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Supreme War Council, American mem- tiators to, 7, 8, 10; and opposition,

bers added, 14; and Cecil plan, 88; 10-12, 41, 140, 231; presumption of
and Council of Ten, 213.

self-assurance, 11; conference on armi-
Syria, protectorate, 195. See also Near stice terms, 15; disregard of precedent,
East.

16; and need of defeat of enemy, 17;

and Commission of Inquiry, 17; open-
Taft, William H., supports League as mindedness, 24; and advice on per-
reported, 136.

sonal conduct, 24; positiveness and
Transylvania, disposition, 194.

indecision, 26; and election of 1918,
Treaty of Peace. See Peace.

32; prejudice against legal attitude,
Treaty-making power, President's re-

41, 42, 107, 108, 200; prefers written
sponsibility, 6; duties of negotiators, advice, 47; arrives in Paris, 48; re-
7, 8; and affirmative guaranty, 50-52, ception abroad, 48, 60, 62, 232; on
91, 167.

equality of nations, 59; and separa-
Trieste, disposition, 194, 228; impor- tion of powers, 70; denounces balance
tance, 227

of power, 77; and self-determination,
Turkey, dismemberment and mandates, 95, 98-100; conference of Jan. 10, 106-

157, 195, 310, 311, 316. See also Near 108; contempt for Hague Tribunal,
East.

130; fidelity to convictions, 131, 163,

211; return to United States, 135; re-
Ukraine, Wilson and, 99; autonomy, turn to Paris, 141; and mandates, 150,
and Ruthenians, 194.

151, 154, 159-161;and French alliance,
Unanimity, requirement in League, 295, 179-182, 185; and open rupture with
301.

Lansing, 187; and team-work, 2017

decides for a definitive treaty only,
Violation of the League, action concern- 208; rigidity of mind, 212; secretive

ing, in Wilson's original draft, 287, nature, 215; and Fiume, 228-232, 235;
288; in Cecil plan, 297; in Treaty, Italian resentment, 232; and Shan-
307.

tung, 245, 247, 254, 255, 261-266; and

Bullitt affair, 268-272; Treaty as
War. See Arbitration; League of Na- abandonment of his principles, 275;
tions; Prevention.

Fourteen Points, 314-316; principles
White, Henry, arrival in Paris, 48; op- of peace (Feb. 1918), 317. See also

poses affirmative guaranty, 124; and American programme; Commission
Covenant as reported, 137; and later on the League; Council of Four; Lan-
amendments, 143; and proposed sing; League; Peace; President as dele-
French alliance, 179; and Shantung gate; Secret diplomacy.
question, 255-257. See also American Withdrawal from League, provision in
programme; American Commission.

Treaty, 299; through failure to ap-
Wickersham, George W., supports prove amendments, 313.
League as reported, 136.

World Peace Foundation, 30.
Williams, E. T., and Shantung question,

Zionism, and self-determination, 97.
Wilson, Woodrow, responsibility for for- Zone system in mutual guaranty plan,

eign relations, 6, 108; duties of nego-

254.

38.

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