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HEAD QUARTERS, DETROIT, August 16, 1812.
GENERAL ORDERS. It is with pain and anxiety that brigadier-general Hull announces to the North-western army, that he has been compelled, from a sense of duty, to agree to the following articles of capitulation :
CAMP AT DETROIT, 16th August, 1812. Capitulation for the surrender of Fort Detroit, entered into betwen major general Brock, commanding his Britannic majesty's forces, on the one part, and brigadier-general Hull, commanding the North-western army of the United States, on the other part
ART. 1. Fort Detroit, with all the troops, regulars as well as militia, will be immediately surrendered to the British forces, under the command of major general Brock, and will be considered as prisoners of war; with the exception of such of the militia of the Michigan territory who have not joined the army.
2. All public stores, arms and all public documents, including every thing else of a public nature, will be immediately given up.
3. Private persons and property of every description will be respected.
4. His excellency brigadier-general Hull having expressed a desire that a detachment from the state of Ohio, on its way to join his army, as well as one sent from Detroit, under the command of colonel M·Arthur, shall be included in the above capitulation, it is accordingly agreed to; it is however to be understood that such part of the Ohio militia as have not joined the army, will be permitted to return to their homes, on condition that they will not serve during the war. Their arms, however, will be delivered up, if belonging to the public.
4. The garrison will march out at the hour of twelve o'clock this day, and the British forces will take immediate possession of the fort.
J. MACDONALD, Lieut. Col.
Militia, P. A. D. C.
5th U. 8. Infantry.
Brigadier-general commanding the N. W. Army.
The army, at 12 o'clock this day, will march out of the east gate, where they will stack their arms, and then be subject to the articles of capitulation.
HEAD QUARTERS, SANDWICH, August 15, 1812 SIR,
The force at my disposal authorizes me to require of yothe immediate surrender of fort Detroit. It is far from my i clination to join in a war of extermination, but you must be awargithat the numerous body of Indians who have attached themselvhe to my troops, will be beyond my controul the moment the contefcommences. You will find me disposed to enter into such condit tions as will satisfy the most scrupulous sense of honour. Lieutes nant colonel Macdonald and major Glegg are fully authorized to conclude any arrangement that may lead to prevent the unnecessary effusion of blood.
I have the honor to be, sir,
Major General. His Excellency brigadier general Hull,
commanding at Fort Detroit.
HEAD QUARTERS, DETROIT, August 15, 1812. SIR,
I have received your letter of this date. I have no other reply to make, than to inform you, that I am prepared to meet any force, which may be at your disposal, and any consequences which may result from any exertion of it you may think proper to make.
I avail myself of this opportunity to inform you that the flag of truce under the direction of captain Brown, proceeded contrary to the orders, and without the knowledge of colonel Cass who commanded the troops which attacked your picket, near the river Canardbridge.
I likewise take this occasion to inform you that Cowie's house was set on fire contrary to my orders, and it did not take place until after the evacuation of the fort. From the best information I have been able to obtain on the subject, it was set on fire by some of the inhabitants on the other side of the river.
I am, very respectfully,
commanding his Britannic majesty's forces, Sandwich, Upper Canada.
An article supplemental to the articles of capitulation, concluded
at Detroit, 16th August, 1812. It is agreed that the officers and soldiers of the Ohio militia qand volunteers shall be permitted to proceed to their respective fpomes on this condition, that they are not to serve during the pretuant war, unless they are exchanged.
Brig. Gen. Commanding N. W. army U.S. bei
ISAAC BROCK, ty?
Major General. ma oth un article in addition to the supplemental article of the capitu
lation, concluded at Detroit, 16th August, 1812. It is further agreed that the officers and soldiers of the Michigan militia and volunteers, under the command of major Wetherell, shall be placed on the same principles as the Ohio volunteers and militia are placed by the supplemental article of the 16th instant.
Return of ordnance taken in the fort and batteries at Detroit,
August 16th, 1812.
Lieutenant commanding Roy. Art'y. Major general Brock, commanding
the forces of Upper Canada.
GENERAL ORDER OF GENERAL BROCK
HEAD QUARTERS, DETROIT, August 16th, 1812. Major general Brock has every reason to be satisfied with the conduct of the troops he had the honour to lead this morning against the enemy. The state of discipline which they so emi nently displayed, and the determination they evinced, to under
take the most hazardous enterprise, decided the enemy, infinitely more numerous in men and artillery, to propose a capitulation, the terms of which are herewith inserted for the information of the troops.
The major general requests colonel Proctor will accept his thanks for the assistance he derived from his experience and intelligence.
The steadiness and discipline of the 41st regiment and the readiness of the militia to follow so good an example, were highly conspicuous.
The ability manifested by captain Dixon of the royal engineers in the choice and construction of the batteries, and the high state of the royal artillery under lieutenant Troughton, afforded the major general much gratification, and reflects great credit on those officers.
The willing assistance given by captain Hall and the marine department during the whole course of the service has been very conspicuous, and the manner the batteries were served this morn. ing evinced a degree of steadiness highly commendable.
Lieutenant Dewar, deputy assistant quarter master general, afforded strong proof of the local knowledge he has acquired of the country, of an unremitting attention to his duty; and the care and regularity with which the troops were transported across the river, must in a like degree be ascribed to his zeal for the service.
To lieutenant colonel St. George, majors Tallon and Chambers, who commanded brigades, every degree of praise is due for their unremitting zeal and attention to their respective commands. The detachment of the royal Newfoundland regiment, under the command of major Moekler, is deserving every praise for their steadiness in the field, as well as when embarked in the king's vessels.
The major general cannot forego this opportunity of expressing his admiration at the conduct of the several companies of militia who so handsomely volunteered to undergo the fatigues of a journey of several hundred miles to go to the rescue of an invaded district; and he requests major Salmon, captains Hatt, Steward, Boswick and Robinson, will assure the officers and men under their respective commands, that their services have been duly appreciated and will never be forgotten.
The major general is happy to acknowledge the able assistance he has derived from the zeal and local information of lieutenant colonel Nicholl, acting quarter master general of militia.
To his personal staff the major general feels himself under much obligation ; and he requests lieutenant colonel Macdonald, majors Glegg and Givens, will be assured that their zealous exertions have made too deep an impression on his mind ever to be forgotten.
The conduct of the Indians under colonel Elliot, captain M Kee, and the others of that department, joined to that of the
gallant and brave chiefs of their respective tribes, has since the comm-ncement of the war been marked with acts of true heroism, and in nothing can they testify more strongly their love to the king, their great father, than in following the dictates of honour and humanity, by which they have been hitherto actuated. Two fortifications have already been captured from the enemy without a drop of blood being shed by the hand of the Indian ; the nstant the enemy submitted, his life became sacred. By order of MAJOR GENERAL Brock.
J. B. GLEGG, capt. A. D. C.
CAPTURE OF THE ALERT.
AT SEA, August 17, 1812.
upon the 13th, his Britannic majesty's sloop of war Alert, Captain T. L. P. Langhorne, ran down on our weather quarter, gave three cheers and commenced an action (if so trifling a skirmish deserves the name,) and after eight minutes firing struck her colours with seven feet water in her hold, much cut to pieces, and three men wounded.
I need not inform you that the officers and crew of the Essex behaved as I trust all Americans will in such cases, and it is only to be regretted that so much zeal and activity could not have been displayed on an occasion that would have done them more honour. The Essex has not received the slightest injury. The Alert was out for the purpose of taking the Hornet.
I have the honour, &c.
FORT GEORGE, August 26, 1812. SIR,
Enclosed are the articles of capitulation, by which the Fort of Detroit has been surrendered to major general Brock, com. manding his Britannic majesty's forces in Upper Canada, and by which the troops have become prisoners of war. My situation at present forbids me from detailing the particular causes which have led to this unfortunate event. I will, however, generally observe, that after the surrender of Michilimakinac, almost every tribe and nation of Indians, excepting a part of the Miamies and Delawares, north from beyond Lake Superior, west from beyond the Mississippi, south from the Ohio and Wabash, and east from every part of Upper Canada, and from all the intermediate country, joined in open hostility, under the British