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they encamped. The next morning, after i

BUONAPARTE. travelling about ten miles, they fell in with a The following is the monthly allowance of party of Americans at a branch of the river ill the ex Emperor of the French, king of Italy, Rouge, who tied the arms of the Indiaris and protector of the confederation of the Rhine, unloaded their horses; leaving the effects on

&c. &c. &c. That such a man, before whom the ground. The American party and the the world trembled, should have doled out to prisoners then set out on their return, and had | vim roasting pigs, sugar candy, candles and proceeded about 150 yards when they met || coals by the measure and pound!!! Ponquish and his party, and fired upon one

[N. Y. Amer. of them (Wa-wa-se.cuck) and missed him. Items of Supplies furnished to Longwood, in the On this Tonquish's son ran off, and while en

month of June, 1818. deavouring to escape he was fired at twice Claret 240 bottles Champaigne 15 bottles and missed, a third gun bring fired at him heVin de Grave 60 do. Constantia 15 do. sell dead. Wa-o gan then called the other || Madeira 80 do. Cape Wine 630 do. Indians back, who were also endeavouring to | Teneriff 150 do. Ale and Cyder 180 do escape, whien Tonquish, returning towards || And as much draught beer as might have Wa-o gan, was shot by John M.Comb without

been required. any provocation on the part of Tonquish. Flour 100 lbs Candles 240 lbs Wa-o gan and five other Indians were then | Rice 150 lbs

Potatoes 15 bush. taken as prisoners to the house of said M-Butier 300 lbs.

Sugar Candy 300 lbs Comb, on the river Rouge.

Cheese 60 lbs

Coals 1440 bush. The deposition, from which the above is Salt 80 lbs.

Beef and Veal 1200 lbs taken, was made by Wa.o-gan, and corrobora- Vermacelli 45 lbs Mution 1500 lbs ted by Wa-wa-se-cock, Na-o-kay, Wa-we-a- Maccaroni 45 lbs Bread 1800 lbs

Sallid Oil 32 qts gaw, Wa.wa-be.nous.quoy, and Na-o-kee

Eggs 1080 squoy-be, all Pottawatimies.

Vinegar 41 bots.

Milk 420 qts

Lard 60 lbs The interpreters were Col. Godsroy and Pepper 10 lbs

Pigeons 30 Capt. Knaggs.

Roasting Pigs 4

Mustard 6 bots Geese 8 Since the above was in type, John Pickles 5 bots Ducks 16 M'Donnell, esq. has furnished us with state- Olives 12 bots Fowls 240 ments made before himself and Thomas Row. Hams 12

Black Tea 15 lbs land, esq. by several persons who were pre- Tongues 12

Green Tea 15 lbs sent at the unhappy affair on the river Rouge, Soap 30 lbs

Rum 2 bots and at the shooting of the Indians on ibe

Wood 20,160 lbs Twine 1 lb following day.

Vegetables, Fruit, and Fish as much as ra. By the statements it is proven conclusively quired, according to the season. that the Indians were the aggressors, and that Confectionary of all sorts, Liqueurs and prethe quarrel arose from their attempting to rob serves, &c. included only in the daily aca man, and not from the altack of the dog as

counts. stated by the Indians. Sargeant's dog did seize the Indian by his leggin, but on his The proper study of mankind is man." throwing him into the cellar, the Indians went A blacksmith, about seventy-five years old, off, and on falling in with the man above men-||known only by the nick-name of Bourguinoa tiured they attempted to rob him, when the which he had received probably from the name scuffle brought Sargeant to his assistance. of the Province where he was born, retired to

The mother of Mr. Sargeant states, that|| Havre, in France, 4 or 5 years ago, and lived after he fell, she ran to his assistance, and in a barn on bread and water. Nothing havseized an Indian by his arm as he was stand-lling been seen of him for some days, his neighing over her son in the act of stabbing him; bours informed the commissary of police, she arrested his arm and was knocked down who had the barn opened, and found him lyo by the Indian.

ing dead on a little straw, with a stone for a All who were present with John M'Comb pillow. A large wooden box was bis only when he overtook Tonquish and his party. piece of furniture which was found full of sil. agree in saying that the Indians gave tlie war It was ascertained that he died of hunwhoop when they were overtaken, and that I ger by the side of his treasure, which he would they fired at a man of the party who was in not be separated from, nor quit the sight of advance of the rest. Tonquishi and his son for a single moment. Enquiry is making for were fired upon in attempting to make their his name and his heirs, which are equally unescape.





LETTERS FROM LOUISIANA. The seat of justice for Switzerland county Indiana. | Froin a gentleman now in that country, to his

This town is about 45 miles from Cincin- friend in the village of Springfield, Massachunati, 64 miles from Louisville, and 48 miles

LETTER I. from Frankfurt, (the metropolis of ken)

At length, after a passage of 23 days from an extensive, high, dry, beautiful, coin-New-York, we arrived at the mouth of the manding and healthy bottom;—it is commo- Mississippi River. This river presents a diously laid out with spacious streets, inter most singular appearance, as it tumbles whirlsecting each other at right angles and opening and foaming unto the great deep, the wasquares, reserved for public buildings, con

ter of which, as every body knows who have venience and ornament. It is only in the kith year of its age, and it contains about 400 hence the appearance which is produced by

scen it, is remarkably muddy and dirty, inhabitants--a court-house, jail, market-unitiny rapidly, as it does, with the clear house, school-house, circulating library, a transparent water of the sea Besides, the branch of the state Bank of Indiana, a print- land, or marsh, on both sides of the entrance, ing office, several stores, mechanics of almost is so extremely low, that you can harully see every description; about 70 dwelling houses, it two miles vit-of course the first you see 8 or 9 new buildings now erecting and un- 1 of this great river is the diíference in the cofinished; numerous stables and out houses, lour of the water, roiling over that of tise together with between 10 and 20 shops of

ocean, and appearing very much like water different descriptions.

agitated and broken by running over rocks. Immediately below the town of Vevay, is In passing up this river, though it was in the the noted settlement o! Europeans denomi-month of January, we had very warm, pleanated and known by the name of the Swiss | sant weather-ten thousand birds singing, as Vineyards;--this settlement commences atin spring, with you. The land along its banks, the lower edge of the town; and continues until you get half way up to New Orleans, without any break or interruption down to will not admit of cultivation, being entirely a the mouth of Indian creek, a distance of low, wet marsh, filled with various kinds of about two miles, on a level buttom, about oue wiid fowl, snakes and alligators. But above half mile wide.

that the land is a little cultivated, and you In no part of the world does the eye meet now and then see a few little huts scattered with more mimerous proofs of industry; the along shore, constructed something like an whole settlement is interspersed and check-|Indian's wigwam, inhabited by Creoles, and ered over with grapes, apples, pears, plums, apparently the residence of much poverty and cherries, peaches, corn, grass and buckwheat. misery. The vine is cultivated with success, and in | askore to one of these huts to buy some milk.

The captain of the vessel and myself went great abundance;-far beyond the consump-On leaving our boat and approaching the tion of the adjoinining country, and yield a house, we found ourselves besieged on all very handsome profit to the cultivator. These | sides by five or six large dogs, who comwencvineyards are of greai utility to the surroand ed growling and barking at us, and would ing country, and a great source of pleasure i hardly suffer us to proceed. On entering and amusement to all classes of society, both the house, which was all in one room, and citizens and travellers.

that without any floor to it, we beheld a very The houses of the Swiss in this settlement good looking woman, apparently about 35 are nearly all built of wood; some, however | years of


but half decently dressed, seatare weil built and neatly painted. She neat-led in and old broken chair, which was the ness of the domestic concerns and the people only one I could see in the house, with a is striking; even the most humble of their young child in her arms, surrounded by sis houses convey an idea of neatness and sim- or eight more of different sizes, with dirty plicity, and iinpress a pleasing conviction of faces and half naked carcases. All stared their happiness. Each have their own lot of || at us with as much astonishment as if we had ground fronting on the river, and running descended to them from the moon. Recólback for quantity, which they have neatly lecting a little French, I asked the woman distributed into a vineyard, a garden, a field, in her own language, if she could sell us a a meadow, a pasture and an orchard, all of little milk. No, she said, they had none. which they have skirted with different trees. Have you any eggs, madame? No. Any poand supplied with well water. Their chieftatoes! No. Any butter? No. Any meat? amusements are singing, instrumental music, No. Any bread No. What in the world and dareing.-- Vevay Examiner.

have you got to eat, theni said I-Nothing sir. My husband has gone up the river tof men, evacuated the furt during the following niglit, get something for us to eat, and we expect and the text day the whole of the fort was in our him back tomorrow. So we left her and re- | possession. Our loss is 8 killed, and 23 wounded.

At Penang iwo expeditions are preparing; ine turned to our vessel Contrasting our wants of which is destined to form a British settlement at as we went along, with that of the poor wo- Archen-the destination of the other not known. man and her children we had left, we felt Sir Stamford Raffers, was to accompany the former perfectly satissed to go without milk. Par expedition. don this little digression, my dear !

The Dutch are taking possession of all the little could not omit relating to you this little in- they formerly had to the eastward, and they are in

expectation of 15,000 more troops from Europe. cident, because having struck me so forcibly Private accounts froin Calcutta, of the 4th inst. at the time, it is stili fresh in my meinory. mention that a very great change had rather unes.

"T'is a singular fact that ressels in sailing pec:edly taken place in the money market. Conup and down the Mississippi River, never pany's six per cent paper, which ten days before come to anchor at all. Nature has provided bere a discount of 77 per cent. had fallen to 24 per a different way for their security. When with this decline, being then 8 per cent. per annum night comes on they run along side of the on deposit of Government paper, or equal to a debank, which is almost every where perpendi- crease of 10 per cent. in as many days. It was difcular, and with sufficient depth of water, ficult to account satisfactorily for so rapid a change, where they make fast to a tree on shore till ted to effect it, the principal are said to be the large morning. Thus in consequence of “ tying | inportations of bullion from China and Europe, 'tiie up” vessels, as a man does his horse, you sec opening of the Bank for discounting, and the staga great many trees that are conveniently si- | nation in the cotton market in the upper provinces. tuated on the bank of the river, with their

It is further stated that the crop of cotton this bark chaffed and rubbed off, and eatively, xil

season is expected to prove very abundant. led by it. As you approach New Orleans, the coun

N'GREGOR'S DEFEAT. try becomes very much improved, and you The account of ihe re capture of Porto Cabello, pass some very fine plantations, particularly of the escape of M'Gregor, and capture of all his two or three in the peighborhood of Jack-troops is detailed in the Jamaica papers, but does son's battle ground, so memorably distin-It is equally disreputable to the General, who was guished during the late war with Great Bri- completely surprised, and is stated to have had not tain; and which is six miles below the city. a single picquet posted outside the town. The

You see I have no more room, without ta- Spaniards lost but four men. king another sheet of paper. Adieu my dear | Return of the Officers who were killed, wounded, made H- In my next'I shall give you a de- prisoners, escoped, and were missing on the oth inst. scription of New Orleans.

belonging to M Gregor's Army. [To be continued.]

General Sir Gregor M'Gregor, escaped; Cols. O'Hara, wounded, since ce d; Rafter, 'prisc ney;

Sohnston, escaped; Maj. Baldwin and Brig. Mag. FOREIGN.

Ross, prisoners; Captains Acton, missing, supposed

to be killed; Gutleuson, escaped; Gordon, wound. BOYBAs, Feb. 27 -By the advices dated Camp ated, prisoner; Dawson, Nelson, Palarios, O'Shaug. Amlah 12th inst. we are informed that Appal Sahib, baesseg, O'Callagan, Frost, Parnham, and Black, the Éx Rajah of Nagpore, bad made his escape from prisoners; Lieuts. Moore and Scargill, prisoners; his retreat in the Deo Pahur, or Maha Deo bills. A Colecough, escaped; Finney and Nasan, prisoners; large party of his adherents, consisting, it is said, | Dixon, missing; M'Bean, Smith, and Dudley, wound. of Arabs and Patanas, were a few days before the ed and prisoners; Bennet -and Oakley, prisoners; date of our correspondent's letter, attacked and de- || and Mackay, missing.–Ensigns Haddock, Banamy, feated by Capt. Jones, commanding a party of Ben- | and Plythean, prisoners; Senfull

, escaped; Stewart, gal cavalry and infantry near a place called Boor-killed; Coates and M‘Donald, prisoners; Boothe and dee in the neighbourhood of the Shahpoor jungle. Ogahagan, killed; Howard, Shields, Baldwin, Soul. About 200 of the enemy are srid to have been kil- || lard, and Howell, prisoners.-Cadet Bret, wounded led, and some were taken prisoners. It is most and prisoner-Surgeons Burton, Matherhead, and probable that the ex-rajajh will soon throw himself | Bryan, prisoners; and a! Donalel, escaped — Assist. on the clemency of the British government. We ani surgeons Kernan and Haslett, prisoners.-Depui. hear likewise that the greater part of the deserters ty paymaster goneral Binstead, missing, supposed from the Bengal army, which joined Appah Sahib, dead. Deputy commissary general Walker, assisthave beeu taken and executed.

ant commissary general Harwood, and deputy assis:. Advices from Camp at Raree, dated Sunday the aut commissary general Francoise, prisoners-com14th inst inform us, ihat that fort bas been taken missary clerks Bruin and Roberts, prisoners, and possession of by our gallant forces. The pettah kyan, killed.

and outworks of the fort were stormed in a most gallant style on the 13th, by a detachment of the force under the command of Lieut. Colonel Clifford,

Paris, May 8 --A sudden frosi has done a C.B. and in consequence of their success, the prin: I great damage in the south: Paw Silk bas risch cipal part of the garrison, consisting of about 1200 | 61. per lb. in conscqgence of it.


From the Franklin Gazette. NonFOLK, June 21.-Our intelligence from Gib.

COMMERCIAL. raltar, per the Shepherdess, arrived at New Haven, is to the 28th of April:- The King of Spain, some

PHILADELPHIA, June 25, 1819. time in that month, called his council together to Messrs. Bache and Norvell, advise with them on the subject of his revolted colonies, and desired them all to express their sen.

Gentlemen-I herewith hand you a trans. timents without any reserve; accordingly 22 of the lation of a Royal Decree, published in Portumembers recommend a compromise with the rero. gal, relative to our commerce with that kinglutionists—which so exasperated the king, that not-dom. I beg leave to recommend to the merwithstanding be had urged them to give their opin- cbants of the United States shipping there, to ions freely, he iir.mediately dismissed them from his service ! A majority of the council were in favor of accompany their invoice with the certificate prosecuting the war.

required, as it will prevent their paying duty Two captains in the Spanish navy, (brigadiers of on the long price, or in any other words, pasa marine) bave been broke for refusing to take coming duty on the value of the articles, after mand of two 74's destined for Lima—and the king | freight, insurance, duty, &c. are charged-, says that all shall be broke who refuse, in this critical state of his kingdom, to perform their duty.

Wheat, rye, barley, oats, Indian corn, and since the arrival of the last frigate from Vera four made from them, pay a specific duty; Cruz with money, though it was all private proper of course this decree does not apply to them. ty, the expedition at Cadiz has made some progress. J PEMBERTON HUTCHINSON, About 40' English transports have arrived from Consul of the U. S. of America, for Portugal. England, to take troops, under private contract, which with the Russians, Danes, Swedes and French To his Excellency Viscount de Balsemao, Pre before employed, will make the armada a confede. racy of all the lloly Allies—this does not look much || Most Illustrious and Excellent Lord,

sident of the Council of Trade. like neutrality-though it was whispered that the English had ordered their cruizers to capture all

The King our Lord in conformity with vessels under their flag having troops on board to the opinion of the council of trade of the 10th be employed against the Patriots.

February last, relative to the entry of mer. The San Telmo, San Fernando, and Alexanderchandize of the United States of America, 1st, 74's, and Diana frigate, 44, were expected to orders that six months from this date, no mersail from Cadiz for Lima on about the 6th May, but | chandize of the United States of America can would carry no troops, we shall not be surprised be admitted for entry in any of the custom to hear thai the cause of this was—because the troops | houses of Portugal, without the invoices being would not go.

It is stated that the king continued to grant ex. sworn to before the Portuguese consols resiclusive licences to trade, as a means of raising mo- || dent in the ports of the United States of Ame. ney-to import the produce of his colonies into the rica; and their attestations shall declare that ties as are paid in national vessels—to import flour the prices charged in the invoices are the carinto Havanna in foreign bottoms upon paying half rent market prices. The consuls shall not the present duty-which, with enormous forced charge more than two dollars for each certifiloans, when money arrives from the Indies, and two cate. All merchandize not accompanied with lotteries per month, constitute almost the whole such attestations shall be subject to pay duty system of finance from which the resources of the empire are derived--whilst in several parts of it, on the current market price of the port of enbodies of armed banditti occupy the country, pluntry. Your excellency will malie this known dering all they meet, murdering many, and in some to the council, that it may be executed. instances have, in parties of 200 strong, laid towns

God guard your Excellency. under contribution!

Palace of the Government, April 10, 1819. We further learn, that Mr. Wm. D. Robinson who | JOAO ANCONIO SALTER de MENDONCA, was formally demanded by the Governor of Cadiz, still enjoyed his refuge at Gibraltar, as Governor

Secretary of State for the Interior, Don bad manifested no disposition to authorize his being arrested in conformity to this extraordinary mandate.

(Herald A London pager mentions, that the ex.

Queen of Holland has lately arrived at Frank.

fort to take leave of her sister, the ex Queen Aux Cares, June 1.-A new tarif has just been l of Spain, who proceeds in the course of a published here, which establishes the duties as fol-month to join her husband, the ex-King Jolow: Haytian vessels trading to any country (Bri-seph, in America, tish dominions excepted) nine per cent. to the Bri tish dominions five per cent. British vessels seven per cent. Vessels from any other country twelve The namber of students enrolled in the Uniper cent. Several small duties have been taken off, | versity of Edinburgh, for the cession just endand the estimation of the goods a great deal lower; all kinds of lumber and shingles free of duties for cd, exceeded 2250, the greatest number ever one year-molasses also free of duties for the same known in one year. The number at Glasgow period. American produce plenty.–Balt. Pal. was nearly 2000.


of their own subjects, without an effort or remon.

strance on their part, either before or since, to calise City of Washington, June 19th.

to be respected that neutrality, which the laws of PORTUGUESE CLAIMS. The following note

nations imperiously impose on every civilized : is from the Portuguese Government, calling on

power. their merchants to “present legal proof of cer.

Whether the Portuguese government means to tain losses, in order that the necessary claims may be made upon the United States;" by which trump up these claims against us, by way of rebut. it appears they are putting matters in training the numerous demands for spoliations we have for a formal demand upon our government for de againstpher, we know not; but certain it is, she oives

us a long arrearage of old debt, which the present predations committed on their commerce, under the flag of the South American wief

, Gen Artigas. ||ing, and which, when once required, will not be re

moment may afford a good opportunity of demande : many of whose privateers are reported to have been fitted out within the itrisdiction of the United linquished, without obtaining the most ample satis.

faction, both as regards our pecuniary and nation States. In order to substantiate this, we presume,

al interests. his Portuguesc majesty has not more conclusive evi.

The following is the article referred to: dence than what is furnished through common repare, which no doubt the enemies of Gen. Artigas, " The Royal Board of Commerce to all, His and the official spies of Portugal have greatly ex- | Majesty's subjects, makes known: That his aggerated; for after the result of legal investigation, majesty has been pleased to order that the if we recollect correctly, in a great many instances, | sulted, robbed or captured by the pirates;

owners or those interested in the vessels inno such charge has yet been established against any present legal proofs of the losses they have of the citizens of the U. States.

sustained, in order that the necessary claims The reader will naturally enquire, then, how these may be made upon the United States. For demands are to be sustained against the U. States, this purpose, the persons interested in those when the Portuguese government is allowed to losses are required to exhibit the above mentprosecute in our courts, like any other power,

tioned documents, within thirty days after for alleged cases of piracy committed on the high || be submitted to his majesty for his royai de

the date of the present notice, that they may seas; and as the U. States have, by every means

termina ion. within their power, by acts of congress, &c. al. “ In virtue whereof the said Board has din ways expressed a determination to detect and punish | rected the above to be published, in consethe crime of piracy, what reparation can they le- quence of the order received from the secregally claim of us?

tary of state and war department, dated the During our late war with Great Britain, to the || 23d inst. (Signed)

JOSE & BURSIO DAS NEVIS, disgrace of this pusillanimous people, they acted a Lisbon, 28th April, 1819" part entirely inconsistent with the character of neutrality, and at the same time, very injurious to our national interests: at that critical period they

DOMESTIC. frequently gave up to the enemy our lawful prizes

Separation of Maine, 1 he bill before the Mas. when they chanced to touch at their ports, as wassachusetts legislature for the separation of Maine the case at Rio Janeiro, in 1813, wien Com Porter, from Massachusetts proper, passed the Senate, by brought in the British Schr. Elizabeth; and many

a vote of 26 to 11, after an animated debate of nearother instances that cannot readily be cited from ly two days. The 9 senators from Maine voted in memory: all of which we understand, our

favor of separation.

government has a correct account of, and will no doubt demand indemnification for.

AGRICULTURE.-An experienced and intelli. But what shall we say to their claims, when we gent farmer, of Montgomery, County, Md. inforins

us that grain crops, generally, in his neighborhood, mention the disgraceful conduct shown to our fag,

are very promising, and particularly wheat, which in the case of the Gen. Armstrong privateer, whilst looks well, and is freer from the fly than has been under the guns of a neutral fort in Fayal Roads, | ver crops will fall short; owing to the present

known for years past. He says, the grass and clos when the Portuguese authorities tamely permitted drought, which also begins to affect garden vege. a British force to violate the neutrality of their tables Peaches promise to be plentiful, but not port, and to attempt to destroy a vessel of the u be gathered. His reason for the deficiency is not

near the usual quantity of apples, it is thought will States, jeopardizing, at the same time, the lives II recollected.

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