« PreviousContinue »
centre, and colonel Pearce, of the 16th, on the left. Colonel M-Clure's volunteers on the right flank of the brigade. The commanding officers of regiments will carry the regimental standard in the boat in which they embark, and each boat its regimental camp colour. To guard the stores and camp equipage of each regiment, one commissioned officer, one non-commissioned officer, and a sufficient number of non-effectives, will be left.
The commanding officers of regiments will be responsible that the boats which have been assigned to them, are in perfect readiness to receive the troops by the time designated for embarkation.
The troops which compose the 1st brigade, have already once. triumphed over the foe they have again to encounter. Their country expects much from them, and will not be disappointed. With their present numbers and accustomed bravery, the flag of the United States will once more wave over the territory of Cas nada.
JOHN P. BOYD,
HEAD QUARTERS, FORT GEORGE,
Upper Canada, May 27th, 1813. SIR,
The light troops under the command of colonel Scott and major Forsyth, landed this morning at 9 o'clock. Major general Lewis's division, with colonel Porter's command of light artillery, supported them. General Boyd's brigade landed immediately after the light troops, and generals Winder and Chandler followed in quick succession. The landing was warmly and obstinately disputed by the British forces; but the coolness and intrepidity of our troops, soon compelled them to give ground in every direction. General Chandler with the reserve (composed of his brigade and colonel Macomb's artillery) covered the whole. Commodore Chauncey had made the most judicious arrangements for silencing the enemy's batteries near the point of landing. The army is under the greatest obligation to that able naval commander, for his indefatigable exertions, in co-operating in all its important movements, and especially in its operations this day. Our batteries succeeded in rendering fort George untenable; and when the enemy had been beaten from his position, and found it necessary to re-enter it, after firing a few guns, and setting fire to the magazines, which soon exploded, moved off rapidly in different routes. Our light troops pursued them several miles. The troops having been under arms from 1 o'clock in the morning, were too much exhausted for any further pursuit. We are now in possession of fort George and its immediate dependencies; to morrow we shall proceed further. The behaviour of our troops, both officers and men, entitle them to the highest
praise ; and the difference of our loss with that of the enemy, when we consider the advantages his positions afforded him, is astonishing. We had seventeen killed and forty-five wounded. The enemy
had ninety killed and one hundred and sixty woun. ded of the regular troops. We have taken one hundred prisoners exclusive of the wounded. Major Meyers of the 49th was wounded and taken prisoner. Of ours only one commissioned officer was killed, Lieutenant Hobart, of the light artillery. Inclosed is the report of major general Lewis.
I have the honour to be, &c.
H. DEARBORN. Hon. John Armstrong.
ON THE FIELD, 1 o'clock, May 27th, 1813. ' DEAR SIR,
Fort George and its dependencies are ours. The enemy beaten at all points, has blown up his magazines and retired. It is impossible at this moment to say any thing of individual gallantry. There was no man who did not perform his duty in a manner which did honour to himself and his country. Scott and Forsyth's commands, supported by Boyd's and Winder's brigades, sustained the brunt of the action. Our loss is trifling, perhaps not more than twenty killed and thrice that number wounded. The enemy left in the hospital one hundred and twenty-four, and I sent several on board the fleet. We have also made about one hundred prisoners of the regular forces.
I am, sir, your obedient servant,
MORGAN LEWIS. Major general Dearborn.
NEWARK, May 28th, 1813. The general commanding 1st brigade feels a peculiar satisfaction in congratulating the troops on their glorious achievements of yesterday. Their conduct was such as to entitle them to the thanks of their commander, and the gratitude of their country.
Colonel Miller of the 6th regiment deserves great applause for the steadiness and rapidity with which he supported the advance party under the gallant Scott; the 15th, under major King, impatient to share in the honour of the day, immediately seconded and formed under a most galling tire; the 16th, under colonel Pearce, urged their boats to the shore, and bore an honourable participation in the contest. The light artillery, under colonel Porter, merits the highest encomiums, for their indefati
Note. Winder's brigade was not in this action. The battle was won by Boyd's brigade and Scott and Forsyth's commands, before Winder was erabled to land.-EDIT.
gable exertions and persevering success in bringing up their ordnance. They surmounted every obstacle. Much was expected from colonel M'Clure's volunteers, and the general has not been disappointed : it will be his duty as well as inclination to make their claims known to the commander in chief. As all the troops behaved so well, it would be a difficult task to discriminate those who were pre-eminent; but the general cannot suppress his admiration of the fortitude of major King, who continued to lead his regiment through the severity of the contest, long after having received a painful and debilitating wound. The exertions of the officers and men who ascended the bank and formed amidst such a destructive fire, excited his admiration, and astonished their enemy's, and will convince their countrymen as well as foes, that valour will overcome every resistance. The general will find great satisfaction in obeying the order of the commander in chief, which required him to make a report of conspicuous merit, whether found in the commissioned officer or in the ranks, and they may be assured that their distinguished actions shall not pass without the proper encomium.
Although the general has not particularized discriminate merit, he may perhaps be excused in recording the intrepid conduct of his aid-de-camp, lieutenant Whiting, and brigade major captain Grafton. They have justified his expectations, and are entitled to his applause.
If there is any honour due to your brigadier general, it is his having had the command of such a gallant band of heroes. By order of brigadier general Boyd.
8. WHITING, Aid.
SACKETT'S IIARBOR, May 29th, 1813. DEAR SIR,
We were attacked at the dawn of this day by a British regular force of, say at least, 900 men, most probably 1200. They made good their landing at Horse Island. The enemy's fleet consisted of two ships and four schooners and thirty large open boats. We are completely victorious. The enemy
left a considerable number of killed and wounded on the field, among the number several officers of distinction. After having re-embarked they sent me a flag desiring to have their killed and wounded attended to. made them satisfied upon that subject. Americans will be distinguished for humanity and bravery. Our loss is not numerous, but serious from the great worth of those who have fallen. Lieutenant colonel Mills was shot dead at the commencement of the action, and lieutenant colonel Bacchus, of the 1st regiment of light dragoons, nobly fell at the head of his regiment as victory was declaring for us. I will not presume to praise this regiment; their gallant conduct on this day merits much more than praises
The new ship and commodore Chauncey's prize, the « Duke of Gloucester," are yet safe in Sackett's Harbor.
Sir George Prevost landed and commanded in person. Sir James Yeo commanded the enemy's fleet.
I have the honour to be, &c.
JACOB BROWN. Major general Dearborn.
P. S. It is very probable we shall be again attacked, as sir George Prevost must feel very sore. We are however greatly reinforced from the country, and by the arrival of 450 regulars under colonel Tuttle, who arrived very shortly after the action was over, and I trust that you may rest satisfied that we shall not be disgraced.
FORT GEORGE, June 6th, 1813. SIR,
I have received an express from the head of the lake this evening, with the intelligence that our troops were attacked at 2 o'clock this morning, by the whole British force and Indians ; and by some strange fatality, though our loss was small and the enemy. was completely routed and driven from the field, both brigadier generals Chandler and Winder were taken prisoners. They had advanced to ascertain the situation of a company of artillery, where the attack commenced. General Chandler had his horse shot under him and was bruised by the fall. General Vincent, their commander, is supposed to have been killed. Colonel Clark was mortally wounded, and fell into our hands, with sixty prisoners of the 49th. The command devolved on colonel Burn, who has retired to the Forty Mile Creek. If either of the general officers had remained in command, the enemy would have been pursued and cut up, or if colonel Burn had been an officer of infantry. The loss of the enemy in killed, wounded, and prisoners, must exceed two hundred and fifty. The enemy sent in a flag next morning with a request to bury their dead.' Generals Lewis and Boyd set off immediately to join the advanced I never so severely felt the want of health as at present, at a time when my services might perhaps be most useful. I hope general Hampton will repair here as soon as possible.
I have the honour to be, &c.
H. DEARBORN. Hon. John Armstrong.
L'ORIENT, (FRANCE,) June 12th, 1813, SIR.
I have the honour to inform you that the United States' brig Argus, has arrived here in a passage of 23 days, all well. On our
passage fell in with (in pursuing our course) the British schooner, Salamanca, (formerly the King of Rome, of New York) of 260 tons, pierced for eighteen guns, mounting six, and manned with sixteen men. She was from Oporto, bound to New Foundland in ballast; captured and burnt her.
I shall immediately proceed to put in execution your orders as to our ulterior destination.
I have the honour to be, &c.
WILLIAM H. ALLEN. Hon. Wm. Jones, Secretary of the Navy.
NIAGARA, June 14th, 1813. SIR,
You will perceive by the enclosed copy of orders marked 1,
general Dearborn, from indisposition, has resigned his command, not only of the Niagara army, but of the district. I have doubts whether he will ever again be fit for service. He has been repeatedly in a state of convalescence, but relapses on the least agitation of mind. In my
last I mentioned the unfortunate circumstance of the capture of our two brigadiers, Chandler and Winder. The particulars are detailed in the report of colonel Burn, which he gives from the best information he could collect. His corps lay a considerable distance from the scene of active operation, as you will perceive by the enclosed diagram, which is on a scale of about one hundred yards in the inch. The light corps spoken of, were captains Hindman's, Nicholas's, and Biddle's company of the 20 artillery, serving as infantry. These three gentlemen, and captains Archer and Towson, of the same regiment, and Leonard, of the light artillery, are soldiers who would honour any service. Their gallantry, and that of their companies, was equally conspicuous on this occasion as in the affair of the 27th ultimo. A view of general Chandler's encampment will be sufficient to show that his disaster was owing to its arrangements. Its centre being its weakest point, and that being discovered by the enemy in the evening, received the combined attack of the whole torce, and his line was completely cut. The gallantry of the 5th, 25th, and part of the 23d, and light troops, saved the army. Of the 5th it is said, that when the day broke, not a man was missing-and that a part of the 23d, under major Armstrong, was found sustaining its left flank. Their fire was irresistible, and the enemy was compelled to give way. Could he have been pressed the next morning, his destruction was inevitable. He was dispersed in every direction, and even his commanding general was missing, without his hat or horse. I understand he was found the next · morning almost famished, at a distance of four miles from the
scene of action.