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ILLUSTRATIONS

THE AMERICAN PEACE DELEGATION AT PARIS Frontispiece

Photograph by Signal Corps, U.S.A.
FACSIMILE OF MR. LANSING'S COMMISSION AS A COMMISSIONER

PLENIPOTENTIARY TO NEGOTIATE PEACE

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THE RUE ROYALE ON THE ARRIVAL OF PRESIDENT WILSON
ON DECEMBER 14, 1918

Photograph by Signal Corps, U.S.A.
THE AMERICAN PEACE DELEGATION AND STAFF

Photograph by Signal Corps, U.S.A.
A MEETING AT THE QUAI D'ORSAY AFTER PRESIDENT Wilson's

DEPARTURE FROM PARIS

94

134

FACSIMILE OF MR. LANSING's “ Full Powers'

TIATE A TREATY OF ASSISTANCE TO FRANCE

TO NEGO

182

The Daily CONFERENCE OF THE AMERICAN PEACE COMMIS-
SION
Photograph by Isabey, Paris

256

THE PEACE NEGOTIATIONS

CHRONOLOGY

The Declaration of the Fourteen Points

January 18, 1918 Declaration of Four Additional Bases of Peace February 11, 1918 Departure of Colonel House for Paris to represent the President on Supreme War Council

October 17, 1918 Signature of Armistice, 5 A.M.; effective, 11 A.M. November 11, 1918 Departure of President and American Commission for France

December 4, 1918 Arrival of President and American Commission in Paris

December 14, 1918 Meeting of Supreme War Council

January 12, 1919 First Plenary Session of Peace Conference

January 25, 1919 Plenary Session at which Report on the League of Nations was Submitted

February 14, 1919 Departure of President from Paris for United States

February 14, 1919 President lands at Boston

February 24, 1919 Departure of President from New York for France

March 5, 1919 President arrives in Paris

March 14, 1919 Organization of Council of Four

About March 24, 1919 President's public statement in regard to Fiume

April 23, 1919 Adoption of Commission's Report on League of Nations by the Conference

April 28, 1919 The Shantung Settlement

April 30, 1919 Delivery of the Peace Treaty to the German Plenipotentiaries

May 7, 1919 Signing of Treaty of Versailles

June 28, 1919 Signing of Treaty of Assistance with France

June 28, 1919 Departure of President for the United States

June 28, 1919 Departure of Mr. Lansing from Paris for United States

July 12, 1919 Hearing of Mr. Lansing before Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

August 6, 1919 Conference of Senate Committee on Foreign Relations with the President at the White House

August 19, 1919 Hearing of Mr. Bullitt before Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

September 12, 1919 Return of President to Washington from tour of West September 28, 1919 Resignation of Mr. Lansing as Secretary of State February 13, 1920

THE PEACE NEGOTIATIONS

CHAPTER I

REASONS FOR WRITING A PERSONAL NARRATIVE

“While we were still in Paris, I felt, and have felt increasingly ever since, that you accepted my guidance and direction on questions with regard to which I had to instruct you only with increasing reluctance.

... I must say that it would relieve me of embarrassment, Mr. Secretary, the embarrassment of feeling your reluctance and divergence of judgment, if you would give your present office up and afford me an opportunity to select some one whose mind would more willingly go along with mine."

These words are taken from the letter which President Wilson wrote to me on February 11, 1920. On the following day I tendered my resignation as Secretary of State by a letter, in which I said:

“Ever since January, 1919, I have been conscious of the fact that you no longer were disposed to welcome my advice in matters pertaining to the negotiations in Paris, to our foreign service, or to international affairs in general. Holding these views I would, if I had consulted my personal inclination alone, have resigned as Secretary of State and as a Commissioner to Negotiate Peace. I felt, however, that such a step might have been misinterpreted both at home and abroad, and that it was my duty to cause you no embarrassment in carrying forward the great task in which you were then engaged.”

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