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citing the most ludicrous ejaculations of surprise. ll rying his purpose into effect, howerer, he did not We then ordered the boat to be launched into the lose his propensity to thieving, as he seized and ensea, with a man in it, and hauled up again, at the deavoured to carry off the sunith's anvıl; finding he sight of which they set no bounds to their clamor could not remove it, be laid hold of the large ham. The ice archor, a heavy piece of iron, shaped like | mer, threw it on the ice, and following it himself, the letler S, and the cable, excited much interest; | deliberately set it on his sledge, and made off. As the former they tried in vain to remove; and they this was an article I could not spare, I sent a pereagerly inquired of wbat skins the latter was son to recover it, who followed him, hallooing, and mace.

soon got pretty near him. Seeing that he must be By this time the officers of both ships had sur- overtaken, he artfully sunk it in the snow', and rounded them, while the bow of the Isabella, wbich went on with the sledge, by which we were con. was close to the ice, was crowded with the crew; vinced that he knew he was duing wrong. The and certainly a more ludicrous, yet interesting seaman, on finding the hammer, let off the pursuit, scene, was never beheld, than that which took place and returned, while he went off, and was seen no whilst they were viewing the ship : nor is it possi. || more that day. Shortly afier' another of them, ble to convey to the imagination any thing like a who had received a present, consisting of a small just representati ::n of the wild amazement, joy and hammer, and some nails, left the ship also, and put. fear, which successively pervaded the countenan- ting his acquisition upon the remaining sledge, ces, and governed the gestures of these creatures, || dragged it away with him, and disappeared. who gave full vent to their feelings; and I am sure Among other amusements afforded to the officers it was a giatifying scene, which never can be for. || and men on board, by their trials on the inexperi. gotten by those who witnessed and enjoyed it. ence of the natives, was the effect produced on

Their shouts, halioos and laughter, were heartily them by seeing their faces in a magnifying mirror. joined in, and imitated by all bands, as well as the || Their grimaces were highly entertaining, while, ceremony of nose-puiling, which could not fail to like monkies, they looked first into it, and then be. increase our mirth on the occasion. That which hind, in hopes of finding the monster which was exmost of all excited their admiration was the circum- | aggerating their hideous gestures. A watch was stance of a sailor going aloft and they kept their also held to the ear of one, who supposing it alive, eyes on him till ne reached the summit of the asked if it was good to eat. On being shown the mast; the sai's which hung loose, they naturally glass of the sky light and binnacle, they touched supposed were skins. Their attention being again it, and desired to know what kind of ice it was. called to the boat, where the carpenter's hammer During this scene, one of them wandered to the and nails still remained, they were shown the use of main hatchway, and, stooping down, saw the ser. these articles; and no sooner were they aware of jeant of marines, whose red coat produced a loud their purposes, than they showed a desire to pos. exclamation of wonder, while his own attitude and sess ibem, and were accordingly presented with figure did not less excite the surprise of our tars, some nails. They now accompanied us to that part who, for the first time, discovered some unexpectof the bow from which a rope lauder was suspended peculiarities in the dress of the natives. ed, and the mode of mounting it was shown them; The three men remaining were now banded but it was a considerable time ere we could prevail || down to my cabin, and shown the use of the chairs, on them to ascend it. At lengil the senior, who which they did not comprehend, appearing to bave always led the way, went up, and was followed by no notion of any other seat than the ground. Bethe rest. The new wonders that now surrounded ing seated, we attempted to take their portraits, in them on every side caused fresh astonishment, which Lieut Hopner, Mr. Skene, Mr. Bushman, which, after a moinent's suspense, always terminat. and myself, were at the same time employed. ed in loud and hearty laughter.

During this attempt, fearful it might alarm them, The most frequent ejaculation of surprise was we amused them with questions, collecting from *Heign! yaw! and, when particularly excited by them at the same time the information we thought any more remarkable ubject than the rest, they it desirable to obtain, and directing Sacheuse to ask pronounced me first syllable of the interjection ma. those questions which the hurried nature of this vis. ny times with peculiar rapidity and emphasis, ex-it permitted us to recollect as most essential, and tending wide their arms, and looking at each other of which the result will appear hereafter. Our at the end of the exclamation with open mouths, as drawings being completed, and interrogations end. if in breathless consternation.

ed, they began to be very inquisitive, asking the use Their knowledge of wood seemed to be limited of every thing in the cabin; we showed them paper, to some death of a dwartish growth, with stems no books, drawings, and various mathematical instru. thicker than the finger, and accordingly they knew ments, which produced only the usual effect of not what to think of the timber they saw on board. || astonishing them; but on being shewn the prints in Not being aware of its weight, two or three of them |Cook's voyage, of the natives of Otaheite, they atsticcessively. seized on the spar top, mast, evidently tempted to grasp them, evidently comprehending with the view of carrying it uff

; and as soon as they that they were the representations of human beings. became familiar with the people around them, they! The sight of a writing desk, a bureau, and of other showed that desire of possessing that they admir- || wooden furniture, also excited their astonishment, ,ed, which is so universal among savages. The ony but apparently from the nature of the materials only, thing they looked on with contempt was a little ter. as they seemed to form no idea of their uses. rier dog, judging, no doubt, that it was too small They were now conducted to the gun-room, and for drawing a sledge; but they shrunk back, as it afterwards round the ship, but without appearing in terror, froin a pig, whose pricked eais, and fero. to distinguish any thing particularly, except the cious aspect, (being of ihe sbeiland breed) present- wood in her construction, stanıping on the deck, as ed a somewhat formidable appearance. This ani- if in evident surprise at the quantity of this valuable mal happening to grunt, one of them was so terifi inaterial. In hopes of amusing them the violin was ed, that he became from that moment une asy, and sent for, and some runes played; they, however, appeared impatient to get out of the ship. in car. Il paid no attention to this, seemed quite unconcerned, either about the sounds or the performer-a suf- vernment. Feeling, as I presume we all do, a just ficient proof that the love of music is an acquired || sense of tbe impoitance of the trusts committed to taste, and that it requires experience to distinguisit our care, and of the obligations we are under to see, between that and other similar noises. A flute was not only that the republic receive no detrunent, afterwards sounded for thein, which seemed to ex but that its best interests are promoted, we may cite somewhat more attention; probably froin resem safely engage in the discharge of our respective bling inore nearly in shape the objects to whicii || duties. they were accustomed; one of them put it to his Our Constitution is virtually and essentially in the mouth and blew it, but immediately threw it away hands, and at the disposal, of the People. This is On returning to the cabin, some biscuit was produ- | not merely the language of our Constitution : It is ced, and a piece eaten by Sacheuse before present a doctrine that lies at the foundation of republicaning it to them. One of them took a piece also into || is n. And the con ervation of our liberties, as die bis mouth, but immediately spit it out with apparent fined in our great social compact, is intimately condisgust. Some sult meat that was afterwards offer: nected with the intelligence and virtue of the peo. ed produced the same effect. We now ascertained ple. But man is born neither wise nor good: their names, that of the eldest being Ervick, and Knowledge and virtue result from instruction, and that of the two others, who were his brother's sons, || discipline and effort. The senses of the human Marshick and Otaniah. Some juggler's tricks were kind early and eagerly seek their appropriate fobafterwards exbibited by Mr. Beverly, which seem jects of gratitication The passions, easily excited ed to disconcert them, as they became uneasy, and in childhood and youth, are prone to, and grow expressed a wish to go on deck. We accordingly stronger with, excessive indulgence; while the powe accompanied them, and, by pointing to the pieces ers of reason, necessarily associated with experiof ice that were alongside, attempted to discover to ence in their progress, are slow and late in being what extent they could count, for the purpose of || fully developed. Hence the danger of habits being ascertaining the numbers of their nation. We formed injurious to society and destructive of indifound, however, they could only reckon to ten; and vidual happiness. Hence the usefuiness and imporon enquiry, therefore, if their country possessed as tance of early tuition; and hence likewise the intermany inhabitants as there were pieces of ice, they est which the public nas in providing means for replied “ Many more;" a thousand fragments were, || cultivating the minds and forming the manners of perhaps, tien Hoating round the ship.

youth. Agreeably to these sentiments, the ConstiThe knives had by this time been examined by tution enjoins it as a duty on the Legislature and the armourer, who thought they were made from | Magistrates, in all future periods of the Commonpieces of iron hoop or from Hattened pails; we wealth to cherish the interests of Literature and therefore asked, if any plank or wreck hau former- the sciences, public schools, and grammar schools ly been driven on their shore; to which they replied, || in the towns. Should the existing laws be found that a piece of wood with some nails had come on insufficient to provide for the primary education of shore, and been picked up: We therefore conclu: | children, especially of destitute orphans, and the ded, that the knives which had been left us had || children of the poor and necessitous, pre-requisite been forined from this iron, and consequently made to their admission into grammar schools, the defi. no further enqu ries.

ciency has strong claims to the consideration of the They were now loaded with various presents, Legislature. Our venerated forefathers rendered consisting of some articles of clothing, biscuit, and their memories imperishable by their care and sulipieces of wood, in addition to which the plank that citude in the cause of learning; and experience, inhad been used in crossing the chasm was given to stead of discrediting their literary institutions, has them. They then departed, promising to return as served to heighten their value. soon as they had eaten and slept, as we had no means

In casting our eyes across the Atlantic, which for of explaining to them what to-morrow meant. The instruction may be admissible, we see exhibited in parting was attended with the ceremvny of pulling the most disgusting forms, the deplorable effects of of noses on both sides.

ignorance and vice. Pauperism in some of the EuAfter they had reached and crossed the chasm, | ropean States, we are informed, has become so exthey were observed by some men who had been tensive and overwhelming, as to occasion in many sent to accompany them, throwing away the biscuit, || corporations, an enormous and almost insupporta. and splitting the plank, wbich was of teak, into ble demand upon individual income for the maintesmall pieces, for the purpose of dividing it among nance of the poors crimes, in the same States, althe party.Soon after this, they mounted their most without number, and of every grade of tirpisledges, and diove off' in a body, hallooing, appa- || tude, are at the same time disturbing ihe repose of rently in great glee.”

private life, menacing the public peace, and mock.

ing the most severe expressions of public ven. MASSACHUSETTS LEGISLATURE. geance. Boston, June 1.-The two Horses being in Con-| the governments in Christendom have come to a

On the subject of punishment, however, most of vention, his exellency the Governor came in attend

pause The frequent repetition of crimes in defi. ed by the Lieut. Governor, the Hon. Council, and

ance of the most appaling and sanguinary punishSecretary of State, and preceded by the Sheriff of || inents, has shaken a confidence in their efficacy, Suffolk, and delivered the following SPEECH :

which custom and prejudice had so long and obsiiGentlemen of the Senate, and

nately maintained. And the practicability of preGentlemen of the House of Represensatives; venting crimes, and reforming offenders by the force In assuming the several stations which have been of early education, and the iufluence of moral and assigned to us by the suffrages of our | religious motives, is gaining credibility and advo. zens, we are led to recognise the goodness of di vine Providence in conferring on the people of this Although Massachusetts has been distinguished Commonwealth, the blessings of peace and plenty, || for her zealous efforts to rear her children to babits of general health, of good order, and of a free go-" of order, of usefulness and virtue, we have too



much reason to regret the existence of vice, and the ,, calculated to lighten the evils of suffering bumaniperpetration of crimes. But on due examination, 49', or to promote the general prosperity and hapit will be generally found, ibat the latter have been i piness of the Commonwealth. committed by those who were not natives, or, if

JOHN BROOKS. natives, by such as bad neglected, or been denied, the advantages of early training and instruction. 1; is believed that the idea of prodircing a virtuous

OFFICIAL DOCUMENT. and happy state of society, by the influence of ear. ly education and discipline on the great body of the

SEPARATION of MAINE. people, has rever been so distinctly cenceivel, nor

The Committee of both Hours, to whom were reurged with so much force and effect as in this

ferred the Petitions concerning the separation of country. But changes await !s; and we shall do

the District of Maine from Massachusetts proper, well to endeavor to catch a portion of that spirit of

and forming the same into a separate and inde. prudence and foresight for which our ancestors vere distinguished, by adapting the means of literary

pendent state, an:l also sundry memorials against improvement, to the state of society, and detecting

that measure, bes leave respectfully to Report: the bearings of present circumstances on the inter- That they have considered the subject committed ests of future times. It is not unreasonable to ex- to them, with that deliberation which so momentous pect that, among other causes, an increase of our i question descrves, a question, whether this great coinmerce, and of large manufacturing establish commonwealth shall be divided, and the connexion ments, will, as in all other countries, multiply the il vhich has so long, and so happily existed, shall be causes of moral deterioration. If there be jus: Frerer dissolveit. They are sensible that nothing ground for these apprehensions, additional mea shoud be done to hasten an event, so important sures of precaution cannot be too speedily devised. and lasting in its consequences. On the contrary,

Un this occasior: I would present to your notice they would gadly strengtiren and promote a union, the great renitentiary of the Connonwealth at which has, hitherto, been productive of so much Charlestown. I have been recently furnished with good. This is not a question which concerns the a summary, but very satisfactory, report of the pre- District of Maine alone, but the whole common. sent condition of that institution. It must be gra. I wealth. The legislature of Massachusetts are called tifying to you, as it has been to me, to receive as. on to consent to relinquis! their juris liction over. Silrances of the salutary cllects of the act of Febru. une third of her citizens, and the largest portion of ary, one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, for her territory. But your conmittee have not been classifying the convices, and other purposes, on their leterrcii by these considerations, from listening to tempor an behaviour. Besides the prevalence of the prayer of the petitioners, and from recommend. gooil order, the expense of the institution has be. lling such measures as they deem just and expedient, come less onerous to the State. The mill treat-hoever they may regret the present application. ment observed towards the unhappy co'victs in that Has the time arrived, when it is expedient that prison, their wholesome sustenance, the great at. the legislature of Massachusetts should consent to tention paid to their health and cleanlines, the means the separation of the District of Maine? Shall the furnished to the younger part of them for being ties which have so long united us, be severed, and taught to read and write, and to all of them for re- Maine take her rank as an independent state? Your ligious worship, and moral instruction, seem to be committee believe that an opinion has long prewell calculated to operate on ingenious minds, and vailed, in all parts of the commonwealth, that, at lead them to permanent reformation. The report some future time, this event must take place.of the Directors will be laid before you by the Se Mixine is separated from Massachusetts proper, by cretary.

part of another state. The extremities of this dis. In the month of October last, the Board of Visi. Crict are four hundrel miles from the seat of governtors of the Massachuseits General Hospital, exami- ment. Maine exceeds in territory, most of the ned the condition of the Hospital for the Insane at states. Iler poslation is, probably, three hundred Charlestown. And it gives me great pleasure to thousand. In wealth and commercial importance, be able to sate, that an inspection of that establish she would no: hold an honourable rank. There is incnt allorder the vistors the most entire satisfac. ir great extent of sea coast, with capacious bays, tion. The local situation and generai arrangeinents and large navigable rivers. More than one ninth of it appear to be perfectly adapted to the nature part of the tonnage of the United States, is now and the exigencies of such an institucion. The owned in the District of Maine. There are immense manner in which the two buildings designed for tracts of land, the seitleinent of which may, perthe accommodation of the Insane', one for males, and haps, be better promoted by a local and independ. the otiser for females, are constructed, is juclicious. I ent government. These are, probably, some of the ly contrived to ensure the safety and comfort of reasons, of an opinion now alınost universal, that the afflicted patients. And the concers of the es- the District of Maine must, at a day, not far distant. tablishment generally are so adininistcrerl as to ful become a separate and independent state; and that fil the benevolent intentions of the legislature in | 1c is for the people there, to decide when it shall fouiding an institution so interesiing to humanity, l take place. The proceedings of former legislatures in movies the most simple, economical and efiica- || have encouraged the opinion, that Massachusetts cious. It may be satisfactory to you, gentlemen, would not withhold lier consent to a separation, on to know that the consulting and visiting Physicians just and equitable conditions, whenever it should comprising some of the most eminent of the pro. l appear to be the wish of a decided majority: fession in the State, have examined the instituijon, Are then the deliberate wishes of a majority of and given it their unqualified praise, as alfording the people in favor of that meas tre? 10 May, 1816, the best hopes of alleriation and cure for the afflict. pursuant to a resolve of the legislature, the ques. er subjects of mental disease. I cordially recom- tion was proposer to the people; and there were in mienu ihe iristitution to your fostering care: and favor of a separation 10,584-Against it 6,491. slali cheerfully concur with you in any measures In September, 1816, when there was a very full vote, the number in favor of a separation was 11,969 || on just and cquitable principles. All which is rese Against it 10,347.

pecifully submitted. Although on every trial, a majority has been (Signed By order of the Committee, found in favor of a separation, your conmittee have

JOSIAH QUINCY, Chairman. deliberated, whether they ought, so soon, to propose the question to the people again; and they would not have considered it expedient, had they TOPOGRAPHY OF BATON ROUGE. not reason to suppose that a great change, in public opinion, had taken place. They have endeavoureel

Situation. In latitude 30 S2, N. longitude 18 11 to discover the feelings and wishes of the citizens from Philadelphia. of Maine, from all the evidence they could obtain, Lying on the eastern shore of the Vississippi, and they have ascertained that all the senators, ami | high delightsome, and healthy, being the first bluff more than one hundred and twenty representatives

or highland above high-water mark, as you ascend from that District, 'ure in favor of a separation, and that mighty river from its mouths. This bluff, alabout twenty representatives against it They be though free from stone, is, notwithstanding, sufilieve also, that the elections were, in a groat degree, I ciently firm to withstand the violence of the river: influenced by this question. There are before the lis elevated about 30 feet above high water mark, committee more than one hundred and thirty petithe top of which is almost a perfect level, excepting tions from towns and districts, for a separaticn; and

a few small hollows, or drains, evidently worn by only five remonstrances against it. Many towns the water precipitated from the clouds. There is, opposed to a separation in 1816, have now sent re.

however, an ai:nost imperceptible descent easterly prese tatives and petitions in favor of that measure.

of the river, from the top or verge of the bluft, Your committee believe there was a general cx- | barely sufficient to carry off the water. The land pectation, that the subject would be brought before is excellent for gardens and buildings, at least two the legislature, and that those opposed, have had an

m les back from the river, and will adinit of cellars opportunity to remonstrate. Shall then all this evi- lofany depth, and affords excellent water by digging dence, arising from various sources, of a change in 15 or 20 feet. In the northerly part of the two is public opinion favorable to separation, pass unnoti a piece of ground b-longing to the United States, ced by the legislature? While the committee would cight arpenis in front and seven deep, on which feel great reluctance in recommending any measure stands the remains of the old Spanish fort, its walls which migit be considered as encouraging a sepa- of earth about eight feet high. "About five arpents ration, while on the contrary, they would desire north of this public lot, is a bayou, into which, in that the union between Massachusetts and Maine | high water, the river sets back about one mile. might be perpetual, they are constrained to believe || From this bayou, southerly, the bluit bounds the ri. it their duty, again to ascertain the deliberate wish- | 'cr about 25 arpents, running S. 10 00 E. where it es of the people. They believe, that to reject so makes angle with the river, say 30 E. The town many petitions, flowing from all parts of the Dis. plat extends 16 arpents farther south, making in the trict, go far from having a tendency to allay the de-aggregate 41 arpents in front, and as far in depth sire for a separation, would excite agitation and dis. as future population may require. content. It would become a question of violent The Mississippi, about 4 miles above the town controversies and party commotions, inconsistent winds from the west, strikes the bluff nearly at with that spirit of calm inquiry and solemn delibe- right angles, wheels to the right, runs south 10 0 E. ration, which ought to prevail on this great, mo

with the bluftone mile, where a bayou coines in mentous subject. Should the consent of the legis. | from thence to the first mentioned between bayou, lature now be withheld, the subject would, proba- just above the town, is a narrow bottom between bly, be presented again, under circumstances much the river and bluff, about a quarter of a mile wide, less auspicious; for tbe present peaceful state of the and 3 miles in length, and which is overflowed in commonwealth, is most friendly to a proper consid high water. The Mississippi continues nearly the eration and decision of the question. A time of same course one mile below the town, thence turns more general tranquility, cannot be expected. to the right, making an angle with the meridian

In the bill which accornpanies this report, the || 30 00 west, six or seven miles, so that, when standconsent of this Legislature is granted to the separing on the verge of the bluff, you have a most en-, ation of the District of Maine, if it shall appear to chanting view of a section, at least ten miles in be the wish of a decided majority. Should that be|| length, of that noble river, together with the beau. obtained, the committee rejoice in the belief, that | tiful landscape of the adjacent highly cultivated the two great branches of the Commonwealtlı may country. It is always easy to bring boats and rafis now part in that harmony with which they have ever to a landing, as they are thrown to the eastern been favored, that the most friendly intercourse shore by the current, four miles above the town, will continue between them, and that they and their and the bluff defends them from easterly winds. posterity, will cherish the remembrance of our Inhabitants. A mixed throng of French, Spalong and happy union. Nor is the hope less grate- || nish, English, Irisht, Scotch, Dutch and Americans. ful, that, if the requisite majority should not be ob- Free people of color, and a great number of slaves. tained, those who have wished for a separation, will Manner's and Language, are so far, as yet, precheerfully acquiesce in the result---that it will be served in their original peculiarities, by the various long before the question is again agitated; that the inhabitants. whole Commonwealth will remain contented under Public Buildings.-To this moment, neither thcir the government which has hitherto protected and number or elegance can be boaster of, but there blessed them; and that all will unite in preserving are some very useful establishments, such as one and increasing the resources, and in promoting the Roman Catholic Church, a Court House, a School common good of Massachusetts.

llouse, a new market house, and a public gaol. In the bill which is presented, the committee Parish of East Baton Rouge. Bounded west by have endeavored to secure the rights of the Com. || the Mississippi, south by Bayou Manchac, or river monwealth, and to proposc arrangements, formed liberville, east by the river Amitc, and north (from

said river Amite) by a line running due west to the The immense quantities of produce which is almouth of Thompson's creck. Its length from N. to most continually Hoating on the Mississippi, and S, abont 25 m les; breadth from west to east 20 country populales, if it should be dear, must ineri.

Time of first settlement. About the year 1722— 1 tably preclude the possibility of a scarcity. The ten or twelve years before tie Natchez massacre. industrious poor can always be filled with bread, a

Rivers.—The Mississippi, forming the western circunstance of which the famished soul well knows limit of the parish-the Amite, bounding the east

the value. The facility with which produce may -be river 'Iberville on the south-the Comite, be raised and brough to the best market, secures about ten miles from the Mississippi.

to the rich their darling object.-Gazelle. Neither mountains, falls, or caves, are to be seen here; the only thing worthy of remark is the unin.

MARRIAGE ACT. terrupted levelness of the country; the unevenness of which is barely sufficient to drain of the water. The following proceedings in the British House Soil.--Superlatively fruitful.

ot Commons, on the 26th of April last, will be found Productions.--!lgar cane, coiton, Indian corn, very interesting to many, if not all of our readers: sweet and Irish potatoes--the country also affords Dr. Phillipore moved the order ofthe day, for the abundance of beef, pórk, and large fowls.

further consideration of the report on the Marriage Fruit Press-Figs, peaches, cherries, &c thrive || Act Amendment Bill. here, The Giange tree would alao succeed, if pro- Sir () Robinson opposed the bill at considerable perly attentied to.

lengih, as disturbing a law which was passed for the Cente.---Temperate, mild, and healthy. The purpose of obviating the great inconveniences pre. atniosphere, however, is chargeci witli a greater viously existing: He aid not conceive that the preproporrion of bumidity, than inland mountainous sent Marriage Act required alteration; and if it did, countries. Diseases, bilious tevers, and debilitating he was persuaded that the alterations suggested by complaints, are by far the most prevalent. Every his honorable and learned friend, would be highly fainily who are industrious and temperate, are injurious. Conceiving that Parliament ought not to healthy.

legislate on a subject of' so important a nature withSpeculation. To do justice to the rising great-out deliberate inquiry, either by a committee, or ness of tuiure Baton Rouge would be a task to otherwise, he felt it to be his clúty to move, as an which the linited abilities of the writer can lay no i amendment to the motion of his honorable and ciaim. Il requires no gift of divination, however, learned friend, that the Report be taken into fur. to prešlict its future importance. Situated as it is ther consideration on that day six months. upon the first eminence above high water mark, Mr. Sarjeant Onslow contended that the principle 250 miles from the sea, upon the margin of the of the bill was good, but thought that there were great reservoir of the Western waters, or • parent some of the provisions which mignt be advantageousof rivers,' the longest in North America, constituied | ly omitted, and also thal there were some deticienby the united streams of almost numberless rivers,cies which might be advantageously supplied, if the many of which are the greatest and longest in the honorable and learner gentleman who had moved United States, flowing through a vasily extensive the amendment would agree to the re-commitment and luxuriantly fertile country-- aving the shores of the bill. and fecundating the soil of every cimate, from 49 The Solicitor General argued against the bill, as to 30 north latitude, comprehending a width of two an innovation on an established and beneficial law. thousand or two thousand five hundred miles from To the principle of it he was decidedly hostile; and east to west, the vendied produce of which must he maintained that it could not be agreed to by the pass or be deposited in this place-its being equally house, unless they abandoned that most important free from the possibility of invasion--all which for-provision of the Marriage Act by which the marriage tunate circumstances render it morally certain, that of minors without the consent of their parents and it is destined, some day, and that at no great dis guardians was declared to be null and void. tance, to be the greatest and most flourisining town Sir J. Mackintosh characterized the Marriage Act in the nation, and the capital of the state.

as a most tyrannical and oppressive law. Origina. But when the healthiness of the climate, the ting in an individual who was incompetent to give richness of the soil of the surrounding country, to.

it a legal form, the execution of the act bad, in the geiler with the facility with which art miglit aug. i first instance, been found impracticable, and it bad jnent the means of communication by water, in been twice referred, but in vain, to the Judges for every, direction--I say, when all these advantages clue amendment. It then fell into the hands of Lord are taken into one view, the astonished spectator Hardwick, who, in consequence probably of the is lost in almiration, and secksin vain for the cause violent opposition and personal controversy in which has thus far held it in: obscurity. Nature, in which it involved him, was p:cqued into a support her partiality here, if she has not exhausted her of the measure, wirich it was not likely so distin. stores of bounty, seems to have most profusely la- | guished a character would otherwise have given to vished her richest gifts, which indeed are more a bill such as he (Sir J. Mackintosh) had described. conspicuous than even the opaccountable neglect | In two lines ut that act five capital felonies were or inattention, or rather stupidity of those, ubo,created.--One of its most revolting features was, heretofure, have had the management of its con.

that it visited with the most severe punishment in cerns, and who have had it in their power to do dividuals utterly innocent of crime; that it inflicted better juistice to its merits.

it less severe, although still a severe, punishment on Notwithstanding its inany natural advantages, a individuals who were the least guilty; and that it great proportion of the parish of Baton Rouge is not only allowed the most guilty individuals to still suffered to rest in a state of nature. it is con- escape with impunity, but in many instances gave tident's believed that no section of the Union holds them a reward for their treachery and cruelty. The erut so many and so great allurements to emigrants, unfortunate children of the marriages against wbich either agriculturists or manufacturers, whether the act was directed were declared illegitimate; the

unnappy wife was sent back into the world, depri.

poor or rich.

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