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the appeanance of the surrounding ent commanding officers have re circle as full of indignation at the pounced the punishment of the lash, cruelty of the infliction. Every eye and have substituted other males is burning with resentment, and every of enforcing discipline, more com tongue seems on the point of impre- genial to the high spirit of a Brid cating curses, not loud, but deep, on tish soldier; and the result is, in or the authors of such barbarity. It is apprehension, decisive of the quese well known, that officers, who, by their tion, as the regiments, 80 governed, proneness to such punishments, have have been found to be among the best incurred the hatred of their men, in the service. The case appears per have often, when opportunity offered, feetly analogous to that of the edo been sacrificed to their vengeance. cation of youth, in which the las Punishments can never be salutary was, till very lately, held to be a very in their effects, if it is not apparent necessary agent. In the literal and to the spectators that they are justly conscientious application of the spel inflicted, duly proportioned to the ing of Solomon, that “ he who spá offence, and as tree as possible from reth the rod hateth the child,“ many eruelty. But the punishments in ques. a youth of spirit and talents has bal tion produce impressions exactly the his spirit broken, and his talents reareverse of all these. While they are dered useless, før life. It has nom often inflicted for offences of a venial been found, however, that the provers kind, they are barbarous in their na- of Solomon is susceptible of a more ture, and more grievous than even liberal interpretation; and the tetal death itself, for which, in many in- disappearance of the rods of our per stances, they would willingly be ex. dagogues, which were nearly as terria changed. When it was once attemptble as those that of yore frighteaed ed to revive, in the French army, the the Egyptians in the shape of serpents, old punishment of beating the culprit is one of the greatest blessings of with the flat of a sabre, a soldier, on be

our time. We may add, that the ing brought out to receive this punish- scourge is no longer an instrument of ment, exclaimed, “ Je n'aime du sabre punishment in our judicial sentences que le tranchant !A phrase which be. An improvement of manners and feelcame proverbial in the army, and con- ing, without any special legal enact-tributed to the abolition of that pu- ment, has occasioned its falling into nishment. Is it, then, possible to very general disuse, though once the justify punishments so shocking in comron punishment for peuty of their character, and baneful in their fences. It is fervently to be hoped,

effects, on the ground of necessity that the cat-o-nine-tails, both naval Is there no gentler way than this, of and military, will soon disappear in preserving order and discipline among like manner; and we have no appre our gallant soldiers ? Corporal pu- hension that means will not still be nishments have been abolished in the found to preserve the good order and French army, the Prussian army, the discipline of our soldiers. Austrian army; in short, in every army On the 29th of June, it was moved, to in Europe but our own. Is this, be- and unanimously agreed to, that an cause the British troops are more address should be presented to the prone to disorder, or more insensible Prince Regent, that he might give to the more liberal incitements to directions that a great national monuduty, than those of other nations? ment should be erected in honour of : But the experiment has been tried, the victory of Waterloo, and to com. even in the British army. Differ- memorate the fame of those who fell 3

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the 16th and 18th June, particu- sustained in the death of so many va y Sir Thomas Picton and Sir W. lued friends. The glory of such acnsonby. It was, besides, suggested tions is no consolation to me, and I

agreed to, that monuments should cannot suggest it as a consolation to erected to each of those officers in you ; but a result so decisive will, in Paul's Church. It is melancholy all probability, be followed by the reflect, that, in the case of the gal early attainment of the just object of t Picton, these honours came too our wishes and exertions, and this e to cure the anguish of a wounded may afford us some consolation for rit. It was stated in the House, our loss." t nearly the last words which he A suggestion was made, but most ered before he left this country, properly rejected, that as Paris was, ere to express a hope, that if he in all probability, by that time in buld fall, which he seemed to anti. the possession of Wellington, a porsate, he might not be forgotten, but tion of the plunder of Europe, ool. ceive the same distinction as had lected in that capital, could not be en conferred upon other officers. better employed than in commehen it is recollected how marked morating the deliverance of Europe. as the neglect of the former services It was said, that a national monuthis galtant officer, when honours ment to our army ought never to d rewards were showered down on be ornamented by pillage from the

the others who shared in those capital of apother country; and that rvices, it may easily be imagined, the conduct of our illastrious comom bitter were the feelings which mander was a powerful authority rung from him such an expression. against sueh a proposition. When rom the moment that he left this he was reminded, while advancing ountry till he joined the army, he into France after his victory, that, on ad never slept in a bed. On the the last occasion on which the Engay before the great conflict of the lish army entered France, they be. 8th, he had received a wound, from haved with extreme delicacy towards he effects of which his body, it is said, that country, his answer was, “ I was much swelled, and even blacken- promise you that, if it is in my power, d. Notwithstanding this, he fell at the they shall behave with equal delicacy head of his column, firmly maintain- now;" a magnanimous declaration, ing a position, the loss of which might which did as much honour to the have been fatal to our army. It would man as to the soldier. be painful to think that his last mo Proceedings of precisely the same ments may

have been embittered by nature took place in the House of the doubt, whether he had purchased, Lords. even with his blood, those marks of Several high honours and import. public gratitude, which are so dear to ant privileges were conferred on the the mind of a soldier.---In revolving troops who fought at Waterloo. The these great national deprivations, it Prince Regent declared himself colo. impossible to avcid quoting the ex- pel-in-chief of both the regiments of pressions of the Duke of Wellington Life-guards, as a mark of his full himself to the Earl of Aberdeen, con- approbation of their conduct; and he doling with him upon the death of granted permission to all the regihis gallant brother, Sir Alexander ments of cavalry and infantry who Gordon. “ I cannot express, in ade had been engaged in the battle, to quate terms, the grief which I feel in bear on their colours and appointcontemplating the loss which we have ments the word " WATERL00,” in

addition to the badges or devices this immense subscription has been which they formerly bore. The Earl intrusted, appear to be employing of Uxbridge was created Marquis of in the most judicious and beneficis Anglesea; and a very extensive pro- manner. They have adopted, as far motion took place of the officers who as possible, the mode of granting an had been engaged. Besides these nuities. Besides annuities for lite to honours, several valuable privileges the widows of the killed, and to sol were conferred both on the officers diers disabled by the loss of limbs, an and men. Every subaltern officer nuities are granted for limited periods who served in the battle of Water- not only for the maintenance of the loo, or in any of the actions which orphan-children, but adequate to al immediately preceded it, was allowed ford them an education suited to the to account two years service in virtue different situations in life. In cas of that victory, in reckoning his ser where annuities were not applicabile, vices for increase of pay given to donations of money have been given Jieutenants of seven years standing to the wounded officers and soldiers

, It was also ordered, that every non and to the parents, and other depende commissioned officer and private who ent relatives of the killed, who has served in these battles should be borne left no children. The sum invetiek upon the muster-rolls of their corps in annuities down to the 31st May as “ Waterloo men;" and that every 1817, amounts to 20,992l. ; and the Waterloo man should be allowed to donations amount to 162,2031* TM count two years in virtue of that vic- gentlemen employed in this most be tory, in reckoning his services for in- nevolent work are busily continuing crease of pay, or for pension when their labours ; and we are well was discharged

ranted in believing, from what But the most splendid and substan- have seen, that the magnificent fun tial monument of national gratitude in their hands will produce its full to the deliverers of Europe, was the measure of benefit. Such a statement subscription for the relief of the as this requires no commentary. Hap wounded, and of the relatives of those py the nation, who, in her time who fell at Waterloo. It was set on need, can rely on such troops as those foot immediately after the battle, and who fought at Waterloo ! and happy was eagerly entered into by all classes the troops whose services are so muof the community, from the prince to nificently rewarded by a the peasant. The inhabitants of the

country! Who will, after this, talk of most obscure villages, and of the most the hard fate of a soldier, who falley remote districts, contributed sums al among thousands like himself, unpitied most incredible, when contrasted with and unknown, to swell the triomph of the circumstances of the contribu.

some great commander ? The Duke tors; as an instance of which, it is

of Wellington, in a circle of princes worthy of being recorded, that the and nobles, is not greater than the poor inhabitants of the small parish humblest Waterloo man, who, in the of Morven, in the West Highlands, midst of an admiring throng of his old subscribed the sum of twenty-four rustic friends, shews his scars, and pounds. The sum received amounts tells how the field was won. The to above half a million sterling ; and meanest soldier who fell

, receives in those to whom the management of the persons of his dearest relatives,

See Report of the Committee, dated June 18th, 1817.

grateful

he most substantial tokens of his of service before he can be promoted. ountry's gratitude; and the disabled It was also admitted, that the exceleteran, who is placed, while he lives, lence of the present system of military eyond the reach of want or distress, tactics is to be attributed to the duke. rill receive with pride the bounty of Our readers, who have followed us is country, as the reward for his ex- through the details of the splendid loits and sufferings at Waterloo. The achievements of our troops, under Ford is now in the scabbard, where, the Duke of Wellington, cannot fail re hope and trust, it will long conti. to be struck with the rapidity and ue; but when the day again shall precision, with which they appear to ome, as come it must, when Britain have executed the most complicated aust array herself to resist foreign movements, and with the confidence ggression or injustice, her soldiers with which these movements were vill march to the field with redoubled ordered, when there was hardly an innergy, when they remember the ho- stant to execute them--circumstances tours and rewards which were shower which prove the tactics of our army to d on the heroes of Waterloo. be of the highest excellence. The

On the 4th of July, Sir John Mar motion, however, was objected to, on oribanks moved a vote of thanks to the grounds, that it ought not to have he Duke of York, for his conduct as been brought forward till the close ommander-in-chief of the army. This of the services in which the army was motion produced a long discussion, engaged ; and, besides, that it was arising from several objections, not unconstitutional, in consequence of one of which, however, had the slight- the individual in question uniting the est reference to any doubt as to the character of a member of the royal claims of the duke to the gratitude of family, and that of the commander of the country for his services as com the forces. Mr Whitbread, after exmander-in-chief. In the greatness of pressing his concurrence, in some dethose services all parties agreed. It gree, in these objections, said, that was universally admitted, that the « still looking to the compliments duke performed the duties of an which had been paid to the Duke of arduous office with unremitting zeal York-compliments, the result, not and assiduity, and that it was by a of partiality, but of conviction, he course of great exertion on his part, "conceived the House ought to agree that the British army had attained a to the resolution. When it was recoldegree of discipline, and of organiza- 'lected, that, by the excellence of the tion, which had contributed, in a system which had been matured by great measure, to the late glorious the Duke of York, a number of troops results. When the duke was placed were enabled to act together, who at the head of the army, the

system had never before been employed in of military promotion was unfair and an united operation, no person could unequal. Mere interest could effect deny his royal highness praise ; and, the most rapid promotion; and boys admitting praise to be due, it would frequently were to be seen in the be rather extraordinary, when the command of regiments. The Duke question came before them, to say, of York, put an end to this system; that, on account of any collateral cirand introduced the present whole- cumstances, it ought to be withheld.” some regulations, by which every of. The resolution was carried without a ficer, .whatever his connections may division. be, must go through a certain course

CHAP. XVI.

Buonaparte's Return to Paris..His Motives for this Measure.-- Rise of the

Funds at Paris.--Meeting of the Chamber of Deputies.-Motion of La Fay ette. They command the Attendance of the Ministers.-Debates in the $ cret Committee.- The Chamber intimate their desire that Buonaparte shall abdicate.-Reflections on their Right to require this Sacrifice. -Conducto Napoleon, and his Indecision. He holds a Council.-- Ferment in the Chamber of Deputies. The Emperor's Abdication is presented to them. Their Address on the Occasion.--Ney's Speech in the House of Peets.— Furious De bate on ucknowledging Napoleon II.-Labedoyere's violent Harangue.-De bate on the same Subject in the other Chamber. Napoleon II. is indirectly acknowledged.. Buonaparte's farewell Proclamation to the Army.He removed to Malmaison. His Situation there.-Placed under the Superiatendance of General Beker, and removed to Rochefort.-Proclamation of Louis XVIII.-Reflections on the Principle of Legitimacy, as applied to Mo narchical Right.

The most important effects of the now his downfall seemed to give rise victory of Waterloo were of course to new competitors for the sovereignty expected to manifesť themselves at of France, as in some tale of chivalry

, Paris, which is to France what Rome when the adventurous knight has do was to the Roman empire. To dis- sooner slain a giant, than the carcase tant politicians it seemed as if the war of his deceased antagonist is convertwas already ended, and that France, ed into a dragon, and opposes him to avoid the humiliation of actual in- anew. Let us, however, take these vasion and conquest, had no other events according to their progress. course than to “ unthread the eye of Buonaparte himself brought to Patude rebellion,” recall King Louis ris the news of his own defeat. On XVIII., lay the blame of Buonaparte's the 19th of June the public ear had usurpation on the army which had been stunned by the report of a ban. just perished, and, as the popular dred pieces of cannon, which announphrase goes, make a virtue out of ne. ced the victory at Ligny, and the cessity. But Buonaparte had, in the public prints had contained the most jacobins, evoked out of obscurity a gasconading accounts of that action; party, who possessed his own skill, his of the forcing the passage of the Sam. own ambition, with more than his ha. bre, the action at Charleroi

, and the tred at the house of Bourbon; and battle of Quatre Bras. The impe

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