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CONGRESSIONAL DIRECTORY.

MEMBERS OF THE FORTY-NINTH CONGRESS.

ALABAMA.

SENATORS.

John T. Morgan, of Selma, was born at Athens, Tennessee, June 20, 1824; received an academic education, chiefly in Alabama, to which State he emigrated when nine years old, and has since resided there ; studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1845, and practised until his election to the Senate ; was a Presidential Elector in 1860 for the State at large, and voted for Breckinridge and Lane ; was a Delegate in 1861 from Dallas County to the State Convention which passed the ordinance of secession; joined the Confederate Army, in May, 1861, as a private in Company I, Cahaba Rifles, and when that company was assigned to the Fifth Alabama Regiment, under Col. Robert E. Rodes, he was elected Major and afterward Lieutenant-Colonel of that regiment; was commissioned in 1862 as Colonel and raised the Fifty-first Alabama Regiment; was appointed Brigadier-General in 1863, and assigned to a brigade in Virginia, but resigned to rejoin his regiment, whose colonel had been killed in battle ; later in 1863 he was again appointed Brigadier-General, and assigned to an Alabama brigade, which included his regiment; after the war, he resumed the practice of his profession at Selma; was chosen a Presidential Elector for the State at large in 1876, and voted for Tilden and Hendricks; was elected to the United States Senate as a Democrat, to succeed George Goldthwaite, Democrat; took his seat March 5, 1877, and was re-elected in 1882. His term of service will expire March 3, 1889.

James L. Pugh, of Eufaula, was born in Burke County, Georgia, December 12, 1820; received an academic education in Alabama and Georgia; came to Alabama when four years old, where he has since resided; was licensed to practise law in 1841, and was so employed when elected to the Senate; was Taylor Elector in 1848, Buchanan Elector in 1856, and State Elector for Tilden in 1876; was elected to Congress, without opposition, in 1859; retired from the Thirty-sixth Congress when Alabama ordained to secede from the Union; joined the Eufaula Rifles, in the First Alabama Regiment, as a private ; was elected to the Copfederate Congress in 1861, and re-elected in 1863; after the war, resumed the practice of the law; was President of the State Convention of the Democratic party in 1874; was member of the Convention that framed the State Constitution of 1875; was elected to the Senate as a Democrat, to fill the balance of the term made vacant by the death of George S. Houston. Took his seat December 6, 1880, and was re-elected in 1884. His term of office will expire March 3, 1891.

REPRESENTATIVES.

FIRST DISTRICT.

COUNTIES.Choctaw, Clarke, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, and Washington.

James Taylor Jones, of Demopolis, was born at Richmond, Virginia, in 1832, and removed with his father to Marengo County, Alabama, when two years old; received a classical education, graduating from Princeton College, New Jersey, in 1852, and from the

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Law School of the University of Virginia in 1855; was admitted to the bar in 1856, and has since been engaged in the practice of his profession, with the exception of four years during the war, when he was a private and afterwards an officer in the Fourth Alabama Regiment; was a Delegate to the Alabama State Constitutional Convention in 1865; was a State Senator in 1872-73; was elected to the Forty-fifth Congress in 1876, and to the Forty-eighth Congress in 1883, and was re-elected to the Forty-ninth Congress as a Democrat, receiving 8,871 votes against 6,403 votes for F. H. Threat, Republican.

SECOND DISTRICT.

COUNTIES.Baldwin, Butler, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Covington, Escambia, Montgomery, and Pike.

Hilary A. Herbert, of Montgomery, was born at Laurensville, South Carolina, March 12, 1834; removed to Greenville, Butler County, Alabama, in 1846; attended the University of Alabama in 1853–54 and the University of Virginia in 1855-'56; studied law, and was admitted to the bar; entered the Confederate service as Captain ; was promoted to the Colonelcy of the Eighth Alabama Volunteers; was disabled at the battle of the Wilderness, May 6, 1864; continued the practice of law at Greenville, Alabama, until 1872, when he removed to Montgomery, where he has since practised; was elected to the Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth, Forty-seventh, and Forty-eighth Congresses, and was re-elected to the Forty-ninth Congress as a Democrat, receiving 11,331 votes against 8,991 votes for Whitehead, Republican.

THIRD DISTRICT.

COUNTIES.Barbour, Bullock, Coffee, Dale, Geneva, Henry, Lee, and Russell.

William C. Oates, of Abbeville, was born in Pike (now Bullock) County, Alabama, November 30, 1835; was self-educated; studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1858, and became a successful lawyer and business man; entered the Confederate Army as Captain of Company G, Fifteenth Alabama Infantry, in July, 1861; was appointed Colonel in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States, May 1, 1863, and was assigned to the command of his old regiment; the Forty-eighth Alabama Regiment was also subsequently placed under his command; was wounded four times slightly and twice severely, losing his right arm in front of Richmond August 16, 1864, in the twenty-seventh battle he was enagaged in; was a Delegate to the National Democratic Convention held in New York in 1868 which nominated Seymour for the Presidency; was a member of the Alabama House of Representatives, and Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means at the sessions of 1870-'71 and 1871-?72; was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for Governor in 1872; was, later in the same year, nominated for Congress in the Montgomery district and. defeated by the Republican candidate; was a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1875 and Chairman of its Judiciary Committee; was elected to the Forty-seventh and Fortyeighth Congresses, and was re-elected to the Forty-ninth Congress as a Democrat, receiving 10,965 votes against 4,349 votes for Mabson, Republican.

FOURTH DISTRICT.

COUNTIES.-Dallas, Hale, Lowndes, Perry, and Wilcox.

A. C. Davidson, of Uniontown, was born in Mecklenburgh County, North Carolina, December 26, 1826; was educated at the public schools of Marengo County, Alabama, and at the University of Alabama, where he graduated July 11, 1848; studied law in the office of Campbell & Chandler, Mobile, Alabama, but never practised; is a cotton planter; was a member of the State House of Representatives of Alabama in 1880-'81, and of the State Senate in 1882, ’83, '84 and '85; and was elected to the Forty-ninth Congress as a Democrat, receiving 14,225 votes against 6,794 votes for G. H. Craig, Republican, 674 votes for De Lemos, Republican, and 683 votes for Haralson, Republican.

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FIFTH DISTRICT.

Counties.Autauga, Bibb, Chambers, Chilton, Clay, Coosa, Elmore, Macon, and Talla

doosa.

Thomas William Sadler, of Prattville, was born near Russellville, Franklin County, Alabama, April 17, 1831; removed with his parents to Jefferson County, Alabama, in 1833; received an academic education; removed to Autauga County, Alabama, in 1855; engaged in mercantile pursuits until the beginning of the late war between the States ; volunteered and served in the division of the Confederate Army commanded by Gen. Joseph Wheeler; has been engaged in agricultural pursuit and the practice of law since 1865; was County Superintendent of Education from 1875 to 1884; was a Hancock Elector in 1880; and was elected to the Forty-ninth Congress as a Democrat, receiving 10,773 votes against 218 votes scattering. SIXTH DISTRICT.

COUNTIES.-Fayette, Greene, Jefferson, Lamar, Marion, Pickens, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Walker, and Winston.

John Mason Martin, of Tuscaloosa, was born at Athens, Limestone County, Alabama, January 20, 1837; received his early education at the best high schools of the South, including the one at Green Springs, Alabama, taught by Henry Tutwiler, LL. D.; was a student at the University of Alabama for two and a half years; was then a student at Centre College, Danville, Kentucky, from June 5, 1855, to September 11, 1856, when he was graduated an A. B.; studied law; was admitted to the bar, and is a lawyer by profession and practice; was Professor of Equity Jurisprudence in the University of Alabama from 1875 to 1885; was a member of the State Senate of Alabama from August, 1871, to November, 1876, serving as President pro tempore from 1873 to 1876; and was elected to the Forty-ninth Congress as a Democrat, receiving 10,132 votes against 75 yotes scattering.

SEVENTH DISTRICT.

COUNTIES.-Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Cleburne, De Kalb, Etowah, Marshall, Randolph, Saint Clair, Shelby, and Talladega.

William Henry Forney, of Jacksonville, was born at Lincolnton, North Carolina, November 9, 1823; received a classical education, graduating at the University of Alabama in 1844; served in the war with Mexico as a First Lieutenant in the First Regiment of Alabama Volunteers; studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1848, and has practised ever since; was elected by the Legislature of Alabama a Trustee of the University of Alabama, and served 1851–’60; was a member of the State House of Representatives of Alabama 1859-'60; entered the Confederate Army at the commencement of hostilities in 1861 as Captain, and was successively promoted Major, Lieutenant-Colonel, Colonel, and Brigadier-General; surrendered at Appomattox Court-House; was a member of the State Senate of Alabama 1865–66, serving until the State was reconstructed; was elected to the Forty-fourth, Forty-fifth, Fortysixth, Forty-seventh, and Forty-eighth Congresses, and was re-elected to the Forty-ninth Con. gress as a Democrat, receiving 14,187 votes against 8,217 votes for Ewing, Republican.

EIGHTH DISTRICT.

COUNTIES.Colbert, Franklin, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, and Morgan.

Joseph Wheeler, of Wheeler, was born at Augusta, Georgia, September 10, 1836; gradu. ated in the five-year course at the Military Academy at West Point in 1859; was commissioned in the United States Army as Lieutenant of Dragoons; served in Kansas and New Mexico; resigned in 1861, and was appointed as Lieutenant of Artillery in the Confederate Army; was promoted, and commanded an Infantry brigade ‘at the battle of Shiloh; was soon afterwards again promoted, and appointed to the command of the Army Corps of Cavalry of the Western Army, continuing in that position until the war closed, and engaging in nearly all the active military operations of the Southwest; by joint resolution of the Confederate Congress received the thanks of that body for daring and skill in many engagements, and for the successful defence of the city of Aiken received the thanks of the State of South Carolina; upon the death of General Stuart became the senior Cavalry General of the Confederate Armies, and commanded all the forces, infantry, cavalry, and artillery, in many important engagements; was appointed Professor of Philosophy in the Louisiana State Seminary in 1866, which office he declined; was counsellor at law and cotton planter until 1880, when he was elected to the Forty-seventh Congress as a Democrat; but his election was contested, and although he claimed that the evidence fixed his legal majority at 2,841, he was on June 3, 1882, deprived of his seat; but was re-elected, receiving 9,842 votes against 5,996; and was elected to the Fortyninth Congress as a Democrat, receiving 12,912 votes against 11,559 votes for Lionel W. Day, Independent.

ARKANSAS.

SENATORS.

James K. Jones, of Washington, was born in Marshall County, Mississippi, September 29, 1839; received a classical education; was a private soldier during the “late unpleasantness on the losing side; lived on his plantation after the close of the war until 1873, when he commenced the practice of law; was a member of the State Senate of Arkansas in 1873; was a member of the State Senate when the Constitutional Convention of 1874 was called; was reelected under the new government, and in 1877 was elected President of the Senate; was elected to the Forty-seventh Congress, and was re-elected to the Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses; was elected to the United States Senate, as a Democrat, to succeed James D. Walker, Democrat, and took his seat March 4, 1885. His term of service will expire March 3, 1891.

James H. Berry, of Bentonville, was born in Jackson County, Alabama, May 15, 1841; removed to Arkansas in 1848; received a limited education at a private school at Berryville, Arkansas; studied law, and was admitted to practice in 1866; entered the Confederate Army in 1861 as Second Lieutenant, Sixteenth Arkansas Infantry; lost a leg at the battle of Corinth, Mississippi, October 4, 1862; was elected to the Legislature of Arkansas in 1866; was reelected in 1872; was elected Speaker of the House at the extraordinary session of 1874; was President of the Democratic State Convention in 1876; was elected Judge of the Circuit Court in 1878; was elected Governor in 1882; was elected to the United States Senate as a Democrat, to succeed Hon. A. H. Garland, appointed Attorney-General, and took his seat March 25, 1885. His term of service will expire March 3, 1889.

REPRESENTATIVES.

FIRST DISTRICT.

Counties.Chicot, Clay, Craighead, Crittenden, Cross, Desha, Greene, Independence, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Mississippi, Phillips, Poinsett, Randolph, Saint Francis, and Sharp.

Poindexter Dunn, of Forest City, was born in Wake County, North Carolina, November 3, 1834; removed with his father to Limestone County, Alabama, in 1836; received his primary education in the schools there; was four years in Jackson College at Columbia, Tennessee, where he graduated in 1854; removed to Saint Francis County, Arkansas, in March, 1856; engaged in cotton-growing until 1861; was elected as a Democrat to the lower house of the Arkansas Legislature in 1858; served in the Confederate Army during the war; commenced the practice of law in 1867; was on the Democratic electoral ticket for Arkansas in 1872 and 1876; was elected to the Forty-sixth and Forty-seventh Congresses, and Forty-eighth Congresses, and was re-elected to the Forty-ninth Congress as a Democrat, receiving 14,836 votes against 8,651 votes for Remmel, Republican.

SECOND DISTRICT.

COUNTIES.-Arkansas, Cleburne, Conway, Dorsey, Faulkner, Grant, Jefferson, Lincoln, Lonoke, Monroe, Pope, Prairie, Stone, Van Buren, White, and Woodruff.

Clifton R. Breckinridge, of Pine Bluff, was born at Lexington, Kentucky, November 22, 1846; received a common school education; served in the Confederate Army as a private soldier, and at the close of the war was a midshipman on duty below Richmond, Virginia; was a clerk in a commercial house for two years; attended Washington College, now Washington and Lee University, Virginia, three years; became a cotton planter in Arkansas in 1870, and was engaged in planting and in the commission business for thirteen years; was an alderman of his town one term; was elected to the Forty-eighth Congress from the State-atlarge, and was re-elected to the Forty-ninth Congress as a Democrat, receiving 14,692 votes against 12,229 votes for Rogers, Republican.

THIRD DISTRICT.

COUNTIES.-Ashley, Bradley, Calhoun, Clark, Columbia, Dallas, Drew, Hempstead, Hot Spring, Howard, Lafayette, Little River, Miller, Nevada, Ouachita, Pike, Polk, Sevier, and Union.

Thomas Chipman McRae, of Prescott, was born at Mount Holly, Union County, Arkan. sas, December 21, 1851; was educated at private schools at Shady Grove, Mount Holly, and Falcon, Arkansas; studied law at the Washington and Lee University of Virginia, under Hon. John W. Brockenborough and Hon. John R. Tucker; was a member of the State Legislature of Arkansas in 1877; and was elected to the Forty-ninth Congress, to fill the vacancy caused by the election of J. K. Jones to the United States Senate, as a Democrat, receiving 13,877 votes against 8,738 votes for C. E. Mitchel, Independent.

FOURTH DISTRICT.

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Counties.--Crawford, Franklin, Garland, Johnson, Logan, Montgomery, Perry. Pulaski, Salinë, Sebastian, Scott, and Yell.

John Henry Rogers, of Fort Smith, was born in Bertie County, North Carolina, October 9, 1845; in 1852 his parents removed to Mississippi; in March, 1862, he joined the Ninth

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