Frei schiff unter feindes Flagge: Urkundliche darstellung der bestrebungen zur fortbildung des seerechts seit 1856, auf veranlassung der Bremer handelskammer

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Ludwig Karl Aegidi, Alfred Klauhold
Meissner, 1866 - Maritime law - 166 pages
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Page 22 - The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war ; 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective ; that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Page 155 - La guerre n'est donc point une relation d'homme à homme, mais une relation d'Etat à Etat, dans laquelle les particuliers ne sont ennemis qu'accidentellement, non point comme hommes, ni même comme citoyens ' , mais comme soldats ; non point comme membres de la patrie . mais comme ses défenseurs.
Page 13 - That free ships make free goods' — that is to say, that the effects or goods belonging to subjects or citizens of a Power or State at war are free from capture and confiscation when found on board of neutral vessels, with the exception of articles contraband of war. 2* That the property of neutrals on board an enemy's vessel is not subject to confiscation, unless the same be contraband of war.
Page 10 - La course est et demeure abolie; 2. Le pavillon neutre couvre la marchandise ennemie, à l'exception de la contrebande de guerre; 3. La marchandise neutre, à l'exception de la contrebande de guerre, n'est pas saisissable sous pavillon ennemi; 4.
Page 43 - On principle it might well be questioned, whether this rule can be applied to a place not completely invested by land as well as by sea. If we examine the reasoning on which is founded the right to intercept and confiscate supplies designed for a blockaded town, it will be difficult to resist the conviction, that its extension to towns invested by sea only is an unjustifiable encroachment on the rights of neutrals.
Page xiii - ... and all merchant and trading vessels employed in exchanging the products of different places, and thereby rendering the necessaries, conveniences, and comforts of human life more easy to be obtained and more general, shall be allowed to pass free and unmolested ; and neither of the contracting Powers shall grant or issue any commission to any private armed vessels empowering them to take or destroy such trading vessels, or interrupt such commerce.
Page 6 - La course est et demeure abolie ; 2. Le pavillon neutre couvre la marchandise ennemie, à l'exception de la contrebande de guerre; 3. La marchandise neutre , à l'exception de la contrebande de guerre, n'est pas saisissable sous pavillon ennemi ; 4. Les blocus, pour être obligatoires, doivent être effectifs, c'est-àdire maintenus par une force suffisante pour interdire réellement l'accès du littoral de l'ennemi.
Page 157 - It is high time, for the sake of humanity, that a stop were put to this enormity. The United States of America, though better situated than any European nation to make profit by privateering...
Page 140 - ... residing in the dominions of the other, shall have the privilege of remaining and continuing their trade therein, without any manner of interruption, so long as they behave peaceably, and commit no offence against the laws...
Page 103 - That the Government of the United States could not give its assent to the first proposition contained in the declaration, namely, that 'Privateering is and remains abolished,' although it was willing to accept it with an amendment which should exempt the private property of individuals, though belonging to belligerent states, from seizure or confiscation by national vessels in maritime war.

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