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modore Bainbridge, are brought forward; I conceive it my duty, lest silence should be construed into an acknowledgement of its correctness, to expose some of the falsehoods composing that statement. After introducing himself with considerable egotisin, and much parade of professional skill, he makes the following observations :
“ Their (the British wounded) removal to the Constitution, the deprivations they there experienced as to food, and the repeated disturbances they suffered by being carried beiow, and kept there for several hours, three different tiines, on the report of an eneiny heaving in sight : when these, I say, are considered, and the results contrasted with those of the American wounded, four of whom who lost their limbs died when I was on board, were laid in cots, placed in the most healthy parts of the ship, provided with every little luxury from competent and attentive nurses, and not allowa ed to be removed, when ours were thrust into the hold with the other prisoners, the hatches at once shutting out light and fresh air, and this too in the latitude of St. Salvador, the recovery of our seamen appears as miraculous as it proved happy; and truly. evinced both resignation and courage in patiently subriliar, without a complaint, to the cruelties of their situation, ansitirmiy contending with every obstacle which chance or oppression could present or inflict. 'l'he Americans seemed very desirous not to
of our officers to witness the nature of their wounded, or compute their numbers. I ordered one of my assistants, Mr. Caponi, to attend, when their assistant went round, and he enumerated forty-six who were unable to stir from their cots, independent of those who had received what they called “slight hurts.” Commodore Bainbridge was severely wounded in the right thigh, and four of their amputations perished under my inspection.
• I have noticed these facts, that your readers may be convinced of the falsity of their official despatches, and to authorize their being received with some degree of scepticism.
" I sent my assistant, with most of the wounded men, in the evening, and remained myself in the Java, till wit' in a few minutes of her being set on fire: one poor fellow only remained, who had received a musket ball, which entered the right orbit and remained imbedded in the brain : he was in articulo mortis, and I begged the American lieutenant to let me stay with him undisturbed for a few minutes, as I expected his immediate dissolution.
“ This Yankee son of humanity proposed assisting him into eternity; I instantly dragred him into the boat, and he expired along side the Constitution,
It is not true that there was any distinction made between the British and American wounded : they were slung promiscuously together on the gun deck, and every thing which humanity could dictate that the ship afforded, was provided for their comfort and
convenience. This ship was cleared for action but once during the time they were on board ; that was when the Hornet hove in sight, and as soon as her character could be ascertained, all the wounded, British and American, were brought on the gun deck together. Captain Lambert and Mr Waldo, were the only two persons not removed to the BIRTH DECK on this occasion; the former was left to the last moment, from principles of delicacy us well as humanity. Every exertion was made to land the prisoners at St. Salvador as soon as possible, that they might be “provided with every little luxury from competent and attentive nurses,” that our men of course could not receive on board.
It is equally false that we had forty-six men wounded. “Slight hurts,” and all others included, there were twenty-five only. Why request his assistant to attend for the porpose of counting them, when doctor Jones himself, or any other officer on board, could have enumerated them, if he chose, an hundred times a day? The doctor says four of our amputations perished under his own inspection. We had but five amputations altogether; four of them are now receiving pensions froin their country, and may be seen almost any day about the Navy Yard at Charlestown; and the fifth died of a malignant fever, north of the equator one month after the action. It is a fact, susceptible of the clearest and most positive proof, that not one of our men died during the time the doctor was on board the Constitution, nor until some time after we left St Salvador.
“ This Yankee son of humanity proposed assisting him into eternity," &c. No man who knows lieutenant Hoffman, will hesitate to pronounce doctor Jones an infamous calumniator. He (lieutenant Hoffman) is as remarkable for goodness of heart, for humane and tender feelings, for gentlemanly and correct conduct, as doctor Jones now is for his capacity to assert base and unqua. lified falsehoods. Lieutenant then midshipman) German, who was present when this man was removed from the Java, and whose word no one will question, asserts that no such observation was made; on the contrary, that he, (Mr. G.) by the orders of lieutenant Hoffman, repeatedly solicited doctor Jones to visit the man then spoken of, and endeavor, if possible, to relieve him ; but that he neglected even to see him, until they were ready to leave the ship, when he was removed into the boat at the doctor's request. If the doctor's charge had been founded in truth, would he not have reported lieutenant Hoffman immediately on his arrival at the Constitution? The ward room officers of the Constitution will recollect to have heard doctor Jones frequently spoken of during the cruize as an inhuman monster for his conduct to this same unfortunate sailor.
I leave the punishment due his presumption for calling in question “official despatches,” (after having fabricated himself such a tissue of assertions, without even a coloring of truth) to the first
officer of the Constitution, who may have the good fortune of an opportunity of taking him by the nose.
When the officers of the Java left the Constitution at St. Salvador, they expressed the warmest gratitude for the humane and generous treatment they had experienced ; nor was this contemptible hypocrite sparing of his acknowledgments on that occasion. After having suffered every thing from the officers of the Constitution “oppression could inflict,” why come forward and offer thanks for kind and handsome treatment? [See letters of general Hislop and others.]
To complete the climax of false assertions relative to that account, one of the lieutenants of the Java, in a letter to the editor of the Naval Chronicle for Jure, asserts, that I am “
an Irishman by birth, and was lately an assistant surgeon in the British Navy!" The truth is, I was born in the state of Maryland, and had never been on the ocean, except in the service of my country. I pledge myself to substantiate, by the most respectable testimony, should it be necessary, every thing that I have here stated.
I challenge the British to give a solitary instance, where they have given a faithful and candid relation of the result of their actions with us, since the declaration of the present war. They have, of late, established for themselves, a kind of national character, that, I trust, none will envy them the possession of; they have proved that although they may not always be able to conquer in battle, they can prevaricate, defame or mistake with as much case as any nation on earth.
AMOS A. EVANS,
DETROIT, March 7th, 1814. SIR,
By lieutenant Shannon, of the 27th regiment of the United States infantry, I have the honour of informing you, that a detachment of the troops under my command, led by captain Holmes of the 24th regiment of United States infantry, have obtained a signal yictory over the enemy.
The affair took place on the 4th instant, about 100 miles from this place, on the river de French. Our force, consisted of no more than 160 rangers and mounted infantry. The enemy, from their own acknowledgment, had about 240. The fine light company of Royal Scots, is totally destroyed; they led the attack inost gallantly, and their commander fell within ten paces of our front line. The light company of the 89th has also suffered severely, one officer of that company fell, one is a prisoner, and another is said to be badly wounded. In killed, wounded, and prisoners, the enemy lost about 80, whilst on our part there were
but four killed and four wounded. This great disparity in the logs on each side, is to be attributed to the very judicious position occupied by captain Holmes, who compelled the enemy to aitack him at great disadvantage ; this, even more than his gallantry, merits the laurel.
Captain Holmes has just returned, and will furnish a detailed account of the expedition, which shall immechately be transmitted
I have the honour to be, &c.
Lieutenant colonel commanding at Detroit. Major general Harrison.
Enemy's forces as stated by the prisoners : Royal Scots, 101 : 89th Regiment, 45 ; Militia, 50; Indians, 40 to 60—total, 236.
P. S. We took 100 head of cattle also from the enemy, intended for Long Point or Burlington.
FORT COVINGTON, March 10th, 1814. SIR,
I have the honour to submit in writing, that the expedition sent under my command against the enemy's posts, by your special orders of the 21st ultimo, had the good fortune, on the 4th instant, to meet and subdue a force, double its own, fresh from the barracks, and led by a distinguished officer.
I had been compelled to leave the artillery by the invincible difficulties of the route from Point au Plait to the Round 0. No wheel carriage of any kind had ever attempted it before, and none will ever pass it until the brush and fallen timber are cut away, and the swamp cause-wayed or drained. After joining captain Gill, I began the march for Fort Talbot, but was soon convinced of its being impossible to reach the post, in time to secure any force which might be there or adjacent. This conviction, united with the information, that the enemy had a force at Delaware, upon the Thames, that I should be expected at Fort Talbot, and conscquently, that a previous descent upon Delaware might deceive the foe, and lead him to expose me some point, in defending others he might think menaced, and coupled with the possibility that hearing of captain Gill's march to the Round 0, by M Gregor's militia, whom he had pursued, a detachment had descended the Thames to intercept him, determined to exercise the discretion allowed by the order, and to strike at once upon the river.
On the Sd instant, when only fifteen miles from Delaware, we received information that the enemy had left Delaware with the intention of descending the river, and that we should probably
meet him in one hour; that his force consisted of a light company from the Royal Scots, mustering for duty 120 men; a light company of the 89th reginent of foot (efficiency not known) Caldwell's Indians and M Gregor's militia, amounting in all to about 300 men. My command originally had not exceeded 180 rank and file. Hunger, cold and fatigue, had brought on disease, and though none died, all were exceedingly depressed, and sixteen had been ordered home, as unable to continue the march. I resolved therefore to avoid the conflict on equal grounds, and immediately retreated five miles, for the sake of a good position on the western bank of the Twenty Mile Creek, leaving captain Gill with twenty rangers to cover the rear, and to watch the enemy's motions. We had encamped but a few minutes, when captain Gill joined, after exchanging shots with the enemy's advance, in vainly attempting to reconnoitre his force. The Twenty Mile Creek runs from north to south, through a deep and wide ravine, and of course is flanked east and west by lofty heights. My camp was formed upon the western heights. The enemy's on the opposite. During the night of the 3d all was quiet. "At sun-rise on the 4th, the enemy appeared thinly upon the opposite heights, fired upon us without effect, and vanished. After waiting sometime for their re-appearance, lieutenant Knox of the rangers was sent to reconnoitre. On his return he reported that the enemy had retreated with the utmost precipitation, leaving his baggage scattered upon the road, and that his trail and fires inade him out not more than seventy men. Mortified at the supposition of having retrograded from this diminutive force, I instantly commenced the pursuit, with the design of attacking Delaware before the opening of another day. We had not, however, proceeded beyond five miles, when captain Lee, commanding the advance, discovered the enemy in considerable force, arranging himself for battle. The symptoms of fear and flight were now easily traced to the purpose of seducing me from the heights, and so far the plan succeeded. But the enemy failed to improve the advantage. If he had thrown his chief force across the ravine above the road, and occupied our camp when relinquished, thus obstructing my communication to the rear, I should have been driven upon Delaware against a superior force, since found to be stationed there, or forced to take the wilderness for Fort Talbot, without forage or provisions. Heaven averted this calamity. We soon regained the position at Twenty Mile Creek, and though the rangers were greatly disheartened by the retreat, and to a man insisted upon not fighting the enemy, we decided to exhibit on that spot, the scene of death or victory. I was induced to adopt the order of the hollow square to prevent the necessity of evolution, which I knew all the troops are incompetent to perform in action. The cietachments of the 24th and 28th infantry occupied the brow of the heights. The detachment from the garrison of Detroit, formed the north front of the square, the rangers the west, and the militia