« PreviousContinue »
The king listened to every word I said, with || making my last reverence at the door of the dignity it is true, but with an apparent emotion. || chamber, I went my way; the master of the cereWhether it was the nature of the interview, or monies joined me the moment of my coining out whether it was my visible agitation, for I felt more of the king's closet, and accompanied me through than i did or could express, that touched hum, all the apartments, down to my carriage, several cannot say, but he was much affected, and an. stages of servants, gentlemen porters, and under swered me with more tremor than I had spoken porters, roaring out like thunder, as I went along, with, and said
• Mr. Adams's servants, Mr. Adams's carriage,' “ Sir, -Tire circumstances of this audience are
&c. so extraordinary, the language you have now heid I have been thus minute in these details, heis so extremely proper, and the feelings you have || cause they may be useful to others hereafter to discovered so justly adapted to the occasion, that know. The conversation with the king I should I must say, that I not only receive with pleasure not dare to withhold from Congress, who will the assurances of the friendly disposition of the form their own judgment of it.
I may possibly United States, but that I am very glad the cho ce expect from it a residence here less painful than has fallen upon you to be their minister. I
I wish I once expected, because so marked an attention: you, sir, to believe, and that it may be understood from the king will silence many grumblers;--but in America, that I have done nothing in the late we can infer nothing from all this concerning the contort but what I thonght inyself indispensably success of my mission. There is a train of other bound to do, by the duty which I owed to my ceremonies to go through in presentations to the people. I will be very frank with you. I was the || queen, and visits to and from ministers and am. sast to conform to the separation: but the separa- || bassadors, which will take up much time, and tion having been made, and having become inevi. || interrupt me in my endeavours to obtain all that table, I have always said as I say now, that I would I have at heart, the objects of my instructions. be the first to meet the friendship of the United Thus it is that the essence of things is lost in States as an independent power. The moment 1 ceremony in every country of Europe; we must see such sentiments and language as yours prevail, || submit to what we cannot alter. Patience is the and a disposition to give this country the prefer- | only remedy. ence, that moment I shall say, let the circum- With great and sincere esteem I have the honstances of language, religion, and blood, have to be, dear Sır, your most obedient and their natural and full effect."
most humble servant, I dare not say that these were the king's pre
JOHN ADAMS. cise words, and it is even possible that I may | His Excellency John Jay, Esq. Secre. have in some particular mistaken his meaning; tary of State for the Department of for although his pronunciation is as distinct as I
Foreign affairs. ever heard, he hesitated sometimes between his periods, and between the members of the same period. He was indeed much affected, and I was
DOCUMENTS not less so, and therefore I cannot be certain || Accompanying the letter of Mr Secretary Adams that I was so attentive, heard so clearly, and to Mr. Erving, the minister of the United understood so perfectly, as to be confident of all States at Madrid. his words or sense; and I think that ail which he
(Concluded.) said to me should at present be kept secret in
Okolokne Sound, 30 March, 1817.
fortunate chief, who was some years since obliged The king then asked me, whether I came last to fly from his town of Tucky Batche, on the l'alfrom France? and upon my answering in the lapoohatchee river, to claim of your friendship, affirmative, he put on an air of familiarity, and the delivery of a negro man named Joe, (taken smiling, or rather laughing, said, “ there is an away from him since the peace) which he states opinion among some people that you are not the to be in fort Gaines. When M'Queen left Tucky most attached of all your countrymen to the Batche, his property was considerable, both in manners of France." I was surprised at this, i negroes and cattle; of the former, ten grown nebecause I thought it an indiscretion, and a descent groes were taken by a half bred man, named from his dignity. I was a little embarrassed, but || Barney, nine of which he learns were sold, and determined not to deny the truth on one hand, one, a girl, is still in possession of said Barney. nor leave him to infer from it any attachment to Twenty able negroes were taken by a chief England on the other, I threw off as much gravi: | named Colonel, or Auchi Hatche, who acts also as ty as I could, and assumed an air of gayety, and an interpreter; and as he never had possession of å tone of decision, as far as was decent, and said, | any of those persons' property, nor ever did them _" That opinion, Sir, is not mistaken; I must | any injury to his knowledge, he claims a further ayow to your majesty I have no attachment but || proof of your friendship, that you will use your to my own country.' The king replied as quick | influence in procuring those negroes for him; and, as lightning; an honest man will never have any should they be given up by the persons holding other."
them, there is one faithful negro among them, The king then said a word or two to the Secre. (named Charle, who will bring them to him at tary of Stale, which being between them I did | Okolokne river. not hear, and then turned round and bowed to The American head men and officers that were me, as is customery with all kings and princes, accustomed to live near him, can testify to his ciwhen they give the signal to retire. I retreated, vility and good fellowship with them, and there stepping backwards, as is the etiquette, and llare none of them, he is convinced, that would not
serve him, if in their power; as he owes nothing, || posit of some of the Indians, to be given to the nor ever took any persons' property, none have said Bowen when called for. Further of his oria right to retain bis, and he hopes that through || gin, or manner in which he was claimed as pro. your influence, those persons now holding his ne- perty, I can't tell any thing of. You inquired why groes, will be induced to give them up.
citizens were descending this river. In answer I While I am thus advocating the cause of one say in right of, and conformably to a late treuty beunfortunate individual, allow me to claim an ex tween the United States and the Creek nation; for tension of your philanthropy to all the Indians this part of the territory was ceded to us as comwithin your circle, by your representing to them pensation for expenses and aid furnished and inthe folly of their quarrels, and that they ought to curred by the friendly Creek Indians, against live quietly and peaceably with each other. M'Queen and his party; not having any reference,
The lower Creeks seem to wish to live peace. or touching at any article or part of the treaty ably and quietly, and in good friendship with the between the United States and Great Britain. As others; but there are some designing and evil to M'Queen's having any claims on the good feelminded persons, self interested, who are endea
ing and philanthropy of any citizen of the United voring to create quarrels between the upper and States, is mock and farce, on the contrary he has lower Creek Indians, contrary to their interest, incurred both the ill will and hatred of his own their happiness, and welfare; such people belong to people and them, and has in fact, been the cause no nation, and ought not to be countenanced by any of the destruction and loss of his native country. government.
Your obdt, servt.
AM. CULLOH. why American settlers are descending the Chatta- || A. Arbuthnott, hoochie, driving the poor Indian from his habi- Oukulokiny Sound, Florida Keys. tation, and taking possession of his home and cul. (N. B. This paper, proves that Arbuthnott had tivated fields
full notice of the treaty of Fort Jackson, and of Without auihority, I can claim nothing of you; the rights of the United States under it.} but a humane and philanthropic principle guiding me, I hope the same will influence vou, and if
No 71. such is really the case, and that the line marked | Copy of a paper, without date or signature, found out by the treaty of peace between Great Britain among Arbuthnott's pupersupposed to be the anand the United States, respecting the Indian na- swer io No. 4, in the proceedings of the court martions has been nfringed upon by the subjects of tial on the trial of Arbuthnott. the latter, that you will represent to them their It is not in my power to comply with your improper conduct, and prevent its continuance. wishes, without the king's command. but you may
i hold in my possession a letter received from be assured that I shall lose no tine in submitting the governor of New Providence, addressed to
the representation you have now made to the conhim by his Britannic majesty's chief secretary of sideration of his majesty's government. state, informing him of the orders given to the British ambassador at Washington, to watch over
No. 72. the interests of the Indian nations, and see that || A. Arbuthnott to general Mitchell, agent of Indian their rights are faithfully attended to, and pro
affairs. tected agreeably to the treaty of peace, made be
Sahwahneesch Manuary,eks Nation, tween the British and Americans.
I am in hopes that ere this, there is arrived at S1R,-Kenhijee, head chief of the Lower Creek New Providence, a person from Great Britain, Nation, has called on me to request I would rewith authority to act as agent for the Indian na. || present to you the cruel and oppressive conduct tions, and if so, it will devolve on him, to see that of the American people living on the borders uf the boundary lines, as marked out by the treaty, the Indian nation, and winch he was in hopes, are not infringed upon.
from a talk you were pleased to send him some I hope you will not think these observations, weeks since, would have been put a stop to, and made by desire of the chiefs, any improper inter- || peace restored between the Indians and the ference, and requesting the favor of an answer, American people; but far from any stop being put I am respectfully, sir,
to their inroads and encroachments, they are Your obt. servant,
pouring in by hundreds at a time, not only froin (Signed)
A. ARBUTHNOTT. the land side, but both troops and settlers ascenda PS. M'Queen states, that the offspring of the ing the Appalachacola river in vessel loads. Thus negroes, when he left Tucky Batche, were seven the Iudians ave been compelled to take up arms of those taken by Barney, and nine of those taken to defend their homes from a set of lawless ina by Auche Hatchi, and he supposes they have in- vaders. creased.
Your known philanthropy and good will towards No 70.
the Indians in general, induces the chiefs to hope 1. Culloh to Arbuthnott
, Canswer to No.69,) fouud that you will lose no time in using your influence among Arbuthnott's papers
to put a stop to those invasions of their lands and Fort Gaines, 1st May, 1817. paternal birth-right, and also order that those who Dear Sir,-On being informed by the command. I have already seized on their fields may retire ng officer, that you had written in behalf of Peter therefrom. The Indians have seized two persons
Queen, for a negro man once in the possession known to have been greatly instrumental in of myself at this place, requiring the return of bringing the Americans down on their lands, and "I negro to (as you said) the rightful owner; they are now in their possession as prisoners: and see the liberty of informing you, that the said they have it in report that sales of their lands have
To is now at Fort Hawkins, Oakmulgee river, been made by those two people, without the conred by an American citizen by the name of sent, approbation, or knowledge, of the chiefs; mea White; he remained with us, he was a de.ll and from their long residence in the nation, and
the one having enjoyed great confidence in the tions contained in the treaty, in their favor, are
chief of the American government; and so soon In taking this liberty of addressing you, sir, in as he is informed thereof by the British minister behalf of the unfortunate Indians, believe me I at Washington, he will order the American peohave no wish but to see an end put to a war, ple who have taken possession of Indian lands to which, if persisted in, I foresee, must eventually
draw back to their own possessions. be their ruin; and as they were not the aggres. “ The Indian nations are all one great family; sors, if, in the height of their rage they commit they possess lands their great forefathers handed any excesses, that you will overlook them, as the down to them, and they ought to hand them down just ebullitions of an indignant spirit against an entire to their children. If they sell their land, invading foe.
what do they receive for it? Nothing that will last. I have the honor to be, &c. &c.
It is wasted away in a few years. Whether, there-
A. ARBUTHNOTT. fore, they sell or give it away, they are robbing
their children of the inheritance they had a right
live as such with each other. Let the four nations Camp before St. Marks, 2 ll join in bonds of brotherly love; let them smoke
April 8th, 1818. S the pipe of peace; let the cultivation of their The foregoing letter was produced to A. Ar. lands be their chief object during spring and sumbuthnott, on his examination before me, and ac mer, and hunting their diversion d: ring winter; knowled by him to have been written by him to and the produce of their labor will be bought by general Niitchell, agent of the Creek nation. good people, who will come and deal with them, (Signer)
ANDREW JACKSON. when they know there is any thing to be purPresent, Jr. Fulton.
chased for goods or money
“ If the Americans or other nations live near Supplementary Document,
them, let them live in friendship with them, and Received since the Letter to Mr. Erving was for- | keep up a good understanding, but on no account warded.
sell or give away any of their lands. I recominend [From the Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, a this as a friend of humanity, and of good order. London Newspaper, of August 27, 1818.]
“ Okolokne, March 11, 1817.” The following letters, in addition to those al. ready made public, tend to show the deep inte
“ The head chiefs of the upper Creek nation rest' which this unfortunate gentleman took in have desired me, Oponey, to get the straight for procuring redress for what he conceived to be them; what is written in the foregoing I believe the unprovoked aggressions of the American back to be the true and straight talk received from an Kettlers, on the Indian boundary line.
Englishman," who carried two deputies to New A. Arbuthnatt to the commanding officer at Fort lokne. I, Oponey, have been sent by you, the
Providence, and has returned with them to Oko-
head chiefs of the upper Creek nation, to see the [This is an extract from the letter No. 69 in Iquietly and peaceably, and wish to do so, with all
Seminole Indians. I have done so; they live this collection, consisting of the four paragraplus their red brethren, in every part of the nation. before the last, which is omitted. See the docu
“Opoy Hatcho has desired me to see those ment No. 69, and the answer to it, No. 70.]
things; I have done so; and see all quiet, and had Copy of a talk sent from the British Agent in East the talk I now send you, and shaken hands with
Florida, to the Big Warrior, head chief of the the friend who gave it me.
“ That the friend I have met came over with of When the English made peace with the goods, by desire of the chiefs of the lower tuwis, and Americans, they included the whole of the Indian
is a true friend to the Indians. The various and nations, viz: Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and
untrue talks that you sent me, from time to time, Cherokee. Those naiions were guaranteed in must be made by some person an enemy to us all the quiet possession of their lands, and the red brethren, and ought not to be listened to; let Americans engaged to give up such lands of the me know who they are, and send me an answer Indians as they had taken possession of during the as soon as possible to the present talk.
OPONEY, his x mark. “ If they have not done so, or if they bave been “Written by order of the aforesaid Oponey, the making further encroachiments, the chiefs have | 11th of March, 1817. only to represent their complaints, and the age
A. ARBUTHNOTT. gressions of the Americans to the governor of " WitnessNew Providence, who will forward them to En.
“(Signed) AAROX MORIS.” gland, or get them conveyed to the British minis. ter at Washington, who has orders from the king of England, to see that the rights of the nations European Views of American Affairs. abovementioned are protected, and the stipula- || From Bell's London Messenger of March 28, re
ceived at the Office of the Boston Patriot. * [This appears to be the same talk, with the letter to the Little Prince, mentioned in the proceedings of the court mar.
The late week has produced two foreign artis tial on Arbuthnott's trial.)
* See Arbutbrott's Journal, Xo, 68.
cles of intelligence, of considerable importance; ) and to the Spanish government, and under these indeed one of them much more pregnant with feelings wished to pusli the frontier boundary of consequences than it may now appear. These the United Stat-s towards Mexico. It is thus events rre, the final cession of Florida, by the stated in the Gazette of the government, and may court of Madrid, to the government of the United be therefore deemed almost official, that there States, and the project of the law for governing | was a strong indisposition in the American Senate the French press.
to relinquish the territory between the Sabine and As respects the cession of the Floridas, we have the Rio del Norte, the line of demarcation origi. long been persuaded thai the Spanisia governinentnally contended for, a league of which is justly would at length consent to this cession, and would leerned of more value to the United States (and make the besi bargain, for a profitable exchange, which would include a considerable portion of for what had long become only burthens me. seaboard on the Gulf of Mexico) than the whole The Floridas, however valuable in themselves, || territory west of the Rocky Mountains, which, for were noi of a nature to become of any value to a centuries to come, can be of very little importance government like that of Ferdinand, whose spirit | to the United States. is to reap what others sow, and to procure its re- The other principal article of foreign intellivenue by an enormous taxation upon commerce | gence, is the French project for a new law to and mines. Florida, though a vast and unbroken | regulate the press. We think, ourselves, that mine of agricultural produce, has no mines of sil these intended 'regulations go a little too far, and ver and gold; it wants capital to commence its | rather lead to the servitude of the public press, agricultural operations, and industry to continue than to the due regulation of its liberty.' But them; it wants good laws, enlightened magis- | perhaps the French press may, under the present trates, and a reformed religion. But Ferdinand state of things, require this greater degree of lcand his government could supply nothing of these gal control. Parties and passions still run very necessities. Florida, therefore, in their hands, strong; and we understand that some of their po. was the vineyard of the sluggard. Its hedges litical paidphlets are written with a most audaci. were broken down, or rather not planted; its ous contempt of the authority of law and govern. fields were untilled, and its noble waters and ri
We cannot say that we feel much sympa. vers were choaked with mud. Spain, under thy for the French writers; for in no kingdom in these circumstances, has ceded little in ceding the Europe is the public press more scandalous, in. Floridas.
decent, and irreligious. We have often had occasion to say that the Americans are a very acute people, and see their
MISCELLANY. interest at as long a distance as the most profound Athens.—The following letter from a gentleman, politicians of Europe It was with a view to the dated Syracuse, to his brother in this place, alpresent cession that they sent a mission along the though it tells us of nothing new, is yet interest. Suth American coast, during the last summer. ling to us, inasmuch as it contains the names of The avowed object of that mission was to inquire men and places, the bare mention of which prointo the actual relations of the emancipated cities | duce the most agreeable associations. We did and provinces of South America The real pur- || not know much of modern Greece until Byron pose was to hold out a very intelligible menace to and Hobhouse visited it with such enthusiasm of the government of Madrid, and thereby to convey classic feeling. When the Morca was spoken of, a hint, which, in the recent negotiations with res. it excited no other sensations than would any pect to Florida, has not been lost upon the Span other place which occurs in the log book of a sea ish ministers. This policy is equivalent to that of || captain: the old title of Peleponessus had almost a private dealer, who desirous of getting a good sunk into oblivion, and Greece was only thought price for his commodity, points out a second bid of when associated with the era of Socrates or der whilst he is dealing with the first. • Do you Epaminondas. The pens of Byron and Chateauas you please. I think myself bound in honor to briand have redeemed this lovely country, with give you the refusal; but you see another chap | its delightful islands, from entire oblivion. It is man is at the door.”
a subject of gratulation to us that an American Nor will the republican ambition of the Ameri- | feels pleasure in eren viewing the ruins of can people remain satisfied, even with this acqui- | Athens; it argues a mind of taste, and proves that sition, though the immediate result of it be, that considerable progress has already been made in in any future war with England, it exposes our other studies, than those which constitute the West Indian Islands to such rapid and successive usual accomplishments of an American supercarinvasions as must exhaust any fleet we can send 89. The writer gives us some disagreeable into save or recover them With the single excep: telligence respecting that comet of genius, lord 'tion of Jamaica, which is of sufficient extent and Byron. From an article that lately appeared in resources to provide for her own defence, all the the Port Folio, describing this poet's residence Carribean Islands are at the mercy of the United and manner of living in Mytelene, we were in. States; and upon this simple principle, that they duced to believe tiiat the errors of his character will not be worth the expense of successive re- reflected misery and wretchedness on himself conquests by a government so remote as that of alone; his philanthrophy and romantic benevo. Great Britain. This is our consideration, but we | lence are there highly spoken of. This idea is do not think it of much importance. Another scarcely reconcileable with the statement that his consideration is the progressive spirit becoming course through Greece was marked by debauchedaily more manifest in the American people and ry and licentiousness. His character, however, government. The acquisition of Florida has al. is too eccentric for cominon calculation; we yet ready excited some avowed longings with respect hope that a reformation may take place, and that to Mexico itself Their popular writers, and the embalming, quality of his genius will carry even the American Senate, begin to speculate | down to posterity a character of less moral lurpiupon the comparative value of Mexico to America il tude than the one he now supports.
“ We left Tripoli on the 9th of October, and, || rapacious hands could grasp, and the navy of passing within sight of Mount Ida, in Crete, we his country carry away; and the ruins of the landed at the Pireus, the harbor of ancient Athens; || Parthenon may be considered as the monument we ascended the acropolis or citadel, celebrated of the latter. Lord Byron is also known here; as the place to which the aged and nfirm retired his course through these countries has been when Themistocles persuaded the inhabitants to marked by licentiousness, and the degenerate leave their city, their pride, and their glory, and || inhabitants of modern Athens will long be the embark for Salamis; this place is now only dis recorders of his immoralities. Of this city I tinguished by the temple of Victory, the double | conclude in the words of Chateaubriand: temple of Minerva and Neptune, and the Par. " The ruins here have a character of sadness, thenon, that unrivalled specimen of ancient ar. which depresses the spirits of the spectator; for chitecture; these temples, which are of entire he sees not the gradual progress of time, but the marble, and are viewed as master pieces of art, | ruinous havoc of the hand of man! these revolu. were erected by Pericles during the most brilliant tions have been more terrible than those properiod of Athenian history; the bas reliefs, wbich duced by the lapse of ages, for they are rather represent the battle of the Centaurs and the La destructions than ruins! time seems to have delepithae, and the principal events in the life of Mi. 1 gated his power to man, who in a moment has nerva, are supposed to be the work of Phidias, ruined wbiat centuries could not have destroyed, and the few which have been spared by the hand and what ages could not replace!" of time, and the still more destructive rapacity of
[Pittsburg Gazette. travellers, are esteemed invaluable, both for design and execution. Quitting the acropolis, I Marriage of Deaf and Dumb Persons. In the passed near the monuments of Cimon and Thu- ' register of St. Martin's Parish, Leicester, Decimo cidides, and ascended the hill of Mars, where are ; quinto Februarii, 18 Eliz. regina. still to be seen the remains of the seats of the
Thomas Tilsly and Ursula Russent, were mararcopagus, that tribunal, whose intregritry alone ried; and because the said Thomas is naturally survived amidst the universal degeneracy of deaf and dumb, could not for his part, observe Greece; below this is the Pnyx, or place for po the order of the form of marriage After the pular assemblies, from whose rostrum was once approbation had from Thomas the Bishop of Linheard the resistless eloquence of Pericles, and coln, John Chippendale, LLD. and commissary, which witnessed the disgraceful act of ostracism and Mr. Richard Davis, Mayor of Leicester, and dooming Aristides to banishment; from this spot others of his brethren, with the rest of the the eloquent Alcibiades determined this fickle parish, the said Thomas, for expressing of his people to the fatal expedition against Sicily, and mind, instead of worus of his own accord, used Demosthenes and Phocion thundered their ana. these signs; first, he embraced her with his arms, themas against the ambition of Philip, which took her by the hand, and put a ring on her fin. drew down upon their heads the implacable ha- ger, and laid his hand upon his heart, and held tred of his son Alexarder. The sublime Socrates up his hands towards heaven; and to shew his here taught the doctrine of the immortality of continuance to dwell with her to his life's end, the soul; he was here condemned to death, and he did it by closing his eyes with his hands, and a few paces distant may be seen the ruins of the digging the earth with his feet, and pulling as prison in which he drew his last sigh
though he would ring a bell, with other signs “ After passing over the ruins of ancient approved. Athens, we called upon the French consul, M. Fauvel, to examine his collection; in a few mi.
From the Crawford Messenger. nutes he entered, and we soon discovered that a On the 1st of this instant, at the farm occupied residence of 20 years among the barbarians of by James Rogers, in the vicinity of this place, as modern Athens had not deprived him of that po- the young men were throwing the sheaves of liteness so peculiar to his nation, and so gratifying wheat from off the stack, for the purpose of to strangers; his collection is antique, and I sup threshing, a living hen was uncovered, which had pose valuable; ancient vases, coins, fragments of been enclosed within the stack when it was first columns and capitals, copies of medals, and pieces | built, (in August last.) I happened to be preof stútues are spread around in great profusion; sent, and was careful in the examination of all every thing modern is here excluded; the pre- the circumstances attending this phenomenon. sent world and its productions are unknown to She lay at the top of the outside sheaf, close to this worthy antiquarian, and he appears buried in the but end of the sheaf which binds the heart of the dust of antiquity As an evidence of the to. the stack, in a hole like a common nest, and so tal abstraction of his mind from the transactions || closely confined, that she could not turn herselfof modern politics and of governments, he asked her head towards the centre-her excrements “if Quebec was not the capital of America;' and were voided in one spot about three inches in yet I do not give this as an instance of his igno. diameter; the moisture of which had sunk down: rance; it only proves his devotedness to other ward and caused the shieaf to rot in that place. pirsnits, and all agree that he is a man of consi There was no appearance of her having eaton derable talents; of America, or of any other coun any of the grain. When first uncovered to the try, he can know but little; he has transporter | fresh air, she appeared in distress, and made a himself back to the splendid eras of ancient noise as is common when disturbed in the night, Athens, and his studies and his researches are all only very weak, but soon fell asleep again. She directed to periods long past.
died in about an hour. “ From many canses Athens will ever interest Mrs. Rogers cut her open; there was very. the traveller; among modern ones, the two most little fiesh upon her, and no blood-her gizzard known are Lord Elgin, and Morosini the Vene contained nothing but two small pieces of gravel tian; these will be long remembered by the in -her craw or ingluvies appeared like a little habitants; the former has removed whatever his "bas, perfectly empty, as were her intestines.