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ted on the 1st of June of the present year, com-
municated to this house on the 12th instant; and
also the correspondence, if any, between the De-
partment of War and general Andrew Jackson, in
answer to the letter of the latter, of the date of
the 7th of May, 1818, also communicated to this
house on the 12th instant," has the honor to
transmit an extract of a letter written by major
Vandeventer, chief clerk, Department of War, in
reply to general Jackson's letter of the 7th of
May, 1818, and to state that no letter was written
by this Department to the governor of Georgia,
in answer to his letter of the 1st of June, 1818.
Department of War,
J. C. CALHOUN.

Dec. 30, 1818.

The President of the United States.

By the Speaker, a memorial from B. 4. Latrobe,
late surveyor of the public buildings, complaining
of and protesting against some passages in the
report of the present architect to Congress re-

Extract of a letter from major C. Vandeventer,
chief clerk, to major general Andrew Jackson,specting the arch in the northern wing of the
dated

These amendments were not objected to by Mr. Mercer, and were, as well as the original motion, all agreed to.

Mr. Strother moved to amend the resolution so as to direct a report to be made also of the number and names of the slave ships, if any, and the ports from which they had sailed, if they could be ascertained.

Tuesday, January 5. Among the many petitions presented to the house this morning, were the following:

By Mr. Sergeant, from sundry citizens of Philadelphia, remonstrating against the condemnation and sale of slaves, in execution of the provisions of the laws prohibiting their importation.

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By Mr. Little, the memorial of sundry mer. chants of Baltimore, whose vessels were sunk for defence of the place during the late war, praying for compensation.

"Department of War, June 2, 1818. "Your letters of the 7th of April, one without date, and of the 26th of April, are received.

"The President of the United States and the Secretary of War are out of town. The former will return about the 15th instant, the latter not before the middle of next month. So soon as the President returns, your despatches, together with your orders to major Davis, commanding the arrest of captain Wright, and a copy of your letter to the governor of Georgia, in relation to the horrid and atrocious destruction of the Chehaw village, will be laid before him. In the mean time I am advised to communicate the "opinion" that the trial of captain Wright, by court martial, is decidedly preferable to a civil prosecution in the federal court."

Ordered to lie on the table, and to be printed The following resolution was introduced by Mr. Mercer, and agreed to:

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Navy be directed to report to this house a copy of such instructions, if any, as may have been issued by his Department, in pursuance of the act of Congress of 1807, prohibiting the importation of slaves, to the commanders of the armed vessels of the United States, for the purpose of inter-remaining 35 sections of land in the reservation cepting, on the coast of Africa, or elsewhere, such at the Sciota Salt Works, and to apply, the provessels as have been engaged in the slave trade. ceeds of the sale to the use of the state, as the Mr Mercer also submitted the following reso-said Legislature may deem most proper. lution:

On motion of Mr. Campbell, the committee on the public lands were instructed to inquire into the expediency of passing a law to vest in the Legislature of the state of Ohio power to sell the

Mr. Floyd wished, also, that the names of the places where the vessels are owned should be added to that of the place whence they sailed.

Mr. Cobb desired to amend this resolve further, so as to require information by whom, as well as where, the vessels were owned.

building.

Mr. Smith, of Md. reported, from the committee of ways and means, a bill for the relief of Jas. Gooding and Jas. Williams.

Mr. Pindall, from a select committee appointed at the last session, reported a bill to authorize the prosecution of suits in the nature of petitions of right and informations of instruction in cases in which the United States are concerned.

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be directed to report to this house the number and names of the slave ships, if any, which have been seized and condemned within the United States for violation of the laws thereof against the importation of slaves, and if any negroes, mulattoes, or persons of color, have been found on On motion of Mr. Smyth, the committee of board such vessels, their number, and the dispo-commerce and manufactures were instructed to sition which has been inade of them by the seve-inquire into the expediency of fixing the standard ral state governments under whose jurisdiction of weights and measures. they have fallen.

On motion of Mr. Sutherland, the committee on so much of the President's Message as relates to the Militia, were instructed to inquire whether any, and, if any, what alteration or amendments to the laws of the United States, are necessary, to ensure an equitable enrolment and annual returns of the Militia of the respective states.

These bills were twice read and co amitted. Mr. H. Nelson, from the judiciary committee, made an unfavorable report on the petition of Martha J. Cobb, widow of Elk. Cobs, who prays to be allowed the exclusive use of certain inventions made by her deceased husband, but never patented; which was concurred in.

Mr. Cobb, from a select committee, reported an amendment to the bill explanatory of the act for the sale of certain public lots; which, on motion of Mr. Smith, was ordered to lie on the table.

On motion of Mr. Taylor, the daily hour of meeting of this house was directed to be, for the remainder of the session, eleven o'clock.

On motion of Mr. Sampson, the committee of ways and means were instructed to inquire into the expediency of amending the 5th section of the act laying a duty on imported salt, &c. so that the owner of every vessel above 20 tons, employed in the fisheries, shall receive an allowance of four dollars for each and every ton of such vessel's burden: Provided, that the allowance aforesaid, for any one vessel, for one season, shall not exceed 340 dollars.

The Speaker laid before the house a letter from the Navy Department, accompanying a number

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of copies of the Navy Register, for 1819; and a List, transmitted by the first comptroller of the Treasury, of those persons who have not rendered accounts for settlement within the year preceding. The committee of the whole having been charged, on motion of Mr. Rich, from the further consideration of the bill to authorize the Rockville and Washington Turnpike Company to make the road as far as the city boundary, the same was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading.

A message was received from the President of the United States, by his private secretary, trans-6,000 dollars; for building a powder magazine at mitting, for the information of the house, a copy Baton Rouge, 20,000 dollars. of the convention with Spain, (ante, page 18,) and a copy of a letter from Don Luis de Onis, to the Secretary of State, in reply to the letter of the latter to the former, of the 30th November; and the house adjourned.

For cannon, powder, and shot, to fulfil existing contracts; for mounting cannon, and for purchase of lead, 191,200 dollars.

Wednesday, January 6.

On motion of Mr. Crowell, Resolved, That the committee on the public lands be instructed to inquire into the expediency of authorizing by law the sale of such townships of land in the Alabama territory, as have been returned by the surveyors as not, in their opinion, worth two dollars per acre, and consequently not surveyed or offered for sale.

The engrossed bill to authorize the President and Managers of the Rockville and Washington Turnpike Company to extend and make said road within the District, was read a third time, passed and sent to the Senate for concurrence.

The orders of the day being then annour.ced, a motion was made by Mr. Smith, of Maryland, to take up, out of its turn, the bill making appropriations for the support of the Military Establishment for 1819. This departure from the usual course of business requires the unanimous consent of the House. Mr. Mercer, of Virginia, objected, and the question was therefore not put.

Mr. Smith then moved to postpone all the orders of the day which preceded that bill, in order to take it up.

For the erection and completion of arsenals, to wit: for completing the arsenal at Augusta, in dis-Georgia, 50,000 dollars; for erecting a powder magazine at Frankford, near Philadelphia, 15,000 dollars; for completing the arsenal and other works at Watertown, near Boston, 20,000 dollars; for completing the arsenal and other works at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 5,000 dollars; for a levee round the arsenal at Watervliet, New York,

On this motion a short debate took place, in the course of which Messrs. Williams, of N. C. Mercer, Smith, Storrs, Tucker, Floyd and Read spoke. The result of the question was, by a small majority, to go into committee.

The bill in question embraces the following items of appropriation:

For subsistence, (in addition to 200,000 dollars already appropriated,) 506,600 dollars.

For forage for officers, 26,496 dollars.
For clothing, 400,000 dollars.

For bounties and premiums, 62,500 dollars.
For the medical and hospital departments,
50,000 dollars.

For the quarter-master's department, 550,000 dollars.

For contingencies of the army, 60,000 dollars. For arrearages, arising from a deficiency in the appropriation to pay outstanding claims, 100,000 dollars.

For fortifications, 500,000 dollars. For making a survey of the water courses tributary to, and west of the Mississippi; also, those tributary to the same river, and north-west of the Ohio, 6,500 dollars.

For the current expenses of the ordnance department, 100,000 dollars.

For the armories at Springfield and Harper's Ferry, 375,000 dollars.

For arming and equipping the militia, 200,000 dollars.

To provide for the payment of the retained bounty, and the per diem travelling allowance of pay and subsistence to soldiers discharged from the army in the year 1819, 92,500 dollars.

For the purchase of maps, plans, books and instruments for the War Department, 1,500 dollars.

For fuel, maps, plans, books, erection of quarters and other buildings, and for contingent expenses for the Academy at West Point, 55,640 dol

lars.

For marking and running the boundary line of the several cessions of land made by the Indians,

15,000 dollars.

For the payment of half pay pensions to widows and orphans, 200,000 dollars.

For the annual allowance to invalid pensioners of the United States, 368,039 dollars.

For the annual allowance to the revolutionary pensioners, under the law of March 18, 1818, 1,708,500 dollars.

For arrearages arising from a deficiency in the appropriation for paying the revolutionary pensions in the year, 1818, 139,400 dollars and 85

cents.

For the Indian department, including arrearages incurred by holding Indian treaties, 213,000 dol

lars.

For annuity to the Creek nation, under the treaty of 1802, 3,000 dollars.

into a committee of the whole, a debate arose, of
The House having accordingly resolved itself
a desultory but interesting character, occupying
two or three hours, in the course of which Messrs.

Clay, Barbour, Smith, of Md. Trimble, Tucker,
Mercer, Williams, of N. C. Lowndes, Johnson, of
Va. and Johnson, of Ky. bore a part.

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The result of the debate was, that the committee rose, reported progress, and obtained leave to sit again.

After ordering some papers relative to one of the items of the bill to be printed, it was,

On motion of Mr. Mercer,

Resolved, That the Secretary of War be directed to report to this House the present strength and distribution of the Army of the United States, and to subjoin to such report the number and value of the extra days' labor performed by the several detachments thereof, respectively, in the year ending on the 30th day of October last, upon roads or other objects of fatigue duty, together with a statement of such objects, if any there are, of a similar nature, to which it is contemplated to direct the labor of the troops in the current year, distinguishing the sums expended on roads. Thursday, January 7.

Mr. Livermore, from the committee on post offices and post roads, reported a bill to increase

The QUEEN of England died at one o'clock in the afternoon of the 17th of last November. Her

disease (a dropsy) terminated in a mortification;

and it is said she expired with great composure and without a struggle.

32

the compensation of the assistant post masters general, which was twice read and committed

Mr. Bellinger, from the committee on the pub. lic buildings, made a report, accompanied by a bill making appropriations for the public build ings, for the purchase of a certain lot of ground containing a fountain of water, and for supplying with water certain public buildings; which bill was twice read and committed.

On motion of Mr. Herbert,

Don JOSEPH MASSOT, late Governor of Pensacola, has arrived at the Havana, from Campeachy. The Bank of the United States, by advertiseResolved, That the Secretary of the Treasuryment under date of Jan. 4th, 1819, has declared be instructed to report to this house a statement of the debts, credits, and funds, of the incorpo- a dividend of two and one half per cent. on the carated banks of the District of Columbia, required|pital stock-we presume for half a year; for the by the 19th section of the act of Congress, enti advertisement does not specify that particular. tled "An act to incorporate the subscribers to Sir SAMUEL ROMILLY, a celebrated English lawcertain banks in the District of Columbia, and to prevent the circulation of the notes of unincor-yer, and member of Parliament for Westminster, porated associations within the said District."

On motin of Mr. Floyd,

put a period to his life in a fit of insanity, by cuthis throat, on the 2d. of November last. The recent death of his wife is said to have been the cause of it.

Resolved, That the committee on the judiciarying be instructed to inquire into the expediency of creating a law to define and panish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offences against the law of nations.

The bill for the relief of Thomas Hall Jervey, passed through a committee of the whole, Mr. Desha in the chair, received an amendment, and was ordered to a third reading

The Speaker laid before the house a letter from the Secretary of State, transmitting a list of persons who have obtained patents in the past year.

The house then again resumed, in committee of the whole, Mr. Hugh Nelson in the chair, the bill making appropriations for the military esta blishment for the year 1819.

The discussion of a particular provision of this bill, commenced yesterday, was resumed, and continued for some time.

The committee did not get through the bill, before it rose, and obtained leave to sit again.

On motion of Mr. Mercer, it was

Resolved, That the Secretary of War be directed to include in the report of the strength of the army, called for by the resolution of yesterday, the amount in value, if any, of the extra compensa. tion, in subsistence, clothing or pay, allowed the troops for extra labor, during the year ending on the 30th October last, in fatigue duties, distin guishing that which has been bestowed in compensation for labor on roads.

Mr. Mercer then laid on the table the following resolution:

By the latest accounts, the British Parliament had been prorogued to the 20th of December last.

The dispute between Gen. ADAIR and Gen. JACKSON, it is said, has been satisfactorily accommodated, through the friendly interference of the venerable Governor SHELBY, of Kentucky.

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The VICE-PRESIDENT of the United States has arrived in the City of Washington, and taken his seat as President of the Senate.

Resolved. That the committee on military af fairs be instructed to report to this house, a bill to reduce to one the number of Major Generals of the army of the United States.

SMITH THOMPSON, Secretary of the Navy, has arrived, and assumed the administration of his department. Directors of the Bank of the United States for 1819.

The following persons were, on the 4th instant, appointed by the Stockholders to be Directors of the Bank of the United States for the ensuing

year.

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Joshua Lippincott,
John Coulter,
John Lisle,

John Connell,
Daniel Lainmot,
Gustavus Colhoun,

William Jones,
James C. Fisher,
John Sergeant,

John Bolton, of Savan- Henry Foland,

Charles Chauncey,
Joseph Dugan,
James Schott,

Langdon Cheves, of
5. Carolina.
John Potter, of do.
Joan Oliver, of Balt.
George Williams, do.
George Hoffman, do.
Archd Gracie, N. Y.
William Jones has been unanimously re-elected
President.

EDITOR'S CABINET.

CITY OF WASHINGTON, January 9, 1819. Official Notices, &c. &c.-JONATHAN RUSSELL, the minister plenipotentiary of the United States to the court of Sweden, left Stockholm, on his return to America, on the 23d of October last. CHRISTOPHER HUGHES, junior, secretary of the legation, remains as charge-des-affairs.

History of Congress.—The business of the House of Representatives is at length becoming lively. The chairman of the committee of ways and means has been most wittily mauled for want of informa tion in relation to a particular item of expenditure contained in the bill making appropriations for the support of the military establishment for 1819. We shall, next week, present our readers with a picture, in our way, of the discussion that arose on Count SANDELS is the Swedish vice-roy of Nor- the occasion. Mr. CLAY was remarkably keen, and

way.

most brilliantly satirical.

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No. 3.]

WASHINGTON CITY, JANUARY 16, 1819.

[VOL. VII

Printed and Published, every Saturday, by Lawrence, Wilson, & Co. at five dollars per annum.

cupies in the view of the public, it is wholly intellectual. He never attracted a single suffrage in his favor by the blandishment of manners of the graces of courtesy. Studious from his earliest youth, he continues to be so in his riper years; and his mental labors are astonishing, when we reflect that he is the practical organ of a department of government which is intrusted with the management of affairs of the first importance, both at home and abroad. The mind of Mr. Adams is strictly logical; and although he is evi

FOR THE NATIONAL REGISTER.

American Gallery of Portraits-No. I.dently a considerable master of the rhetorical art. he is never inclined to use it except on extraordinary occasions. In every case that calls for the in-exercise of his judgment, he appears to seek alone for the facts and the rule of decision which leads to the proper conclusion. This cautious adhe rence to reason, this guarded aversion to the indulgence of feeling, has induced superficial politicians to pronounce him cold. There never was a more erroneous opinion. The secret of this apparent frigidity is, in truth, a strong sensibility, which has compelled Mr. Adams to resort to a mental discipline, from which he does not depart, lest he should be hurried into the regions of fancy, where there is neither anchorage nor pilot, A cold-minded man was never yet a wit; and we have heard several witty things attributed to him:

Contents of this No. of the National Register.
ORIGINAL.-American Gallery of Portraits, No. 1, 33.-
Editor's Cabinet-History of Congress, 47.-Delaplaine's
Repository, 48.
SELECTED.-Military Affairs-Report of the Secretary of
War concerning the Military Peace Establishment, 35.-
Manufactures, Commerce, and Navigation-Prizes not to
be sold at St. Bartholomews, 39--Rapid sailing, 40.-Lite-
rature-Tragedy by John Howard Payne, 40.-Proceed-
ings of Congress, 40.-Voyages and Discoveries-North
Pole Expedition, 46.-Banks-Explanation from certain
State Banks at Philadelphia, 47.

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. To draw in perfection the visible features of dividual man, has at all times been considered an art of very difficult attainment: How much more difficult must it be to depict the intellectual traits of the human character? The writer knows not whether he is about to add to the thousand caricatures which have been propagated in relation to men and mind; but he is not afraid to assert the purity of his intentions. His object is to make his Countrymen better acquainted with the remarkable personages of the times, and to pourtray them according to their true merits.

their voices in his praise. They should consider that knowledge is not acquired by trifling; and that an individual who cultivates the sentiment of patriotism in its fullest extent can have but little time to sacrifice to the graces.

Every person in society, whether in private or in public life, presents himself for contemplation in two aspects: the first, as it regards his reputa-an icy heart never won a friend; and it will not be tion; the second, as it respects his real character-denied that Mr. Adams has many and warm The world in general is governed by the first, be- friends. His ambition, indeed, has been more to cause the world in general is like the head of a become an useful citizen than a pleasant compadrum, which only re-echoes the sounds that are nion; and hence the frivolous and the volatile, who produced from it by the dexterity of the drum-look at affairs' only on the surface, have not joined mer. Character can only be perceived by those to whom nature has given penetration and judgment, and with whom reputation passes for nothing if it is contradicted by the actions which con stitute character. Not to advert to a more divine example, Socrates affords a striking illustration of the truth of these remarks. He was put to death by the Athenians from the evil report of his enemies, who framed for him an infamous reputation: but succeeding generations have done justice to his memory; and his character, presented to pos-rightly understood? In a monarchy, he that interity in genuine colors, stands foremost among clines to authority in government, is commonly an those of the sages of antiquity who are reputed enemy to the rights of man, and is justly liable to the most virtuous and the most wise. suspicion on the part of the friends of liberty In the United States, authority means nothing more than the reign of the law. To a well-regulated mind the law of the land is the great rule of action; and the disregard of it is a certain sign of dissoluteness of thought. Too nice an adherence to the dictates of reason, nevertheless, will, in te̱

Without being a courtier, Mr. Adams leans a good deal to the side of authority in government. It is this feature of his character which has ren-, dered him hitherto rather unpopular with the republican party. But has this inclination been

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS is one of the few statesmen of America who have obtained, among their cotemporaries, a reputation nearly corresponding with their intrinsic characters. In his case, how. ever, the latter has always been, in some degree, superior to the former. Whatever ground he oc

multuary periods, often convey to the senses of With him, it is always his country. Is he prudent?
the mass of a people the idea of austerity, and Is he cautious? It is for his country. Is he bold
even of aristocracy; because the thorny virtue of and spirited? It is still for his country. If he has
irreproachable rectitude pricks the consciences of taken a stand in relation to the Independence of
those factions orators who mislead mankind, and South America repugnant to the feelings of en-
whose political morality is measured solely by|| thusiasts, it is because he does not act wholly for
convenience. If, during sixteen years of his lite- himself but for the nation. Is it allowable for an
rary and public life, Mr. Adams supported the individual to endeavor to execute his own particu.
measures of administration which were deemed lar desires through the instrumentality of govern-
odious, we cannot, at least, accuse him of being a ment? Certainly not. A man who acts for himself
demagogue. He was the advocate of the empire alone, may rush, at will, into all sorts of dangers.
of the law, in opposition to that wilderness of no- If he perishes, the evil of his conduct perishes
tions engendered by the fluctuations of the French with him. But a statesman who acts for a whole
Revolution; and it is worthy of grave considera- people, must, if he would act with propriety, curb
tion, whether the administrations of George his own propensities, and shape his conduct ac-
Washington and John Adams, by the barrier which cording to the interests of his fellow citizens. If
they opposed to the libertinism of the times, from iis natural for the Spanish Americans to look for
1789 to 1800, did not do as much service to the countenance and succor from the only established
United States, as the labors of those whose efforts free republic in the world, it is quite as natural that
were impelled by an impetuous enthusiasm to a that republic, standing alone, should pursue mea-
less constrained system of politics. Let those who sures calculated to preserve itself as a germinating
have been the partizans of revolutionary France, and regenerating principle for other political com-
through all the eventful changes of her destiny,munities. When Kings combine in "holy leagues,"
examine themselves at this day with candor, and the solitary Republic of the West should guard its
decide whether they were not guided more by institutions with a sacred discretion, till popula-
passion than by principle? Who that admired the||tion and improvement shall afford strength suffi-
generous efforts of the French constituent assem- cient to enable it to dictate limits to the opera-
bly, could consistently continue their admiration tions of arbitrary power. This discretion does not
of Gallic politics through twenty-five years of imply hostility to freedom; it tends, on the con-
dreadful vicissitudes, including the predominancy trary, to give to it stability, and to inspire mankind
of Robespierre and the despotism of Napoleon? with confidence in a form of government which
There have been, notwithstanding, men who, a- tyrants in every age have said could not be ren-
midst all these direful changes, have stood the dered durable. Whenever any considerable por-
fast, the devoted friends of French revolution,|| tion of Spanish America shall demonstrate that it
whichsoever way it rolled, and still called them is unalterably united, and irrevocably determined
selves the adherents of the cause of freedom! to be independent, exhibiting, at the same time,
Leaning, he did, to constitutional authority-internal resources adequate to sustain such a posi-
a little strained, perhaps-Mr. Adams was, never- tion, Mr. Adams, we predict, will be found as
theless, neither its tool nor the instrument of fac. prompt as the loudest brawler to recognise it; and
tion. When danger thickened around the re- so much the more reliance may, in that case, be
public, from both sides of the British channel, placed in his decision, as it will have been the re-
and the federal party was disposed to avail itself sult of calm consideration and not an ebullition of
of the critical moment to embarrass Mr. Jefferson's feeling or a Sempronian trick of intrigue.
administration, Mr. Adams separated himself from
it; and, with a peculiar delicacy, as he could not
express the false principles of the men who, in
1805, ruled Massachusetts, be resigned his seat in
the Senate of the United States. At this crisis he
neither hesitated nor looked back. He threw
himself, unconditionally, into the bosom of the re-dollar and every acre; and, with regard to the Se-
publican party, uncertain of his reception but con-
fident in his motives.

If, however, caution has swayed him with re-
spect to Spanish American affairs, he has not
permitted himself to hesitate upon occasions
where the positive rights of the United States
have been concerned. In the negotiations with
Spain, he has contended, in justice, for every

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minole war, he has generously thrown himself, with the mighty shield of his talents, in the breach From that period to the present day we have of opinion which exists in the community touchfound him invariably laboring for his country.ing the proceedings of General Jackson in FloWhether we view him in the Senate, or at St. rida, and nobly vindicates, upon irrefragable Petersburgh; at Ghent, at London, or in the De-grounds, and at the peril of an opposing and acpartment of State at Washington; the same devo- tive animosity, the military deportment of that tion has uniformly been manifest in his labors. intrepid and intelligent soldier, in the embarrass

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