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sorts. The Chinese give a flavor to some sorts || of Cadiz, and are said to be in a state of high or. with the powdered Howers of Magnolia and Ca- der and discipline. Great surprise exists among mellia. We may imitate it with our Magnolia, those who know the dilapidated resources of and many other bighly scented towers, natives Spain, concerning the quarter whence money has of our woods or gardens.

been furnished to meet the charges of the expe. C. S. RAFINESQUE, Botanist. | dition. That money has been liberally supplied New York, Feb. 20, 1819.

is certain, from the concurring' testimony of all

those who have been concerned in the contracts Oir of Pumpkin Seed -If the following letter relating to it. Contributions, not strictly volunfrom Dr Rafinesque to Dr. Mitchell be correct-tary, have, it is said, buen afforded by Spanish and that it is so, we have no reason to doubt-we subjects; but these cannot have been very extenshall bave a new and powerful motive for culti- || sive. Spain has also received assistance from vating the pumpkın. The experiment is well | France to the amount of 1,500,000 livres, either worth timing by some of our enterprising and in liquidation of some former claims, or as a loan; practical farmers.

[Trenton Hinerican. || and a bull has been obtained from the pope for

New York, Feb. 20, 1819 appropriating one tenth part of the produce of While I was at llarınony, on the banks of the ecclesiastical benefices. All accounts agree in Wabash, in the state of Indiana, last summer, 1 stating that the expedition will be directed against was told by the industrious German society of || Buenos Ayres. Harmonists, that instead of throwing away or Three projects of law relative to the liberty of giving to the pigs the seeds of their pumpkins, the press have been com nunicated to the French as is usually done all over the country, they coll Chamber of Deputies, by the ministers. Should lected them and made an oil from them, which they meet the approbation of the legislature, the they use for all the purposes of lamp oil and olive || press will undoubtedly obtain a considerable share oil It is well known that all the different spe- || of freedom. The previous censorship will be recies and varieties of pumpkins (genus Cucurbit moved, and the offences charged against writers of Linaus) afford an oil, which has valuable medi- || will be determined by jury. cal properties, possessing in the highest degree 'The examinations before the secret committee the refrigerent quality; but I had never heard of the House of Commons, for inquiry into the before of its being made on a large scale, and for state of the bank, terminated yesterday se’nınight. economical uses.

The importance of the subject, and the extent of It will be suficient to mention this fact to some the evidence, will, of course, require much time of our enlightened farmers, to induce them to and deliberation before the report can be preimitate the worthy Harmonists, and I recommend sented. In the House of Lords' committee the highly the practice, as likely to become eminent- examinations are not yet concluded. ly beneficial. The pumpkin seeds afford their The accounts from Ceylon are of a favorable oil with the greatest facility and abundance. One

Two of the rebel leaders have been gallon of seeds will give about half a gallɔn of oil. taken, and the third was shortly expected to sur. They may be pressed like rape seed and flax render. seed. Their oil is clear, limpid, pale, scentless, Paris, March 21.- The minister of war has and, when used for sallad instead of sweet oil, bas given orders to organize the materiel of the fort. merely a faint insipid taste; it burns well, and ress towns, which had been dismantled in consewithout smoke. Those advantagés entitle it to quence of their occupation by the allies: 360 our attention, as an indigenous production of first pieces of cannon, of different calibres, have been necessity..

dispatched fron the arsenal of La Rochelle to the Pumpkins grow all over the United States, frontier fortresses of the department of the North; from Maine to Louisiana, and with such luxuri- | above 500 condemned pieces of ordnance have. ance as to produce sometimes as much as 50,000 been sent to the foundary of Strasbourg to be re. lbs. weight of fruit, and about 2,000 lbs weight cast. of seeds, in one acre of Indian corn, without in- A person who left Cadiz on the 18th ultimo, juring the crop of corn. Those 2,000 lbs. of and who is now in Paris, has communicated the seeds might produce about 200 gallons of oil, following details relative to the expedition about worth about 200 dollars. I calculate that about to be sent to Buenos Ayres: two millions of gallons of such oil could be made The number of troops is about 13,000, including · annually in the United States from the seeds that infantry and cavalry, and already occupy their are wasted or given to cattle and pigs. This is cantonments in the neighborhood of that port. worth' saving; and in addition to the bread, pies, | Count d'Abisbal, (O'Donnell,) who commands in soups, dishes, feed, &c. afforded by pumpkins, cinef, and who is appointed viceroy of Buenos we shall have a good and wholesome home-made Ayres, assembled in Cadiz 15,000, on the 28th of vegetable oil for lamps and food.

January last, the day appointed to celebrate the interment of her majesty the late queen. lle re.

viewed them in the place St. Anwine, in the preLATEST POREIGN ISTELLIGENCE.

sence of a considerable body of spectators, which Liverpool, April 3.-The expedition preparing increased the splendor of the ceremony, and who at Cadiz is carrying on in all its details with an all admired the fine equipment and steady disci. unusual degree of vigor The naval force will pline of the troops. consist of 4 sail of the line, 6 frigates, 12 brigs All the generals who are attached to the ex. and schooners, and 26 gun boats. All these are pedition are at this moment assembled in Cadiz. at present in the harbor of Cadiz, and in a com- General O'Donnel is incessantly occupied in enplete state of equipment. The transports will forcing every precaution necessary to accellerate enable Spain to embark a military force little its departure; called to such an important destishort of 20,000 men. The greater part of the ny, and which will, without doubt, be the finest troops are already encamped in the neighborhood that ever left the ports of Spain, the troops are

dature.

210n.

animated with the best spirit, and every thing ex. the proscribed, and formerly a resident of New cites the most pleasing hopes. [Jour. des debates. York, has obtained permission to return to France.

Paris, March 29.-- His excellency M. Latour Extraordinary efforts are making throughout Maulbourg, appointed to the London embassy, France to reclaim the people from the infidelity will set oil in a few days for his destination. which had been amongst the most unfortunate

A private letter from Manheim, dated the 230 results of the various ephemeral governments of instant, announces, that M. de Kotzebue was as. the revolution, who seemed to agree in nothing sassinated on that day. by a student, and that the but their hatred to christianity. latter immediately committed suicide with the The morality of the gospel, preached in spirit same poniard which had been the instrument of of charity, with an enlightened zeal, free from his crime. Both instantly expired on the spot. prejudice and fanaticism, will always be produc.

(Journal de Paris. tive of salutary effects. In several parts crowds London, March 18.—By advices from Surinam, of people who had wandered in the mazes of of the 18th January, received in the city, we error, have been again restored to the bosom of learn that the government of that colony has pub- the church, and have renewed their - baptismal Jished an ordinance of his Belgian majesty, pro. vows with sentiments of the deepest contrition hibiting the slave trade, under the severest penal || and penitence. On one of these occasions, at ties, but permitting the transit of slaves from a Toulouse, many persons who had been present, Dutch or foreign colony to another Dutch colony) from mere curiosity, were so affected they also in the West Indies.

became converted, declaring that they could not Frankfort, March 12.—The course of events in ) withstand those superhuman efforts of the misFrance causes much uneasiness here; combusti- Il sionaries. ble matter of all kinds is evidently amassing, and Worthy the attention of the friends of Negroes. the smallest spark threatens an explosion. Tire The last number of the Journal of Education, few exiles still here (Desportes, Pelletier, Gar published by the society for Elementary Instrucreau, &c.) are more active than ever. “In France | tion in Paris, contains the following letter from (said a wit lately) they are playing at Pair ou Mr. Dard, director of the schools of the society in

Senegal: The National Guard of Paris is to be reduced,

“ St. Louis, 9th Oct. 1818. and, in future, to be composed only of men in “ The Senegal school contains at present 150 easy circumstances, who will suffer less from the scholars, of all the colors and countries of Senaloss of their time. It is even said that the choice gambia. White, Blacks, Mulattoes, Maures, Bamof the officers of the companies will be left to the baras, Wolofs, Sarakoulays. The first thirty Africompanies themselves.

cans who have attended the school since its opeIn Russia the solders are to be cantoned, in funing, in March, 1817, have completed their ele. ture, in the villages, where they are to be taught mentary course--but, in order to perfect them in the practice of agriculture, and supported by the the French language, I have separated them from peasantry. In return the peasants are to be in the elementary class, and formed them into a structed in the military art by the soldiers. The small academic body. I have created a president, labor of the latter is considered as a sufficient re. a vice president, a secretary, and a comigittee, compense for their diet and lodging; the state &c. The studies in this little black academy will will thus be relieved from a heavy burden and compose, 1st, the French language, geography, the Russians in a few years will be all soldiers! history, and the elements of the mathematics

A society has been formed at Treves, for the || 2d, to reduce the Wolof language to proper prin. purpose of establishing a German colony in the ciples and to form a grammar3d, to collect all United States of America. This society has adopt the words and expressions of the Wolofs to forma ed the name of GAGERN, in honor of the German a Wolof-french and French-Wolof Dictionarybaron of that name, who has recently sent an 4th, to translate the Old and New Testament into agent at his own expense to America, in order to Wolof, and generally all such French books as ascertain the treatment which the German colo. will be deemed most necessary for a nation wishnists receive in that country. The baron has pub-lling to emerge from barbarism and slavery. Aided lished the information he has received by this by this little society, I have already completed means, in a pamphlet entitled The German in the grammar and dictionary, and translated the America.

New Testament, and I only wait for the authority 'The hotel Villette where Voltaire died, on the of his excellency the minister of the marine to Quay which bears the name of this great man, at have these books printed at the expense of go. the corner of Rue de Baune, and which had been ] vernment." so long untenanted, has lately become the prin. M. Caillaud, a young Frenchman, full of zeal cipal place of meeting of a Masonic Lodge of || for the study of antiquity, and a learned natural. adoption, attached to the Lodge of Friends of the || ist, has arrived at Marseilles, after having travelArts and of Letters. The new Lodge has taken led near four years through Egypt, Nubia, the the name of Belle et Bonne (beautiful and good) || Great Oasis and the deserts which extend east of wbich Voltaire had given to his niece, Madame || the Nile, almost to the Red Sea. He has discode Villette. The inauguration took place on the vered several temples built in the Egyptian style 9th of this month (February) under the Presi. from Syene to the great Cataract, and some, which dercy of Madame de Villette.

he considers of Grecian construction, in the great The same crown which Voltaire had received | Oasis. The Antique Tombsare, remarkable for at the Theatre. Francais, was exhibited to public their elevation and great extent, and the imposview. Mademoissell Duchesnois recited before ing ruins of a Ronian fortress, all under his par. the bust of this great man the Ode of Marmontel, || ticular attention. He has collected several Greek to which Mr. de Jouy had added two stanzas inscriptidns-but the most precious discovery he written for this occasion.

has made, is that of an ancient city, seven or eight Count Regnault de St. Jean d'Angely, one of " leagues from the Red Sea, and about thirty or forty leagues to the south of Cocayr. It is to-|| tual attempt to bring Paez to a general action, wards this point, that D'Anville places the Emer. was rapidly retracing his steps towards the Apune. ald Mines, so well known to the ancients--and in His object is to regain the cultivated country, fact, Mr. Caillaud has found numerous traces of finding it impossible to draw supplies from the vast excavations.

plains, in which he was harrassed continually by He descended into pits more than one hun- || 2500 cavalry. The detachments he had sent out dred metres in depth, which communicated by in quest of subsistence had been uniformly cut means of gallaries with others of greater depth. || off by Paez's cavalry, and, from the time of In the course of his researches, he discovered acrossing the Arauca till that of his recrossing it, considerable number of emeralds, which has in. and marching as far as Conception, Morillo had duced the Pacha of Egypt to undertake the work- lost 1400 men and a field piece. He had circulaing of these mines anew, the prospects of success || ted (in writing) a boastful proclamation to Vane. being such as fully warranted him in risking the ros, or Inhabitants of the plains, dated the 5th, to cspense.

which Paez had replied by a keenly satirical ad. in the neighborhood of this place, is the city dress (by way of comment) on the 5th February. of which we have spoken. It is called by the The artillery and infantry, (2000) left on the country people Sekelle. As in Pompeia, public island before Urbana, in the Oronoco, proceeding monuments, temples, palaces, and private hou. by forced marches to re-unite themselves with ses remain entire. Several inscriptions on the Paez. They will be reinforced by 420 English temples put it beyond doubt that this, city was and Irish soldiers, it having been Bolivar's intenfounded by the Piolomys. One of the temples | tion to await there the arrival of 2000 English, had been erected to Berenice. The architecture | daily expected, &c. Gen, Bolivar set out from is Grecian, and the ornaments are Egyptian. Angostura on the 27th ult. on his return to the

M Cailliaud experienced a powerful and ho- | army. norable protection in the recollections which the Col. Hursler's regiment and the remainder of French army had left in Egypt. The names of col. English's expedition, are looked for daily. Desaix, Beliard, Kleber, and Donzelot, are never They will probably be associated with the 600 at mentioned by the Arabs and Egyptians, but in Margaretta; whither gens. Urdometa and Valdez, terms of respect. The whole of the inscriptions, col. Nedham (the adjutant general of that diviand even the most fragile monuments, have been sion) have gone with about 60 English sailorspreserved with religious care by those people, who will assist in making gun boats or other vesa whom we call barbarous.

sels. Associated with 500 Margaritians, &c. Boston, April 22.-We are indebted to a friend they will make a decent upon the coast at --, and for Paris papers to March 6, received by the Di. || form a junction with the division collected in the do, from Havre. Their principal contents have provices of Barcelona and Cumana, to be combeen already furnished to us by the English pa manded by gen. Marinos, Sarozas’, Monagas, and pers. They are almost filled with debates and perhaps Bermendez' forces will constitute this other discussions on the proposition for a modifi- | army. Monogas was at the point of death from cation of the law of elections. The emperor of an attack of fever. News of decisive operations Russia has published an ordinance by which the may be looked for from day to day. Should right of establishing manufactures of every des- these forces not complete the object of Indepencription is granted to the peasants, it having ) dence, though the suppositon is improbable, the been before confined to the nobility and mer- troops to arrive from England will unquestionably chants. The mourning for the late king of swe- ll expel the remnant of Morillo's corps from Veneden was continued for a whole year, except one zuela. This will be a work of the greater facili. month, when it wa suspended on account of the I ty, as Morillo has suffered greatly. Pacz writes coronation; and it was, for that reason, continued that the prisoners taken were more like skeletons a month beyond the year. But the long period than living men. Add to this, he, Morillo, has of wearing mourning having proved injurious to | above 400 miles of plains to traverse, exposed trade, the king " having taken into consideration continually to the enemy's cavalry, his own being that the loss of a good king, or of a member of annihiliated, and not a head of cattle in his camp. the royal family, is great enough for a faithful The Congress was deliberating on various repeople without increasing it by any observances gulations, and on a fundamental law, or constituinjurious to the public industry," has ordained tion, to be proposed to the people for their appro. that, for the future, mourning for a king or queen bation. This is the substance of the latest news. shall last but six months. The births in Stock | More important events will soon challenge more holm, during the year 1818, were 2,344, deaths | regard than this hasty epitome. We also receiv. 2,880, marriages 505, divorces 26.

ed by the above vessel' Trinidad papers to the A letter from Sulco, Lapland, in N. L. 67° 15, 13th ult. but they contain nothing of importance. complains that there had been no cold weather, New York, April 24.-We learn from capt. and that the fields are free from snow; a thing be- || Whitmarsh, of the schooner Telegraph, from fore unbeard of in that latitude.

Curracoa, that a Dutch Govt. schr. had been dis

patched to Laguira to ascertain the state of that Eastport, April 10.—By the Leod, Woodward, | place. She returned to Curracoa the 30th March arrived at this port, yesterday from Trinidad, re. with intelligence that the port was in a rigorous ceived from a very intelligent gentleman, at that state of blockade by the squadrons of Brion and place, and who very recently returned from the Taylor, and that the Royalists had laid an embar. theatre of war, the following brief abstract of the go on all vessels in port. latest intelligence from Venezuela.

Extract of a letter from St. Croix, April 4, 1819. Port Spain, March 15, 1819.-Late despatches General Morillo is retreating with the remain. received at Angostura, from Gen. Paez, dated der of his army, after having been defeated near the 15th ult. announced the retreat of the Spanish || Apure, by the Patriot army, under the command army over the Aruca. Morillo, after an ineffec." of General Paez. It is hoped that the remainder

LATEST FROM SOUTH AMERICA.

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of Morillo's army will be completely destroyed the man who was to be scared, happened some before they cross the River. It is also fully hop-how or other to get a bullet mixed with his pow. ed, that if Morillo and his army are uestroyeil in der, and Stuart who was to act the part of scarer the present cainpaign, the part of the province i was killed on the ground. The weapons were of Venezuela under the Spanish control, will rifles, and some fifty or sixty of the villagers went tumely yield to the Patriots, whence the Indepen. l out to see the sport. Belleville is a little towni dence of the Republic of Venezuela, will be firm in the state of Illinois, twelve miles from this ly established. The Congress of Venezuela has place.

[Inquirer. been reinstalled, and gen. Bolivar is president ad

MADISON'S ISLAND. interim. The result of Brions' attack on the The ship Lion, Townsend, arrived here from Royal squadron, wbich were laying in the Bay of Canton, bas brought to this country three natives Eumana, has not been heard of. In short the suc of Madison's Island, in the South Sea, which, it cesses of the Patriots are going on with great will be recollected, was taken possession of by rapidity, aided by worthy foreigners who have captain Porter, in the frigate Essex, in November come to immortalize their names in support of ||1813, for the United States. Two of them are the Patriot cause. Already 3,000 men have ar- || young men, upwards of 20 years old, probably, rived at Guayana from England. There is a and the other a lail of about 12. They are cop. rumour going ou here, that Lima has been taken per colored and tattood according to their cus. by the Patriots, and that 2,000 Spanish soldiers || tom, by punciuring the skin and introducing a have been captured at sea by the Buenos Ayres dark liquirl, which has a singular appearan 'e. squadron.

They appear to be inoffensive youths, and as iluy DOMESTIC.

are American citizens, having been ad pted into Baltimore, April 20.--The United States' sloop | the great American family, we trust they will be of war Vatario, captain Biddle, arrived at Anna treated with kindness and hospitality. [Prov, l'at. polis last evening, after a long cruize on the South American station-last from Rio Janeiro. Russian Minister.—His excellency M. POLETICA,

From the New York Evening Post. ambassador from Russia, came out in the ship

ODE TO IMPUDENCE. Magnet, which arrived at New-York on the 2014

Integer vitæ, scelerisque purus. instant, from Bordeaux. Rhode Islunil.—The general election was held

Horace, Book I, Ode 22, in this state on the 21st instant, and eventuated | The man who wears a brazen face, in the re-election, without opposition, of the pre

Quite a son aise, his glass inay quaff, sent republican general officers. A majority of

And whether in or out of place, republicans is also chosen in the House of Repre. senlatives. Every branch of the government is

May twirl his stick, and laugh! therefore republican.

Useless to him the broad doubloon, Massachusetts: -Governor Brooks, the federal

Red note, or dollar of the milli candidate, is re-elected by a majority of about 3,000 votes over Mr. Crowninshield, the republi Thoughi all his gold he in the moon, can candidate, being about 2,500 less majority His brass is current money still. than he obtained at the last preceding election. Thus—when my casi' was at low water, Connecticut.—The canvassing for Senators, who

At Niblo's I sat down to dine; are elected in this state by general ticket, has closed, and the average majority for the tolera- | And, after a tremendous slaughter tion or republican tickets is nearly 1500 votes. Among the wild fowl and the wine,

Tennessee.--Samuel Powell has been appointed The bil before mine eyes was plac'dby the governor to be judge of the first circuit,

When, slightly turning round my head, vice Thomas Emmerson, appointed to the bench of the supreme court.

Charge it,cried I-the man, amaz’d! By an act of the last General Assembly of this Slard—made his congee--and obey'd. state, it is made the duty of justices of the peace in the different counties, when taking the lists of | Oh! bear me to some forest thick, taxable property, to take an enumeration of the Where wampum's Choctaws prowl alone; free male inhabitants, which is required to be

Where ne'er was heard the name of tick, done previous to the first of July next. Louisiana.–At the late session of the legisla

And bankrupt laws are quite unknown: ture the following resolution received the sanc- Or to some shop, by bucks abhor'd, tion of both branches of the legislature, and the Where to the longing pauper's sorrow, approbation of the governor: Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representa

The curst inscription decks the board, tives, of the state of Louisiana, in General Assembly

Of Pay to day, and trust to-morrow:convened, That the governor of this state be re. Or plunge me in the dungeon tower; quested to solicit from the President of the United Witha bolts and turnkeys blast mino eyes; States, to order that a sufficient naval force be | While, call’d from death by Marshal's power, stationed on our coasts, to protect them against the depredations of the pirates which desolate The ghosts of murder'd debts arise! them, and which impede our communications The easy dupes l'll weedle still with Vera Cruz and other Spanish ports in the With looks of brass and words of honey; Gulf of Mexico.

St. Louis, February 17.- A man of the name of And having scor'd a decent bill, Stuart lost his life last week at Belleville, in what Pay off my impudence for money. was intended to be a sham duel. In this affair

CROAKER & CO.

No. 19 ]
WASHINGTON CITY, MAY 8, 1819.

[Vol. VII. Printed and Published, every Saturday, by Lawrence, II ilson. & Co. at five dollars per annum.

Frazier, his under secretary, who had been, as his Contents of this No. of the National Register. lo:dship said, uninterruptedly in that office, LETTER from Mr. Adams to Mr. Jay, 289.--Documents ac- through all the changes in administrrtion, for

companying the letter of Mr. Adams to Mr. Erring, thirty years, having first been appointed by the concluded, 290.--European Views of American Affairs: || Earl of Holderness. After a short conversation 292.-- Miscellany-Antiquities of Athens, 993.- Marriage of d-af and dunib persons, 294.--Curious preservation of a upon the subject of importing my effects from hen, 24:- Remarkable Oak, 25.-Spectacle of a beauti. Holland and France free of duty, which Mr. Fra. ful Night in the deserts of the New World, 295.- Anul I zier himself introduced, Lord Carmarthen invited Wite or a Gibbet, 295.-Description of a burning Spring, 296.-Cod Bank of Shetland, 296,-Extraordinary Mushi- me to go with him in his coach to court. When room, 24.--Fountain of St. Allyre, 295.-T):e Sioux na

we arrived in the anti-chamber, the Ceil de Beuf tiou of Indians, 297.--Tales of the Inquisition, 297.-Murry's Island, 293.- Foreign Intelligence, 294.- Domestic, of St. James, the master of the ceremonies, met 303.- Poetry--Lines addressed to Napoleon, 304,

me, and attended me, while the Secretary of

State went to take the commands of the king -Letter from Mr. Adams to Mr. Jay.

While I stood in this place, where it seems all

ministers stand upon such occasions, always at. From the New York American.

tended by the master of ceremonies, the room We are not aware that the following letter from very full of ministers of state, bishops, and all Mr. Adams, then our embassador in England, to other sorts of courtiers, as well as the next room, Mr. Jay, Secretary of State under the old confed- | which is the king's bed chamber, you may well eration, bas ever been published. It is valuable

suppose that I was the focus of all eyes. I was from the elevated character of the actors and from relieved however from the embarrassment of it, the interest of the scene described. Some of our by the Swedish and Dutch ministers, who came to patriots, who think there is natural repulsion be- me and entertained me in a very agreeable contween independence and good breeding, may be || versation during the whole time. Some other horrified at the courtier-like address of Mr. gentlemen whom I had seen before, came to make Adams, and feel quite indignant that republican their compliments too--until the Marquis of Carism should have observed a proper decorum be marthen returned, and desired me to go with him fore royalty. We admire in Mr. Adams' conduct || to his majesty! I went with his lordship through that good sense and dexterity that has distinguish. || the levee room into the king's closet—the door ed most of our foreign ministers in their inter- was shut, and I was left with his majesty and the course with European courts. The style is sim- | Secretary of State alone. I made the three reple, and we think more republican than the in- | verences; one at the door, another about half way, flated bombast that characterizes most of our pre; and the third before the presence, according to sent productions. It is what we seldom meet, the the usage established at this and all the northern plain language of a sensible man.

courts of Europe, and then addressed myself to Bath Hotel, Westminster, June 2, 1785.

his majesty in the following words: Dear Sir,—During my interview with the Mar. quis of Carmarthen, he told me that it was cuse pointed me their minister plenipotentiary to your tomary for every foreign minister at his first pre- || majesty, and have directed me to deliver to your sentation to the king, to make his majesty some majesty this letter, which contains the evidence compliments conformable to the spirit of his cre. of it. It is in obedience to their express com. dentials; and when Sir Clement Cottrel Dormer, 1 mands, that I have the honor to assure your ma. the master of the ceremonies, came to inform me i jesty of their unanimous disposition and desire to that he should accompany me to the Secretary of cultivate the most friendly and liberal intercourse State, and to court, he said that every foreign i between your majesty's subjects and their citiminister whom he had attended to the queen, had | zens, and of their best wishes for your majesty's always made a harangue to her majesty, and he health and happiness, and for that of your royal understood, thougl. he had not been present, that family. they always harangued the king. On Tuesday “The appointment of a minister from the Unit. evening the Baron de Lynden, (Dutch ambassa. || ed States to your majesty's court, will form an dor) called upon me, and said he came from the epocha in the history of England and of America. Baron de Nolkin, (Swedish envoy,) and had been I think myself more fortunate than all any fellowconversing upon the singular situation I was in, citizens, in having the distinguished honor to be and they agreed in opinion that it was indispen the first to stand in your majesty's royal presence sable that I should make a speech, and that it in a diplomatic character; and I shall esteem my, should be as complimentary as possible. All this self the happiest of men if I can be insirumental was parallel to the advice lately given by the in recommending my country more and more to Comte de Vergennes to Mr. Jefferson. So that your majesty's royal benevolence, and of restoring finding that it was a custom established at both || an entire esteem, confidence, and affection, or in these great courts, and that this court and the fo- | better words, "the old good nature, and the old reign ministers expected it, I thought I could not good humour,” between people, who though seavoid it, although my first thought and inclination parated by an ocean and under different governhad been to deliver my credentials silently andments, have the same language, a similar religion, retire. At one, on Wednesday, the 1st of June, and kindred blood. I beg your majesty's permisthe master of ceremonies called at my house, and sion to add, that although I have sometimes bewent with me to the Secretary of State's office, in fore been entrusted by my country, it was never Clevelend Row, where the Marquis of Carmar. in my whole life in a manner so agreeable to my. then received me, and introduced me to Mr. "self."

. y have apo

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