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Islands. The survivors left in their boats fifty miles from the mouth of the Lena, but they lost sight of each other during a violent gale and intense fog. Boat No. 3, under the command of Mr. Melville, reached the eastern mouth of the Lena on September 29, and some days afterwards boat No. 1, having on board two sailors, turned up, with the information that Lieutenant De Long, Dr. Ambler, and a dozen other survivors had landed at the northern mouth of the Lena, where they had been left in a most distressing state, many having limbs frozen. The Russian authorities seem to have done all in their power to relieve the sufferers, and an expedition was at once sent from Bolonenga to make diligent search for the unfortunates in danger of death.

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- A students' meeting, which was largely attended, held at Berlin, to discuss the best means of extending the anti-Jewish agitation. Deputations from the universities of Göttingen, Leipzig, Kiel, Rostock, and Halle were present, and the anti-Jewish petition to Prince Bismarck was signed by nearly 3,000 students. The anti-Jewish agitator, Dr. Henrici, a professor, dismissed by the Government from the school in which he taught.

4. Lord Stanley of Alderley, whilst the guest of Mrs. Macnamara, at Ennistymon House, "boycotted." The Macnamaras, an old Irish family, were popular among the people by whom they are surrounded, but Lord Stanley of Alderley, although not an Irish landlord, had been guilty of expressing his views on the Irish question in the London Press, and comparing Irish assassins to Thugs. For this he was denounced at a public indignation meeting and a land meeting, and threatened with hooting if he dare venture in public in Ennistymon. Threatening letters also were sent to the "big house," and tradesmen were "advised" not to supply the family so long as a person obnoxious to the all-powerful League remained under the roof.

5. The War Office authorities issued a circular to officers commanding volunteer corps both in the metropolis and the provinces, advising them to take precautions against any attack being made on their armouries. In cases where the headquarters or armouries were insufficiently protected the locks were removed from the rifles, especially in the northern manufacturing towns. Rumours of possible Fenian attacks have reached the Government.

-Early this morning the Indian Chief, 1,257, Captain Frazer, was wrecked on the Long Sand, with the loss of her master and sixteen of her crew. The mate, second mate, and nine seamen were rescued by the Ramsgate lifeboat. During the day the crew remained on board, although the sea was breaking over them with tremendous violence. Towards the evening the hull had sunk considerably in the sand, and as the tide rose the crew had to take to the rigging. Sixteen, including the captain, settled themselves in the mizen-top; the rest found refuge on the foremast. During the night the wind increased, and the cold was intense. About two o'clock in the morning the mainmast was unshipped, and carried with it the mizen and the sixteen unfortunate men who were clinging to it. During the seven or eight hours which succeeded these poor fellows were driven about amongst the floating spars, and most of them met death by concussion with pieces of broken timber. The only one amongst them who survives, and who had his collar-bone broken by a stroke from a drifting spar, gives a harrowing account of the way in which he saw his companions, one after another, perish around him. At length, as morning broke, he managed to crawl to the vessel, which, owing to the falling tide, was again emerging from the water, and with great difficulty he eventually got into the fore-rigging. At about nine o'clock the lifeboat, which had been out the whole night, in tow by the steam-tug, approached the wreck, and in about an hour's time, between the breaking of successive seas, the eleven survivors, after a weary watch of twenty-five hours, were taken on board. One-the captain's brother and second matewas so exhausted that he was obliged to be dragged into the lifeboat, and shortly after he expired.

7. The Lord Mayor presided at a meeting at the Mansion House, at which resolutions were passed in reference to the smoke and fog nuisance of


London, and approving of a proposal of the Joint Committee of the National Health and Kyrle Societies to hold an exhibition of the various smokeless coals and other fuels, and of various appliances applicable to household and manufacturing purposes for the reduction of smoke, and to test the same, in order to demonstrate for public information the means practically availables to secure that object. Dean Staniey. Mr. Shaw-Lefevre, and Bir Ughtrod J. Kay-Shuttleworth were among the speakers.

8. The Report of the Registrar of Trades Tnions issued showing that there existed 174 societies in England. 33 in bestand and 28 un limand, Amongst the most numerous and wealthy were

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year 1880. The number of calls to fires received by the brigade, involving the turning out of men, horses, and engines, was 2,194, of which 162 resulted in serious damage. This total shows an increase over that of 1879 of 153, and over the average of the last ten years an excess of 224. The number of persons seriously endangered by fire was 160, of whom 33 lost their lives, while to firemen there were 411 accidents, three of which resulted in death. The immense amount of 94,000 tons, or, in round numbers, 21,000,000 gallons of water, was used by the fire-engines. Although there was a large augmentation in the total number of fires, the proportion of serious to slight losses, 162 to 1,709, was decidedly favourable.

12. Over 40,000 hands connected with the Lancashire coal-fields estimated to be out on strike in consequence of the demand of the Colliery owners that the men should contract themselves out of the Employers' Liability, and accept in lieu of it a system of insurance. At the Miners' National Conference, the matter was discussed, and it was resolved to memorialise Government on the subject.

Mr. W. Shaw and eighteen other Irish members presented a memorial to Mr. Gladstone stating their conviction that "no measure which does not provide for giving effect to the principles of fixity of tenure, fair rents, free sale, and offer facilities for the creation of a peasant proprietary, would operate as a satisfactory settlement of the Irish Land question.

13. The Bank of England raised its rate of discount from 3 per cent., to which rate it had been raised on December 9 last, to 3 per cent. No great pressure was felt, the proportion of the reserve to the liabilities being over 40 per cent. The total amount of bullion 24,126,9891., and the reserve 12,578,2941.

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Mr. Shaw, M.P., one time leader of the Irish Home Rule party, notified to Mr. Parnell, the actual leader, his own secession and that of about fifteen other members of Parliament from the party.

After a winter of remarkable mildness, the cold weather suddenly set in without warning, the thermometer falling to 11°, or twenty-one degrees frost. The minimum readings were 4° at Nottingham, 8° at York, 10° at Yarmouth, &c. Even in the Scilly Islands "hard frost at night" was reported.

14. An attempt, attributed to a Fenian origin, made to blow up the Infantry Barracks, Salford, in which large quantities of arms were supposed to be stored. The explosion was caused by dynamite, and blew to pieces the butcher's store-house, which adjoined the armourer's shed. A woman and child who were passing through the street were much injured, the latter so severely that he shortly afterwards died.

The annual Mass for Napoleon III. was solemnised in Paris at the Church of St. Augustine. Prince Murat was the only kinsman present, and the newspaper claiming to be Prince Napoleon's organ had condemned the demonstration. M. Rouher, M. de Cassagnac, and many other leading Bonapartists were present, but the rank and file was scantier than usual. A woman selling violets was arrested for crying Vive l'Empereur !

15. After four days the arguments concluded in the appeal on behalf of the Rev. T. Pelham Dale and Rev. R. W. Enraght, from a decision of the Lord Chief Justice Coleridge and Justices Field and Manisty, refusing to

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