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led on the 1st of June of the present year, com.

These amendments were not objected to by municated to this house on the 12th instant; and Mr: Mercer, and were, as well as the original no. also the correspondence, if any, between the De- Il tion, all agreed to. partment of War and general Andrew Jackson, ini

Tuesday, January 5. answer to the letter of the latter, of the date of || Among the many petitions presented to the the 7th of May, 1818, also communicated to this house this morning, were the following: house on the 12th instant,” has the honor to By Mr. Sergeant, from sundry citizens of Philatransmit an extract of a letter written by major delphia, remonstrating against the condemnation Vandeventer, chief clerk, Department of War, in and sale of slaves, in execution of the provisions reply to general Jackson's letter of the 7th of of the laws prohibiting their importation. May, 1818, and to state that no letter was written By Mr. Little, the memorial of sundry mer. by this Department to the governor of Georgia, chants of Baltimore, whose vessels were sunk for in answer to his letter of the 1st of June, 1818. defence of the place during the late wai, praying Department of War,

J. C. CALHOUN. || for compensation. Dec. 30, 1818.

By the Speaker, a memorial from B. I. Latrobe, The President of the United States.

late surveyor of the public buildings, complaining

of 'and protesting against some passages in the Extract of a letter from major C. Vandeventer, report of the present architect to Congress re

chief clerk, to major general Andrew Jackson, specting the arch in the northern wing of the dated

building Department of War, June 2, 1818. Mr. Smith, of Md. reported, from the commit. “Your letters of the 7th of April, one without || tee of ways and means, a bill for the relief of Jas. date, and of the 26th of April, are received. Gooding and Jas. Williams.

“ The President of the United States and the Mr. Pindall, from a select committee appointed Secretary of War are out of town. The former at the last session, reported a bill to arıthorize the will return about the 15th instant, the latter not prosecution of suits in the nature of petitions of before the middle of next month. So soon as the right and informations of instruction in cases in President returns, your despatches, together with which the United States are concerned. your orders to major Davis, commanding the ar- These bills were twice real and cu anitted. rest of captain Wright, and a copy of your letter Mr.-H. Nelson, from the judiciary co'nınittee, to the governor of Georgia, in relation to the made an unfavorable report on the petition of horrid and atrocious destruction of the Chebaw Martha J. Cobb, widow of Eik. Cobo, who prays village, will be laid before him. In the mean time to be allowed the exclusive use of certain invenI am advised to communicate the “opinion” that tions made by her deceased husband, but never the trial of captain Wright, by court martial, is patented; which wis concurred in. decidedly preferable to a civil prosecution in the Mr. Cobb, froin a select committee, reported an federal court."

amendment to the bill explanatory of the act for Ordered to lie on the table, and to be printed the sale of certain public lots; which, on motion

The following resolution was introduced by of Mr. Smith, was ordered to lie on the table. Mr. Mercer, and agreed to:

On motion of Mr. Taylor, the daily hour of Resolved, That the Secretary of the Navy be meeting of this house was directed to be, for the directed to report to this house a copy of such remainder of the session, eleven o'clock. instructions, if any, as may have been issued by On motion of Mr. Campbell, the committee on his Department, in pursuance of the act of Con. the public lands were instructed to inquire into gress of 1807, prohibiting the importation of the expediency of passing a law to vest in the slaves, to the commanders of the arined vessels Legislature of the state of Ohio power to sell the of the United States, for the purpose of inter- | remaining 35 sections of land in the reservation cepting, on the coast of Africa, or elsewhere, such || at the Sciota Salt Works, and to apply the provessels as have been engaged in the slave trade.ceeds of the sale to the use of the state, as the

Mr Mercer also submitted the following reso. said Legislature may deem most proper. lution:

On motion of Mr. Sutherland, the coinmittee on Resolved, that the Secretary of the Treasury || so much of the President's Message as relates to be directed to report to this bouse the number the Militia, were instructed to inquire whether and names of the slave ships, if any, which have any, and, if any, what alteration or amendinents been seized and condemned within the United to the laws of the United States, are necessary, to States for violation of the laws thereof against the ensure an equitable onrolment and annual returns importation of slaves, and if any negroes, mulat of the Militia of the respective states. toes, or persons of color, have been found on On motion of Mr. Smyth, the committee of board such vessels, their number, and the dispo. commerce and manufactures were instructed to sition which has been inade of them by the seve- l inquire into the expediency of fixing the standard ral state governments under whose jurisdiction of weights and measures. they have fallen.

On motion of Mr. Sampson, the committee of Mr. Strother moved to amend the resolution so ways and means were instructed to inquire into as to direct a report to be made also of the num- the expediency of amending the 5th section of ber and names of the slave ships, if any, and the the act laying a duty on imported salt, &c. so that ports from which they had sailed, if they could be the owner of every vessel above 20 tons, employascertained.

ed in the fisheries, shall receive an allowance of Mr. Floyd wished, also, that the names of the || four dollars for each and every ton of such vesplaces where the vessels are owned should be sel's burden: Provided, that the allowance aforeadded to that of the place whence they sailed. said, for any one vessel, for one season, shall not

Mr. Cobb desired to amend this resolve fur- || exceed 340 dollars. thier, so as to require information by whoin, as well The Speaker laid before the house a letter from as chere, the vessels were owned.

the Navy Department, accompanying a number of copies of the Navy Register, for 1819; and a For arming and equipping the militia, 200,000 List, transmitted by the first comptroller of the dollars. Treasury, of those persons who have not rendered For the erection and completion of arsenals, to accounts for settlement within the year preceding. wit: for completing the arsenal at Augusta, in

The committee of the whole having been dis. Georgia, 50,000 dollars; for erecting a powder charged, on motion of Mr. Rich, from the further | magazine at Frankford, near Philadelphia, 15,000 consideration of the bill to authorize the Rockville dollars; for completing the arsenal and other and Washington Turnpike Company to make the works at Watertown, near Boston, 20,000 dollars; mad as far as the city boundary, the same was for completing the arsenal and other works at ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 5,000 collars; for a le

A message was received from the President of vee round the arsenal at Watervliet, New York, the United States, by his private secretary, trans. ||6,000 dollars; for building a powder magazine at mitting, for the information of the house, a copy Baton Rouge, 20,000 dollars. of the convention with Spain, (ante, page 18,) For cannon, powder, and shot, to fulfil existing and a copy of a letter from Don Luis de Onis, tó contracts; for mounting cannon, and for purchase the Secretary of State, in reply to the letter of the of lead, 191,200 dollars. latter to the former, of the 30th November; and To provide for the payment of the retained the house adjourned.

bounty, and the per diem travelling allowance of Wednesday, January 6. pay and subsistence to soldiers discharged from On motion of Mr. Crowell,

the army in the year 1819, 92,500 dollars. Resolved, that the committee on the public

For the purchase of maps, plans, books and inlands be instructed to inquire into the expediency struments for the War Departinent, 1,500 dollars. of authorizing by law the sale of such townships of

For fuel, maps, plans, books, erection of quarland in the Alabama territory, as have been re

ters and other buildings, and for contingent er turned by the surveyors as not, in their opinion, penses for the Academy at West Point, 35,640 dol

lars. worth two dollars per acre, and conseqnently not surveyed or offered for sale.

For marking and running the boundary line of The engrossed bill to authorize the President the several cessions of land made by the Indians,

15,000 dollars. and Managers of the Rockville and Washington Turnpike Company to extend and make said road

For the payment of half pay pensions to widows within the District, was read a third time, passed

and orphans, 200,000 dollars. and sent to the Senate for concurrence.

For the annual allowance to invalid pensioners The orders of the day being then annour.ced, of the United States, 368,039 dollars. a motion was made by Mr. Smith, of Maryland, to

For the annual allowance to the revolutionary take up, out of its turn, the bill making appropri- pensioners, under the law of March 18, 1818, ations for the support of the Military Establish. 1,708,500 dollars. ment for 1819. This departure from the usual

For arrearages arising from a deficiency in the course of business requires the unanimous con- l appropriation for paying the revoluionary pensent of the House. Mr. Mercer, of Virginia, ob

sions in the year, 1818, 139,400 dollars and 85 jected, and the question was therefore not put. Mr. Smith then moved to postpone all the or

For the Indian department, including arrearages ders of the day which preceded that bill, in order incurred by holding Indian treaties, 213,000 dolto take it up:

lars. On this motion a short debate took place, in the

For annuity to the Creek nation, under the course of which Messrs. Williams, of n. Ć. Mer treaty of 1802, 3,000 dollars. cer, Smith, Storrs, Tucker, Floyd and Read spoke.

The House having accordingly resolved itself The result of the question was, by a small majori-into a committee of the whole, a debate arose, of

a desultory but interesting character, occupying ty, to go into committee.

two or three hours, in the course of which Messrs. The bill in question embraces the following Clay, Barbour, Smith, of Md. Trimble, Tucker, items of appropriation:

Mercer, Williams, of N. C. Lowndes, Johnson, of For subsistence, (in addition to 200,000 dollars | Va. and Johnson, of Ky. bore a part. already appropriated,) 506,600 dollars.

The result of the debate was, that the commit. For forage for oflicers, 26,496 dollars.

tee rose, reported progress, and obtained leave to For clothing, 400,000 dollars.

sit again. For bounties and premiums, 62,500 dollars. After ordering some papers relative to one of

For the medical and hospital departments, the items of the bill to be printed, it was, 50,000 dollars.

On motion of Mr. Mercer, For the quarter-master's department, 550,000 Resolved, That the Secretary of War be directdollars.

ed to report to this House the present strength For contingencies of the army, 60,000 dollars. and distribution of the Army of the United States,

For arrearages, arising from a deficiency in the and to subjoin to such report the number and vaappropriation to pay outstanding claims, 100,000 lue of the extra days' labor performed by the sedollars.

veral detachments thereof, respectively, in the For fortifications, 500,000 dollars.

year ending on the 30th day of October last, upon For making a survey of the water courses tribu- | roads or other objects of fatigue duty, together tary to, and west of the Mississippi; also, those with a statement of such objects, if any there are, tributary to the same river, and north-west of the of a similar nature, to which it is contemplated to Ohio, 6,500 dollars.

direct the labor of the troops in the current year, For the current expenses of the ordnance de distinguishing the sums expended on roads. partment, 100,000 dollars.

Thursday, January 7. For the armories at Springfield and Harper's Mr. Livermore, from the committee on post Ferry, 575,000 dollars.

offices and post roads, reported a bill to increase


the compensation of the assistant post masters ge. The Queen of England died at one o'clock in neral, which was twice read and committed

the afternoon of the 17th of last November. Her Mr. Belliniger, from the committee on the pub. | disease (a dropsy) terminated in a mortification; lic buildings, maile a report, accompanied by a bill making appropriations for the public build

and it is said she expired with great composure ings, for the purchase of a certain lot of ground and without a struggle. containing a fountain of water, and for supplying

Don JOSEPH Massut, late Governor of Pensawith water certain public buildings; which bill was twice read and committed.

cola, lias arrived at the Havana, from Campeachy. On motion of Mr. Herbert,

The Bank of the United States, by advertise. Resolved, that the Secretary of the Treasury be instructed to report to this house a statement

ment under date of Jan. 4th, i819, has declared of the debts, credits, and funds, of the incorpo- || a dividend of two and one half per cent. on the carated banks of the District of Columbia, required lpital stock--we presume for half a year; for the by the 19th section of the act of Congress, enti

advertisement does not specify that particular. tled "An act to incorporate the subscribers to certain banks in the District of Columbia, and to Sir SAMUEL ROMILLI, a celebrated English law. prevent the circulation of the notes of unincor-:er, and member of Parliament for Westminster, porated associations within the said District.” On motin of Mr. Floyd,

put a period to his life in a fit of insanity, by cutResolved, That the committee on the judiciary ting his throat, on the 21. of November last. The be instructed to inquire into the expediency of recent death of his wife is said to have been the creating a law to dehne and panish piracies and

cause of it. felonies committed on the high seas, and offences against the law of nations.

By the latest accounts, the British Parliament The bill for the relief of Thomas Hall Jervey, had been prorogued to the 20th of December last. passed through a committee of the whole, Mr. Desba in the chair, received an amendment, and

The dispute between Gen. Anair and Gen. was ordered to a third reading

Jackson, it is said, has been satisfactorily accomThe Speaker laid before the house a letter |modated, through the friendly interference of the from the Secretary of State, transmitting a list of venerable Governor Shelby, of Kentucky. persons who have obtained patents in the past year.

The VICE-PRESIDENT of the United States has The house then again resumed, in committee arrived in the City of Wasbington, and taken his of the whole, Mr. Hugh Nekon in the chair, the

seat as President of the Senate. bill making appropriations for the military esta. blishment for the year 1819.

Smitu Tuompson, Secretary of the Navy, has The discussion of a particular provision of this arrived, and assumed the administration of his debill, commenced yesterday, was resumed, and continued for some time.

partment. The committee did not get through the bill, Directors of the Bank of the United Slates for 1819. before it rose, and obtained leave to sit again.

The following persons were, on the 4th instant, On motion of Mr. Mercer, it was

appointed by the Stockholders to be Directors of * Resolved, That the Secretary of War be directed

che Bank of the United States for the ensuing to include in the report of the strength of the ar. my, called for by the resolution of yesterday, the

William Jones, amount in value, if any, of the extra compensa.

Charles Chauncey, James C. Fisher,

joseph Dugan, tion, in subsistence, clothing or pay, allowed the

onn Sergeaiit,

James Schott, troops for extra labor, during the year ending on

john Bolton, of Savan- Henry Foland, the 30th October last, in fatigue duties, distin

nah, guishing that which has been bestowed in com

Lungilon Cheves, of Joshua Lippincott,

5. Carolina. pensation for labor on roads.

Jolin Coulter, Mr. Mercer then laid on tlie table the following

Jolm Potter, of do.

John Lisle, resolution:

Jonn Oliver, of Balt. Resglved. That the committee on military af.

John Connell,

George Williuns, do. fairs be instructed to report to this house, a bill to

Daniel Lainmot,

George Hoffman, do. reduce to one the number of Major Generals of

Gustavus Colhoun, Archd Gracie, N. Y. the army of the United States.

William Jones has been unanimously re-elected


History of Congress.—The business of the House
City of WASHINITOS,} | The chairman of the committee of ways and means

of Represeutatives is at length becoming lively. Official Notices, &c. &c.—JonathaN RUSSELL, has been most wittily mauled for want of informathe minister plenipotentiary of the United States lion in relation to a particular item of expenditure to the court of Sweden, left Stockholm, on his re. contained in the bill niaking appropriations for the turn to America, on the 23d of October last. | support of the military establishment for 18.9. CHRISTOPHER HUGHES, junior, secretary of the le. We shall, next week, present our readers will a gation, remains as charge-des-affairs.

picture, in our way, of the discussion that arese on Count SANDELS is the Swedish viceroy of Nor- nc occasion. Mr. Clay was remarkably keen, and way.

most brilliantly satirical.

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No. 3.)

(Vol. VII Printed and Published, every Saturday, by Lawrence, Wilson, & Co. at five dollars per annum.

cupies in the view of the public, it is wholly in Contents of this No. of the National Register. tellectual. He never attracted a single suffrage ORIGINAL.-American Gallery of Portraits, No. 1, 33.- in his favor by the blandishment of manners or

Editer's cabinet-History of Congress, 47.-Delaplaine's the graces of courtesy. Sindious from his earliest

Repository, 48. SELECTED.-Military Affairs-Report of the Secretary of youth, he continues to be so in his riper years;

War concerning the Military Peace Establishment, 35.- and his mental labors are astonishing, when we be sold at St. Bartholomews, 39--Rapid sailing, 40,--Lite reflect that he is the practical organ of a departe ings of Congress, 10.-Voyages and Discoveries-North ment of government which is intrusted with the Pole Expedition. 46.- Banks Explanation froun certain State Banks at Philadelphia, 47.

management of affairs of the first importance, both at hone and abroad. The mind of Mr.

Adams is strictly logical; and although he is evi. American Gollery of Portraits--No. I.

dently a considerable master of the rhetorical art.

he is never inclined to use it except on extraordiJOHN QUINCY ADAMS.

nary occasions. In every case that calls for the To draw in perfection the visible features of in- exercise of his judgment, he appears to seek alone dividual man, has at all times been considered an || for the facts and the rule of decision which leads art of very difficult attainment: How much more to the proper conclusion. This cautious adhe difficult must it be to depict the intellectual traits

rence to reason, this guarded aversion to the inof the human character ? The writer knows not dulgence of feeling, has induced superficial poliwhether he is about to add to the thousand carica- ticians to pronounce him cold. There never was tures which have been propagated in relation to a more erroneous opinion. The secret of this apmen and mind; but he is not afraid to assert the parent frigidity is, in truth, a strong sensibility, purity of his intentions. His object is to make his which has compelled Mr. Adams to resort to a countrymen better acquainted with the remarka- || mental discipline, from which he does not de part, ble personages of the times, and to pourtray them | lest he should be hurried into the regions of fanaccording to their true merits.

cy, where there is neither anchorage nor pilot. Every person in society, whether in private or | A cold-minded man was never yet a wit; and we in public life, presents himself for contemplation have heard several witty things attributed to him: in two aspects: the first, as it regards his reputa. | an icy beart never won a friend; and it will not be tim; the second, as it respects his real character. denied that Mr. Adams has many and warm The world in general is governed by the first, be- || friends. His ambition, indeed, has been more to cause the world in general is like the head of a become an useful citizen than a pleasant compadrum, which only re.echoes the sounds that are nion; and hence the frivolous and the volatile, who produced from it by the dexterity of the drum look at affairs' only on the surface, have not joined mer. Character can only be perceived by those their voices in his praise. They should consider to whom nature has given penetration and judg-that knowledge is not acquired by trifling; and ment, and with whom reputation passes for no.that an individual who cultivates the sentiment of thing if it is contradicted by the actions which con. || patriotism in its fullest extent can have but little stitate character. Not to advert to a more divine time to sacrifice to the graces. example, Socrates affords a striking illustration of Without being a courtier, Mr. Adams leans a the truth of these remarks. He was put to death good deal to the side of authority in government. by the Athenians from the evil report of his ene- It is this feature of his character which has rens, mies, who framed for him an infamous reputation: || dered him hitherto rather unpopular with the rebut succeeding generations have done justice to publican party. But has this inclination been his memory; and his character, presented to pos- || rightly understood? In a monarchy, he that interity in genuine colors, stands foremost among clines to authority in government, is commonly an those of the sages of antiquity who are repated enemy to the rights of man, and is justly liable to the most virtuous and the most wise.

suspicion on the part of the friends of liberty In Joux Quincí Adams is one of the few states. I the United States, authority means nothing more men of America who have obtained, among their than the reign of the law. To a well-regulated cotemporaries, a reputation nearly corresponding mind the law of the land is the great role of ac. with their intrinsic characters. In his case, how. tion; and the disregard of it is a certain sign of ever, the latter has always been, in some degree, dissoluteness of thought. Too nice an adherence superior to the former. Whatever ground he oc-Wto the dictates of reason, nevertheless, will, in tu

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multuary periods, often convey to the senses of || With him, it is always his country. Is he prudent? the mass of a people the idea of austerity, and is he cautious? It is for his country. Is he bold even of aristocracy; because the thorny virtue of and spirited? It is still for his country. If he has irreproachable rectitude pricks the consciences of taken a stand in relation to the Independence of those factions orators who mislead mankind, and South America repugnant to the feelings of en. whose political morality is measured solely by thusiasts, it is because he does not act wholly for convenience. If, during sixteen years of his lite- himself but for the nation. Is it allowable for an rary and public life, Mr. Adams supported the individual to endeavor to execute his own particumeasures of administration which were deemed || lar desires through the instrumentality of governodious, we cannot, at least, accuse him of being a ment? Certainly not. A man who acts for himself demagogue. He was the advocate of the empire alone, may rush, at will, into all sorts of dangers. of the law, in opposition to that wilderness of no. If he perishes, the evil of his conduct perishes tions engendered by the fluctuations of the French with him. But a statesman who acts for a whole Revolution; and it is worthy of grave considera people, must, if he would act with propriety, curb tion, whether the administrations of George his own propensities, and shape his conduct acWashington and John Adams, by the barrier which cording to the interests of his fellow citizens. If they opposed the libertinism of the times, from jais natural for the Spanish Americans to look for 1789 to 1800, did not do as much service to the countenance and succor from the only established United States, as the labors of those whose efforts | free republic in the world, it is quite as natural that were impelled by an impetuous enthusiasm to a that republic, standing alone, should pursue mealess constrained system of politics. Let those who sures calculated to preserve itself as a germinating have been the partizans of revolutionary France, and regenerating principle for other political comthrough all the eventful changes of her destiny, munities. When Kings combine in "holy leagues," examine themselves at this day with candor, and the solitary Republic of the West should guard its decide whether they were not guided more by institutions with a sacred discretion, till populapassion than by principle? Who that admired the tion and improvement shall afford strength suffi. generous efforts of the French constituent assem.

mo cient to enable it to dictate limits to the operably, could consistently continue their admiration tions of arbitrary power. This discretion does not of Gallic politics through twenty-five years of imply hostility to freedom; it tends, on the con. dreadful vicissitudes, including the predominancy | trary, to give to it stability, and to inspire mankind of kobespierre and the despotism of Napoleon: | with confidence in a form of government which There have been, notwithstanding, men who, a-tyrants in every age have said could not be renmidst all these direful changes, have stood the dered dnrable. Whenever any considerable por. fast, the devoted friends of French revolution, tion of Spanish America shall demonstrate that it whichsoever way it rolled, and still called them is unalterably united, and irrevocably determined silves the adherents of the cause of freedom! to be independent, exhibiting, at the same time,

Leaning, as he did, to constitutional authority internal resources adequate to sustain such a posia little strained, perhaps--Mr. Adams was, never- tion, Mr. Adams, we predict, will be found as theless, neither its tool nor the instrument of fac. || prompt as the loudest brawler to recognise it; and tion. When danger thickened around the re- so much the more reliance may, in that case, be public, from both sides of the Brirish channel, placed in his decision, as it will have been the reand the federal party was disposed to avail itself sult of calm consideration and not an ebullition of of the critical moment to embarrass Mr. Jefferson's || feeling or a Sempronian trick of intrigue. adıninistration, Mr. Adams separated himself from if, however, caution has swayed him with re. it; and, with a peculiar delicacy, as be could not spect to Spanish American affairs, he has not express the false principles of the men who, in permitted bimself to hesitate upon occasions 180%, ruled Massachusetts, he resigned bis seat in where the positive rights of the United States the Senate of the United States. At this crisis he have been concerned. In the negotiations with neither hesitated nor looked back. He threw | Spain, he has contended, in justice, for every hinsself, unconditionally, into the bosom of the re-dollar and every acre; and, with regard to the Se. publican party, uncertain of his reception but con- minole war, he has generously thrown himself, fident in his motives.

with the mighty shield of his talents, in the breach From that period to the present day we have of opinion which exists in the community touchfound himn invariably laboring for his country. ing the proceedings of General Jackson in Flo. Wbether we view him in the Senate, or at St. || rida, and nobly vindicates, upon irrefragable Petersburgh; at Ghent, at London, or in the De- ll grounds, and at the peril of an opposing and acparliment of State at Washington; the same devo tive animosity, the military deportment of that tion has uniformly been manifest in his labors. Il intrepid and intelligent soldier, in the embarrass


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