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COMMISSIONER OF RAILROADS.
The Commissioner of Railroads is charged with prescribing a system of reports to be rendered to him by the railroad companies whose roads are in whole or in part west, north, or south of the Missouri River, and to which the United States have granted any loan of credit or subsidy in lands or bonds; to examine the books, accounts, and property of said companies, to see that the laws relating to said companies are enforced; and to assist the Government Directdrs of any of said railroad companies in all matters which come under their cognizance, whenever they may officially request such assistance.
DIRECTOR OF THE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY.
The Director of the Geological Survey has charge of the classification of the public lands, and examination of the geological structure, mineral resources, and products of the national domain.
SUPERINTENDENT OF THE CENSUS.
The Superintendent of the Census supervises the taking of the census of the United States every tenth year, and the subsequent arrangement, compilation, and publication of the statistics collected.
THE POST-OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
The Postmaster-General has the direction and management of the Post-Office Department. He appoints all officers and employés of the Department, except the three Assistant Postmasters-General, who are appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; appoints all postmasters whose compensation does not exceed one thousand dollars; makes postal treaties with foreign Governments, by and with the advice and consent of the President, awards and executes contracts, and directs the management of the domestic and foreign mail service.
THE FIRST ASSISTANT POSTMASTER-GENERAL.
The First Assistant Postmaster-General has charge of the Appointment Office, which includes five divisions, viz:
Appointment Division.—The duty of preparing all cases for the establishment, discontinuance, and change of name or site of post-offices, and for the appointment of all postmasters, agents, postal clerks, mail-messengers, and Department employés, and attending to all correspondence consequent thereto.
Bond Division.—The duty of receiving and recording appointments; sending out papers for postmasters and their assistants to qualify; receiving, entering, and filing their bonds and oaths ; and issuing the commissions for postmasters.
Salary and Allowance Division.—The duty of readjusting the salaries of postmasters and the consideration of allowances for rent, fuel, lights, clerk hire, and other expenditures.
Free Delivery.—The duty of preparing cases for the inauguration of the system in cities, he appointment of letter-carriers, and the general supervision of the system.
Blank Agency Division.—The duty of sending out the blanks, wrapping-paper, and twine letter-balanees, and cancelling stamps to offices entitled to receive the same.
THE SECOND ASSISTANT POSTMASTER-GENERAL.
The Second Assistant Postmaster-General has charge of the Contract Office, mail eqiupments, &c., including the following three divisions :
Contract Division.—The arrangement of the mail service of the United States, and placing the same under contract, embracing all correspondence and proceedings respecting the frequency of trips, mode of conveyance, and times of departures and arrivals on all the routes, the course of the mails between the different sections of the country, the points of mail distribution, and the regulations for the government of the domestic mail service. It prepares the advertisements for mail proposals, receives the bids, and has charge of the annual and occasional mail lettings, and the adjustment and execution of the contracts. All applications for the establishment or alteration of mail arrangements and for mail messengers should be sent to this office. All claims should be submitted to it for transportation service not under contract. From this office all postmasters at the end of routes receive the statement of mail arrangements prescribed for the respective routes. It reports weekly to the Auditor all contracts executed, and all orders affecting the accounts for mail transportation; prepares the statistical exhibits of the mail service, and the reports to Congress of the mail lettings, giving a statement of each bid; also of the contracts made, the new service originated, the curtailments ordered, and the additional allowances granted within the year.
Inspection Division.—The duty of receiving and examining the registers of the arrivals and departures of the mails, certificates of the service of route-agents, and reports of mail failures ; noting the delinquencies of contractors, and preparing cases thereon for the action of the Postmaster-General, furnishing blanks for mail registers, reports of mail failures, and other duties which may be necessary to secure a faithful and exact performance of all mail service.
Mail Equipment Division.—The issuing of mail locks and keys, mail pouches and sacks, and the construction of mail-bag catchers.
THE THIRD ASSISTANT POSTMASTER-GENERAL.
The Third Assistant Postmaster-General has charge of the Finance Office, &c., embracing the following four divisions :
Division of Finance.—The duty of issuing drafts and warrants in payment of balances reported by the Auditor to be due to mail contractors or other persons; the superintendence of the collection of revenue at depository, draft, and depositing offices, and the accounts between the Department and the Treasurer and Assistant Treasurers and special designated depositories of the United States. This division receives all accounts, monthly or quarterly, of the depository and draft offices, and certificates of deposit from depositing offices.
Division of Postage-stamps and Stamped Envelopes.- The issuing of postage-stamps, stamped envelopes, newspaper wrappers, and postal cards; also, the supplying of postmasters with envelopes for their official use, and registered-package envelopes and seals.
Division of Registered Letters.—The duty of preparing instructions for the guidance of postmasters relative to registered letters, and all correspondence connected therewith; also, the compilation of statistics as to the transactions of the business.
Division of Dead Letters.—The duty of ascertaining and correcting errors of postmasters in the treatment of m'il matter; examination and forwarding or return of all letters which have failed of delivery; inspection and return to country of origin of undelivered foreign matter; recording and restoration of all letters and parcels which are unmailable or unclaimed; care and disposition of all money, negotiable paper and other valuable artictes found in unclaimed matter; all correspondence relating to these subjects.
The Superintendent of Foreign Mails has charge of all foreign postal arrangements, and the supervision of the ocean mail steamship service.
The Superintendent of the Money-order System has the general supervision and control of the postal money-order system throughout the United States, and the supervision of the international money-order correspondence with foreign countries.
THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE.
The Attorney-General is the head of the Department of Justice, and the chief law officer of the Government. He represents the United States in matters involving legal questions; he gives his advice and opinion on questions of law when they are required by the President, or by the heads of the other Executive Departments on questions of law arising upon the administration of their respective Departments; he exercises a general superintendence and direction over United States Attorneys and Marshals in all judicial districts in the States and Territories; and he provides special counsel for the United States whenever required by any Department of the Government.
He is assisted by a Chief Clerk and other clerks and employés in the executive management of the business of the Department.
The Law Clerk, who is also an Examiner of Titles, assists the Attorney-General in the investigation of legal questions and in the preparation of opinions.
The Solicitor-General assists the Attorney-General in the performance of his general duties, and by special provision of law in the case of a vacancy in the office of Attorney-General, or in his absence, exercises all these duties. Except when the Attorney-General in particular cases otherwise directs, the Attorney-General and Solicitor-General conduct and argue all cases in the Supreme Court, and in the Court of Claims, in which the United States are interested; and, when the Attorney-General so directs, any such case in any court of the United States may be conducted and argued by the Solicitor-General; and in the same way the SolicitorGeneral may be sent by the Attorney-General to attend to the interests of the United States in any Statec ourt, or elsewhere.
THE ASSISTANT ATTORNEYS-GENERAL.
Two Assistant Attorneys-General assist the Attorney-General and the Solicitor-General in the performance of their duties. One assists in the argument of causes in the Supreme Court and in the preparation of legal opinions; the other is charged with the conduct of the defence of the United States in the Court of Claims.
Under the act of 1870 the different law officers of the Executive Departments exercise their functions under the supervision and control of the Attorney-General. They are: the Assistant Attorney-General for the Department of the Interior; the Assistant Attorney-General for the Post-Office Department; the Solicitor of the Treasury: and the Solicitor of Internal Revenue, î reasury Department; the Naval Solicitor, Navy Department; and the Examiner of Claims, State Department.
THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.
THE COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE.
The Commissioner of Agriculture is required to collect and diffuse useful information on subjects connected with agriculture. He is to acquire and preserve in his office all information he can obtain concerning agriculture by means of books and correspondence, and by practical and scientific experiments, the collection of statistics, and other appropriate means ; to collect new and valuable seeds and plants; to learn by actual cultivation such of them as may require such tests; to propagate such as may be worthy of propagation, and to distribute them among agriculturists.
The Statistician. He collects reliable information as to the condition, prospects, and results of the cereal, cotton, and other crops, by the instrumentality of four correspondents in each county of every State; this information is gathered at stated periods of each month, carefully studied, estimated, tabulated, and published.
The Entomologist.-He obtains information with regard to insects injurious to vegetation; investigates the character of insects sent him, to point out their modes of infliction and the means by which their depredations may be avoided; and arranges specimens of their injuries and nest architecture.
The Botanist.-He receives botanical contributions, and after making desirable selections for the National Herbarium, distributes the duplicate plants among foreign and domestic scientific societies, institutions of learning, and botanists; and answers inquiries of botanicoagricultural character.
The Chemist.—He makes analyses of natural fertilizers, vegetable products, and other materials which pertain to the interests of agriculture. Applications are constantly made from all portions of the country for the analysis of soils, minerals, liquids, and manures.
The Microscopist.—He makes original investigations, mostly relating to the habits of parasitic fungoid plants, which are frequently found on living plants and animals, producing sickly growth and in many cases premature death.
The Propagating Garden.—Large numbers of exotic, utilizable, and economic plants are propagated and distributed. The orange family is particularly valuable, and the best commercial varieties are propagated and distributed to the greatest practicable extent.
The Seed Division.—Seeds are purchased in this and foreign countries of reliable firms, whose guarantee of good quality and genuineness cannot be questioned; they are packed at the Department, and distributed to applicants in all parts of the country.
The Library.—Exchanges are made, by which the library receives reports of the leading agricultural, pomological, and meteorological societies of the world.
Supreme Court of the United States—Court of Claims.
SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES.
[The * designates those whose wives accompany them; the $ designates those whose daughters 3ompany them; the || designates those having other ladies with them.]
ji li Mr. Justice Miller, 1415 Massachusetts avenue, N. W. * Mr. Justice Field, 21 First street, N. E.
& Mr. Justice Bradley, 20 I street, corner New Jersey avenue. * Mr. Justice Harlan, Rockville, Md. Mr. Justice Woods, 1421 K street, N. W. % % % Mr. Justice Matthews, 1800 N street, corner Connecticut avenue, N. W. Mr. Justice Gray, 1721 Rhode Island avenue. || || Mr. Justice Blatchford, 1432 K street, N. W.
Resigned. * % % Mr. Justice Strong, 141 H street, N. W. * Mr. Justice Flunt, 1733 De Sales street, N. W.
OFFICERS OF THE SUPREME COURT.
Clerk.--James H. McKenney, 1517 Rhode Island avenue, N. W.
CIRCUIT COURTS OF THE UNITED STATES. First Judicial Circuit.—Mr. Justice Gray, of Boston, Massachusetts. Districts of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island.
Circuit Judge.—Le Baron B. Colt, Bristol. R. I.
Second Judicial Circuit.—Mr. Justice Blatchford, of New York City. Districts of Vermont, Connecticut, Northern New York, Southern New York, and Eastern New York.
Circuit Judge.-William J. Wallace, Syracuse, New York.
Third Judicial Circuit.- Mr. Justice Bradley, of Newark, New Jersey. Districts of New Jersey, Eastern Pennsylvania, Western Pennsylvania, and Delaware.
Circuit Judge.-William McKennan, Washington, Pa.
Fourth Judicial Circuit.—Mr. Chief - Justice Waite, of Toledo, Ohio. Districts of Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina.
Circuit Judge.-Hugh L. Bond, Baltimore, Md.
Fifth judicial Circuit.- Mr. Justice Woods, of Atlanta, Georgia. Districts of Northern Georgia, Southern Georgia, Northern Florida, Southern Florida, Northern Alabama, Middle Alabama, Southern Alabama, Southern Mississippi, Eastern Louisiana, Western Louisiana, Northern Texas, Eastern Texas, and Western Texas.
Circuit Judge.-- Don A. Pardee, of New Orleans, La.
Sixth Judicial Circuit.—Mr. Justice Matthews, of Cincinnati, Ohio. Districts of Northern Ohio, Southern Ohio, Eastern Michigan, Western Michigan, Kentucky, Eastern Tennessee, Middle Tennessee, and Western Tennessee.
Circuit Judge.- John Baxter, Knoxville, Tenn.
Seventh Judicial Circuit.-Mr. Justice Harlan, of Chicago, Illinois. Districts of Indiana, Northern Illinois, Southern Illinois, Eastern Wisconsin, and Western Wisconsin.
Circuit Judge.--Walter Q. Gresham, Indianopolis, Ind.
Eighth Judicial Circuit. - Mr. Justice Miller, of Keokuk, Iowa. District of Minnesota, Northern District of Iowa, Southern District of Iowa, Eastern District of Missouri, Western District of Missouri, Eastern District of Arkansas, Western District of Arkansas, District of Nebraska, District of Colorado, and District of Kansas.
Circuit Judge.-David J. Brewer, Leavenworth, Kans.
Ninth Judicial Circuit.—Mr. Justice Field, of San Francisco, California. Districts of Cal. ifornia, Oregon, and Nevada.
Circuit Judge.—Lorenzo Sawyer, San Francisco, Cal.
COURT OF CLAIMS.
(1509 Pennsylvania avenue.)
Judge Edward G. Loring, 1512 K street, N. W.
FOREIGN LEGATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES.
Señor Don Vicente G. Quesada, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, 1822 Jefferson Place.
Baron Ignatz von Schaeffer, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. (Absent.)
Count William Lippe-Weissenfeld, Counsellor of Legation and Chargé d'Affaires ad interim, 1711 Rhode Island avenue.
Baron Paumgartten, Chancellor, 1711 Rhode Island avenue.
Mr. de Bounder de Melsbroeck, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, 1015 Connecticut avenue.
Count Gaston d'Arschot, Counsellor of Legation, 1211 K street.
Baron de Itajubá, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, The Arlington.
Señor Don Joaquin Godoy, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. (Absent.)
Mr. Cheng Tsao Ju, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Dupont Circle.
Señor Don Manuel Ma. Peralta, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. (Absent.)
Señor Don Cleto Gonzalez Viquez, Counsellor and Chargé d'Affaires, ad interim, 1408 H street.
Señor Don Jorge Castro Ferandez, Attaché.
Mr. P. L. E. de Lövenörn, Minister Resident and Consul-General, 1015 Connecticut ave
Mr. Théodore Roustan, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, 1215 K street.
Señor Dr. Antonio Batres, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. (Absent.)