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and that,

chiefly“ occasioned by the opposite , lion to all dispute or discussion on the sentiments of Dr. Marshman and the subject of pecuniary claims that, notwithCommittee on the following questions :

standing this, he should now bring forward

a fresh requisition of one-sixth of the same 1. Whether the Society, maintaining or amouut, accompanied, as I am informed, by principally supporting certain mission- an intimation, that it is possible this may ary stations abroad, ought to have any not be his ultimatum. This proceeding has share whatever in the direction or ma. all the appearance of a tentative process, nagement of them, so as to have the designed to ascertain bow far our anxiety to

avoid a breach will prompt us to submit to means of restraining the expenditure his encroachments. What security have within such limits as the other engage- we against future requisitions if we yield to ments of the Society rendered veces- the present? What reason to suppose our sary ?—2. Whether, provided the So- ready compliance in this instance will not ciety allotted for the Serampore stations encourage bim to embrace an early opporas large an annual sum as their finances all the appearance of the commencement of

tanity of making further demands ? It has would possibly allow, they could sanc- a series of unfouuded pretensions and endtion a further appeal for the same ob- less exactions. ject, through a distinct and independent “ Tbat a set of men, in the character of agency, to the parties who had previ- Missionaries, after disclaiming the authority

of the Society which sent them out, and ously contributed towards it through asserting an entire independence -- after the medium of the Society ?” The

claiming an absolute control (whether right. Committee contended, that such share fully or not) over a large property which in the management of the stations they that Society bad always considered as its assisted to support as the first question own, should demand an annual payment from

those from whom they had severed themembraced, was their due ;

selves, and thus attempt to make their conafter having assigned to the Seramporestituents their tributaries, is a proceeding stations as large a portion of pecuniary scarcely paralleled in the history of human aid as their annual resources would affairs. justly allow, they could not sanction “I am, utterly at a loss to understand on that further appeal for the same object the position in which they have placed them

what principle the Serampore brethren, in which is included in the second question. selves, have any claim whatever on the

Respecting the successive and aug. funds of the Society whose authority they mented claims which Dr. M. made on have renounced, after appropriating to themthe funds of the Society, we subjoin the selves the management of an extensive refollowing letter:

renue, in the disposal of which they will

not brook the smallest interference or con“ To the Committee of the Baptist Mission- trol. Without reverting to former grounds

ary Society, convened in London, on the of controversy, it will surely be admitted 15th instant.

that the independence we have, for the sake Bristol, March 12, 1827. of peace, conceded to them, is reciprocal“ GENTLEMEN,

that our right to it is not less thau theirs" It is with much diff ence that I presume and that we are consequently at liberty to to address you on the present occasion, nor dispose of our income in the way which we am I certain whether I am perfectly in order conceive most conducive to the purposes of in so doing ; hut conceiving this to be a our institution. crisis in the Mission, and not being able to “It may be very proper, under certain be present at the meeting, I could not satisfy circumstances, for us to aid the brethren at myself without communicating the resalt of Serampore by occasional donations, regumy reflections on the important business lated by the state of our funds, and the atwhich has called you together.

tention necessary to other objects; but this Dr. Marshman, it seems, as the repre- is essentially different from absolutely ensentative of the brethren at Serampore, has gaging to pay an annual sam, which would, instituted a demand of one-sixth of all the in my humble opinion, be equally inconsismoney collected or subscribed towards the tent with the interests and the honour of this Society, to be paid annually in aid of the Society. As our brethren of Serampore Missionary operations going on there. It have chiefly exerted themselves in translamust strike every one as strange that this tions, and are confessedly in possession of demand should almost immediately follow a great pecuniary resources, there seems no preceding one which was acceded to, which imperious necessity for regularly diverting he then professed to consider as perfectly those funds to their aid, which are unequal satisfactory, and as putting a final termina. I to the demand which Bengal alone would create, were our Mission (a most desirable , occasion, with the wisdoin which is from event) concentrated within that province. above, is the sincere prayor of Calcutta, to say nothing of other stations, “ Gentlemen, cries aloud for more labourers, but cries in

“ Your obedient humble servant, vain,

“ ROBERT HALL." " It has been said that we are indebted for our success to the celebrity attached to

The whole truth will eventually be the names of Carey, Marshman, and Ward, communicated, and the uprighteous and that but for the unbounded confidence of the religious public in these men, our

cause will not be able to stand. funds would never have been realized. Sapposing this to be the case, to take advantage of such a circumstance in order to bring the The Sea Side ; a Series of short Essays Society into subjection, would not be to and Poems on various subjects, suggested make a very generous use of their influence. by a temporary residence at a Watering But I believe it is a mistake ; it is my firm Place. By the Rev. John East, conviction that the Baptist Mission, like A.M. Lecturer of St. Philip's, and other kindred institutions, rests on the basis Curate of St. James's, Bristol. 12mo. of its own merits, and that it will not fail 8s. Hamilton, Adams, and Co. to secure the confidence of the public, in

" The Sea Side !To those who are faproportion to the purity of its motives, the wisdom of its counsels, and the atility of its miliar with the reality, the very words objects. If it cannot sustain the ordeal of are exhilirating. They revive all those public opinion on these principles, let it delightful sensations of beauty and of sink, rather than owe its support to the illu- grandeur which a temporary residence sion of a name.

on the shores of the “ To contemplate the possibility of being compelled to an open rupture with our bre- “Epithet-exhausting ocean" thren of Serampore is unquestionably painful; it is their knowledge alone of our

never fails to produce in the mind of the extreme reluctance to hazard that conse- pious and intelligent visiter. quence which emboldens them to advance The present volume is from the pen these exorbitant claims. If we can avoid of an evangelical clergyman in one of it by a consistent and dignified mode of procedure, let it be avoided ; but if peace ditable to his Christian character. His

our principal cities, and is highly crecan only be purchased by an ignominious surrender of our rights as a Society, by a object is to direct the minds of those tane submission to unreasonable demands, who are accustomed to visit the- sea and by subjecting it to a sort of feudal de- coast, into a channel of instructive, appendance, in all time to come, on persons propriate, and pious meditation. Such we know not whom—whose characters we cannot ascertain, and whose actions we can

a work has long been a desideratum. not control, the purchase is, in my humble It is notorious that the literature attainopinion, too dear. The treatment of the able at places of fashionable resort, is Serampore brethren has not been such that generally of the most frivolous and we need shrink from its most ample expo- trashy description. Novels, plays, and sure to the public; nor have we any other censure to fear on that head, except it be romances, form the staple commodity for lavisbing upou them a too over-weening of a sea-side circulating library; the confidence. We have no such secrets to pernsal of which (to mention only the conceal that it should cost us a large annual least injurious tendency) is eminently payment to secure their suppression.

calculated to eiteminate the mind, to “Of the tiree brethren, with whom we induce a morbid sensibility, and to im. were lately in treaty, one is already gone into eteruity, and the remaining two are pair, if not to annihilate, the healthful advancing to that period of life which ought relish for reading of a superior order. to make us pause ere we enter into engage

“ Poets and novelists, a sickly band, ments, which will give to persons of whom

Debase the mind and heart of half the we know little or nothing a permanent right of interference with our funds.

Pour luscious nonsense o'er the tender - The crisis is most solemn, and a hasty

breast, compliance with the present requisition

And make it strangely sad, or wildly may, when it is too late, make matter for

blest." bitier and unavailing repentance. That you may be indulged on this, and on every other Two families, the “ Hamiltons" and

land;

the “ Willoughbys," repair for a few plative mind is irresistibly led to exweeks to the sea coast; and for their claim, “O Lord, how manifold are thy mutual pleasure and improvement, an works ! in wisdom hast thou made them ingenious scheme is proposed by the all: the earth is full of thy riches. So senior visitor.

is this great and wide sea.

We rejoice to find in our author a “A plan has occurred to me, (said the friend to the abolition of slavery; espeRev. W. Hamilton to his family and a select circle of friends,) which may conduce both cially as the clergy in general, perhaps, to the pleasure and the benefit we expect to have not been among the first or the derive from our visit to the sea coast. We most active in protesting against this shall, I hope, often meet together, and enjoy crying national iniquity. The chapter the sacred intercourse of Christian friend- entitled “ The Slave Ship,” will be read ship-an intercourse which, while it may with melancholy interest. We quote embrace all the urbanity and refinement of polished society, is conducted upon princi

the following specimen, as well authenples widely differing from those that consti- ticated, and of itself speaking volumes. tute the basis of worldly associations, and has a freedom and a tact peculiarly its own.

“ The modes in which cargoes of slaves In the midst of scenes like these, our are procured, to gorge these leviathans of thoughts and our conversation will naturally the ocean, are sach as bumanity shudders take a colouring reflected from surrounding to contemplate. Not many years have passobjects. I wish that we should avail our

ed since the following narratire was told at selves of the advantages bence arising to us,

a respectable table in the city of Bfor illastrating and impressing more deeply I was once said the narrator) on the Afrion our minds many subjects of high and can coast, looking out for a cargo. I obdelightful interest. My scheme is simply served the smoke of a fire on shore, the this : that each of our party should employ known signal of trade, and immediately pat a part of the time daily assigned to mental off in a boat. On arriving at the beach I improvement, in writing familiar papers or found a trader, and on my inquiring what essays on scriptural topics, suggested by the he had to dispose of, be produced two negro scenery before us.

These, if you approve women, each with an infant in ber arms. I my plan, shall be read by the writers in our

shook my head, and declined purchasing. social parties like the present." pp. 1, 2.

He asked me my reason. I replied that

they did not suit me. Again he begged to The present volume is the result of know the cause of my holding off. I told this rational and improving scheme ; in bim that the women would suit me well which the reader is presented with a

enough, but their children were an objection series of short essays, narratives, and diately went up to one of the women, and

to my purchasing them. The trader immepoems, original and selected, occasion- taking the child out of her arms, dashed its ally interspersed with a few viva voce head upon a stone. He then did the saine observations, on almost every subject of with the other, and sold the two women to interest suggested by the surrounding me.' This fact was told as one of the ocscenery, from the time of the almighty sion of borror or detestation as it regarded

currences of trade, and without any expres. fiat_" Let the waters under the heaven the fact itself, or of self-reproach for not be gathered together unto one place," baving interposed to prevent the hideous to the present period of unparalleled infanticide.” pp. 203, 204. traffic on the bosom of the mighty deep. The Sabbaths at the sea side are, of Under the form of excursions, re- course, devoted exclusively to religious searches, casualties, reminiscences, and pursuits, and we are compelled in canvisits, the reader will find many papers dour to acknowledge, with more singleof considerable interest, on the natural ness and steadiness of purpose than we history of the maritime world, geologi- have sometimes witnessed, especially at cal phenomena, and occurrences inci- watering-places, among those who, on dent to the sea side ; the whole being the whole, worship the God of their invested with additional beauty and fathers more agreeably to our own importance by a uniform reference and views of the New Testament pattern. subserviency to the paramount truths of Not that we would for a moment advothe Christian system. Under every cate a superstitious reverence for times variety, and at every turn, the contem- and seasons, forms and ceremonies,

one

which, in too many instances, so far genteel and respectable," to the more from indicating habitual devotion, forms fashionable place of resort. The effect an imposing substitute for a course of of this, though silent, is deep and lastpiety. But the human mind is prone to ing. And what is the plea of these extremes. And if some within conse ladies and gentlemen? Do not our bre. crated walls are apparently more de-thren preach the Gospel ? This they will vout than seems to comport with their not pretend; while at the same time pursuits and habits of mind in the week, they are compelled to acknowledge, as (which we are far from insinuating of our author himself has candidly conour author and his friends,) is it not to ceded, that in the Establishment, “ the be feared that some of our dissenting discourses heard at public wateringbrethren manifest less seriousness, and places, too frequently contain far more less intensity of devotion, than is con- of the dry ethics of the schools, than sistent with the approach of a sinner to of the 'dewy' doctrines of inspiration.” “ the throne of the heavenly grace?” What then is their plea for this deser“God is great, and greatly to be feared tion of their dissenting brethren? Do in the assembly of his saints, and to be they despise their talents ? Principle is had in reverence of all them that are a weightier consideration than taste, about him.” It is one thing to decline and ought never to be sacrificed on the a participation in superstitious observ- altar of refinement. Do they recoil at ances of human imposition, and another the air of meanness, and poverty, and to yield the affectionate homage of the simplicity, which pervades these “barns heart, and to worship Him who is a and hovels ?” Then why not, by their Spirit “ in spirit and in truth ;”

presence, produce an improvement ? thing to dissent from that which the Why, in the same breath, deplore and great Head of the church has not com determine to perpetnate the evil ? But manded, and another to acquiesce and let not our brethren be discouraged. A cordially unite in that spiritual worship greater than these condescends to be which he does require. Christianity is present. He does not despise them. not merely negative, but positive; con- “Thus saith the high and lofty One, sisting, not only in a firm renunciation that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is of every thing inimical to the exercise Holy: I dwell in the high and holy of vital religion, but also in habitual, place; with him also that is of a contrite heartfelt devotion to the spiritual re- and humble spirit ; to revive the spirit of quirements of the Redeemer's kingdom. the humble, and to revive the heart of the It is not enough that we are not forma contrite ones." They are gathered to. lists, we must be spiritual worshippers. gether in the name of their gracious

We are by no means disposed to view Redeemer, and he will be with them. it in the light of an exception, that in “The poor have the Gospel preached to obedience to

them: and blessed is he, whosoever is

not offended in me.” “ The sound of the church-going bell,”

We must abruptly conclude these the whole party should simultaneously observations, by simply recommending repair to the aisles of the consecrated such of our friends as may visit the sea dome. From the pen of a clergyman, side, in pursuit of health or of pleathis is natural and consistent. We only sure, to avail themselves of the rational wish that our dissenting friends who entertainment provided for them in this visit the sea coast, were equally true to seasonable volume. As conscientious the principles they profess. We have dissenters, we shall not be expected to sometimes been grieved to see opulent approve of every sentiment.

But they dissenters, whose presence at the meet. will find in it much to interest the feeling-house, during their temporary resi- ings, more to inform the mind, and most dence, might have strengthened the of all to improve the heart, and to elehands and encouraged the hearts of the vate the affections to Him who is the " little flock," wheeling off, with the source and end of all our enjoyments.

Biographical History of the Christian | generation. Genuine ecclesiastical his

Church, from the Apostolic Age to the tory is, in fact, the history of a moral the times of Wickliffe the Reformer. miraclé, or rather of a succession of In two Volumes. By J. W. MORRIS. miracles, wrought on behalf of the London. 1827.

oppressed and persecuted people of There is no department of human God. Their preservation from age to knowledge in which entertainment and age, amidst the persecution of the world, instruction are so happily blended, as and the continued existence and ultiin well written history. It is natural to mate extension of the Christian cause, seek entertainment, it is necessary to even when the enemy came in from time seek instruction ; but the importance of to time with a flood of false doctrine uniting the two, in order to promote and baser practice, can be regarded as general improvement, will be obvious, nothing less than the operation of a if we consider, that as mere entertain- Providence, almighty in power, omnisment is calculated to dissipate the mind, cient in wisdom, and infinitely benigwhose faculties should be cultivated, nant in purpose. The mightiest forms and not debased, so mere instruction is of human power were effectually overdeprived of a most powerful stimulus, come, and the most insidious modes of to fix and perpetuate the benefits it human policy as perfectly thwarted. is adapted to impart, when divested of Dagon fell before the ark; the giant of those amusing illustrations, which re- Philistia before the stone of the sling of semble the fragrant heath-flowers, that David; the civil power and pomp of an tempt the traveller along the paths of opposing world, before the spiritual the wilderness.

influence of the everlasting Gospel. The two great divisions of history are Among the many possible modes of into secular and ecclesiastical : the for- writing ecclesiastical history, it has mer records the general course of events often occurred to us, that the biograas they affect the state of the world at phical possesses considerable advanlarge, the latter describes the rise and tages. In compositions of this kind, the progress of the Christian church. This men or the actors bave commonly been important subject, however, has seldom made only a part of the scenery, and been treated in the manner it deserves. often a very subordinate and insigvifiA mass of extraneous matter has usually cant part; whereas the reverse is surely been introduced into details otherwise the order of nature and of truth. If it most interesting, and which has diverted be true, indeed, that in many instances the attention from what ought to have men are modelled by circumstances, it constituted the leading topic by which is no less true, that character exerts a ecclesiastical history is distinguished forming influence over events, and from other classes of narrative. Hence gives them both energy and direction. it is with difficulty that the most discri. And what, in fact, are events, but the minating reader can discover the situa- results of human action ? The history of tion, or trace the progress of the true the world is the history of mankind; of church of Christ. That church, it is to their movements and passions under the be lamented, was indeed involved at an regulating superintendence of eternal early period in great corruption, and its Providence. It is by their genius or primitive character essentially deterio- their imbecility that empires rise and rated; yet if writers had been duly empires fall; that the triumphs of sucsolicitous of promoting the interests of cessful ambition and the subjection of pure and undefiled religion, and of giv- vanquished nations are accomplished. ing a suitable degree of prominence in It seems more natural, therefore, as their narratives to a society whose glory well as more dignified, that history is not of this world, we should have should render her records the means of seen more of the power and purity of exhibiting the efforts of mind, rather truth in advantageous contrast with the than the dry and analyzing table of character of an adulterous and wicked political or geographical change. To

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