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fame time, the British and French armies fhall evacuate all the countries which they occupy, or may then occupy, in Weftphalia, Lower Saxony, on the Lower Rhine, the Upper Rhine, and in all the Empire; and each fhall retire into the dominions of their respective Sovereigns: and their Britannick and Most Christian Majefties farther engage and promife, not to furnifh any fuccour, of any kind, to their respective allies, who fhall continue engaged in the prefent war in Germany.
XIV. The towns of Oftend and Nieuport fhall be evacuated by his Most Christian Majefty's troops, immedi ately after the fignature of the prefent preliminaries.
XV. The decifion of the prizes made on the Spaniards by the subjects of Great Britain, in time of peace, fhall be referred to the courts of justice of the Admiralty of Great Britain, conformably to the rules established among all nations, fo that the validity of the faid prizes between the British and Spanish nations, fhall be decided and judged, according to the law of nations, and according to treaties, in the Courts of justice of the nation who fhall have made the capture.
XVI. His Britannick Majefty fhall caufe all the fortifications to be demolished, which his fubjects fhall have erected in the Bay of Honduras, and other places of the territory of Spain in that part of the world, four months after the ratification of the definitive treaty and his Catholick Majefty fhall not, for the future, fuffer the fubjects of his Britannick Majefty, or their workmen, to be disturbed or molefted, under any pretence whatsoever, in their occupation of cutting, loading, and carrying away logwood; and for this purpofe, they may build without hindrance, and occupy without interruption, the houses and magazines neceffary for them, for their families, and for their effects; and his faid Catholick Majesty affures to them, by this article, the entire enjoyment of what is above ftipulated.
XVII. His Catholick Majefty defifts from all pretenfion which he may have formed to the right of fishing about the island of Newfoundland.
XVIII. The King of Great Britain fhall restore to Spain all that he has conquered in the island of Cuba, with the
fortrefs of the Havannah; and that fortrefs, as well as all the other fortreffes of the faid ifland, fhall be restored in the fame condition they were in when they were conquered by his Britannick Majesty's arms.
XIX. In confequence of the reftitution ftipulated in the preceding article, his Catholick Majefty cedes and guaranties, in full right, to his Britannick Majefty, all that Spain poffeffes on the continent of North America, to the Eaft, or to the South-Eaft, of the river Miffiffippi. And his Britannick Majefty agrees to grant to the inhabitants of this country, above ceded, the liberty of the Catholick religion : he will, in confequence, give the most exact and the most effectual orders, that his new Roman Catholick fubjects may profefs the worship of their religion according to the rites of the Roman Church, as far as the laws of Great Britain permit. His Britannick Majefty farther agrees, that the Spanish inhabitants, or others who would have been fubjects of the Catholick King in the faid countries, may retire, in all fafety and freedom, wherever they pleafe; and may fell their eftates, provided it be to his Britannick Majefty's fubjects, and transport their effects, as well as their perfons, without being reftrained in their emigration, under any pretence whatsoever, except debts or criminal profecutions: the term limited for this emigration being fixed to the space of eighteen months, to be computed from the day of the ratification of the definitive treaty. It is farther ftipulated, that his Catholick Majefty fhall have power to cause all the effects that belong to him, either artillery or others, to be carried away.
XX. The King of Portugal, his Britannick Majesty's ally, is expreffly included in the prefent preliminary articles. And their Moft Chriftian and Catholick Majefties engage to re-establish the ancient peace and friendship between them and his Moft Faithful Majefty: And they promife,
ift. That there fhall be a total ceffation of hoftilities between the Crowns of Spain and Portugal, and between the Spanish and French troops on the one fide, and the Portuguese troops and thofe of their allies, on the other, immediately after the ratification of these preliminaries:
and that there fhall be a like ceffation of hoftilities between the refpective forces of the Most Christian and Catholick Kings on the one part, and those of the most Faithful King on the other, in all other parts of the world, as well by fea as by land; which ceffation fhall be fixed on the fame epochs, and under the fame conditions, as that between Great Britain, France and Spain, and fhall continue till the conclufion of the definitive treaty between Great Britain, France, Spain, and Portugal.
2d. That all his Most Faithful Majesty's fortreffles, and countries in Europe, which fhall have been conquered by the Spanish and French armies, fhall be reftored in the fame condition they were in when they were conquered : and that, with regard to the Portuguese colonies in America, or elsewhere, if any change thall have happened in them, all things fhall be put again on the fame footing they were before the prefent war. And the Moft Faithful King fhall be invited to accede to the present preliminary articles as soon as fhall be poffible.
XXI. All the countries and territories which may have been conquered, in any part of the world whatfoever, by the arms of their Britannick and Moft Faithful Majefties, as well as by thofe of their Moft Chriftian and Catholick Majefties, which are not included in the prefent articles either under the title of ceffions, or under the title of reftitutions, fhall be reftored without difficulty, and without requiring compenfations.
XXII. As it is neceffary to affign a fixed epoch for the reftitutions and the evacuations to be made by each of the high contracting parties, it is agreed, that the British and French troops fhall proceed, immediately after the ratification of the preliminaries, to the evacuation of the countries which they occupy in the Empire, or elsewhere, conformably to the XIIth and XIIIth articles.
The island of Belleifle fhall be evacuated fix weeks after the ratification of the definitive treaty, or fooner if it can be done.
Guadaloupe, Defirade, Marigalante, Martinico, and St. Lucia, three months after the ratification of the defini tive treaty, or fooner if it can be done.
Great Britain fhall likewife, at the end of three months after the ratification of the definitive treaty, or fooner if it can be done, enter into poffeffion of the river and of the port of Mobile, and of all that is to form the limits of the territory of Great Britain, on the fide of the river Miffiffippi, as they are specified in the VIth article.
The island of Goree fhall be evacuated by Great Britain three months after the ratification of the definitive treaty'; and the island of Minorca by France at the fame epoch, or fooner if it can be done. And according to the conditions of the IVth article, France fhall alfo enter into poffeffion of the islands of St. Peter and of Miquelon at the end of three months.
The Comptoirs in the Eaft Indies fhall be reftored fix months after the ratification of the definitive treaty, or fooner if it can be done.
The island of Cuba, with the fortrefs of the Havannah, fhall be reftored three months after the ratification of the definitive treaty, or fooner if it can be done. And at the fame time Great Britain fhall enter into poffeffion of the country ceded by Spain according to the XIXth article.
All the fortreffes and countries of his Moft Faithful Majefty in Europe fhall be reftored immediately after the ratification of the definitive treaty and the Portuguese colonies, which may have been conquered, fhall be reftored in the space of three months in the Weft Indies, and of fix months in the Eaft Indies, after the ratification of the definitive treaty, or fooner if it can be done.
In confequence whereof the neceffary orders fhall be fent by each of the high contracting parties, with reciprocal paffports for the fhips which fhall carry them, immediately after the ratification of the definitive treaty.
XXIII. All the treaties, of what nature foever, which exifted before the prefent war, as well between their Britannick and Moft Chriftian Majefties as between their Britannick and Catholick Majefties, as alfo between any of the above-named powers and his Moft Faithful Majefty, fhall be, as they are in effect, renewed and confirmed in all their points, which are not derogated from by the prefent preliminary articles, notwithstanding whatever may have been ftipulated to the contrary by any of
the high contracting parties: and all the faid parties declare, that they will not fuffer any privilege, favour, or indulgence, to fubfift, contrary to the treaties above confirmed.
XXIV. The prifoners made refpectively by the arms of their Britannick, Most Christian, Catholick, and Moft Faithful Majefties, by land and by fea, fhall be restored reciprocally, and bona fide, after the ratification of the definitive treaty, without ranfom, paying the debts they fhall have contracted during their captivity. And each crown fhall refpectively pay the advances which shall have been made for the fubfiftance and maintenance of their prifoners by the Sovereign of the country where they shall have been detained, according to the receipts and attefted accounts and other authentic titles which fhall be furnish ed on each fide.
XXV. In order to prevent all caufes of complaints and difputes which may arife on account of fhips, merchandizes, and other effects, which may be taken by fea, it is reciprocally agreed, that the fhips, merchandizes, and effects, which may by taken in the Channel and in the north feas, after the fpace of twelve days, to be computed from the ratification of the prefent preliminary articles, fhall be reciprocally reftored on each fide.
That the term fhall be fix weeks for the prizes taken from the channel, the British feas, and the north feas, as far as the Canary islands inclufively, either in the ocean or in the Mediterranean.
Three months from the faid Canary islands as far as the Equinoctial Line, or Equator.
Laftly, fix months beyond the faid Equinoctial Line, or Equator, and in all other parts of the world, without any exception, or other more particular defcription of time and place.
XXVI. The ratification of the prefent preliminary articles fhall be expedited in good and due form, and exchanged in the space of one month, or fooner if it can be done, to be computed from the day of the fignature of the prefent articles.
In witness whereof, we the under-written Ministers Plenipotentiary of his Britannick Majefty, of his Moft Chrif,