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from imprudence and folly in order to be res. his own signature, a disavowal of ever having utter) pected and to accomplish all his ends. It requires | ed a sentiment derogatory to the character of however some decision of character to make a

general Jackson, and a broad intimation that stand against the imposing airs of a despotic go. vernment, and some knowledge of mankind to de. li general Scott has at least exaggerated the truth. tect the punic craftiness and wiles of the court of Mr. Pell, speaking avowedly under the authority, Tunis.

[D. Adver.

and indeed in the words, of governor Clinton,

treats general Scott with infinite scorn and conEDITOR'S CABINET.

tempt; and the governor himself is quite as unceCITY OF WASHINGTON, remonious. As to the autho. ship of the anonymous APRIL 10, 1819.

letter, governor Clinton unequivocally disclaims it. Generals Jackson and Scott.--It is truly painful

We do not load our pages with this altercation. to find two of the most distinguished officers of || It is a private feud, with a little of an electioneerthe army of the United States engaged in an open limg complexion. To none of the parties does it controversy in the newspapers, the language and

do

any credit; although we think governor Clin. arguments of which are by no means calculated to

ton may be fairly said to have been dragged out increase their reputations.

in his own vindication. The origin and progress of the quarrel between

What appears laughable in this affair is, the very the generals Jackson and Scott are briefly as fol- | casuistical manner in which general Scott reasons lows: A distinguished topographical engineer, || himself into a method of violating an established two or three years ago, was detached by the Se.

rule of the war office, which prohibits military cretary of War, from general Jackson's command,

men from resorting to newspaper warfare. "I to survey and make report of a portion of the

am forbidden to publish in print, (quoth general north western part of the territory of the United Scott, in substance,) but I may circulate copies in States. This officer, having performed the service with fidelity and intelligence, obtained per- ll if these fall into the hands of others, who may car

manuscript, because general Jackson did the same: mission from the head of the war office to furnish

ry them to the press, and they thus get into print, a copy of his report for publication, and it was

it is not I that publish them, and consequently the first published in the National Register. When

rule of the war department is not by me violated." the report met the eye of general Jackson, he be. This subtlety reminds us of Sterne's ladies in the came inflamed, chiefly, we presume, because the || cabriolet, whose horse would not pull. One of officer had been detached without his privity and them said she knew a word that would make him sanction: Whereupon general Jackson issued a

pall, but that it was quite sinful to pronounce it. general order, condemning, in strong terms, the || So the ladies very ingeniously divided the word, interference of the war office with his command. This order excited much conversation at the time, I the second-and the horse went on gaily. Gene

one pronouncing the first syllable and the other inasmuch as it implied a censure upon the warral Scott gets on in the same manner.

He for department, which was virtually a censure of the || nishes the manuscript that is half. Another perPresident of the United States himself, and there

son gets it printed—that is the other half. So the fore wholly unmilitary. General Scott, it now ap- || benefit is enjoyed and the sin or penalty ayoided. pears, among others, had spoken freely on the

We trust there will soon be an end to these subject; and had held the order to be “mutinous." || squabbles, or at any rate that the tone of them General Jackson at length heard of this opinion of

may

be a little softened. General Jackson writes general Scott's, as the former says, through the pretty much as he fights—impetuous and fierce. medium of an anonymous letter; and thereupon His letters to general Scott have very little of the general Jackson wrote to general Scott, who made tenderness of a billet-doux in them. a frank avowal of his opinion, which drew from

The fame of both Jackson and Scott stands high general Jackson a sharp and acrimonious retort, in Europe. When their dispute is read these in the nature of an insult and a challenge. This what will be thought of them for the honor of challenge general Scott declined—and we think the army we lament that any thing of the kind has very properly. But general Scott goes further. I taken place. He alludes to a conversation he had with governor President's Tour. The President reached NorClinton, of New York, respecting general Jack. || folk in safety from Washington, and was received son's order; and more than insinuates that go with marks of great distinction by the ir.habitants. vernor Clinton either wrote, or caused to be writ. He was present at the laying of the corner stone ten, the anonymous letter to general Jackson of a new Custom-bouse there, and partook of a This allegation has drawn from governor Clinton, public dinner, prepared in compliment to him. indirectly, under the signature of his military se From Norfolk the President passed on to the cretary, "Ferris Pell," and also directly, under | southward, through the Dismal Swamp Canal.

243,

guer,

No. 16]
WASHINGTON CITY, APRIL 17, 1819,

(Vol. VII Printed iud Published, every Saturday, by Lawrence, Wilson, & Co. at five dollars per annum.

surveying different parts of the coast, fixing Contents of this.vo. of the National Register. upon proper sites for arsenals and depots, ORIGINAL Measures of Administration, 241.– Arbuthnott || and giving additional security to naviga

and Armbrister, as noticed by the British government, tion. SELECTED.-Doyments accompanying Mr. Secretary

Under president Monroe's administration Adams' letter to Vr. Erring, concerning the ineidents of the Seminole War, 244.-Deerep of the King of Spain

our territorial limits have been fixed, by concerning foreigners in the service of the Patriots, 248. treaties with Great Britain and with spain, ker, 21.-Ereneli Vine Company; terms allowed by Mr. Pacific Ocean; and the whole of the FloriChannis, 219,- Less to the arts; death of Charles H. Par from the river Mississippi' to the northern or slure designedly, 219.-Contession of Mauric, a robber das have been added to the empire of the oftbe mail, 250,-Trial and conviction of mail robbers at Treiston, 253.-Weights and Measures; the British guvern

republic. ment colecting information on the subject, 253.-Verses; The national debt has been rapidly dimiby Moore, 253.-Treasury Rules, 253.-Devil to pay among the Taitors, 254.-Lord Coricane's arrival at Valparaiso, nishing for the last two years; and there 251. -Pubsie Aets of the Pennsylvania lo kislature, 255;5. has always been money enough in the treaSingular eharacter; lieutenant colonel O'Doherty, 25.5. Persutual freedom in France, 255.-Latest Foreigu Intelli- sury to meet lawful demands upon it.

The calls of humanity have not been unMeasures of Administration.

attended to. The Indians, whilst their ex

cesses have been checked, have been courtAt the commencement of the late session | ed and encouraged to improve their condiof Congress, the President, in his first mes- tion. They are solicited to enter the comsage, congratulated that body on the flou-munity of the whites, not as slaves, but upon rishing condition of the country; and this equal terms, as brothers. Government has congratulation has given ! se to many que-not, like Mahomet, presented to them a farulous disquisitions, founded upon intima-bulous creed in one hand and the sword of tions that the government itself has, by its extermination in the other; but bas held measures, reduced the community almost out to them the comforts and profits of to a state of ruin. The best answer to Christian civilization. all the cavils which have beer made in this

Why, therefore, find fault? respect, is a plain reference to undeniable Manufactures, it is said, are not encoufacts.

raged. But is it not apparent that encouWhat, then, have been the acts, good and ragement of manufactures belongs, not to eril, of president Monroe's administration: the executive, but to the legislative, part of

When Mr. Jefferson came into power, the government? Domestic manufactures and the internal taxes were abolished, that are not to seek for their adversaries in the abolition was hailed as a miracle of ameli- public departments at Washington, but in oration.

the classes of society whose pursuits conUpon Mr. Monroe's accession, the same flict with them. The store-keepers and the description of taxes, to a much greater landholders are their rivals. The storeamount, were, upon his recommendation, keepers live by the re-sale of foreign goods, also repealed.

and the landholders are impressed with the If the act of Mr. Jefferson, in this respect, opinion that a diminution in the quantity of was good, so was that of Mr. Monroe; and foreigu goods imported, would be attended even better, for the taxes were not only by a diminution in the amount of native greater in amount, but there was a reason-|| products consumed in foreign countries. able pretext for keeping them on; namely: Such is the leading obstacle to the advanceto pay off the heavy war debt.

ment of domestic manufactures, which have · At Mr. Monroe's suggestion, likewise, the also to encounter dificulties in the high officers and soldiers o? the revolution have price of labor and in the want of moneyed been provided for. This is a measure, not capital

. only creditable to the president, but honor- Navigation, too, it is said, languishes. Is able to the nation; and, to the latest gene- that to be wondered at? If this complaint rations, it will tell well in history." means any thing, it means that the active

At the earnest recommendation of Mr. tonnage of the United States is not so great Monroe, moreover, large appropriations at present as it was during the wars of the have been made for increasing the navy, for French revolution. “In 1790, the registeraugmenting fortifications; and suitable offi- ||" er tonnage of the United States consisted vers have been incessantly employed in" of 346,254 tons; in 1816, it amounted to

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" 800,759 tons. In 1790, the tonnage of 2. The seizure of Amelia Island. And

every description amounted to 478,377 3. The invasion of Florida.
tons; in 1816, it was extended to 1,372,218 Of the first of these acts, or rather no

tons.' This enormous increase was oc- act, the fault-finding has been so vague and casioned by the neutral position of the wild, that it is difficult to fix upon any United States during the wars in question, one point wherein the advocates of the rewhich rendered them, without a war pre-cognition of South American Independence mium for insurance, the carriers of almost concur. Some writers have insisted on all the nations of Europe.

the recognition of Puerreydon, and others of When the late general peace took place Artigas; and there have been persons who there, the several nations of that quarter of|| have recommended a recognition of both the world would naturally reclaim their pro- their authorities. We know of individuals per portion of the carrying trade; and this who regard Puerreydon and O'Higgins as must necessarily check the amount and traitors to South American liberty and inemployment of American tonnage. The dependence. The executive went no farremarks of Mr. Seybert, on this topic, are ther than to inquire into the situation of very judicious and appropriate: “All na-|| South American affairs. And what has " tions extensively engaged in navigation, been the result? Why, the provinces were

(says he, page 304,) have been affected by found not to be united, and the Patriots " the peace in proportion to the augmenta-themselves, as to their internal guvernment, « tion of their tonnage, during the late con- || in a state of distraction. Let any reflecting ' flicts in Europe; none has suffered more man put the question to himself

, whether, “ than Great Britain. Whilst the late po- | under the circumstances, the executive “ litical storms were almost desolating the ought to have volunteered a recognition of

civilized world, the vessels belonging to independence. The question was fairly

France, Holland, and Spain, were swept tried in the House of Representatives, and “ from the Ocean. In proportion as the was negatived by a large majority. This ""tonnage of these nations diminished, that was during the first session of the fifteenth “ of other states was augmented; and none, congress. Mr. Clay, the principal partizan * in a greater degree, than our own. Fo- for acknowledging South American Inde

reign nations will inake every effort to pendence, after seeing the Reports of “ regain the navigation which the late wars Messrs. Rodney, Bland, and Graham, did " had taken from them. We must antici- not, in the second session of that congress,

pate a reduction on our part, of as much think proper to renew the motion. Every

as was formerly employed in the trade freeman in the United States wishes well to " between those countries and their Ameri- the cause of emancipation in that portion of can colonies."

the earth; but very few, we apprehend, are The commercial prosperity which the willing to compromit the peace and welfare United States enjoyed from 1793 to 1806, of the country by too early an interference may, indeed, be said to have spoiled our in Spanish American affairs. merchants. The accumulation of a prince

The seizure of Amelia Island was justily fortune was but the work of a few years, fied by law in three points of view. 1st. By and country seats and villas sprung up as the law of nations, which authorizes a sutby magic. The enchantment of that day, fering nation to break up a nest of freehowever, is over. Our traders must return tobooters, when the regular authorities of the more sober and moderate calculations. place are confessedly incompetent to do it. Yet, making all possible allowances for the || 2d. By the revenue laws which interdict diminution of American tonnage by the sinuggling; and the laws relating to the prevailing peace, the increase from 1789 to slave-trade, which prohibit the introduction 1819 will still be found to be equivalent to of slaves from Africa. And, 3d. By the a gradual augmentation, from the former to special secret acts of Congress concerning the latter year, marking a permanently | the occupation of Florida. growing prosperity sufficient to gratify the With respect to the invasion of Florida, reasonable expectations of the best friends the administration and general Jackson of the country.

have been tried in almost every shape: In The measures of the administration the newspapers, in congress, and by public which have chiefly called forth the animad- meetings in three of the principal cities in versions of its opponents, are

the Union. By the House of Representa 1. The refusal to recognise the indepen- tives, by a large majority of the public dence of the Spanish American provinces. Hjournals, and by the people, both the Presi• 8 cs bert's Statistical Anials, pagus 5, 6.

dent and the General have been acquitted,

The subject, of course, ought to be consi- || close of the late war between the United dered as at rest.

States and Great Britain. If there is a charge which can be justly 2. That he was received by the Prince made against the administration, it is that|Regent with marks of great consideration; of neglecting for too long a time to clear presented with a tomahawk, which, among the American seas of the pirates who infest the Indians, is equivalent to a war-talk; and it. An act, however, has been at length treated with a grand entertainment on board passed for this object; and we may calcu-|| a British man of war. late on its being executed with energy. In 3. That Hillis Hadjo returned to Florida referring to this part of our subject, we can- by way of the Bahamas, accompanied, or not avoid remarking what has frequently fal- || immediately followed, by Arbuthnott, if not len under our notice, and that is, the leaning | by Armbrister. of indulgence to these piratical cruisers, 4. That Hillis Hadjo invariably asserted from the persuasion that they aid the cause that he had been promised military supplies. of the Spanish Independents. This argues by the Prince Regent; and it was upon this a great corruption of moral principle in cer- assertion of the Indian prophet that both tain vehement friends of the patriots. It | Arbuthnott and Arinbrister endeavored to show, if wo view it in the most favorable procure munitions of war from governor light, that they consider the means_even Cameron of the Bahamas, making use of the il the means be pillage and murder—as jus- name of his Britannic majesty's government tified by the end. It demonstrates, in by way of inducement. truth, more: It proves that there are men 5. That Governor Cameron never atwho regard political revolutions as author- | tempted to suppress these applications; on izing the attainment of wealth by plunder-| the contrary, he encouraged them, by writing and assassinating the citizens and sub-ing through a third person, and showing jects of all countries.

a letter from earl Bathurst, the British Sea

cretary for the colonial department. Arbuthnott and Armbrister.

6. That when Mr. Bagot, the British miWe had thought that all further discus- nister at Washington, was applied to by sion on this subject had closed, and that the Arbuthnott, who, it seems, sent his leievent had been consigned to the impartial ter by mail, Mr. Bagot did not decline judgment of History. But it seems that the the correspondence, nor reprove ArBritish ministry is disposed to keep the to-buthnott for, his conduct. He objected pic alive; and insinuations have been thrown only to the mode of the correspondence, out that the government of the United upon the plea of the amount of postage; States is to be called to account for exe- which, in effect, may be regarded as a hint cuting those two atrocious malefactors, Ar- to make the communications by private, and buthnott and Armbrister.

consequently more secret, conveyances. What can possibly influence the British 7. And that, in shunning an open correscabinet to this course of procedure? It sure-pondence with Arbuthnott and Armbrister, ly does not expect to derive any credit, ei-! whilst they communicated with him clanther on the score of humanity or of good destinely, the British ministry showed that faith, in provoking further investigation. they felt the impropriety of their conduct,

If ever a sinister conduct, in relation to and were aware that it could not be justiits public engagements, could be traced to fied in the eyes of the world. any government, such a conduct nay, as it Justified? How is it possible it could be respects the intrigues and plots of Arbuth-ljustified? nott and Armbrister, be traced to the court By the treaty of Ghent, the Prince Reof St. James. Engaged as the United gent, acting in the name, and on behalf of States have been in a diplomatic broil with his majesty, stipulated that “there should Spain, the American people have not sufi- " be a firm and universal peace between ciently attended to the connexion between his Britannic majesty and the United these unhappy wretches and the British mi-lo States, and between their respective nistry. The British ministry, do we say? ||" countries, territories, cities, towns, and Nay; the Prince Regent of Great Britain people, of every degree, without excephimself.

" tion of places or persons”. To the execuThe documents which are now in a course tion of this stipulation, in his ratification of of publication in the National Register, | the treaty, the Prince Regent pledged his clearly prove the following facts- princely faith and honor. And how has he

1. That Hillis Hadjo, otherwise called fulfilled this pledge? Why, by giving, soon the prophet Francis, visited England at the Il after, an elegant war-hatchet to the Indian

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prophet Francis, and countenancing, ! Extract of a letter from Archibald Clarke, interulant, through his ministers and agents, the exer

St. Alary's, Georgia, to gineral Gaines, duted

February 26th, 1817. tions of two of his own white subjects to

“ On the 24th instant, the house of Mr. Garret, stir up the Seminoles to war with the residing in the upper part of this county, near the United States.

boundary of Wayne county, was attacked during We speak of this affair with great reluc-his absence, near the middle of the day, by this tance; because, being at peace with the party, consisting of about fifteen, who shui Mrs. British nation, we wish to treat its consti-| by stabbing and scalving. Her ta'o children, one

Garrett, in two places, and then despatched her tuted authorities with that politeness which about three years, the other two months, were also a state of amity implies. But if the cabinet murdered, and the eldest scalped: the house was of St. James thinks proper to let loose upon then plundered of every article of value, and set the tinerican administration the rude and

on fire." vaporing strictures of the “ Courier,” and Extract of a letter from Richard .11 Sands, 4th Inother London ministerial newspapers, ur- fantry, communting at Fort Guines, Georgia, 16 bavity must yield to the severity of truth, colonel William King, or officer commanding the and the British authorities must expect to

Sth Regiment Infantry, dlated be treated with less forvearance, and more

March 15th, 1817.

“I enclose, for your information, two letters, according to their real demerits.

which I received a few days silico Vesterday
William Perryman, accompanied by two of the

lower chiefs arrived here; he informs me, that
DOCUMENTS

Y Queen, the chief mentioned in one of the en.

closed letters, is, at present, one of the heads of Accompanying the letter of Mr. Secretary Adams the hostiles: that they are anxious for war, and

to Mr. Erving, the minister of the United I have lately murdered a woman and two children. States at Madrid, in relation to the irvasion of

He likewise says, that he expects the vers in Florida and the execution of Arbuthnott and | George Perryman's letter is true; for there are Armbrister.

tuik's going through the towns, thut the English are Extract of a letter from George Perryman to lieu- to be at Okoloking river in three inonths."

tenani Sands, date
February 21, 1817.
Extracts of a letter from Davıl B. Iitchell

, Indian

agent to the Secretrry of Wur, dated at “ The charge given me by colonel Clinch and

Milledgeville, Georgia, March 30, 1817. yourself, and other officers of the United States,

“ By yesterday's mail, I received a letter from induces me to believe there is a confidence placed Mr. Timothy Barnard, who resides at Flint river, in me, which I ought not to deceive. I therefore in the Indian country, a considerable distance be. think it my duty, as well as my inclination, to low the agency, in which he observes, I have been give you the following information: there was a

informed two days past, from below, wbere the friend of inine, not long since, in the Foul-town Red Stick class reside, that a party has been down on Flint, and he saw many horses, cattle, and hogs,

near St. Mary's and murdered a woman and two that had come immediately from the state of Geor children, and brought off some liorses." "I will gia; and they are bringing them away continually. further state, thai I have received information They speak in the most coniemptuous manner of from other persons, at and near Fort Gaines, that the Americans, and threaten to have satisfaction for what has been done; meaning the destruction and that he has been sending insolent messages to

a British agent is now among these hostile Indians, of the negro fort. There is another of my ac- the friendly Indians and while men settled above the quaintances returned immediately from the Semi- | Spanish line; he is also charged with stimulating ncle towns, and saw the negroes on parade there: || the Indians to their present hostile aspect; but he counted about 600 that bore arms: they have whether he is an acknowledged agent of any fochosen officers of every description, and endea.reign power, or a mere adventurer, I do not prevor to keep up a regular discipline, and are very tend to determine; but am disposed to believe strict in punishing violators of their military rules. him the latter." There is said to be about the same number of Indians, belonging to their party, and there are both Extract of a letter from general Gaines to the Secrenegroes and Indians daily going to their standard. They say they are in complete tix for fighting, and

tary of IFar, dated

Camp Montgomery, M. T.2 wish for an engagement with the Americans, or MʻIntosh's troops; they would let them know they

April Sd, 1817.

“I received by the last mail, a letter from had something more to do than they had ai Appala- | Archibald Clarke, Esq. intendant of the town of chucola. They have chosen Bowlęgs for their i St. Marys, by which it appears that another outhead, and nominated liim king, and pay him allrage, of uncommon cruelty, has recently been perkind of monarchial respect, almost to idolatry, petrated by a party of Indians upon the southern keeping a picket guard at the distance of 5 miles. || frontier, near the boundary of Wayne county; They have a number of the likeliest American They have massured a woman, Mrs. Garret, and borses; but there is one or two chiefs that is not

two of her children: the mother and eldest child of the choir. Kenhagee, the Micasukey cliief, is one that is an exception."

were scalped; the house plundered and burnt.” N. B. This George Perryman is the same, who Extract of a letter from 1. Cullol, to general Gaines, went to England in the Seniramis frigate in the

written at Fort Gaines, summer of 1818, and was not permitted to land. “We are hourly told by every source of infor:

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