necessary.”. Sir

He admitied, at the same Francis concluded, by expressing a

an

ameliora

cause.

ve that this subject would be at ging has produced evils much greater ded to.

than any good it may have done by Sir Francis Burdett, in making this putting an end to intoxication, and nark, alluded to the circumstance inattention to drills and parades. Its it happened only two days before, moral effects are unquestionably injua motion by Mr Bennet, for the rious, whether considered with relaplition of corporal punishments in tion to the object, or to the witnesses : army, being thrown out without of the punishment. It is, in its naiivision, which he seems to have in- ture, independently of its barbarity, duced on this occasion, lest any dis- to the last degree ignominious and dession in Parliament should have been grading. The man who suffers it, is, rmitted to pass unmingled with to- from that moment, sunk, never to rise

calculated to excite popular dis- again ; and the depth of his degradantent. But, however misplaced and tion, and extent of his wretchedness, stimed the reference to this un are generally in proportion to the reeasant subject, we do not less agree spectability of his former character. ith Sir Francis upon the abstract con The brave and high-minded soldier, usion, and only regret that the abo- who, after having spent his blood in jon of this shameful punishment had many a well-fought field, is tied up 3t been brought forward from a to the balberts, in consequence of uarter not liable to be charged with some momentary forgetfulness of his jat affectation of popularity, which duty, arising perhaps from temptajarks the political conductof the mem- tions which even in higher sphere er for Westminster, and some other it requires no common virtue to withentlemen. Mr Bennet supported this stand, becomes, from that time, an notion by an able and eloquent altered man. The continued sense peech; in which, however, the argu- of his degradation seizes upon his ments on the general question were mind, and soon reduces it to a level 29 mixed up with censures on indivi- with his situation. The pride and high dual officers, and remarks on parti- spirit, which made his duty a pleasure, cular regiments, that it is impossible, are gone. Repetitions of his offence in a work of this nature, to extract are followed by repetitions of his puany part of it. The only plea on nishment; till, by this brutalizing prowhich the system of corporal punish- cess, every principle of virtue and homents has been defended, is that of nour is extinguished, and he becomes necessity; such punishments being a debased wretch-mean, ferocious, held to be absolutely requisite to pre- and profligate. On the spectators of serve the strict discipline which must such scenes the effects are not much be kept up in the army. The sub- more salutary. In the officers, they stance of all the arguments advanced produce either unutterable aversion in the House of Commons on the oc- and horror,-many brave men, who casion alluded to was, that certain could, with unshaken nerves, march Tegiments, the discipline of which had up to a battery of cannon, being formerly been much relaxed, had been wholly unable to bear the sight of brought into a state of admirable sub them,

or, if these feelings are overordination by the application of the come by habit, they give place to a lash; and thence it was inferred, by a callous indifference to human suffervery summary processofreasoning, that ing, and even, in some instances, to a such effects could not have been pro certain pleasure in the exercise of duced by any other means. But we cruelty. As to the men, those who greatly fear, that the system of flog- have witnessed such scenes, describe

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