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Courts of the United States.

Acts in relation to the time and place of

holding the Circuit Court in New York,
I. 75, 217,253, 517; II. 157; III. 121;

IV. 161; V. 177, 295
The justices of the Supreme Court as.

signed to the circuit, required to hold
but one term annually,

V. 676
Circuit Court in North Carolina :
The district of North Carolina annexed
to the southern circuit,

I. 126
Districts of Virginia and North Carolina

to constitute the fifth circuit, II. 157
The justices of the Supreme Court as.

signed to the circuit, required to hold
but one term annually,

V. 676
Acts in relation to the holding of Circuit
Courts in North Carolina, I. 126, 253,

518; II. 158; V. 731
Circuit Court in Pennsylvania :
Districts of New Jersey, Pennsylvania,

Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia, to

constitute the middle circuit, I. 74
The district of New Jersey, and the

eastern and western districts of Penn-
sylvania, to constitute the third circuit,

V. 176
Acts in relation to the time and place of

holding the Circuit Court in Pennsyl.

vania, - I. 75, 517; II. 158; V. 177
Circuit Court established at Williams.

port the western district of Penn-
sylvania,

V. 628
Justices of the Supreme Court required

to attend but one term of the Circuit
Court annually, -

V. 676
Circuit Court in Mississippi :
The district of Mississippi to form part
of the ninth circuit,

V. 177
To be held annually at Jackson on the

first Monday of May and the first

Monday of November annually,. V. 177
Justices of the Supreme Court assigned

to the circuit, required to attend but
one term annually,

V. 676
Circuit Court in Michigan:
The district of Michigan to constitute a
part of the seventh circuit, -

V. 176
Circuit Court in Michigan, when and
where to be held,

V. 176
Circuit Court in Illinois :
Illinois to constitute part of the seventh
circuit,

V, 176
Circuit Court, when and where to be
held, -

V. 176
Circuit Court in Indiana :
Indiana to constitute part of the se.
venth circuit,

V. 176
Circuit Court, when and where to be
held,

V. 176
Circuit Court in Missouri:
Missouri to constitute part of the eighth
circuit,

V. 176
Circuit Court in Missouri to be held at
St. Louis on the first Monday of April,

V. 177
Circuit Court in Virginia :
Virginia to constitute part of the middle
circuit, (altered,) -

I. 74
Districts of Virginia and North Carolina

Courts of the United States.
Time and place of holding the court, I.

75, 217, 252, 517; V. 177, 507
Justices of the Supreme Court assigned

to the circuit required to attend but
one term annually,

V. 676
Circuit Court in South Carolina :
South Carolina and Georgia to constitute

the southern circuit, (altered) I. 74
South Carolina and Georgia to consti.

tute the sixth circuit, (altered) V. 176
Sixth circuit to be composed of the dis-

tricts of North Carolina, South Caro-
lina, and Georgia,

V. 507
Justices of the Supreme Court assigned

to the circuit required to attend but
one term annually,

V. 676
Time and place of holding the court, I.
75, 184, 518; III. 300; IV, 35, 124,

160, 335; V. 731
Circuit Court in Rhode Island:
District of Rhode Island annexed to the
eastern circuit,

I. 128
The districts of New Hampshire, Mas.

sachusetts, and Rhode Island to con.
stitute the first circuit,

II. 157
Time and place of holding the court, I.

217, 335, 475, 517; II. 157, 696
Justices of the Supreme Court assigned

to the circuit required to attend but
one term annually,

V. 676
Circuit Court in Vermont :
The district of Vermont annexed to the
castern circuit,

I. 197
Sessions of the Circuit Court in Ver-
mont, when and where to be held, I.

197, 475, 517; III. 258
Districts of Vermont, Connecticut, and

New York, to constitute the second
circuit,

V, 176
Justices of the Supreme Court assigned

to the circuit required to attend but
one term annually,

V. 676
Circuit Court in the District of Colum.

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Circuit Court established in the District

of Columbia, to consist of one chief

judge and two assistant judges, II. 105
Rules for the organization and govern.
ment of the court,

II. 105, 106
Time and place of holding the court, II. 106
Jurisdiction of the court,

II. 106
Writs of error and appeals to the Su-

preme Court, when to lie, (altered) II. 106
Powers and jurisdiction of the Circuit
Court in Alexandria county,

II. 115
Circuit Courts of Alexandria and Wash.

ington to have power to hold adjourned
sessions,

II. 194
Limitation of the right of appeal in cer-
tain cases,

III. 261
In certain cases writ of error to act as a
supersedeas,

III. 261
In case of a vacancy in the Circuit

Court of the District of Columbia, the
judge to be appointed shall reside in

to constitute the fifth circuit, V. 176

the town of Alexandria, &c., V. 654
Sessions of the Circuit Courts for the

counties of Alexandria and Washing.
ton, when to be holden, II, 194, 390;

III. 576; IV. 24, 525; V. 729

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Courts of the United States.

District Courts :
District Court of Alabama established,

III. 564
State of Alabama divided into two dis-
tricts,

IV. 9
Jurisdiction extended,

IV. 444
Time and place of holding the court,

III. 611; IV. 192, 226, 434; V. 177, 315
District Court of Arkansas :
Established; its powers and jurisdiction,
&c.,

V. 51, 147, 680
District Court of Connecticut:
Established,

I. 73
Sessions, when and where to be held,

I. 74; II. 676
District Court of Delaware :
Established,

I. 73
Number of sessions to be held ; time and
place of holding the court,

I. 74
District Court of Georgia :
Established,

I. 73
Sessions of the court, when and where
to be held, -

I. 74; II. 165
District Court of Maryland :
Established,

I. 73
Sessions of the court, when and where
to be held, -

I. 74; II. 165
District Court of New Jersey
Established,

I. 73
Sessions of the court, when and where
to be held,

I. 74; V. 660
District Court of Indiana :
Established,

III. 390
Sessions, when and where to be held,

III. 390; V. 215
District Court of Florida :
Established,

V. 788
Sessions, when and where to be held, v. 788
Jurisdiction,

V. 788
District Court of Iowa :
Established,

V. 789
Regulation of sessions-jurisdiction, V. 789
District Court of Illinois :

III. 502
Circuit Court jurisdiction given to the
court,

IV. 444
Regulation of sessions, III. 503 ; IV.

19, 434; V. 215
District Court of Mississippi :
Established,

III. 413
Organization of the court,

III. 413
Circuit Court jurisdiction conferred, IV. 444
Time and place of holding the court,

III, 413, 611; IV. 399, 773; V. 247
District Court of Missouri:
Established,

III. 653
Regulations,

III. 653
Circuit Court jurisdiction conferred, IV. 444
District Court of Louisiana :
Established,

II. 703
Organization and regulations, II. 703,

743; III. 775; IV. 125
Circuit Court jurisdiction conferred, IV. 444
District Court of Michigan:
Established,

V. 62
Jurisdiction-regulation of sessions, V. 62
Circuit Court jurisdiction restored, V. 215
District Court of New York:
Established,

I. 73

Courts of the United States.

State of New York divided into two dis-
tricts,

III. 120
The District Court for the northern dis.

trict of New York to be holden by the
judges of said district together with
the judge of the southern district.
Either of the judges competent to hold
the court in the absence of the others,

III. 392
Sessions, when and where to be held, I.

75; III. 120, 392, 623; IV. 138; V. 295
District Court of Massachusetts :
Established,

I. 73
Regulation of sessions,

I. 74
District Court of Pennsylvania :
Established,

I. 73
Pennsylvania divided into two districts,

III. 462
Sessions, when and where to be held, I.

74; III. 598; IV. 153; V. 380
District Court of New Hampshire:
Established,

I. 73
Regulation of sessions, . 1.74; III. 773
District Court of Kentucky:
Established,

I. 73
Jurisdiction abridged,

II. 420, 516
Sessions regulated, I. 74; II. 242, 516;

III. 742; IV. 11
District Court of South Carolina:
Established,

I. 73
Sessions, when and where to be held, I.

74; III. 426
South Carolina divided into two judicial
districts,

III. 726
District Court of Vermont:
Established,

1. 197
Sessions regulated, I. 197, 335, 475, 517;

II. 166, 167; III. 258, 776
District Court of the District of Colum-

bia:
Established,

II. 166
Regulation of the sessions, II. 166, 390;

III. 576, 611
District Court of Rhode Island :
Established,

I. 128
Sessions, when and where to be held, I.

128; II. 273
District Court of Ohio :
Established,

II. 201
Sessions and jurisdiction of the court,
&c.,

II. 201, 202
Jurisdiction abridged,

II. 420
Terms of the court changed, II. 568;

IV. 18, 187; V. 488, 652
District Court of Virginia:
Established,

I. 73
Regulation of the sessions, I. 75; II.

165, 273; III, 112, 411, 540, 666, IV.
131, 184, 239; V. 61, 534, 547, 597,

652, 655
District Court of North Carolina:
Established,

I. 126
Regulation of the sessions, I. 126; II.

18, 123, 162, 413; IV. 186, 254
District Court of Tennessee:
Established,

I. 496
Jurisdiction same as that of the District
Court of Kentucky,

I. 496
Regulation of proceedings in,

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I. 617

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Courts of the United States.
Jurisdiction abridged,

II. 420
Sessions established, I. 496; II. 165,

274; V. 249, 313, 392, 472, 610
Courts of Inquiry in the Army:
Courts-martial in the army, how com-
posed,

II. 367
Oaths of the officers-proceedings of the
court,

II. 368
Sentences of courts-martial,

II. 369
Act of April 10, 1806, ch. 20, II. 370
Duties of the judge-advocate, II. 367, 370
Courts-martial for the trial of drafted

militia, how to be composed, III. 134
Proceedings of the court, III. 134, 135
See Courts.
Courts of inquiry in the Navy:
Courts-martial in the navy, where to be
convened,

II. 50
Oaths of members and of judge-advo-
cate,

II. 50
When and by whom to be ordered, II. 51
Proceedings of courts of inquiry,

II. 51
Proceedings, sentences, &c.,

II. 51
Courts of territories.--See heads of the

respective territories of the United

States.
Cowardice, Punishment of.

See Army-Navy.
Credits.

Regulation of credits in accounts with
the United States,

I. 441, 512
Limitation of claims to credits from the
United States,

I. 245, 580
Credits for duties on merchandise im.

ported, I. 673; II. 316, 513; III, 469
Credits on sales of public lands abolish.
ed, -

III. 566
Duties on all imported articles to be paid
in cash,

V. 561
Creek Indians.
Treaty with the Creeks. August 7, 1790,

VII. 35
Treaty with the Crecks. June 29, 1796,

VII. 56
Treaty with the Creeks. June 16, 1802,

VII. 68
Convention with the Creeks. November
14, 1805,

VII. 96
Articles of agreement and capitulation

with the Creeks. August 9, 1814, VII. 120
Treaty with the Creeks. January 22,
1818,

VII. 171
Treaty with the Creeks. January 8,
1821,

VII. 215
Articles of agreement with the Creeks,
January 8, 1821,

VII. 217
Convention with the Creeks. February
12, 1825,

VII. 237
Treaty with the Creeks. January 24,
1826,

VII. 286
Supplementary article to the treaty with

Creek Indians.

Treaty with the Creeks. November 23,
1838,

VII. 568
Crimes and Offences.

Act for the punishment of crimes, I. 112
Treason,

I. 112
Misprision of Treason,

I. 113
Murder,

I. 113
Misprision of Felony,

I. 113
Manslaughter,

I. 113
Piracy and Felony,

I. 113
Accessories,

I. 114
Confederacy to become Pirates, I. 115
Maiming,

I. 115
Forgery,

I. 115
Revolt,

I. 115
Stealing or falsifying records, I. 115
Larceny,

I. 116
Perjury,

I. 116
Receivers of stolen goods,

I. 116
Subornation of perjury,

I. 117
Bribery,

I. 117
Obstruction of process,

I. 117
Rescue of persons convicted, I. 117
Process against foreign ministers, I. 118
Violation of safe conduct of a foreign
minister,

I. 118
Lists of jury and witnesses, and copy of

indictment, to be furnished to persons
indicted for treason,

I. 118
No corruption of blood,

1. 117
In other capital cases, copy of indict.
ment and list of jury to be furnished,

I. 118
Notes of cases of Treason, 112- Murder,

113 — Robbery, 114 — Piracy, 114–
Revolt, 115 — Bribery, 117 Obstruc-
tion of process, 117 Process against
foreign ministers,

I. 118
Persons charged allowed counsel and
process for witnesses,

1. 118, 119
Standing mute,

I. 119
No benefit of clergy allowed,

I. 119
Limitation of indictments for treason, or

other capital offences, except the of.
fender flee,

I. 119
Punishment of death to be by hanging,

I. 119
Proceedings against persons committing

treason or felony within the jurisdic.
tion of the United States, and taking
passage in foreign armed vessels in
ports' and harbours of the United
States,

II. 33
Counterfeiting the current coins of the
United States,

II. 40
Continuation of the act of June 5, 1794,

prohibiting violations of the neutrality
of the United States, without limitation
of time,

II. 54
Punishment of a person who shall cast
away a vessel at sea,

II. 290
Persons may be tried and punished for

the Creeks of Jan. 24, 1826. March
31, 1826,

VII. 283
Articles of agreement with the Creeks.
November 15, 1827,

VII. 307
Treaty with the Creeks. March 24,
1832,

VII. 366
Articles of agreement with the Creeks.
February 14, 1833,

VII. 417

crimes under the revenue laws in five
years from the time of commission, II. 290
Notes of decisions of the courts on the

acts of Congress punishing the destroy-
ing a vessel at sea,

II. 290
Crimes committed within the Indian
boundary,

III. 388

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Crimes and Offences.

Crimes and Offences.
Jurisdiction given to certain courts for

When a bond may be filed for the pro-
the trial of crimes committed within

perty seized,

V. 213
the Indian boundary,

III. 388 Persons arrested to be admitted to bail,
Decisions of the courts of the United

V. 214
States on the acts of Congress relating

The land and naval forces may be em-
to crimes committed in the Indian

ployed to enforce this act,

V, 214
boundary,

III. 388 Prohibition and punishment of chal
Punishment for exercising a commission

lenges to fight a duel in the district of
within the United States to serve a

Columbia, July 20, 1839,

V. 318
foreign government,

III. 447
For enlisting any person within the ju.

Crimes in the District of Columbia,
risdiction the United States to serve

An act for the punishment of crimes in
a foreign state,

III, 448

the District of Columbia, . IV. 148
Fitting out or arming vessels, or aug. Croghan, George, and others.
menting their force to serve against a

A gold medal to George Croghan, and a
foreign state,

III. 448

sword to the officers under his com-
An act more effectually to provide for the

mand, for their gallantry and good
punishment of certain crimes against

conduct in the defence of Fort Ste.
the United States, and for other pur-

phenson, in 1813, given by Congress,
poses,

IV. 115
February 13, 1835,

IV. 792
Decisions on the 22d section of the act

Crow Indians.
punishing persons on the high seas
using a dangerous weapon with intent

Treaty with the Crows. August 4, 1825,
to kill,
IV. 115

VII. 266
Decisions of the Supreme Court on the

Cultivation of the Vine and Olive.
9th section of the act punishing of

An act to alter and amend “the act to
stealing from a vessel in distress,

set apart and dispose of certain public

IV. 116 land, for the encouragement of the
Decisions on the 10th section of the act

cultivation of the vine and olive," Feb-
relating to forcing on shore any officer

ruary 19, 1831,

IV, 444
or seaman of a vessel abroad, to leave

Occupants of land set apart for the en.
him in a foreign port,

IV. 117

couragement of the cultivation of the
Decisions of the Supreme Court on the

vine and olive prior to October 31,
12th section of the act punishing ex-

1832, authorized to purchase, Febru-
tortion,

IV. 118
ary 19, 1833,

IV. 611
Decisions of the courts of the United

Provision for other occupants and terms
States on the 17th section of the act

of payments,

IV, 612
punishing forging of treasury notes or Cultivation of Tropical Plants.

other public securities, IV. 119, 120
Persons convicted of a criminal offence

An act to encourage the introduction

and promote the cultivation of tropical
against the United States to be treated
as convicts of the state or territory in

plants within the United States, July
7, 1838,

V. 302
which they are convicted, June 30,
1834,

IV. 739 Cumberland Road.
Decisions of the courts of the United

An act to lay out and make a road from
States on the offence of revolt, IV. 775 Cumberland, in Maryland, to the state
Punishment of revolt and mutiny on

of Ohio, March 29, 1806, - II. 357
board of any American ship, March 3,

Note of the acts which have been passed
1835,

IV. 776 relating to the Cumberland road. II. 357
Punishment of endeavour to make a re-

Additional appropriation for the Cumber.
volt,
IV. 776 land road, -

II. 555
Punishment of masters and other officers

Addition to the act for laying out a road
for maltreatment of the crew, IV. 776 from Cumberland, in Maryland, to the
Punishment for standing mute, IV. 777 State of Ohio,

II. 661
The court may order sentence to be exe.

An act in addition to the act to regulatë
cuted in the house of correction, IV. 777 the laying out and making a road from
The collectors required to seize any

Cumberland, in Maryland, to the State
vessel, &c., which may be provided

II. 730
for any military expedition into any

Appropriation of 100,000 dollars for lay:
conterminous country at peace with

ing out and making the Cumberland
the United States, March 10, 1838,

road, February 14, 1815, - III, 206
(expired)

V. 212 Further appropriations for the Cumber.
Vessels are to be seized when there is

land road, April 14, 1818, III. 428
reason to believe the same are des.

An act for the continuation of the Cam.
tined to be employed in any military

berland road, March 3, 1825, IV. 128
expedition against a conterminous

The road to be continued on the right
country at peace with the United

bank of the Ohio to Zanesville, March
States,

IV. 128
The District Court empowered to try all An act for the preservation of the Cum-

V. 212
3, 1825,

cases coming under this act, V. 213 berland road, March 2, 1827 IV. 228

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Cumberland Road.

Construction of the Cumberland road

westwardly of Zanesville, March 2,
1829,

IV, 350
Cumberland road through Indiana to be

opened from Indianapolis to the east
and western boundary of the state,
March 2, 1829,

IV. 351
The Cumberland road east of Wheeling

to be repaired; appointment and com-
pensation of superintendent, March 3,
1821,

IV. 364
An act for the continuation of the Cum.

berland road in the states of Ohio,
Indiana, and Illinois, March 3, 1831,

IV. 469
Assent of Congress to an act of the lé.

gislature of Ohio, for the preservation
and repair of the Cumberland or Na.

tional road in Ohio, March 2, 1831, IV. 483
Decision of the Supreme Court in the

case of Neil, Moore and Co. v. The
State of Ohio, upon the construction of
the act of the legislature of Ohio relat.
ing to the Cumberland road, as to the
toll on the road,

IV. 483
Assent of Congress to an act of the as-

sembly of Virginia, entitled, “ An act
concerning the Cumberland road,"
passed February 7, 1832. March 2,
1832,

IV. 655
Act of the legislature of Virginia, en.

titled “An act concerning the Cum.
berland road," .

IV. 655
Appropriations for continuing the Cum.
berland road in Ohio, Indiana, and
Illinois, June 24, 1834,

IV. 680
An officer of the engineer corps to super.
intend the road in Indiana and Illinois,

IV, 681
Appropriations to carry into effect the
acts of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and
Virginia, relating to the Cumberland
road,

IV. 681
The road to be surrendered to the states
through which it passes,

IV. 681
Appropriations for continuing the Cum.
berland road in Ohio, March 3, 1835,

IV. 772
Appropriations to complete the road east

of the Ohio, and to carry into effect
the acts of Pennsylvania, Maryland,
and Virginia,

IV. 772
The money not to be expended until the

states have accepted the road, IV. 772
The line of the road between Springfield,

Ohio, and Richmond, Indiana, to be
re-examined,

IV. 772
The Cumberland road to be continued

in the States of Ohio, Indiana, and
Illinois, July 2, 1836,-

V. 71
Appropriations for continuing the Cum.
berland road in Ohio, Illinois, and
Indiana, May 25, 1838,

V. 328
Currency.

See Mint of the United States-Coins of

the United States Foreign Coins.

See also Index to vol. V,
Customs.
Sce Duties.

Customs, Officers of the.

The books of the collector of the customs
to be delivered to his successor,

I. 274
Officers of the customs restricted from

trading in the funded debt or in foreign

merchandise, (repealed,) . 1. 67, 281
Collectors of the customs allowed to dis.

pose of their interest in the funds, &c.,
and restricted from importing goods
and merchandise, or owning, or being
the agent for others owning ships or
vessels,

I. 337
Collectors to keep accounts of their

emoluments and expenses, which are

to be laid before Congress annually, I. 417
Division of fees among collectors, &c., I. 503
Duties and powers of collectors of the
customs,

I. 627
On the decease of a collector of the cus-

toms, his duties and powers shall de.
volve on the officer next in authority,

1. 627
Bribery of officers of the customs pun.
ished, -

I. 627
Distribution of fees, fines, and forfeit-

ures incurred under the acts relating
to imports and tonnage,

I. 627
Inspectors, weighers, measurers, and

gaugers to be employed and paid by
collectors of the customs,

I. 627
Commissions on duties bonded to the

United States, on the death or resigna-
tion of a collector, to be equally di.

vided with his successor in office, I. 627
Bonds for duties to be deposited in bank
for collection,

II. 72
Suits against collectors in their official

character may be removed to the Cir-

cuit Courts of the United States, III. 233
Collectors and officers of the customs to

be appointed for four years, and to be

commissioned under seal, III. 582
Officers of the customs to render, under

oath, an account of their fees and
emoluments,

III. 693
Secretary of the Treasury to limit and

fix the compensation of any deputy
of a collector, naval officer, or sur-
veyor,

III. 693
Officers of the customs taking unlawful

fees to be dismissed from office, and to
pay a fine,

III. 693
Bonds to be given by collectors, naval

officers, and surveyors, on entering into
office,

I. 627; V. 661
Damages,

To be assessed by the courts in judg.
ments on bonds, &c.,

I. 82
On writs of error to the Supreme Court,

I. 85
Damages for Maritime Captures.

See Index to the Private Laws, vol. VI. 956
Damages to Property by the Indians.

See Index to the Private Laws, vol. VI. 956
Danish Consul at Tripoli.

Acknowledgment of Congress of the ser.

vices of the Danish consul at Tripoli,
April 10, 1806, -

II. 410

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