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SECRETARIES OF STATE.

In the "Notes upon the foreign treaties of the United States," prepared by Hon. J. C. Bancroft Davis, and republished in the volume of Treaties and Conventions concluded between the United States and other Powers, Senate Executive Document No. 47, Forty-eighth Congress, second session, is given, in concise form, the history of the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States up to the time of the establishment of the Department of State. From these notes the following statement has been gathered:

On the 29th of November, 1775, Congress appointed a "Committee of Secret Correspondence," whose duty it would be to correspond with the friends of the colonies in other parts of the world. From the date of the appointment of this committee until the autumn of 1781, the management of the foreign affairs of the country was in the hands of committees of Congress. Robert R. Livingston, of New York, was then appointed "their Secretary of Foreign Affairs," and took the oath of office on the 20th of October, 1781. Livingston resigned in June, 1783, and Elias Boudinot, the President of Congress, acted officially as Secretary in the interim.

General Thomas Mifflin was chosen President of Congress on the 3d of November, 1783, at the beginning of a new Congress, and as such succeeded to Boudinot as ad interim Secretary. John Jay was elected Secretary May 24, 1784, but did not qualify until December 21, 1784, and he remained the Secretary of Foreign Affairs until the adoption of the Federal Constitution. On September 15, 1789, the President approved "An act to provide for the safe-keeping of the acts, records, and seal of the United States, and for other purposes," in the first section of which it was provided "that the Executive Department denominated the Department of Foreign Affairs shall hereafter be denominated the Department of State, and the principal officer therein shall be called the Secretary of State." Jefferson was appointed Secretary of State September 26, 1789, but did not enter upon the duties of his office until March 21, 1790. Jay, notwithstanding he had been selected to be Chief Justice, continued to fill the office of Secretary until Jefferson entered upon its duties, although never commissioned as such under the new government."

a "Compilation of treaties in force 1899."

The following list contains the names of the different Secretaries, the Presidents by whom appointed, and the dates of their respective commissions:

Secretaries of State.

Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia...
Edmund Randolph, of Virginia..

Timothy Pickering, of Pennsylvania (Secretary of War).

John Marshall, of Virginia..........

Levi Lincoln, of Massachusetts (Attorney-General), ad interim.

James Madison, of Virginia....

Robert Smith, of Maryland

John Quincy Adams, of Massachusetts..

Henry Clay, of Kentucky.......

James A. Hamilton, of New York, ad interim
Martin Van Buren, of New York.
Edward Livingston, of Louisiana
Louis McLane, of Delaware...

John Forsyth, of Georgia.........

J. L. Martin, of North Carolina (chief clerk), ad interim.

Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts.

Hugh S. Legaré, of South Carolina (Attorney-
General), ad interim.

Thomas Jefferson

James Madison..

.do.

James Monroe, of Virginia...
Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania (Attorney-Gen- James Monroe..
eral), ad interim.

William S. Derrick, of Pennsylvania (chief clerk), ad interim.

Abel P. Upshur, of Virginia (Secretary of the
Navy).

John Nelson, of Maryland (Attorney-General), ad interim.

George Washington
.do.

.do.

John Adams.

.do

.do

.do

John Quincy Adams
.do

Andrew Jackson
.do

.do.
f....do.

Martin Van Buren
....do

Presidents.

(William H. Harrison
John Tyler....

..do.

do

...do

.....do

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Commissioned.

September 26, 1789.
January 2, 1794.

December 10, 1795.

May 13, 1800.

March 5, 1801.

March 5, 1801.

March 6, 1809.

April 2, 1811.

March 10, 1817.

March 5, 1817.

March 7, 1825.

March 4, 1829.

March 6, 1829.

May 24, 1831.

May 29, 1833.

June 27, 1834.

March 3, 1841.

March 5, 1841.

May 9, 1843.

June 21, 1843.

June 24, 1843.

February 29, 1844.

March 6, 1844.

March 6, 1845.

March 7, 1849.

July 22, 1850.

September 2, 1852.

November 6, 1852.
March 3, 1853.

March 7, 1853.
March 6, 1857.
December 13, 1860.

December 17, 1860.

March 5, 1861.

March 5, 1869.

March 11, 1869.
March 12, 1877.

March 5, 1881.
December 12, 1881.

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CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF TREATIES, CONVEN

TIONS, ETC.

Country.

France

France

France

France.....

Netherlands.

Netherlands..

Great Britain.
Great Britain.
France

Sweden.....
Great Britain.

Prussia

Morocco...

France

Great Britain.

Algiers

Spain...

Great Britain....

Tripoli...

Tunis.

Great Britain.

Prussia

France

Great Britain.

Spain.

France

France

France

Tripoli.....

Great Britain

Algiers

Great Britain..
Sweden and Nor-

way.
Algiers
Great Britain..
Great Britain..

Spain..

France

Great Britain..

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Navigation and Commerce.

Claims....

a Ratified by Congress.

February 6, 1778....
February 6, 1778....
February 6, 1778.
July 16, 1782.....

April 3, 1783

September 3, 1783...
September 10, 1785..
January, 1787.......
November 14, 1788..
November 19, 1794..
September 5, 1795...
October 27, 1795.....

October 8, 1782.
October 8, 1782..
November 30, 1782 ..
January 20, 1783.....

February 25, 1783... October 31, 1783, a

August 11, 1802...
April 30, 1803..

Cession of Louisiana..

Payment for the Purchase of Louisi- April 30, 1803..

ana.

Claims...

November 4, 1796
August, 1797
March 15, 1798

July 11, 1799
September 30, 1800..
January 8, 1802

Proclaimed.

May 4, 1778, a
May 4, 1778. a
May 4, 1778, a
January 22, 1783, a

June 24, 1822.

July 12, 1822

January 22, 1783.

January 23, 1783.
April 11, 1783.

September 25, 1783.
January 14, 1784.
October, 1786. b
July 18, 1787. a

o Ratification advised by the Senate.

February 29, 1796.
March 2, 1796, c
August 2, 1796.

May 9, 1796.c

June 10, 1797.
December 24, 1799. o
June 5, 1798, e

Peace and Amity.

Naval Forces on the Great Lakes.....
Respecting Fisheries, Boundary, and
the Restoration of Slaves..

Friendship, Cession of the Floridas, February 22, 1819... February 22, 1821.
and Boundaries.

November 4, 1800.
December 21, 1801-
April 27, 1802.

April 30, 1803..

June 4, 1805..
December 24, 1814...
June 30, 1815..

October 21, 1803.
April 12, 1806, c
February 18, 1815.
December 26, 1815.
December 22, 1815.

July 3, 1815

September 4, 1816... December 31, 1818.

December 22, 1818.
October 21, 1803.
October 21, 1803.

December 22, 23, 1816 February 11, 1822.
April, 1817
April 28, 1818.
October 20, 1818..... January 30, 1819.

b Ratifications exchanged.

February 12, 1823.

January 11, 1823.

Country.

Tunis.

Russia.

Denmark.

Great Britain.............
Sweden and Nor-

way
Great Britain..

Great Britain.

Great Britain.

Colombia.

Amity, Commerce, and Navigation.. Central America... Peace, Amity, Commerce, and Navi

gation.

Friendship, Commerce, and Naviga- April 26, 1826
tion.

Chile

Two Sicilies
Russia...

Siam..

Chile

Muscat

Spain.

Mexico

Venezuela.

Subject.

Limits.....

Commerce and Navigation....

Hanseatic Repub- Additional Article to Convention of lics.

1827.

Brazil

Morocco.

Peru-Bolivia...

Amending Treaty of August, 1797....
Pacific Ocean and Northwest Coast
of America.

Greece...

Texas..

Texas..

Sardinia.

Netherlands.

Mexico

Ecuador....

Austria-Hungary.

Denmark....

Ottoman Empire .. Commerce and Navigation..

Mexico

Mexico

France

Hanover..

Portugal.

Peru.....

Great Britain.

Relative to the Indemnity for Slaves.
Commerce and Navigation...

Mexico...

France

Hesse.

Hanseatic Repub- Friendship, Commerce, and Naviga- December 20, 1827.. June 2, 1828.
lics.
tion.
Mexico
Prussia

Continuing in Force Article III, August 6, 1827
Treaty of 1818.
Commercial.

Amity, Commerce, and Navigation.
Commerce and Navigation...
Claims.......

Signed.

August 6, 1827
Relative to the Northeastern Bound- September 29, 1827..

ary.

Limits

Amity, Commerce, and Navigation ..
Claims and Duties on Wines and
Cotton.

February 24, 1824... January 21, 1825.
April 17, 1824
January 12, 1825.

October 3, 1824
December 5, 1825...|

May 31, 1825.
October 28, 1826.

October 14, 1826.

November 13, 1826.. March 19, 1827.
July 4, 1827
January 19, 1828.

May 15, 1828.

May 15, 1828.
May 15, 1828.

Peace and Friendship..

Peace, Friendship, Commerce, and
Navigation.

Commerce and Navigation...

Claims..

Boundary

Commerce and Navigation...
Commerce and Navigation.....
Claims.....

Peace, Friendship, Navigation, and
Commerce.

Commerce and Navigation...

Commerce and Navigation.....

Claims.....

Boundaries, Suppression of Slave
Trade, and Extradition.

Claims....

Extradition

Abolishing Droit d'Aubaine and
Taxes on Emigration.

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Peace, Amity, Commerce, and Navi- May 16, 1832
gation.

Claims...

Commerce and Navigation...

January 12, 1828....
May 1, 1828....
June 4, 1828.

December 12, 1828 ..
August 27, 1829
March 28, 1830.

May 7, 1830.
April 5, 1831
April 5, 1831
July 4, 1831

October 14, 1832.....
December 18, 1832...
March 20, 1833.

Amity and Commerce...

Additional to the General Treaty of September 1, 1833...
1832.

Amity and Commerce.

Claims.....

September 21, 1833..
February 17, 1834
April 3, 1835.

Limits

Peace, Amity, Commerce, and Navi- January 20, 1836
gation

September 16, 1836..
November 30, 1836..

Proclaimed.

December 10, 1837...
April 11, 1838..

April 25, 1838.
November 26 1838 ..
January 19, 1839
April 11, 1839.
June 13, 1839.....

May 20, 1840

August 26, 1840.
March 17, 1841
August 9, 1842..

January 30, 1843 ....
November 9, 1843
March 26, 1844

April 5, 1832.
March 14, 1829.
July 29, 1829.

March 18, 1829.
February 10, 1831.
June 5, 1830.
February 4, 1832.
April 5, 1832.

April 5, 1832.
July 13, 1832.

April 29, 1834.

August 27, 1833. May 11, 1833. June 24, 1837. April 29, 1834.

June 24, 1837.
November 1, 1834.
April 21, 1836.
June 30, 1836.

January 30, 1837.
October 3, 1838.

August 30, 1838.
July 6, 1838.
October 13, 1838.
March 18, 1839.
May 24, 1839.
April 8, 1840.
September 23, 1842.

January 2, 1841.
April 24, 1841.
January 8, 1847.
November 10, 1842.

March 30, 1843.
April 14, 1844.

May 8, 1845.

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