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Ode to Impudence, by Croaker & Co.
Oak, a remarkable

Ontario's cruise

Official Notices, &c.
Pirates of the Plattsburg
Portraits, American gallery of, No. 1.
Peace establishment, report of the Secretary
of War concerning the military
Prizes not to be sold at St. Bartholomews
-run on shore designedly
Painting of the battle near Paris

sacred effusions

addressed to Napoleon

the American flag
the Sentinel Isle

Poem, with notes

Press, corruption of the
Prince Maurice,
President's tour

Parker, death of Charles H.

Pennsylvania legislature, public acts of the
Pensacola, evacuation of
- port of

Pedestrian tour
Park, Mungo

Potato root, origin of the
Printing in Palestine

Potomac navigation in 1756
Paris, statistics of


Portuguese commerce

conjectures on the fate of

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Sea Serpent, re-appearance of the
State politics, Bird's Eye view of
374 Supreme Court, decisions of the






Office of the National Register,
July 1, 1819.


59, 208, 336







209 Steam boats, mode of towing rafts of timber by 338
220 Snake, sympathy of a



found in the maw of a cod fish







contents of the


Treaty between the United States and Sweden 18
Trial by jury and liberty of the press
390 Tragedy of John Howard Payne


393 Tathem, sketch of the life of col. Wm.

391 Theon, Thomas, sufferings of

398 Treasury rules

406 Trial, amusing

Tea plant
218 Tombuctoo


Rescue of a boy at Kingsale
Riot on proclaiming the Shiloh

Receipe for curing the Murrain in horned cattle 284

Ruta Baga, culture of the


Red River, sketch of the
Prussian Ukase, directing a reduction of ten

per cent. on all imports and exports from


249 Syracuse


St. Augustine, description of

353 Slavery, Adams' sentiments on
278 Treaty with Spain




Skeletons, dwarf

Sailing, rapid

Seminole war, address to the American people

relative to the

documents relating to the 113, 130,
146, 162, 178, 193, 211, 227, 244,
260, 273, 290


Spencer, J. C. declines his election as senator 173
Seed of grain received at Albany from Spain 174
Spain, decree of the king of, concerning fo-
reigners in the service of the patriots
Spectacle of a beautiful night in the deserts of
the New World





Scotch literature, courts, &c.

Sumatra, island of

South America,-Morillo's invitation to British





-, general Bollivar's address to
the congress on the form.
ation of a constitution
late intelligence

|| Ugly wife or a gibbet


Verses, selected




-, by Moore

by Croaker & Co.
Various articles of intelligence

Venezuelian congress, installation of the
Volcano in Jamaica

Vevay, account of

Venezuela, state of affairs in
Wheat, India

Western country, trade with the

Weights and measures, British government
collecting information relative to
Waverly, conjecture as to the author of
Writing Rock












221, 239










Subscriptions due to the National Register, from July 1, 1818, to June 30, 1819,
are, by agreement with the subscriber, payable up to that period to Messrs. LAWRENCE,
WILSON, & Co. or their authorized agents; and from July 1, 1819, all moneys due to the
establishment are requested to be remitted to


Editor and proprietor, at Washington City.


No. 1.]



Printed and Published, every Saturday, by Lawrence, Wilson, & Co. at five dollars per annum.

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Contents of this No. of the National Register.
ORIGINAL.-Address to Patrons, 1-Song, 14-Minor Cri-
ticism, 14-Editor's Cabinet-Foreign News, 15-History

to absolute purity of thinking and writing, a hope
may be allowed to the Proprietors of the National
Register, that, ia aiming to acquire an accurate
of Congress, 15-Bank of the United States, 16.
diction and a sound mode of reasoning in their
SELECTED.- Miscellany-Astronomical Calculation, 2--
Dwarf Skeletons, 2-Breach of promise of marriage, pages, they recommend their print more effectu
3-Progress of Crime, 3-Statistics--Boundary line of
the state of Georgia, 4-Affairs of the Bank of the United ally to the community at large; because, as they
States, 5-Foreign Affairs-Number and rank of British
naval officers, 7-Rates and duties on articles imported suppose, if it be an object to improve the intel-
from the United States into Upper Canada,, 74Homelect at all, it is an object to improve it in the best
Affairs-Message of Gov. Find ay to the Legislature of
Pennsylvania, 7.-Proceedings of Congress, 11.

manner; especially where the means of doing so
are as cheap and convenient as in cases where the

Address of the Proprietors of the National || means are worse.
Register to their Patrons.

In discarding reports, rumors, and surmises,
In commencing a new volume of the NATIONAL nothing is lost to the reader; he, on the contrary,
REGISTER at the beginning of a new year, the gains by just so much as there would subsequent-
Proprietors feel themselves called upon to thank ly be a necessity of contradicting. In the perusal
their friends and the public for the liberal patron-of some of the daily gazettes, half a man's time is
ago which, for the short time they have had any lost in unreading what he had previously read.-
concern in it, has been bestowed upon their pa-They exist upon all kinds of absurdities and con-
per. Their industry will keep pace with this tradictions, and the extent of their devouring co-
liberality; and their efforts will be unceasing to lumns requires such garbage wherewith to fill
render the Register the first print of its class in them, as more salutary nutriment is not generally
the United States. Time, however, must test within their reach.
that fact.

When it is considered how very few people
reason vigorously upon every thing which they
peruse, and how much easier it is barely to re-
member than to reason efficiently, the fairness and
the force of these observations must be admitted.
The human mind is never engaged, however
slightly, with impunity; if it is does not detect and
resist error and falsehood, it is sure to receive
them, and to give to them a sanction, more or less
weighty, by recollection.

Like most others who have a commodity to dis-
pose of, the Proprietors do not altogether rely for
success on mere utili y: they seek, of course, to
make the contents of their sheet as pleasant, as
various, and thereby as agreeable, as possible, so
that the freshness of novelty may yield a zest to
what is useful. In the publication of some of the
larger documentary communications made by the
President to Congress during the session of that
body, this print will not, it is probable, be sa
rapid as some of its cotemporaries; but they will,
in it, be more correctly and completely printed.
The garbled state in which some of the documents
are now thrown before the public by the daily
newspapers, has determined the Publishers of the
National Register to insert them entirely, and in
their regular order.


With the best compliments of the season to
their Patrons, the Proprietors take this occasion
to remind them of the conditions of subscription
to their paper. All who are in arrears on the 1st
of January, 1819, either by dues up to, or adə

It may have been observed by the reader, per-
haps, that the National Register deals very
little in surmises, rumors, and reports, which a-
bound so much in the ordinary newspapers, and
which are mostly inserted, in the first instance,
with a view to deceive, or for the purpose of
speculation, and are copied to fill up dull co-
lumns. The great object with the Proprietors of
this paper is to make it a record of political and
other truths, as far as truth is attainable from the
various publications which give currency to the
incidents of human life and the transactions which
mark the course and characters of nations. After
the greatest care and sifting, however, the degr
of truth acquired is in most cases very imperfect,
arising from either ignorance or design. The
propagation of error is wonderfully facilitated in
the common journals, from the ease with which
knavish and unlettered men glide into the ma-
nagement of them. A certain bold and flippant
air put on in a paragraph gives to it an apparent
value, although it may be full of unjust thoughts
and ungrammatical expressions, which tend to
corrupt the understanding and debase the lan-
guage of the reader; for an ignorant and illiterate
press has the same pernicious effect on the mind
that low company has on the manners.

The preceding reflections are not made with
any particular view of assuming a superiority in
these respects over many other publishers of pe-
riodical works: but whilst no pretension is made


warranted in this conclusion, as well from the

about 15 miles from this place, discovered, on the site where he had fixed his dwelling, a number of graves, the size of which appeared uncommonly small. This awakened his curiosity, and led him to a minute examination, which convinced him they were the remains of human beings much smaller than those of the present day. He seemed Pub-uniform appearance of the skeletons (the length of which in no case exceeds 4 feet) as from the teeth, which bore the evident marks of those befacts to a gentleman of this place, who, on Sunday longing to adult persons He communicated these last, together with two other gentlemen, accompanied Drs. Waller and Grayson to the place of interment. They found, as had been stated, in a wood adjacent to the house, a great number of graves, situated on small tumuli or hillocks, raised about three feet above the surface; they examined several the first of which, by actual measurement, The grave was carefully cased on both sides, as was discovered to be only 23 inches in length.

well as at the head and foot, with flat stones; in

the bottom also a stone was fixed on which the body was lying, placed on the right side, with the head to the east. Time had completely destroyed all the soft parts of the body, as well as decom

their relative situation.

If we admit a degree of latitude on the Earth's surface to be equal to 69 2 of our miles, the cir-posed the bones, which, however, still preserved cumference, supposing its form to be that of a perfect sphere, 249.12, and the diameter 7929.735 miles.

But it has been ascertained, upon principles that will not, probably, be now controverted, that the true figure of the Earth is that of an oblete spheroid, the ratio of whose polar axis to the equatorial diameter is as 318 to 319 The polar diameter, according to this proposition, is 7904.877 of our miles.

vances from, that date, will oblige the concern by remitting or calling and paying the amount at an early day This request will, it is likely, be more particularly attended to, when it is recollected that the Register does not reap any profit from an advertising custom. Another request, which is equally a condition, and very essential to the lishers, is, that all letters addressed' to them re specting the paper should be post-paid. They have been already subjected to heavy expenses LAWRENCE, WILSON, & Co.

on this account.

City of Washington,
January 2, 1819.

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Of the difference, on the parallel of 45 degrees,
of the latitude by observation (with a sextant,
quadrant, or other instrument proper for the
purpose,) and the true latitude on that parallel,
taking into view the spheroidal figure of the


The teeth, which were expected to furnish the best and perhaps only data to judge, were found enamel, which seems only to yield to chemical dein a state almost perfect, being defended by the composition. To the astonishment of all, they proved to be teeth of a being, who, if it had not attained the age of puberty, had unquestionably arrived at that period of life when the milk teeth yield to the second or permanent set. The molares and incisores were of the ordinary size of the second teeth. The jaw bone seemed to have its complement, unless it was the dentis sapienta, or what is better understood by the wisdom teeth, which make their appearance from 18 to 22 or 23.

The next grave examined was on an adjacent mound, and measured 27 inches; it resembled in every respect the first, except that the top of it several others were opened, all of which present was covered with flat stones placed horizontally. an uniform appearance, and none, although many were measured, proved to be in length more than 4 feet 2 or 3 inches. From these facts the mind is brought to the trresistible conclusion, that these are the remains of beings differing altogether from, and inferior in general size to, ourselves. For, if in the subject first mentioned, we suppose it to be



Xtangent of the true latitude on the paral-a being of the usual growth, the fact of its having lel, tangent latitude, by observation Accord-attained the age of 7 or 8 years, as seems proved ing to this rule, 45 degrees (allowing for the from the teeth, is directly opposite to and at war spheroidal form of the Earth, and the ratio of the with the circumstance of its being only 23 inches diameters above stated) will correspond with 45° long, the usual length of a child 8 or 10 months 10 47 606 dec. by observation. old, and justifies the conclusion that, by nature, it was destined to be of interior size.


The diameter of a perfect sphere equal to the spheroid above stated, is found, by taking a geo-fil metrical mean of these two diameters, to be 7917. 296 miles: if we divide this by 636, twice the ra

tio of the polar axis, we have 12 4485 miles, equal

to the difference, on the parallel of 45 degrees of the latitude by observation, supposing the Earth to be a perfect sphere, and the true latitude, allowing for its real spheroidal form. The latitude by observation should, therefore, be 45° 10 47"

61 dec.

The following rule will give the corresponding latitude, by observation, on any parallel, from 09 to 90 degrees:

Let a represent the equatorial diameter, and y the polar axis of the earth.

December 28, 1818. Explanation of the algebraical signs. square of the equatorial diameter, divided by the squarely changed by time, nothing remaining but the of the polar axis; X multiplied by, equal to.

As to the time that those bodies have been deposited, there is no clue by which to form any certain opinion. The bones have been thorough

DWARF SKELETONS. From the Missouri Gazette, printed at St. Louis, on the 6th of November, 1818.

ime or earthy particles of them, which can undergo no further change, and may as well be supposed to have been in this state five centuries as one. It is certain they have been there an immense length of time from the large growth of timber on the mounds, and the roots of trees that

A short time since, Mr. Long, the proprietor of

a farm on the south bank of the Meramec river, ll had made their way through the graves. This

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| That she considered marriage as the sacred institution of Heaven, and it would be betraying the feelings of her heart if she ever bestowed her hand on another. She breathed forth pray. ers for his happiness, and wished him to remem. ber her in his supplications to the Throne of Grace. There never was a more pathetic and


From the Albany Daily Advertiser of Dec. 2, 1818. eloquent appeal to the feelings of an audience, or which called more loudly for exemplary dama ges from a jury. The tear of sympathy stole from every eye, the glow of honest indignation flushed every countenance. The counsel of the defendant, by the introduction of this letter, were truly heaping damages on the head of their client. The letter of the lady evinced a mind highly cultivated and refined, a heart possessing, in an eminent degree, the softness of her sex, and composure and tranquillity, which could alone be derived from religion and virtue.

subject certainly invites the attention of the learned and curious, and opens an ample field for investigation, at least to form some plausible conjecture of a race of beings who have inhabited our country at a period far beyond that of which tradition gives us any account.

His honor the judge, in a very feeling and elo. quent charge to the jury, after remarking on the rare occurrence of actions of this nature, dwelt

Breach of Promise of Marriage. The circuit court in and for the county of Montgomery, was opened before his honor Mr. Justice Spencer, on Monday, the 16th inst. and continued during the week. Among the trials which excited a great degree of interest and feeling, was that of an action brought by a lady residing in Canajoharie, against a physician living at Saratoga, for a breach of promise of marriage.a The respectability and standing of the parties, the novelty of the case, and the peculiar circum stances attending it, engaged a more than ordinary attention On the part of the plaintiff it was proved that the defendant had paid his ad.with much force on the peculiar circumstances at dresses to her, and even solicited the consent of tending the one before them. A lady of refined her father to a union, which was given. A num. manners and good education, alive to every noble ber of letters written by the defendant to the sentiment, and, to add to the interest which she plaintiff, were read in evidence, which contained excited, being in delicate health, had been made the warmest professions of friendship and esteem, to pine in solitude, and consigned to celibacy, and breathed in every line the soft accents of love. through the faithless conduct of one who had This correspondence, which had continued for a gained her affections, and solemnly promised to considerable length of time, was broken off by be her companion and protector through life. In the defendant. From some pretended cause, his summing up the evidence, he adverted, with mach heart became estranged from the former object emotion, to the letter of the lady, to which he of his love-he had met with another young lady paid the highest tributes; observing, at the same (the friend of the plaintiff,) whose glittering time, that so far from evincing a disposition to repurse perhaps dazzled his eyes, and with a mag-lease the defendant from his engagement, it netic power attracted his wavering heart. He showed the very reverse-it presented the deaddressed her-gained her heart-and added to fendant in a more odious view, and exhibited the his faithless conduct the sanction of matrimony, brightest part of the lady's character. That the leaving the former idol of his affections a prey to receipt of such a letter, written under such cir tender anguish. cumstances, was enough to break the heart of any The defence relied on was, that the plaintiff other man. He told the jury that this was the had released him from his engagement, by ad-most aggravated case which had ever come bevising him to marry her friend. As evidence of fore him, and that it was their duty to lay a heathis, but most fatally for the defendant, and most vy hand on the defendant. To the honor of a juunfortunately for his learned counsel, a letter was ry, composed of the honest yeomanry of the counintroduced written by the plaintiff to him. It try, be it said, they returned to the bar with a was the last which she had addressed to him, verdict for the fair plaintiff of five thousand dolcomposed at a time when her heart was wrung lars. with the painful conviction that she had ceased to interest him, and when the more painful intelLigence was communicated that he was on the eve of being united to another. Under these truly afflicting circumstances, so trying to the tender sensibilities of the female bosom-she addressed hin-not with harsh epithets of censure and reproach; but in the most tender and affectionate language. In the spirit of grief, she told him of the information which she had received, requesting him to inform her without reserve, whether he was indeed about to be united to another; and without evincing a spark of jealousy or resentment, she offered the warmest tribute of friendship and respect to the amiable qualities of her On Saturday last, two men, named Solomon friend-recommending her as every way calculat-Cumbo and Daniel James, were brought before ed to make him happy, and if he had determined J. H. Mitchell, esq. justice of peace, for having to make her his wife, telling him to do so with committed a robbery on the Georgetown road, out delay. As for herself, she had become re- near this town. The subjoined are the particuconciled to her unhappy situation, though lan-lars, as they came out on the examination: guage was inadequate to describe the deep an It appears that four men, of the names of Dan guish wluch had rent her bosom The fair pros el James, John Robinson, and Jim, sea. pects of connubial happiness which smiling hope || men, and ---had held up to her view, were blasted forever.

PROGRESS OF CRIME. From the Charleston City Gazette of the 14th December, 1818.


Bell, a jeweller by trade, left

Breach of Promise of Marriage-In the report of this trial in our paper of yesterday, the names of the parties were omitted. Many inquiries have been since made respecting them, which it was not in our power to answer; but we learn by a Johnstown paper now before us, that the name of the lady is Miss Lucy Hubbard, of Canajoharie, and that of the defendant Dr. John 11. Steele, of Saratoga.-[Ed. Alb. D. Adv.

this city early on Friday evening, in a small boat,
and landed opposite the barracks, near Haddrell's
Point, where they secured their boat, and left
her, crossing over, through the woods, to the
northern post road. Having reached it, they dis
guised themselves, by blacking their faces with
gunpowder, and hanging moss round their hats,
which hung down over their faces. Soon after
they arrived at the road, Solomon Cumbo, who
had been down to market, came up: they stopped
and robbed him of about 25 dollars During the
act, Cumbo's horse took fright, and ran back to
the Ferry, leaving him with the robbers. They
took him with them into the bushes, and if the
evidence of Daniel James is to be relied upon,
who was admitted as States' evidence. Cumbo
joined them in eating and drinking through the
night. and proposed to them that they should
way-lay the mal, which would pass that spot about
7 o'clock next morning, and rob it-stating to
them at the same time, that he left a traveller at
the Ferry house, who was to come on early in the
morning, and who had a considerable sum of mo
ney with him, of which they might easily become
possessed-He accordingly blacked his face, as
the others had done, and decorated his head with
moss. When the mail came along in the morn
ing in a sulkey, driven by a lad of 15 or 16 years
old, they all went out into the road, and stopped
the boy, making some inquiries of him how soon
the stage from Charleston might be expected
along, pretending they were desirous of getting a
passage in it to Georgetown. They did not take
hold of the horse, although Cumbo advanced very
near to his head, but one of the sailors told the
boy they would not trouble him, and he might
drive on.
James, in his deposition before the
magistrate, said it was him who gave this order,
as he conceived it would be a pity to rob the
mail, thereby breaking the chain of correspond-
ence throughout the Union."

Soon after the mail had passed on, the expect
ed traveller, mentioned above, rode up-they
stopped him, and, according to their account,
robbed him of 17 dollars--when, getting alarmed,
the four first named retreated through the woods
to their boat, pushed off, and pulled towards
James Island. Cumbo immediately went down
to the Ferry, and informed that he had been rob-
bed, as above stated, (carefully concealing, howe-
ver, that he had any agency in the second rob
bery) and that the lobbers were then pulling a-
cross the harbor for the opposite shore. A fer-left no doubt in our own minds of this being the
ry-boat was instantly manned, into which three identical creek contemplated in the treaty, yet it
or four public spirited inhabitants of the village was judged eligible to accompany the Indian com-
jumped, and pushed off in pursuit; but before missioners to the one, which they were instructed
they could overtake them, they had landed on to designate, on the present occasion. They at
James Island, and fled into the bushes. After length conducted us to a small water course,
some time spent in the search, one of them, Dan- about 5 miles below Blackshear's road, presenting
iel James, came out from his hiding place, sup- more the appearance of a gully, or branch, than
posing they were gone, and was secured. The a considerable creek, and bearing so much down
rest have not yet been taken. James immediate- the river, that a line passing by its head must in-
ly charged Cumbo, who had also gone in the pur- tersect the Ocmulgee from 10 to 12 miles below
suing boat, with being an accomplice, and with the before mentioned road, and informed us that
having recommended the robbery of the mail; this was the Al ca-sak-a-li-kie. As a line passing
and this was in part confirmed by the depositlon by any point of this creek would completely de-
of the post-boy, who described Cumbo as being feet the objects of the purchase, and its position
disguised like the others, and of having evinced flatly contravened the agent's criterion of " the
some disposition to stop his horse. On his part, first considerable creek above Blackshear's road,"
however, Cumbo disclaimed all intention to par-
ticipate in the robbery, and asserts that they had||
made a prisoner of him, and compelled him to
take the part he did in the business.

From the Georgia Journal of December 15, 1818..

Of the State Commissioners to the Executive, re-
lative to the Boundary between this State and
the Creek Indians.

William Rabun, Governor, &c. of the State of

SIR,-The honorable Wilson Lumpkin, United States' commissioner for determining the lines of the Creek lands, treated for by general Mitchell, in January of the present year, having notified us, that he should leave Milledgeville on the 20th ult. for the purpose of visiting the southern tract, and designating the boundary between that part of the state and the Indians, we accompanied him to Fort Hawkins The route by Fort Hawkins was adopted, that he might obtain necessary explanation from the agent, arrange the attendance of the Indian commissioners, an interpreter and a military escort. These dispositions being effected, we left Fort Hawkins for Hartford, which place we reached on Monday, 23d ult. and were there detained until Friday, the Indian deputation not presenting themselves to accompaay us before that time. Receiving no intelligence from our escort, it was resolved to pursue our course down the Ocmulgee without them, leaving directions for them to follow us. We crossed the river about 27 miles below Hartford, piloted by major Cothran, a gentleman minutely acquainted with the country we were about investigating. Progressing about 8 miles further down, brought us to a creek, which the Indians had been accustomed to call the Al-ca-sak-a li-kie, and on which the whites, who explored the country some years back, appeared to have bestowed the name of Bighouse creek. This stream, from its position, bearings, length and direction of its prongs, and indeed in most of its localities and natural circumstances, presents a striking correspondence with the signification of its Indian name, the map forwarded from the war department, and with the agent's description; "the first considerable creek, above Blackshear's road," given in conversation with the United States' commissioner, and still more particularly in his communication to the executive of Georgia, under date February 3d, 1818. Though these coincidences, and an accumulation of evidence derived from the most respectable sources, that this creek, had been commonly men. tioned by the Indians as the Al-ca-sak-a-li-kie,



Al-ca-sa-ka-li-kie, signifies, we are informed, "a kettle boiling in a creck"- and the creek called by the whites, Bighouse, has several springs, rising from limestone cavities, nearly circular, which imitating torrents of gas, present a striking resemblance to a large kettle in a state of ebullition.

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