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Vol. VII.]

Islands, and then it was proposed to seize on the
officers as they were taking an observation of the
sun, and embark them into the boat, that ther
For this pur
might land on one of the islands
pose Williams carried a cord in his bosom to bind,
the captain, but the hearts of his associates failing
them, he desisted from the project.


"On the 24th day of July, at midnight, being then about 100 miles from land, blowing very strong, a cry was made from the forecastle b Rog or Williams, that there was a sail under the bow; upon which the mate and 2d mate ran for ward, when the mate was knocked down by one of the mutineers; about the same time the 24 mate received a blow, which he supposed at first might be caused by the flapping of the jib, bur he was directly after seized by Williams, who exhere is one of the damned rascals." claimed, The captain making his appearance at this instant, Williams left his hold on Onion, and attack ed him. Onion directly made for the cabin and concealed himself in the bread locker, whence he heard the crew call upon the supercargo in an angry tone to repair immediately on deck.



had been identified as principals in the death of
neither of the prisoners, and especially White,


From a Baltimore paper of the 4th January, 1819.
It will be recollected that we gave a few days
since an account of the loss of the mail between
men were committed to the jail of Baltimore coun-
this place and Washington. Yesterday two negro
ty on the charge of having robbed it. The cir-
cumstances, as related to us, are as follow: the
careless driver, it appears, lost the mail bag out of
the stage, which was found by the two negro men
above mentioned. It appears doubtful whether
they knew what it was when they found it, as
slaves. They contrived, however, to make their
they appear, we are told, to be very ignorant
way into it by the aid of a knife, and finding it
contained letters, they contrived to open these
also, took from them about $2,800, in bank bills,
understand about $2.000 of the money has been
and then burnt the letters and the mail bag. We
recovered: what has become of the remainder is
not yet known.

Sammerson, who was stated to have been until this time below in his birth, was ordered In a few moments on deck, saw the supercargo, Mr. Baynard, lying on his back apparently dead. Williams, Rog, and Peterson, came down into the cabin in search of Onion. Immediately a consultation was held whether his life should be spared; it was finally determined that it should be spared, provided he should take an oath of fidelity; and he was thus admitted a member of this nefarious fraternity Stromner, one of the crew, was then appointed master, Williams mate, and Onion was continued as before. On the succeed ing morning the specie was brought on deck and divided by hats and tin pots, about $3000 to a A second conshare, of which Onion was directed, and did consent, to receive his proportion sultation was held, and it was decided that they should shape their course for Norway. Onion was employed to alter the invoices and letters, consigning the cargo to a Mr. Myers, of Hamburg. Williams altered the log-book to correspond.



From a Fayetteville (N. C.) paper, of 31st Decem-
ber, 1818.

Was brought to town last evening, in irons, from Lumberton, Easly Bolan, and committed to the jail of this county, on a charge of robbing the dred dollar bills were found in his possession, mail of the United States. Several halves of hunwhich, with a variety of other circumstances, leaves but little doubt of his guilt.

Bolan had, for a considerable time, been the on which line the robbery was committed. It is mail carrier between this place and Lumberton, stand his trial at the Federal Court. There have presumed he will be sent to Raleigh in order to been several robberies of the southern mail in the course of last summer, and very lately, of which it is highly probable that this man, and others concerned with him, were the perpetra




It is stated in a Portland paper, that Captain Shortly after their arrival at Norway, Onion, Williams, Rog, and Sammerson, left the schooner, after dividing the clothes of the murdered men, Samuel Stoddard, Jr. of Hingham, has been conas one of his crew, a deserter from the United and took passage for Copenhagen, where they victed of knowingly entering on board his vessel, purchased merchandise, with intent to appear as traders; but suspicious circumstances unfolding States service; and has been sentenced to pay a themselves, directions were given for their apprefine of fifty dollars and costs, and to be imprisoned A part of for one month. hension, which was accordingly done. the specie and coffee, with the vessel, have been recovered.

"The prisoners on trial, with others of the crew, arrived within this district in November last, in the Hornet, despatched by the President for this purpose. The circuit court being then in session, the grand jury were called in, and they preferred five bills against these defendants for the murder of William Hatchett, the master, of Frederick Euglehardt Yeizer, mate, and Tho mas Baynard, supercargo, a fourth for piracy, and a fifth for revolt. The prisoners were tried on the indictment for murder of Thomas Baynard.



From a Charleston paper, of the 23d Dec. 1818. James W. Gadsden, Esq. a citizen of the most mild and amiable deportment, was inhumanly murdered, about 9 o'clock on Monday evening last, in the centre of our city, while returning home from a visit to a friend. Two men, Michael ted to jail, charged with the perpetration of this and Martin Toohey, brothers, have been commitThe reports are various as to the manner in which the deed was done. The accused diabolical act. were returning home from a military parade; and Mr. Gadsden fell, under several wounds inflicted A jury by bayonets. We forbear to say more. to the decision of that tribunal we leave them. of their country must decide upon their fate, and Mr. Gadsden, who has been thus torn from the

"The defence set up by their counsel reste on three points: 1st. That there was no proof o the death of the master, mate, and supercargo; 2d. That convictions ought not to be had upon the sole testimony of accomplices; and 3d. That

sonal attractions she added the acquirements of education, but that she had not been able to withstand the temptations of an illicit intercourse with a private soldier: her grief and agony exceeded all description when she found that, notwithstandreco-ing her supplications and remonstrances, she was not allowed to continue her route. Orders were issued to reconduct her to her family; but at the time in which the letter containing this account left Calais she was in a state of delirium.

bosom of a beloved family, has left behind him an agonized wife and eight children, wrung to the heart with distress and wretchedness.

Mr. Daniel M'Dowall, a young gentleman who interfered on the occasion, was also severely wounded; but hopes are entertained of his very.

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From the Delaware Watchman.

At a court of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace and Gaol Delivery, held at New Castle, for the County of New Castle, for the Decem ber term, 1818.

JOHN ROBINSON, now, or formerly, a resident of Mill Creek Hundred, in the county of New Castle, was indicted, tried, and convicted of passing a counterfeit three dollar note, upon the Farmer's Bank of the State of Delaware, payable at the Wilmington Branch-and thereupon, was sentenced by the court to pay a fine of $500 and be imprisoned and kept in solitary confinement for the space of three months; and that he should forever wear the letter F, made of scarlet cloth, sewed on the outside of his garment, on the back between his shoulders, of at least six inches square: and that it should be the duty of any constable within this state, as often as he should see the said John Robinson in the state, without such badge, to apprehend him and take him fore some justice of the peace, who should, on proof thereof made, order the sanie or some other constable, to give him, the said John Robinson, ten lashes on his bare back, well laid on; and if any constable or justice should refuse or neglect so to do, he should be indicted, and fined any sum not less than 20 dollars, nor more than 100 dolJars, with costs-and the said John Robinson was committed to the custody of the Sheriff, until the fine and costs of prosecution should be paid, and the punishment inflicted.



A subscription has been opened by the citizens of New York, for a piece of plate, with suitable devices, to be presented to William Willshire, the English consul at Mogadore, as a testimony of their admiration and gratitude for his prompt and be-zealous benevolence in redeeming from slavery and restoring to their country, Capt. James Riley, and five of his companions, citizens of America.



From a London paper of the 16th November, 1818. Above five thousand French women, of all ages and descriptions, followed the British army to Calais: the unmarried ones, who formed no inconsiderable portion, were sent back to their res1ctive communes. The municipal authorities


A Paris paper of the 23d of October, 1818, contains the following article, which will be interesting to the friends of freedom:

The counsellor Cottu is on his return to Paris from a journey which he made to England, by direction of the government, for the purpose of collecting information respecting the Jury, and the laws relative to the liberty of the Press. He has been absent six months, and he has collected, it is said, very precious materials.





A Mrs. Poppleton respectfully informed the

On Friday evening last, (says a London paper of the 16th of November last,) Mr. Ogilvie delvered his second Discourse at the Surrey Institu-public of New York lately, that she had prepared and weighing 150 lbs. [This is certainly not a a rich New Year's Cake, 38 inches in diameter, pound cake.]

tion. It was on the causes which have checked and circumscribed the influence of oratory in modern times; a subject on which he displayed much ingenuity of argument and felicity of illustration. This style is perspicuous, though highly embellished, and his mode of delivery very energetic and impressive. He was listened to throughout with the most profound attention, and received repeated testimonies of decided approbation from a numerous audience.


prohibited the sale of all spirituous liquors in narbor: not the slightest disturbance occur red at the embarkation of the troops. A young and interesting female was discovered in male attire, endeavoring to pass on ship board with the || soldiers. On examination, it came out that she belonged to a respectable family, and that to per- li


Drawn in the Pennsylvania State Lottery on New Year's day, is owned by a Mr. Geo. Kenney, of Baltimore. During the late war, Kenney, we learn, deserted from the British force under Ad. miral Cockburn, and some time afterwards enlisted in the American army. With a part of the proceeds of the sale of his bounty lands he purchased the ticket which drew the prize abovementioned.


From the Georgia Journal.

Col. ARBUCKLE, commandant of Fort Gadsden Editors, of the 1st inst. that "but few of the hos on the Appalachicola, observes in a letter to the tile Indians have surrendered of late, owing (as I believe) in a great measure to their having received information, that the Spanish government will again have possession of the Floridas.

"Duncan M'Kimmon is here-Milly, the Prophet Francis's daughter, says she saved his life, or used such influence as she possessed to that effect, from feelings of humanity alone, and that she would have rendered the same service to any other white man similarly circumstanced-she is therefore not disposed to accept of his offer of matrimony, which has been made as an acknowledgment of gratitude. The donation presented through me by the citizens of Milledgeville) to Milly, has been delivered, and she manifested a considerable degree of thankfulness for their kindness."


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From the New-York Gazette.



It would render us subject to an accusation of neglect of duty, not to notice a valuable Diamond which has been recently shipped at this port for France, and which has been the subject of much conversation in the upper circles. The report is, and we presume it cannot be contradicted, that a Diamond was shipped on board the Comet, for Havre, a few days since, valued at 80,000 dollars, The king of France had convoked the legislaand that a respectable house has effected insuIt is supposed, from tive chambers for November 30. Of the 55 newrance on it to that amount. the high channel through which this preciously elected members of the chamber of deputies, stone has passed, that it is the property of Joseph 40 are known to be decidedly ministerial. Among the opposition are Manuel, Bedach, and Bonaparte. The report of its having been taken La Fayette. Terneaux is elected in Paris, in opon the high seas by a Baltimore privateer, is too position to Benjamin Constant. The French ridiculous to gain credit. funds had been rapidly recovering from the depression previously experienced. The king of Prussia left Paris November 3, having been de tained two days by indisposition. The emperor Alexander arrived at Paris October 28, visited the king, and departed the same day. It was said the congress at Aix-la-Chapelle would break up November 24.



A Mr. Adair, who, prior to the revolutionary war, resided forty years among the Indians of our country, when their manners and customs had not been so much corrupted and changed as they have been since by their intercourse with the whites, published, in 1775, a work, in which he adduces twenty-three arguments and observations, to prove that the American Indians are des. cendants of the ancient Jews. The following is their order in the book:


Intelligence has been received from the explo Maj. Gray. They reached Galam in seven weeks ring expedition in the interior of Africa, under from Cayai, with the loss of Mr. Burton and one soldier, and were to remain there till the end of

the rains.

page 15

Argument 1. Their division into tribes,

2. Their worship of Jehovah,

3. Their notion of Theocracy,


4. Their belief in the ministration of angels, 35

5. Their language and dialects,


6. Their manner of counting time,



94 115 120



7. The Prophets and High Priests,

8. Their festivals, fasts and religious rites,
9. Their daily sacrifice,

10 Their ablutions and anointings,
11. Their laws of uncleanness,

12. Their abstinence from unclean things,
13. Their marriages, divorces, and punish-
ment of adultery,

14. Their several punishments,

15. Their cities of refuge,

16. Their purifications, and ceremonies pre-
paratory to war,

17. Their ornaments,

18. Their manner of curing the sick,

19. Their burial of the dead,

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20. Their mourning for the dead,
21. Their raising seed to a deceased brother, 187
22. Their choice of name adapted to their
circumstances and the times,


23. Their own traditions, the accounts of our
English writers, and the testimonies
which the Spanish and other authors
have given concerning the primitive in-
habitants of Peru and Mexico.


The schooner Midas, capt. Dickerson, has arriShe sailed thence on the 27th of November, 1818. ved at Baltimore from Coquimbo, with copper. Accounts were received at Coquimbo, that on the 6th September the Royalists had evacuated Conception, after blowing up the fortifications, &c. An illumination took place on the occasion. The expedition that had been fitting out at Valparaiso against Conception, had, in consequence, turned their attention to Lima, with redoubled vigor, and intended shortly sailing.

An embargo had been laid at Valparaiso, and orders for enforcing it at Coquimbo had just arrived, when the Midas immediately got under way Director O'Higgins vessels, who did the same. and sweeped out, giving information to several was at Valparaiso, superintending the fitting out of the expedition, consisting of the following vessels, under Admiral Blanco-San Martin, 64 guns, formerly the Cumberland ship, Indiaman-the Lautaro, 54 guns-the Coquimbo 20, formerly the Avon, of Boston-the Araucanian 18, formerly the Columbus, of New-York-the Eagle 18, a prize taken from the Spaniards-the Maypo 16, formerly the Ariel, of Baltimore-the Santiago 14, forother armed vessels, besides a number of transmerly the Lancaster Witch-3 gun boats, several ports. General San Martin was at Mendoza, on his way to Santiago, with a reinforcement, money, &c.

149 Congress of the United States.



From Prussia, under date of Berlin, Oct. 30, 1818.
The King, our august Sovereign, has ordered
the yearly sum of $12,000 in gold, for five years,
to be paid to Baron HUMBOLDT, to enable him to
travel to the Indian Peninsula, and the islands of
the Indian Archipelago, to continue his research-
es in that quarter of the world. There is nothing
political in this transaction, any more than when
he was descending the Spanish mines, or climbing
the sides of the Andes.

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On motion of Mr. Talbot, the committee on the

Monday, January 4. post-office and post-roads were instructed to inquire into the expediency of empowering the Postmaster General to contract for the transportation of the mail of the United States in steam boats.

The following message was received from the President of the United States, by Mr. J. J. Monroe, his private secretary:

To the Senate of the United States:

I lay before the Senate a report from the Se

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Mr. Tichenor submitted a motion to call on the Secretary of War for a statement of the effective force of the military establishment; a statement of the different posts and garrisons, the number of troops in each; also the number of artillerists, the number and calibre of the ordnance at each post, &c.

The motions submitted yesterday by Mr. Mellen and Mr. Tichenor, were respectively taken up and agreed to.


Mr. Mellen submitted a motion to instruct the committee on the District of Columbia to inquire into the expediency of surrounding the Capitol square with a stone side walk, to be completed before the next meeting of Congress.

The motions submitted by Mr. Noble, and by Mr. Tait, on the 30th ultimo, were respectively taken up and agreed to.


The Senate resumed the consideration of the bill to provide for the more convenient organization of the courts of the United States, and the appointment of circuit judges-the following motion made by Mr. Barbour, when the subject was up before, being still under consideration:

"Resolved, That the bill be recommitted to the committee that brought it in, with instructions so to amend it as to abolish the circuit courts and transfer their jurisdiction to the district courts, to authorize an appeal directly from such courts to the supreme court, and to enlarge the_right of appeal by reducing the amount on which that right may be exercised"


Against it.-Messrs. Burrill, Daggett, Eaton, Edwards, Fromentin, Gaillard, Goldsborough, Horsey, Hunter, Johnson, King, Lenke, Mellen, Morril, Morrow, Otis, Palmer, Storer, Tait, Talbot, Tichenor, Van Dyke, Williams, of Ten.-23. Tuesday, January 5. Mr. Sanford, from the committee of commerce and manufactures, to whom was referred the memorial of the governors of the New York Hospital, reported a bill "to provide for the relief of sick and disabled seamen;" which was read.

The report of the committee of claims unfavorable to the petition of James H. Clark, a purser in the navy, was taken up, and

On motion of Mr. Storer, the report was reversed, and recommitted to the committee of claims.

Mr. Goldsborough, from the committee of claims, to whom was referred the bills from the other house, for the relief of Dr. Mottrom Ball, and for the relief of Thomas B. Farish, reported them with amendments.

The Senate resumed the consideration of the bill to organize anew the courts of the United States, and for the appointment of circuit judges.

Much time was bestowed in filling the nomerous blanks in this bill and maturing its details; and, before it was gone through, The Senate adjourned.

Wednesday, January 6.

Mr. Goldsborough, from the committee of claims, made an unfavorable report on the peti tion of Jacob Whetzell, who prayed compensation for opening, of his own accord and at his private expense, a road from Brookeville in Franklin county, (Inda) to Fort Harrison on the Wabash.

The President communicated a report of the Secretary of the Treasury, made in obedience to a resolution of the Senate of the 24th ultimo, requiring information relative to the effect of an act to suspend for a limited time the sale or forfeiture of lands upon the receipts into the Treasury, and the probable effect of continuing it in force for one year.

The bill more effectually to provide for the punishment of certain crimes against the United States, and the bill further to extend the judicial system of the United States, were reported by Mr. Burrill, from the judiciary committee, the former with, the latter without, amendments.

After considerable discussion, this motion was decided in the negative, as follows: For the motion-Messrs. Barbour, Dickerson, Lacock, Ma-under the law relating to patents, which was con, Roberts, Sanford, Smith, Stokes, Taylor, Thomas, Wil-read. liams, of Mississippi.-11.

Mr. Otis, agreeably to notice, obtained leave, and introduced a bill to extend the jurisdiction of the circuit court of the United States to cases arising

The Senate made some further progress in the bill to provide for the more convenient organization of the Courts of the United States, and the subject was postponed to to-morrow.

Thursday, January 7.

Mr. Hanson presented (on the 8th instant) the memorial of Robert Sewall, of this city, praying compensation for a house, which, with the furniture therein, was destroyed by the British invading army, in 1814, in consequence of having been converted into a military fortress; and the petition was referred to the committee of claims.

The President communicated to the Senate a letter from Benjamin H. Latrobe, late surveyor of the public buildings, in explanation of his plans, in reply to a part of the report of the preby sent architect, &c. which was read, referred to The bilis to incorporate the Medical Society the committee on the District of Columbia, and and Provident Association, the bill authorizing ordered to be printed. the corporation of Washington to make certain

Mr. Williams, of Tenn from the military committee, directed to inquire into the expediency of providing by law for clothing the army of the country in domestic manufactures, reported against the expediency of making any provision law on that subject

Mr. Otis gave notice that he should on to-mor-streets, and the Rockville Road bill, were severow ask leave to introduce a bill in addition to the rally read a second time, and referred to the comact to promote the progress of the useful arts. mittee on the District of Columbia.

The bills from the other house, for the relief of Harold Smyth, for the relief of Samuel T. Hooker, for the relief of Sampson S. King, to authorize the payment, in certain cases, of lost treasury notes, and the bill to empower the territory of Michigan to send a delegate to congress, were severally read the second time and variously re


The bill to extend the jurisdiction of the courts of the United States to cases arising out of the law of patents, was read a second time.

The bill to establish a supreme court, &c. &c. was again debated, as it has been, ably, for two days past.

A motion had been made by Mr. Roberts, to recommit the bill, with instructions, in lieu of the



present bill, to provide for the appointment of two additional district judges for the states of Kentucky and Tennessee, who shall, with the district judges now in commission, hold the circuit courts in those states, with the jurisdiction now possessed by those courts.

provinces in America, into the United States:
also, that the same committee be instructed to in-
quire into the expediency of so amending the 4th
of March, 1817, that the provisions therein con-
section of a law of congress, passed the 3d day
tained shall apply only to steam boats on Lake
portation of passengers and their baggage, and
Champlain, that are employed wholly in the trans-
that the said section shall not extend to authorize
the entry of any goods, &c. except passengers'
baggage, in any district other than the one into
which they are to be landed, with leave to report
by bill or otherwise.


The resolution was agreed to.

On motion of Mr, Butler, of New Hampshire, the Secretary of War was directed to lay before specting the adjustment and payment of the claim the house any information in his possession reof the friendly Creek Indians, made in consideration of their treaty with the United States, of August 9, 1814.

The engrossed bill, authorizing the corporation
of the city of Washington to cut streets through
certain public reservations; the engrossed bill to
in the public offices in the city of Washington;
the engrossed resolution authorizing a distribution
incorporate the Provident Association of Clerks
for by congress; and the engrossed bill to incorpo-
of the number of Seybert's Statistics, subscribed
rate the Medical Society of the District of Colum-
bia, were severally read a third time, passed, and
sent to the Senate. [The house divided on the
The following message was received from the
which passed by a vote of 58 to 48.]
Mr. J. J. Monroe, his secretary:
President of the United States, by the hands of

To the House of Representatives of the U. S.
In compliance with a resolution of the House of
Representatives of the 7th instant, requesting


me to lay before it the proceedings which have been had under the act, entitled An act for the gradual increase of the Navy of the United States," tity and kind of materials which have been prospecifying the number of ships that have been cured, in compliance with the provisions of saidt put on the stocks, and of what class, and the quanact, and also the sums of money which have been paid out of the fund created by the said act, and for what objects; and likewise the contracts which have been entered into, in execution of the said act, on which moneys may not yet have been advanced;" I transmit a report from the acting Secretary of the Navy, together with a communication from the board of navy commissioners, which. with the documents accompanying it, compre hends all the information required by the House of Representatives.


On the question to agree to this motion, it was decided in the negative, yeas 9, nays 29.

A motion was then made by Mr. Roberts, to recommit the bill to the judiciary committee, with instructions to provide in the bill for the appointment of two additional justices of the supreme court, and so to alter the present division of the United States into circuits, as to provide for the more speedy administration of justice in the states of Tennessee and Kentucky. Before deciding this motion, the senate adjourned.


Monday, January 4. Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky, reported a bill for the relief of Malcolm Bennett.

Mr. Pleasants, from the Naval Committee, reported a bill authorizing the payment of a sum of money to Thomas Shields.

Mr. P. from the same committee, reported a bill authorizing the purchase of live oak timber for building small vessels of war.

These bills were severally twice read and committed.

On motion of Mr. Cobb, the committee of the whole was discharged from the further considera-latter, tion of the bil! explanatory of the act authorizing the sale of certain lots in the City of Washington, (the public lots on Pennsylvania Avenue) and it was referred to a select committee.

The speaker laid before the house the following letter from the Secretary of the Treasury: Treasury Department, January 1, 1819. S SIR-I have the honor to transmit a statement of the exports of the United States, during the year ending the 30th September, 1818, amounting in value, in articles of

Domestic Produce and Manufacture, to

Foreign ditto do



Which articles appear to have been exported to
the following countries, viz.

Domestic. Foreign

To the Northern countries of Europe 1,554,259
To the dominions of the Netherlands 4,192,776
Of Great Britain 44,425,552
Of France
of Spain
Of Portugal



The Hanse Towns & ports of Germany 2,260,002
All others
Dollars, 73,854,437 19,426,696

I have the honor to be, &c.
The Speaker of the House of Representatives.
The letter, with its enclosures, was ordered to
be printed.

Mr. Palmer, of New York, offered for consideration the following resolution:

Resolved, That the committee of ways and means be instructed to inquire whether any, and if any, what provisions are necessary to be made more effectually to enforce the payment of duties on goods, &c. imported by land from the British

December 31, 1818.

The message, with its enclosures, was ordere to be printed.

Another message was also received from t President of the United States, enclosing the f lowing report from the Secretary of War:

The Secretary of War, to whom was referr the resolution of the House of Representatives the United States to cause to be laid before the 24th instant, "requesting the Presiden: house, it, in his opinion, the same should not inconsistent with the public interest, copie the correspondence, if any, between the Dep swer to the letter of the latter to the former ment of War and the governor of Georgia, in

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