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which prohibits the striking superiors; but there ceived in any court to contradict or explain the was no adequate punishment for an officer who certificates of ownership. should murder a soldier, or an officer his inferior. That Congress may provide for the reduc. Within the limits of the United States all offencestion of the capital stock of the bank, in a just and of this discription were punished by the civil equal proportion, by the stockholders thereof, courts of the states. If the view he had taken of|| when convened in a general meeting. the subject was correct, Mr. H. said, the proprie. 3. That the power of removing any director for ty of passing a law as speedily as possible must misconduct, may be vested in the President of the be apparent. He therefore moved the resolution || United States. which he had submitted.
That the bank may purchase not exceeding The resolution was agreed to; and the House five millions of dollars of the funded debt of the adjourned.
United States, and may hold the same without Monday, February 1. being subject to redemption unless consented to Mr. Rhea, in pursuance of instructions from the by it
, until the time or times specified in the House, reported, from the committee of pensions certificates thereof. and revolutionary claims, a bill for the relief of 5. That no by-law of the corporation shall er. Benjamin Simmons, (a case which the committee | clude the directors appointed hy the government heretofore reported against, but which was re- from a full knowledge of all the concerns of the versed by the House, and is a claim under an albank, and of the accounts of every person dealleged contract, for services rendered as wagon ing with it; and that the assent of at least one master in the revolutionary war.).
public director shall be necessary to allow any The bill having been read, Mr. Rhea moved | discount, and to render valid every act of the that the bill be rejected, on the ground that the board of directors. claim was in itself unjust, and, if just, the amount That the provision in the second fundamenallowed was more than the claim justified. tal article, prohibiting any director from holding
This motion was opposed by Mr. Hubbard; || his office more than three years ont of four in and, after some discussion on the merits of the succession, may be modified or repealed by Conclaim,
gress. The motion to reject it was negatived, and the 7. No discount shall, in any case, be made by bill was again read and committed.
the bank at Philadelphia, or by any office, withMr. P. P. Barbour then made an attempt to out the consent of at least four directors of the have the claim of - Porter committed to the bank, or of the office, as the case may be. same committee, as being an analogous case; but 8. Congress may authorize the bank to deal that claim having been already definitively deci- and trade in other things than those enumerated ded by the House, in concurring with the com. | in the ninth fundamental article, so as to receive mittee who reported against it, the motion of Mr. || pledges of its own stock, and of the funded debt B. was decided to be not in order.
of the United States, in security for loans, and to Mr. Spencer presented for consideration the sell such pledges on a forfeiture thereof. following resolution:
9. That persons holding stock, upon which any Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representa- | instalment shall have been paid by the proceeds tives of the United States of America in Congress of notes discounted, shall be compelled gradually, desembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury and as soon as circumstances will admit, to pay shall cause all the public deposits in the bank of the full amount of such instalment in coin, or in the United States and its several offices of discount coin and funded debt, according to the provisions and deposit, to be withdrawn on the first day of || of the charter; and no dividend of profits shall be July next; that after the said day, the bills or allowed to such stock, until the said payment is notes of the said corporation shall no longer be completed. receivable in any payments to the United States; 10. That the Secretary of the Treasury shall be and the Attorney General of the United States || permitted at any time, either in person, or by shall on that day, or as soon thereafter as may be, agent to be appointed by him, to inspect all the cause a scire facias to be sued out in conformity || books, papers, correspondence, minutes, and proto the provisions of the “ Act to incorporate the ceedings of the board of directors of the bank, subscribers to the Bank of the United States," and of all its offices, and of all tñeir officers. calling upon the said corporation to show cause 11. That Congress may extend the time for the why its charter should not be declared forfeited; payment of the whole, or any part of the sum of unless the said corporation shall
, by a legal act to 1,500,000 dollars, required to be paid by the 20th be delivered to, and approved by, the Attorney section of the charter. General, and to be by him transmitted to Con- 12. That a scire facias may be issued out of any gress at the next session thereof, declare its as circuit court in the United States, in the case sent to the following propositions, on or before | stated in the charter; and whenever it shall be isthe said first day of July next, viz:
sued out of any other court than the circuit court 1. That Congress may by law provide such of Pennsylvania, sworn copies of the books means as may be necessary to enforce the first and papers of the bank shall be received as evi. fundamental article of the said charter respecting || dence, instead of the originals. the rights of voting for directors, and particularly The foregoing provisions, or any of them, may to provide that transfers of stock sball always be at any time be enacted into a law or laws, by made to the real owners thereof, or to some per Congress, and shall, therefore, become a part of son or persons in trust for the owners, who shall the charter of the bank. always be named in such transfer; that stock shall The resulution baving been read, and the quesalways be deemed to belong to the person or
tion stated whether the House would now conpersons in whose name it may stand, or for whose || sider ituse it may be declared in the certificate to be Mr. Spencer, with the view of removing any held, and that no evidence whatever shall be reell objection which might be felt to the considerátions of the motion, stated that it was not now bis | Robert Kidd; and also a bill to anthorize the Se. wise to go into a discussion of it, but only to be cretary of the Treasury to sell a lot of grounl at enabled to have it referresl to the committee of Bermuda Hindrech, in Virginia. the whole House, to which had been coromitted
Wr. M.Coys from the committee of claims, the report curicerning the management of the male a report on the petition of John 11'Causland, bank.
accompanied by a bill for his relief. Mr. Tyler asked leave to make one remark. These bills were severally twice read and coinHe hoped the flouse would agree to consider the mitted. resolution, that it might take the course suggest. Mr. H. Nelson, from the judiciary committee, ed by the mover, and have a fid and fair discus. | to whom had been referred the bill further to exsion. He wisherl that every meinber might have tend the judicial system of the United States, re. an opportunity of exhibiting his vieivs, and that ported it without ainendment. the Ilouse might make its final decision with all On motion of Mr. Livermore, it was ordercal the lights to be derived from deliberate discussion that eleven hundred copies of the reports of Tive. and mature reflection; but he would here say, lodoric Bland and J. B. Poinsett, on the subject of that, whenever the question on the alloption of South American be printed, for the use of the this motion should be presented to him, ne should|| House, and that forty copies thereof be presented be obliged to vote for its rejection, under the to Mr. Bland and Mr. Poinsett, respectively. hope that the House would, in preference, direct a scire facias to be forth with issued.
The House baving agreed to consider the resolution,
EDITOR'S CABINET. Mr. Spencer moved that it be committed to the Robberg and Pirates. The close of the wars of committee of the whole House on the state of the the French Revolution lias thrown loose uport Union, to which was referred the report of the committee appointed to investigate the manage the world a multitude of litentious individuals. ment of the bank of the United States.
Many of these lave engaged in piracy, and are Mr. Johnson, of Virginia, hoped the resolution at this moment roving the seas in search of spoil would not be committed, but that it would he laid on the table. He hoped the question would be They merit, and no doulit will soon receive, fully met;, and it had been his intention, if no chastisement. On the land, too, villains, the outother member should do so, to move to instructcasts of Europe, or generated in the corruptions the committee on the judicary to report a bill
to l of our populous cities, are increasing is boldness, repeal the charter of the bank. The patient
Mr. l in the perpetration of robberies and murders, J. said, was too far gone to be recovered;, expedients were useless, as dissolution was inevitable, our penitentiary system seems to have little ter. and it was better to meet the question at ouce. ror for these victims of vice. What, then, is to He, therefore moved to lay this resolution on the
Cnt them off Notlring less, we table. Mr. Spencer was as, willing, as any one to meet
fear, will answer.. Let punishinent be sharfi, the question fully, and to give the subject a fair sure, and swifi. The robbery of the United States' aud ample discussion, and he thought the course muil, an account of which will be found in this be proposed to give the resolution, was the best week's Register; is an offence, although not at way to afford it a full consideration, because the report was already committed, and, by referring tendeil witht loss of life, meriting, vengeance from his resolution to the same comınittee, the whole the heavy hand of justice. "Two of the robbers, subject would be presented for discussions, &c. Maurie and Bertrand, have been caught. Some. lle would, however, give way to the course mov. ed by Mr. Johnson and consent to laying, the of the letters, opened and rifted, have been found resolution for the present on the table. Mr. S. not a great way from the place where the nwil was then withdresy his motion to commit the resolu. | stopped by these desperadoes. In addition to the tion, and;
$1,000 offered by the postmaster of New York, It was laid on the table. On motion of Mr. Marr, it was
500 dollars reward are promised for ascertaining Resolved, That a committee be appointed to in- | and convicting either of the accomplices, and 200 quire into the expediency of amnending an act| dollars for information leading to their discovery. passed the 4th day of April, 1818, entitled, “ An act supplementary to an act to authorize the state of Tennessee to issue grants and perfect titles to History of Congress. The debate continues in certain lands therein described, and to settle the the House of Representatives on the topic of the claims to the vacant and unappropriated lands Seminole war. It woull appear to be endless. witbin the same," passed the 18th of April, 1806;. But General Jackson gains ground daily, even in with leave to report by bill or otherwise,
the opinion ofthe members of the House. The por On motion, the committee on pensions and re-l ple have always been with him.-Notwithstanding volutionary claims was discharged from the fir- the continuance of the discussion, business of dif ther consideration of the petition of Win. Jack-ferent kinds progresses. There is an under oure son, and
frent, not conspicuious; but it runs along and more On motion of Mr. Ricly, the committee of has been done in the maturing of bills and pass. claims was discharged from the petition of Olivering acts than is generally understood. We shall Herriak
be, glad when the Seminole Campaign in ConTuesday, February 2. igress) shall have been terminated, and all the Mr. Newton, from the committee of commerce speeches published, in order that we may give and manufactures, reported mbill for the relief ofllqur readers a summary of all the arguments
the Seminole war, 97.
FOR THE XATIONAL REGISTER.
(Vol. VI. Printed and Published, every Saturday, by Lawrence, Wilson, & Co. ut five dollars per annum
and stipulations, whose corre pondence an cha. Contents of this No. of the National Register.
racter, have pourtrayed a profound knorledze of
the rights of mankind, and the proper policies to ORIGINAL.-Address to the American people relative to be pursued by his government under the guidSELECTED, -Mr. Adams' letter to our minister at Madrid,
ance and sanction of rose rights. 101.-Proceedings of Congress, 10%
Let us take a succinct survey of the grounds upon wh.ch those who diffier with me upon this subject endeavor to establish their conjectures.
In en sering their solemn protest against the pro. TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE.
ceerlings of the war, they condem without ex. Fellow Citizens.--at a moment of public anx. Iception, the whole of its administration, where no iety, when your attention has been arrested by higher authority lias been concerned than that extraordinary circumstances, growing out of the of the commanding officer. But what were the peculiar condition of a part of your country, arguments displayed? The executive had vialarWatching with no little interest the reiterated in-led the constitution--the general had turned a juries and unprovoked machinations of a corrupti deaf ear to the voice of clemency, and im nolatand despotic foreign government, and while too ed on the murderous aaliar of the executioner, the your negotiations are pendling with her minister, mild inaxims of Christianity! The fair reputa:ion you have been called on to witness the singular l of Ainerica, heretofore unsullied as the white and unprecedentesi arraignment of a great, ho: mantle of the seraphim, was stained with the nest, and renowned patriot, for having checked blood of innocent and unoffending victims! As the savage butcheries committed by the lucians their enthusiastic advoca:es expanded and glow. on your frontiers, and the equally blood thirstyled upon the subject, you would have imagined policy of outlawed and pillaging incendiaries. All the clotted gore of those unfortunate wretches low me, therefore, to invite you to pause at the ascended with an invocation to Heaven for a threshold of investigation, and calmly to view the speedy and omnipotent retribution! That the state of the question whereon you must ultimate-altictions and melancholy, .sorrows of the wild ly express your opinion.
aboriginal tenant of the forests of America, had The constitutional doctrines, the love of free only been atoned and ameliorated by the blood dom, the abomination of military supremacy, in of the infant, the wife, and the brother, of the hatred to cruelty, a devotion to the precepts of frontierman, why ought not to complian under so divine, natural, and national law, by which ren i eg litable a dispensation of an all wis and bene. tlemen profess to be guid-di, on this particular volent Creator! It would have seemed, that, at a occasion, I trust are not more sincerly maintain rapidl stride, we had encompassed an imineastraed and felt by them, than the individual who now ble desert, ind planted ourselves fir beyond the addresses you. The arguments, or rather the extreme edge of our legal possessions, and de. declamations, of men to prove the motives bv i signed to wage a predatory and exterminating which they are actuated, the history of the world wartare against the deluded followers of the Inhassovn, that, however false or untre, ostensi. lian pronnets, and the dipes of English emissabiy rest upon disinterested bases--the honor, the li ries! That we had spired neither their persons, glory, and prosperity of their countrymen. Even their property, their superstitions, nor their holy the despotic disper, who views the sceptre i religion---ll, all bad sunk beneath the covetous, within his grasp, or who feels the inajesty of its avaricious, and overwhelmning march of our amweight and authority, is wonderfully cautious io bition! Nay', the great Indian public law it self, impress luis veriest slaves, who fatter the meanest which had sacrediy descended through so many of his vices and his follies, with the icien of the years unionched and uninjured in its original pureverence he entertains for the institutions of the lirity, peace, and perfeetion, had vanished before empire, and the deep interest with wlich he is the intense military fury of a western chieftan! animaied for the purity, morals, independence, the poor,' wretched, and misguided savages had anul civil concord, of its subjects. The most arch, been deceived, decoyed, ambuscaded, surprised, consummate, and successful conspirator that ever and aggravated
We had insulted their pagan lived, kept up the show of respect and regard for gods, devastated their lands, laid waste their the ancient forms of the Roman republic, and at towns, and in the memorably execrable treaty of the instant he seized its palladium, declared it to Fort Jackson sower the seeds of all our subsequent be for the safety and preservation of the state. || troubles! It was there that the red man had Such have been the avowed objects of all who asked for bread, and we had given him a stone have attempted to impose upon the people, and that he had sued for peace and we had given him on the ruin of others to build the superstructure a sword! It was there, the hideous maxims of of their own political fortunes. I will not accuse Roman conquest hac crept into our moderate to you the hopes and wishes of those who have and uniformly equal policy! Such is a pain and assailed the conduct of general Jackson. They unexaggeratel picture of the high-toned sentimay be honest and upright, but it is a strange in- ments divulged by some who consider themselves, consistency to estol his successes and wisdom, at least at this time, the exclusive friends of the and in the next breath to acquit him of any evil constitution. Whether, in aiming at argument, intentions in his late operations in Florida, leav- they have fallen into declamation, and have had ing the inference to be deduced of an ignorance the temerity, unfairly, to arrogute to themselves of the law of God and man in him whose able the praise of fighting the battle of the nation, or and skilful warlike combinations, wbose treaties Il whether they are contending in the carte and
tierce of an irritated and circunscribed party and institutions, that the force of the nation should phialans, must be submitted to your discernment, remain merely dangling on its oars, with folded and not their boasts, to decide.
arms, while Congress sat in cold debate over the Bit to the consiitutional question. It has been mangled bodies and smoking blood of the fronargued that the operations in Florida actually | tiermen, women, and children? Where was the constituted a war, and that the war-declaring wrong in the exercise of this mighty prerogative? power is in Congress. Without controverting | Is not the President bound, religiously, morally, and either of those two points, what is the conclusion | legally, to see the laws faithfully executed, and to Why, adınitting the latter, in the fullest extent of preserve the soil or the republic from invasion; and, which it is susceptible, the former stands in that above all, the citizens from torture, and violence, qualitied attitude, the result of the circumstances and rapine, and murder? Where is the clause of and causes which produced it, and must necessa- that constitution, we all revere, prohibiting this? rily attach to it its primary and fundamental cha. Where is the law remotely disapproving it! Has racter. And from the aspect it has thus assumed, he not the highest existing authority to call out I hazard nothing in entering on the defence of the militia, and employ the active force of the the administration and the general. Adverting country to suppress insurrections and repel inva. to the manifold examples in history, it will not be sions?' And have not your fellow Christians and denied that wars are sometimes wholly defensive, citizens been horribly murdered by monsters, and retain this peculiarity, so long as the imme. pretending to the rights of human beings? Has diate, and general, and essential public security, || not your peaceful liome been changed, by the depen is thereon, whatever complexion the ways || howl of the prowling savage, into an echoing and means of supporting them may acquire in the vault of death; and invasion, stalking forth into dillerent stages of their progress.
11 contradis. I the consecrated hearth and altar of your nuptial tinction to this explanation, the illustration of an affections, and beneath the eye of the husband offensive war, as adopted from experience and or the parent, forever blotted from the book of observation, is to be found at the root of ambiotime the living wedlock of his love; and the filial tion, and receives its determinate stamp from the picture of his hopes and happiness? And is not land of conquest. The first, however, alluded all this invasion? If not, I dauntlessly challenge to, is of a mixed nature, and not merely defensive, the champion of opposition to promulge his de. but absolutely necessary to self-preservation. Infinition! Perhaps, he might say, the wave of the lorig series of events which it may produce, it blood has not rolled far enough upon the centre is iinmaterial whether the posture of the original of civilization and population! It had not yet aggressor becomes that of a trembling, and cow- reached to the capital of Georgia. In the name ardly, and almost exhausted foe, the primitive of God, does our constitution know any distinction character of the war, or what, perhaps, would be between the brave, generous, noble-minded bora stricter term, of the defence, is unchanged, and | derer, and the luxurious nabob of a wealthy city? does not require, by the rules and obligations in- Or are the verges of our territory to be made cident to it, that having pursued the perpetrator outcasts and fragments to the auxiliary arm of the to his den, (where, if you bay and watch, you may | government, and sufferete, like the provinces of ultimately destroy him, and consequently remove Rome, at the period of her declension, to be conthe object of your fear and annoyance) the victo. | verted from seats of security and tranquillity, inrious patriot should fall back upon his own ram- to theatres, on which the tigers of the human parts, within his own territory, and wait a second, species may whet their fangs, and glut their corand very likely, more vigorous and dangerous at-morant cruelty, unharmed, unavenged, and tri. tack, from the resuscitated courage and resour. umphant, in the heart's blood of the Backwood's ces of the enemy. If he were bound to do so, Setiler! Who is prepared to proclaim to his coneven by an existing treaty, touching a neutral ter. || stituents, “this is my doctrine! Look at it! See ritory, although the treaty had not been infracted, it in characters of blood! Behold—this is the s:ad supposing the obligation to proceed from crimsoned liturgy of my constitutional creed!" some general construction given io it, it would | Merciful Heaven! is such the awful compact of cease to be binding, as its effect would impair "passive obedience and non resistance,” by which the right of a sufficient protection, and prostrate, we were joined together? Is this the true image with ignominy, the majesty of all civil compacts. of our Union? No! we are the genuine constituI put this extreme cose, to demonstrate the im tionalists who declare, practically, self-preservapossibility of occupying a position, which, in relation an omnipotent law of our nature, and the tion to other nations, would arrest and paralyze | poorest individual to be entitled to the exercise the use, direction, and defence, of your own of its greatest and most transcendant privileges. hands, and eradicate the claim, thus situated, the So far, then, from admitting the President and people bave upon the real executive of the coun. the general have violated the constitution, I un. try to shield their hetplessness, and provide for hesitatingly pronounce, they would have been the welfare of their lives and their fortunes.-- guilty of an act of flagrant 'omission, in tamely A difference, as to naires, may be contended I looking on the sanguinary incursions of a profli. foir, and althougli sticklers would quibble, even gate, barbaric, and unmerciful tribe of brigands. here, for the appellation of war, fairly speaking, When, therefore, they undertook to repel them, it is a mere defence. But I will resign to their a consistent part of that policy, one inseparably most wanton malignity the name, while on all incidental to it, was to disperse the hellish hordes bands tlic explanation is conceded. Under this from which they issued, and whether cherished view of the war, or as I denominate it, of the de- in the deep morasses of extensive lakes, or in the fence, I ask, was it not competent to the President fertile bosom of an envious and treacherous memto ridertake objects, and honorable in the ber of Christendom, to break up their nightly commanding officer to employ the ablest means orgies, and weaken, if not totally annihilate, in their consummation! Or was it of such a na. their strength and resources, by subverting the ture, involving so many perils to our freedom fountains from which they were drawn. Through. out, the policy would continue exclusively de- y metropolis, unawed, unregulated, and as the law. fensive. It was not the fugitive and flashing less masters of the soil. Ilad not the province, peace of the moment that could crown and per- as it affected us, changeul hands? Was it not, in. fect the defence; but one which would rest on stead of the governor of Pensacola, or the compillars of light in the profound retreat of the mis. mandant of St. Marks, the Big Warrior or the creants—and in which we might proclaim, Israel Little Prince who controlled the sceptre of doagain is safe!
mimon? Yes: from this mixed and heterogeneous The parallel, which I trace, between a war de. sovereignir the evils of an abominable and blood clared by the established authorities, for just thirsty warfare were pouring in upon our troncauses, which may become defensive, and that tiers! The dastardly representatives of the which grows out of a defence, founded upon the broken, decayed, and sad' remnant of Castilian highest existing law, and provoked by inhuman glory had fallen, useless, enfeebled, and terror. and midnight invasion, plunders, and massacres, struck, even at the menace of the black haired and which must, generally, to be rendered effec- chiefs of the woods, and stood before then the tive, react upon the invaders, is fair, clear, and confessed and plant accessaries to their hell unsuspicious, sustained as well by all law as our hound rapacity! Where was the treaty then? own peculiar institutions and legislative acts. The Under the foot of the savage, in cotemporaneous former is a war embracing the grand prerogatives bomage, with the neck of its master! Couid we of Congress--the other is sanctioned by the spirit halt to parley? 'Could we hesitate to acı? Ano. and letter of our constitution, and in extreme ther and another hour tore forth new wounds, cases of actual or impending danger, solely con. and added an infant's or a mother's scalp to the fided to the Executive, although it is the undoubt. hundreds that were then suspenied in council ed right of the legislature to anticipate the event. to kindle the revenge and infuriated devotions of No man, however, who seriously contemplates the barbarian vagabond! The only alternative the organization of our confederacy, considering was to strike where the l'on prowkd, and overthe recess which always follows the exercise of come his designs in the dark cells of his clen. Our legislation, can believe an invasion may be made, defence unavoidably involved in it the measures at such an interval, without a resort to be had, any, which resulted in victory and proteci on Place, where, to a power entrusted with the immediate therefore, your finger upon the map, and take right to meet and repel it, and place in security with you the recent history of that country, and the vulnerable part at which the assault has been your doubts will be satisfied and your judginent directed. Sophists may rack their ingenuity to convinced, it was justified by our constitution, by describe limits to a defence, and yet be entangled the laws of nations, and the still more imperious and confounded in an endless series of vain specu and authoritative laws of nature and of God. A lation, while circumstances are beyond the con- self-defence, su entirely paramount to all subtletrol of legislation, and, in their various and incal-ties and objections, is co-extensive and invariable calable fluctuations, force and shape the course in its character, with the whole consistent plan of and system of that defence. But the objections operations, rendered essential to its final establisliwielded with the greatest force against the occu. ment. It was in this peculiar situation of things, pation of Florida, are the violations tauntingly as. that every object and quarter pervaded by the gerted to have been committed on neutral ground, belligerent condition of the savage, yielded their and the usurped power of determining when and own original features to his coercive ability, lost where a treaty has been neglected, or openly put the very name to which they were entitled, and, to defiance, and what remedy should be applied without the possibility of relief, sunk under the to so disgraceful a breach of faith. Separate, blow that levelled the iron rod which had neu. however, the matter from the mazes of legal me. tralized their independent character. taphysics. When Spain ceased to fulfil her Permit me now to draw your attention to the pledges to the United States, all obligation upon retaliatory measures the hero of so many victous, as it respected the objects of her neglect, were ries found it incumbent on bim to pursue, while absolutely dissolved, and she thereby tacitly ac. 1 combatting the homogeneous crew of a dark and knowledged the physical superiority of the in- | nefarious conspiracy. The anterior views I have dians she was bound to restrain; and though with presented have not been altogether disputed by out its constituting any sovereign right of eminent those who differ with me in relation to the cases domain in them, her provincial government was we are about to consider. A few endeavor to comparatively at their mercy, and the system of || seem as if they would exculpate the President, our defence consequently to be followed by their || provided they could make an unconditional saentire subjugation, and reinstating, as it were, in crifice of the general. I will not impeach their the possession of the former her own strength, or motives, or inquire into the cause of such glaring left imperfect and insufficient for its avowed pur. | casuistical variances. They are abslu dities / subposes.' The object of that part of the treaty was mit to your better judgment to unravel Rememsecurity; and as parties thereto, on its failure, weber, however, the solitary insulated station of the had the plenary right, under the supreme law of warrior, of whom even his friends are jealous, the land, of which the President is created, at the without an office to give, or patronage to cover instant of the ratification, the residuary executor, and protect his acis, is far below the towering atso far as it touches the lives and property of our titude of the first magistrate of a republic, who citizens, to prevent the ruin which would inevita. || holds, as it were, the purse strings of the treasury, bly ensue. I repeat it, what is the evidence of and distributes, at his nod, the most lucrative and facts in the progress of our dcfence? The out. honorable titles and employments under the golawed savages, so called by a vast and overshavernment. I would admonish gentlemen, if addowing majority of their own brethren, already monition be not considered as offering a contempt traversed the Spanish territory wherein they to their understanding, that if they dissemble were inhabitants, and claimed an indisputable their real emotions towards the more prominent home, from the utmost latitude of our line to the personage, they but increase his reserve and sus