The Peace Negotiations: A Personal Narrative
Houghton Mifflin, 1921 - Paris Peace Conference - 328 pages
Reasons for writing a personal narrative -- Mr. Wilson's presence at the peace conference -- General plan for a League of Nations -- Substitute articles proposed -- The affirmative guaranty and balance of power -- the president's plan and the Cecil Plan -- Self-determination -- The conference of January 10, 1919 -- A resolution instead of the covenant -- The guaranty in the revised covenant -- International arbitration -- Report of commission on League of Nations -- The system of mandates -- Differences as to the League recapitulated -- The proposed treaty with France -- Lack of an American programme -- Secret diplomacy -- The Shantung Settlement -- The Bullitt Affair.
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accept action adopted affairs agree agreement alliance American appeared applied arbitration assume authority become believe Body caused China claims Colonel Commission Commissioners concerning Conference consideration considered Constitution Council course Covenant criticism decision delegates demands determination differences direct discussed doubt draft effect equality establishment Executive existed fact favor force foreign future Germany give given Government guaranty House idea independence influence interests Italian Italy Japan Japanese judgment justice League of Nations letter mandates matter means meeting Members ment method mind nature necessary negotiations objections opinion opposition organization original Paris parties peace Points political position possible Powers practical preliminary prepared present President President Wilson President's principle proposed provisions question reason reference regard relations representatives result secret seemed Senate settlement Shantung sovereignty suggested territory tion Treaty United views Wilson
Page 286 - Any war or threat of war, whether immediately affecting any of the Members of the League or not, is hereby declared a matter of concern to the whole League, and the League shall take any action that may be deemed wise and effectual to safeguard the peace of nations.
Page 94 - The Members of the League undertake to respect and preserve as against external aggression the territorial integrity and existing political independence of all Members of the League. In case of any such aggression or in case of any threat or danger of such aggression the Council shall advise upon the means by which this obligation shall be fulfilled.
Page 310 - ... for men, women, and children, both in their own countries and in all countries to which their commercial and industrial relations extend, and for that purpose will establish and maintain the necessary international organisations; (&) undertake to secure just treatment of the native inhabitants of territories under their control...
Page 302 - It is also declared to be the friendly right of each Member of the League to bring to the attention of the Assembly or of the Council any circumstance whatever affecting international relations which threatens to disturb international peace or the good understanding between nations upon which peace depends.
Page 298 - The council may deal at its meetings with any matter within the sphere of action of the league or affecting the peace of the world.
Page 305 - SHOULD any Member of the League resort to war in disregard of its covenants under Articles 12, 13 or 15, it shall ipso facto be deemed to have committed an act of war against all other Members of the League...
Page 59 - ... an equality of rights; the guarantees exchanged must neither recognize nor imply a difference between big nations and small, between those that are powerful and those that are weak. Right must be based upon the common strength, not upon the individual strength, of the nations upon whose concert peace will depend.
Page 304 - If the Council fails to reach a report which is unanimously agreed to by the members thereof, other than the representatives of one or more of the parties to the dispute, the members of the League reserve to themselves the right to take such action as they shall consider necessary for the maintenance of right and justice.
Page 279 - In order to promote international cooperation and to achieve international peace and security by the acceptance of obligations not to resort to war, by the prescription of open, just and honorable relations between nations, by the firm establishment of the understandings of international law as the actual rule of conduct among governments, and by the maintenance of justice and a scrupulous respect for all treaty obligations in the dealings of organized peoples with one another, Agree to this covenant...
Page 308 - To those colonies and territories which as a consequence of the late war have ceased to be under the sovereignty of the States which formerly governed them and which are inhabited by peoples not yet able to stand by themselves under the strenuous conditions of the modern world...