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imported more of their productions. Recurring, however, to the total exportation, we will add to those of Havana the sugars which have been shipped in the same six months from Matanzas and Trinidad.' From Havana, the number of boxes was 401,302; from Matanzas, 269,325 7-8; from Trinidad, 34,534 1-2--in all, 705,162 3-8 boxes. Although we have the returns of only the first three months from Cienfuegos, we may yet add to the above, the 17,540 boxes shipped thence in that time, making the exportation, so far as we have information, to this time, already reach 722,702 boxes.
“ As with sugars, so with coffee exported hence; the increase of the latter over the first six months of last year, being 186,671 arrobas. Tobacco, in the leaf, appears to have had an extraordinary falling off in exportation—being no less than 1,295,773 pounds, while in the manufactured article there has been an in
COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES WITH CHINA.
The annexed statements of the commerce of China with the United States, for the year ending June 30th, 1847, are derived from the “ European Times :"
Imports into China, from the U. States, from July 1, 1846, to June 30, 1847. Blue drills, pcs
3,300 Yarn, piculs, 2,943 Flour, barrels, 800 Brown drills, 460,830 Lead,
4,855 Bread, pounds, 18,903 Brown jeans, 46,740 Copper,
79 Beef, barrels,
229 Brown sheetings, 33,218 Spelier,
70 White drills, 4,697 Cochineal, ceroons 114 Furs,
10,527 Brown twills, 286 Ginseng, piculs 2,796 Candles, boxes, 260 Shirtings,
251 Opium, chests, 17 Specie, dollars, 33,433 Exports of Tea fron China to the United States, for the seasons of 1846–7 and
1845-6. Pounds. Pounds.
Pounds. Pounds. Congou and Sou
Twanky and Hychong, 3,146,126 3,064,160 son Skin,
2,770,705 2,588,776 Pouchong,
372,736 946,378 Young Hyson, 8,572,181 8,633,731 Oolong, 685,695 220,294 Imperial,
983,836 854,043 Pekoe,
120,398 35,435 Gunpowder, 1,307,017 1,253,709 Orange Pekoe, 173,350 Hyson,
754,243 905,566 Total* 18,886,287 18,502,092 Total Exports of Tea from Canton, for the seasons of 1846–7 and 1845-6, to the Erports from China, to the United States, of silks and sundries, for the seasons
following countries: 1816-7. 1845-6.
1815-6. Pounds. Pounds.
Pounds. Pounds. To Gt. Britain, 53,448,339 57,622,803 To Hanseatic
United States, 18,886,287 18,502,092 [Towns, 1,071,560 1,383,252 Holland, 3,054,540 3,054,1301 France,
Including the Mary Ellen, lost in Gaspar Straits, cargo 716,110 pounds.
of 1846-7, and 1845-6. 1846-7. 1845-6.)
1846-7. 1845-6. Pongees, pieces, 54,487 54,604 Gauze, boxes,
56 000 Handkerchiefs, 24,381 50,975 Cassia, piculs,
6,335 7,867 Sarsnets,
6,505 6,167 Matting, rolls, 16,103 23,538 Senshaws, 5,232 4,085 Gamboge, boxes,
1 159 Camlets, 000 20 Rheubarb,
763 1,135 Lustrings, 357 000 Vermilion,
176 Satins, 1,262 1,982 Sweetmeats,
1,223 4,637 Damasks,
70 204 Levantines, 1,322 1,099 Chinaware,
105 644 Crapes, 1,500 199 Fire Crackers,
18,685 20,510 Shawls and Scarfs, 54,627 143,277 Oil of Cassia,
244 154 Sewing Silk, 000 630 Oil of Anis,
144 174 Raw Silk, boxes,
750 1,346 Nankeens, 28 000 Fans,
1,189 1,168 Grass Cloth, 139 692 Lacquered Ware,
PROGRESS OF THE AMERICAN CHEESE TRADE. There is no product of the United States that has been so sleadily gaining favor in foreign markets, for the last fifteen years, as the article of cheese ; and desiring that the farmers of the west should participate in the advantages accruing from the increasing demand for this commodity, we wish to call their attention to the following statistics. We are not aware that there is any reason why cheese may not be made as profitable in the western States as in New York. It is true that the freight would be something more, but there are many advantages in the valley of the Mississippi, which are greatly in favor of the western stock grower. The first of these is the low price of land, and the great advantage, at present, of summer range.
Cheese will bear transportation better than any agricultural article produced in this country, and carries with it less of the productive properties of the soil in proportion to its value. This is a branch of husbandry that requires little outlay of capital, and can be carried on as cheaply as any other, and we feel confident that if a few enterprizing individuals were to set the example, that Missouri and Illinois would in a few years not only rival, but advance far beyond, New York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio, in the production of cheese.
We should be pleased to hear from some of our agricultural friends upon the subject of making cheese in the west; and we should like very much to see a comparative statement made between the profits of growing corn for market, at ten to filteen cents per bushel, and cheese at the fair market price.
Almost the entire amount received for cheese would be a clear gain to the country—for the greater part of the products which constitute the food of cattle, is of so little value, when compared to its bulk, that it will not bear transportation to a market, and much of the attention and labor connected with cheese-making, would not be otherwise employed.
The “ Detroit Free Press,” the State paper of Michigan, furnishes the following statement of this new and rather important branch of trade :
“The cheese trade is rapidly augmenting in this country. The foreign exports of it have become a prominent article of supply for distant climes. Up to 1840, there was but a small quantity of it shipped, and that principally on foreign account. That year, Messrs. Goodrich & Co, of New York, and the Messrs. Green, of Boston, made the experiment of large consignments to England. Of course, they met with the usual prejudices, the market before having been farnished with foreign cheese from Ireland and Holland. By perseverance, the American article gradually came into favor, until it has now reached a heavy consumption. It fills part of the cargo of almost every vessel that leaves our seaports for Liverpool. The statistics of export, as will be seen by the following, betoken a still further extension, which is worthy the attention of farmers of this Statë: 1840, lbs. 723,713|1844,
lbs. 7,433,145 1841, 1,748,781 1845,
7,941,187 18-12, 2,456,677|1846,
3,440,1441 This foreign export trade has now reached over a million of dollars annually. It goes to fifty-two countries. Our heaviest customers, in 1846, were: England, lbs. 6,744,699 Hayti,
150,046 West Indies, 807,040 British Guiana,
162,420 Cuba, 227,276 Scotland,
88,041 Canadas, 185,915 Venezuela,
11 40,812 Until within five years, cheese has usually been kept on sale in our eastern cities by grocers and produce dealers, with a general assortment of other products. A total revolution in this respect has taken place. In New York and Boston; extensive houses, exclusively for cheese, are doing a large business. Several commission houses are now solely engaged in it.
The farmers of our State seem to have neglected this important branch of the dairy. Every other saleable product is produced here in abundance; why not add this to our list of exports! We certainly possess the grazing land. Still we do not make 20 per cent., of the cheese consumed in the State. `Daily it is shipped here from Buffalo, and goes into the interior of this state. Ohio also sends her hundreds of tons to our market. Neither Western New York nor Ohio possesses more advantages for its manufacture than our own farmers. We are told that, at the prices it has borne for the last five years, it is much more profitable than butter. In fact, for three months in the year, butter does not sell at any higher price. All dairy-women agree that two pounds of cheese are made easier than one pound of butter. Yet it is neglected.
In several towns near Buffalo, (Hamburgh and Collins,) it is the principal business of the farmers, and all who have embarked in it have greatly added to their wealth. Chautauque County farmers have increased their cows, for cheese
making; Herkimer County, N. Y., produced 8,000,000 lbs. in 1845, according to the State census; St. Lawrence, 9,000,000 lbs. In Alleghany County, heretofore, lumber was the principal production ; nearly every farmer now turns out his five to twenty casks of cheese in the fall. All the southern tiers of counties in that State are largely embarking into it. The census of 1835 gives the quantity made in the State - at 36,000,000 lbs. Ohio has doubled her exports of it within five years. Indiana cheese is now becoming known in the market.
As a sample of its increase, we give the following statistics of the amount that arrived at tide water on the Hudson River, from the canal collector's books :Year. Lbs. Exported. Year.
Exported. 1834, 6,340,000
1841, 14,170,000 1,748,781 1835, 9,586,000
1842, 19,004,000 2,456,677 1836, 14,060,000
1843, 24,334,000 3,440,144 1837, 15,560,000
1844, 26,672,500 7,433,145 1838, 13,810,000
1845, 29,371,000 7,941,187 1839, 14,530,000
1846, 34,812,513 8,675,390 1840, 18,820,000 723,713
Here is a large quantity, but a ready market is found. The increase of foreign exports is large. Up to last fall, the duty on it in England was $2 42 per 100 lhs. Sir Robert Peel's new tariff reduced it to $1 per 100, which will cheapen it to British consumers. The prices range in Liverpool, according to quality, from $10 to $15 per 112 lbs., and for three years past, the London market has never been overstocked but three or four times, which has lasted but two to five weeks. It is getting introduced into all circles, and driving the Dutch article out of market. Mr. Coleman, in his Agricultural Tour in Europe, says he found it gracing the tables of the lords and nobles, where, five years ago, it had nev found its way. He dined with a marquis, who treated him to American cheese, American apples, American cranberries, and American cider in bottles.
It is now exported to the East Indies in boxes, found in Calcutta, and goes, with other notions, to the celestials of China. None but the real skim-milk grind-stones, however, can stand a hot climate.
ILLINOIS AND MICHIGAN CANAL.
In pursuance of the provisions of the 15th section of the law of February 21, 1813, the undersigned, Trustees of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, have established the following rates of toll on articles to be transported upon said canal during the year 1848 :
1. Rates of Toll on Boats.
On each boat used chiefly for transporting common freight,
3 1-2 cents per mile, On each boat used chiefly for transporting mineral coal, 3 cents per mile,
3 On each boat used for transporting passengers, $ cents per mile, 6
2. On Passengers. On each passenger 8 years old and upwards, 4 mills per mile,
Each passenger eight years old and upwards, shall be allowed sixty pounds baggage or household furniture, (if belonging to or used by such passenger,) free of toll. 3. On the following named articles, toll will be computed according to weight,
that is to say, the following rates per mile will be charged on each 1,000 pounds and the same proportion for a lesser or greater weight :
MILLS. Ale, 10 Candles, 10 Heading,
3 Agricultl. implem’nts, 10 Corn,
5 Hoops and materials for 3 Animals, domestic, 10 Cider,
8 Hubs, boat knees and
2 Ashes, wood, 4 Charcoal,
5 Iron, pig and scrap, 74 Beet, 10 Coal,
13 fron, wrought or cast, 15 Beans, 10 Coke, 2; Iron tools,
15 Bread, 10 Clay, 2 Ice,
1 Beer, 10 Eggs, 10 Leather,
15 Butter, 10 Flour,
10 Baggage, 20 Flax, 10 Lime, common,
3 Beeswax, 10 Fruit, home, 10 Lime, hydraulic,
6 Bacon, 10 Fruit, foreign, 15 Lead, pigs and bar,
20 Brooms, 10 Fish,
10 Merchandize, includ. Broom handles, 10 Furniture, bousehold, 20 ing dry goods, groBroom Corn, 10 Feathers,
ceries, hard ware, Bristles,
10 Flags, for chairs, 15 cutlery, crockery, & B- Blocks,
12 Furs and Peltries, all glass ware, and all Barley, 10 kinds,
25 articles not specified 20 Buckwheat, 10 Grease,
10 Blooms, 15 Ginseng,
10 Malt, Bran, 5 Grindstones,
6 Molasses, in hhds. or Bark, tanners, 5 Gypsum, 6 bb]s.,
15 Barrels, empty, 10 Glass and Glassware, 15 Meal,
5 Coffee, 15 Hemp,
7 Marble, unwrought, 6 Crockery, in crates, 15 Hides,
10 Marble, wrought, 15 Cheese, 10 Horns and Tips, 10 Marble Dust,
9 Crackers, 10 Hair, 10 Mill-stones,
12 Cordage, 10 Hoops, 15 Machinery,
15 Cotton Bagging, 10 Hams,
10 Mechanics' tools, 15 Cotton, raw, in bales, 10 Household furniture, Manure,
8 Coopers' ware, 10 accompanied by and
Nuts, Carpenters and Joinbelonging to fami. Nails,
15 ers' work, 10 lies emigrating, 15 Oats,
10 Hay and Fodder 5 Oil Cake, 74, 17