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IN THE NEGATIVE.
liam Rodman, 2.
Virginia John Baker, James Breck. Rhode Island Richard Jackson, jr. enridge, Joseph Lewis, jr. John RanElisha R. Potter, 2.
dolph, Thomas Wilson, 5. Connecticut-Epaphroditus Cham North Carolina-Archibald M’Bride, pion, John Davenport, jr. Lyman Law, Joseph Pearson, Richard Stanford, 3. Jonathan 0. Moseley, Timothy Pitkin, South Carolina None. Lewis B. Sturges, Benjamin Tall Georgia-None. madge, 7.
New York-Hermanus Bleeker, Ohio-None.
79 calf, Samuel L. Mitchell, Thomas Sam Nays,
Majority for War, 30
IN THE SENATE.
cey Goodrich, New Jersey-John Condit,
Rhode Island, Jeremiah B. Howell, Pennsylvania—Andrew Gregg, Mi William Hunter, chael Leib,
New York-Obadiah German,
New Jersey--John Lambert,
bridge Horsey, North Carolina-Jesse Franklin, Maryland Philip Reed, James Turner,
13 Kentucky--George M. Bibb, Tennessee, Joseph Anderson, George Majority for War, 6
DECLARATION OF WAR ANNOUNCED.
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
WHEREAS the Congress of the United States, by virtue of the constituted authority vested in them, have decided by their act, bearing date the eighteenth day of the present month, that war exists between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the dependencies thereof, and the United States of America and their territories : Now therefore, I, James Madison, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim the same to all whom it may concern; and I do especially enjoin on all persons holding offices, civil or military, under the authority of the United States, that they be vigilant and zealous in discharging the duties respectively incident thereto; and I do moreover exhort all the good people of the United States, as they love their country; as they value the precious heritage derived from the virtue and valor of their fathers; as they feel the wrongs which have forced on them the last resort of injured nations ; and as they consult the best means, under the blessings of Divine Providence, of abridging its calamities; that they exert themselves in preserving order (in promoting concord, in maintaining the authority and the efficacy of the laws, and in supporting and invigorating all the measures which may be adopted by the constituted authorities) for obtaining a speedy, a just, and an honour
IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my
hand, and caused the seal of the United States
to be affixed to these presents. Done at the city SEAL of Washington, the nineteenth day of June, one
thousand eight hundred and twelve, and of the Independence of the United States the thirtysixth.
JAMES MADISON. By the President,
Secretary of State.
MILITARY AND NAVAL
BLACK ROCK, June 28, 1812. SIR,
THERE is every reason to believe that the British meditate an attack on Fort Niagara, and that it may be attempted within twenty-four hours from this time. If they once pass the river it is impossible to say how far they may proceed." Under these very urgent circumstances, I despatch an express to request that you will immediately march the men under your command to our assistance. Although you may not have received orders authorizing you to comply with this request, I am persuaded the occasion will justify you, as your men can be of no possible use at Canandaigua, or any other place along the south shore of the lake, and are undoubtedly intended, ultimately, for this place. Bring with you all the arms and ammunition in the Canandaigua arsenal.
In great haste, yours respectfully,
PETER B. PORTER, Q. M. G.
of the State of New-York.
Maj. Mullany, commanding at Canandaigua.
(Major General Hall addressed Major Mullany by the same conveyance, and equally urgent, with an assurance that the people would bear him harmless in the event of his being censured by the government for marching for their protection, &c. &c.]
CANANDAIGUA, June 29, 1812,
9 o'clock A. M. SIR,
I avail myself of the same express which conveyed me the letter of general Porter and yours of yesterday, to inform you that I will not hesitate in assuming the responsibility of marching for the defence and protection of the Niagara frontier under existing circumstances; should I be fortunate in preventing or repelling invasion, and inspiring our frontier settlers with confidence, I shall feel well rewarded.
It is only two months since I arrived in the district, and commenced the recruiting service, and with the blessing of Providence I will march by two o'clock to day, three companies of infantry and one of artillery, and I trust I will quarter with them in fort Niagara on the 4th of July. Be pleased to make this known to general Porter, and inform him that the arms and ammunition will accompany my command.
Major U. S. Infantry.
To Major Genl. Hall, Batavia.
BY WILLIAM HULL, Brigadier general and commander in chief of the North-western
army of the United States.
INHABITANTS OF CANADA! After thirty years of peace and prosperity, the United States have been driven to arms. The injuries and aggressions, the insults and indignities of Great Britain, have once more left them no alternative but manly resistance or unconditional submission. The army
under my command has invaded your country, and the standard of union now waves over the territory of Canada. To the peaceable, unoffending inhabitant, it brings neither danger nor difficulty. I come to find enemies, not to make them; I come to protect, not to injure you.
Separated by an immense ocean and an extensive wilderness from Great Britain, you have no participation in her councils, no interest in her conduct; you have felt her tyranny, you have seen her injustice, but I do not ask you to revenge the one, or to redress the other. The United States are sufficiently powerful to afford every security consistent with their rights and your expectations.