Page images

the refpective States, in the manner specified by your Excellency.

3. It is the intention of his Majefty, that M. Buffy fhould abfolutely enjoy in England the fame rights, prerogatives, franchises, and liberties, as if the two courts were in the midft of peace, and which Mr. Stanley, in purfuance of the intention of his Moft Chriftian Majefty, is to enjoy in France; and that as to the dispatch of couriers, as well as every thing elfe which concerns the two Minifters, the tenor of the third article of obfervations relative to this head, fhall be obferved in every respect.

As to what remains concerning the time of the departure of the faid Minifters, as alfo concerning the manner of their croffing the fea, the King is of opinion, that, in order to obviate all difficulties, Mr. Stanley and Mr. Buffy may refpectively repair to Dover and Calais, to cross the fea each of them in a veffel appertaing to their own nation, which the Kings their Mafters fhall keep ready for that purpose in the two ports aforefaid. It is in confidence of this difpofition that I am obliged to acquaint your Excellency, that the King will difpatch Mr. Stanley from London fo that he may reach Dover on the 23d of this month, unless we learn that the time so near at hand fhould be inconvenient to the court of France; and the King my Mafter relies with full confidence in M. Buffy's repairing to Calais on the aforefaid day, that the two Minifters may cross the fea without delay, as far as the circumftances of wind and navigation will permit them. I will add to your Excellency, that Mr. Stanley will make ufe of a packet-boat from Dover, and that M. Buffy may cross from Calais to England in whatever veffel his Moft Chriftian Majefty fhall judge convenient.

I flatter myself that your Excellency will find that thefe arrangements will equally facilitate the method of the two Minifters repairing to their reciprocal deftinations without inconvenience.

I have the honour to be, &c.


The courts in alliance with France, without oppofing this negociation with the court of London, expreffed

H 4


great uneafinefs at the reciprocal dispatch of the two Minifters; they were encouraged, however, by the promife which the King made to them, of communicating, with the utmoft confidence a detail of the feveral objects which should be treated of, either at London or Verfailles. In the declaration made to them on the part of the King, they at once admired his Majefty's fteadiness to his engagements, and that generofity with which he determined to facrifice his perfonal interefts, in order to come to a Speedy and firm reconciliation with England.

M. Buffy fet out for London: his inftructions were extremely fimple: the bafis of them regarded the propofition Uti Poffidetis, and he was enjoined,

1. To demand of the British Minifter, whether the King of England accepted of the periods annexed to the propofition of Statu Quo, and if his Britannick Majefty did not accept of them, what new periods he proposed to France?

2. To declare to the court of London, That the war, which the King waged against England, was entirely dif tinct from that of the Emprefs-Queen against the King of Pruffia, and that, confequently, except as to Wefel and Gueldres, which appertained to her Imperial Majefty, the King was at liberty to caufe his forces to evacuate Gottingen, Heffe, and the county of Hanau, but that his Majefty made this evacuation to depend on two conditions: firft, That the court of England fhould give proper fecurity that the army commanded by Prince Ferdinard fhould be difbanded and not ferve against the King's allies. Secondly, That his Britannick Majefty would agree on fome reftitution which should be judged reasonable on the part of England, as a compenfation for the French troops evacuating Gottingen, the Landgraviate of Heffe, and the county of Hanau.

Mr. Stanley arrived at Marli at the fame time that M. Buffy arrived at London. The English Minifter, at the very first conference, declared in the name of his court, that the King his master would fupport his allies with ef ficacy and good faith, [Thefe were the terms he made ufe of.] The King's Minifter, who conferred with Mr. Stanley, answered him by a declaration equally precife



[ocr errors]

with refpect to his Majesty's intention to fulfil his engagements with regard to the allies of France.: but as the peace between the Emprefs-Queen and the King of Pruffia was to be negociated at the congrefs at Augsbourg, which was fixed for the pacification of Germany, the D. de Choifeul obferved that the differences between her Imperial Majefty and the King of Pruffia were by no means the fubject on which the French and English Minifters were reciprocally dispatched.

The fubfequent conferences paffed in difcuffing the periods fixed in the memorial of the 26th of March; but the English Minifter, both at London and Paris, eluded giving any pofitive anfwer on that fubject.

It is neceffary to obferve, that the British court had refolved on the enterprize against Belleifle, fince the memorial of the month of March. The expectation of fuccefs from that expedition, no doubt, retarded on their part, a categorical anfwer in relation to the epochs.

Mr. Pitt, being preffed on that fubject by M. Buffy, had fhewn himself averfe from declaring any thing decifive; on which his Majefty wrote to his Minister at London to elucidate and fix precisely the bafis of the negociation relative to the Uti poffidetis and the epochs, and by that means to accelerate the negociation of peace. The ifland of Belleifle was taken: Mr. Pitt then gave M, Buffy the memorial here annexed.

The Memorial of the British Minifter, of the 17th of June, 1761.


R. Stanley having reprefented by his letter of the 8th of June, that the D. de Choifeul, in the course of their conferences, had agreed, "That the epochs must ftill remain a matter of negociation, but that his Excellency nevertheless was of opinion, that in the prefent state of that affair, according to the natural and usual course of things, his Moft Chriftian Majefty having already named the ift of September, July and May, his Britannick Majefty fhould proceed, either by accepting of thofe days, or by naming others more agreeable to his intentions, which were probably regulated by preparations and defigns, of

which the court of France was ignorant; that this method appeared to him more likely to expedite the bufinefs than the making of reiterated propofitions on their part, which could only be grounded on mere conjecture.' It is upon this footing that, in order to make a return to the above invitation on the part of France, as well as in confequence of his Majefty's having accepted the propofition of the faid court of the 26th of March laft, his Majesty offers to agree with the Moft Chriftian King, that the first day of July, September, and November following, shall refpectively be the different periods or epochs, to fix the Uti Poffidetis which France has propofed to make the basis of the treaty which may be negociated between the two powers. All other conquefts made beyond those periods fhall be mutually restored. But as his Majefty is of opinion, that epochs which have no reference to the actual fignature of fomething obligatory between the two crowns muft neceffarily be only a vain illufion, void of ufe or reality; or that it might even happen, that in the end they may prove the fource of intricate difputes and dangerous and captious altercations; and the King having no other view but to concur with the upright intentions of his Moft Chriftian Majefty in accelerating and confirming the bleffing of peace to both nations, his Majefty only offers to agree to the aforefaid epoch, on the two following condi


1. That every thing which fhall be happily adjusted between the two crowns, in relation to their particular war, fhall be made obligatory, final, and conclufive, independent of the fate of the negociation at Augfburg, which is to compofe and terminate the difputes of Ger-many, and to re-eftablish a general peace,

2. That the faid definitive treaty of peace between Great Britain and France fhall be concluded, figned, and ratified, or preliminary articles to that end, between this and the first of Auguft next,

The reftitution of the prizes taken at fea fhall be regulated according to the respective terms which are usual for different parts of the globe; which terms are to be computed from the day of the fignature of the faid defi


nitive treaty, or of preliminary articles of peace, in cafe a ratification enfues.

The King, defiring farther to facilitate the falutary work of peace, as far as reafon and juftice will permit, declares, moreover, that with regard to Belleifle, his Majefty will agree, in the faid future treaty, to enter into compenfation for that important conqueft.

With regard to farther compenfations for any part of the other conquefts made by the crown of Great Britain, his Majefty referves himself, till he fhall learn what are the Moft Chriftian King's defires in that refpect, which when he fhall know, his Majefty will open himself with perfe& fincerity and good faith,

We fee by this memorial, the epochs which England required to determine the Uti poffidetis, were farther dif tant by two months than thofe offered by France; and it was evident, that as the enterprize against Belleifle had determined England to defer her anfwer with regard to the epochs, fo the fuccefs of that expedition had made them refolve to fix the term of July for Europe, fpecified in the English memorial, inftead of May, which was proposed by the French memorial.

England made the epochs the affigned depend on two conditions. The firft of thofe conditions departed both from the letter and the spirit of the memorial of the 26th of March for although France had propofed to treat of a peace feparately with England; nevertheless, his Ma jefty's intention was not regulated by this principle of the negociation, that peace could be concluded with England, without providing for the peace of Germany. In fact, the memorial of the 26th of March, from which the court of England drew fuch advantageous arguments, opened with this expreffion, "The most Chriftian King is defirous that the particular peace of France with England fhould be united with the general peace of Europe."

The fecond condition, with refpect to difcuffing and fettling the articles, fo that they might be figned and ra tified by the first of Auguft, was very difficult to be fulfilled in regard to a war, which extended over the four quarters

« PreviousContinue »