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Observations on the Despatch

Address from Count Capodistrias to the Greeks

Danger to Russia from her Revolutionary Policy

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"Progress and Present Position of Russia in the East"
Confidential Despatch from Count Nesselrode to Prince Lieven, dated

St. Petersburg, January 9, 1827












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[One of the most unfortunate effects of Mr. Canning's policy in the East was the estrangement which it produced between the cabinet of St. James's and that of Vienna.

It had ever been the policy of England, consecrated by experience, to ally herself firmly with that power in Germany most interested in preserving the independence of the separate states in that empire. We allied ourselves with the Empress Queen to preserve her rights against a formidable confederacy. In the seven years war, we lent our effective assistance to Frederick the Great, when asserting the liberties of Germany in opposition to a formidable league to partition the Prussian monarchy. The power which was most capable of maintaining the independence of the German states, when not engaged in aggressive schemes herself, was Austria.

It was then, we repeat, peculiarly unfortunate that Mr. Canning, by the attractions that innovation ever holds out to a discursive and imaginative mind, abandoned this wise maxim of our forefathers, and repelled the confidence of Austria. In subsequent numbers, we shall produce documents which will prove that the treaty of July, commonly called Mr. Canning's treaty, originated in St. Petersburgh. But the policy of Russia, of making England the instrument of dismembering Turkey, through the advocacy of VOL. IV.NO, XXVII,


constitutional principles in Greece, may be traced as far back as the Congress of Vienna, when a document was presented to the British Plenipotentiaries on the part of Russia, as a protest against the proposed transfer of those islands to the Protectorate of Austria.

The documents which we now present to the public show the helpless state into which Austria was thrown by England's being estranged from her, and how much the administration of the Duke of Wellington, which was framed according to principles which offered every facility for regaining the confidence of Prince Metternich, conceived itself fettered by the engagements entered into by his brilliant predecessor.

But, if the position of Austria in 1829 compelled her, in selfdefence, to abandon all thoughts of supporting Turkey, what prospect can we entertain, in 1836, when Russia has acquired such an augmentation of territory and such wonderful increase of influence, that Austria can maintain even her own independence against Russia?

The Russian quarantines at the mouth of the Danube equally threaten the commerce and the rights of Englishmen, as they do those of Austria; but if England, with her thousand ships, dare not protect her commerce on the only sea in which it is endangered; if her fleet remains to protect her commerce in the British Channel; what is the value of England in the relative scale of nations? What is England to Austria?]

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