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unaffected by the accident, he was immediately on his feet again, and, bleeding profusely from the wound, walked into the house. Dr. Blake speedily arrived, and dressed the wound. Later on it was thought desirable that Mr. Gladstone should be seen by Dr. Andrew Clark, and when that gentleman arrived in the middle of the night he found the patient calm, cheerful, and free from the smallest evidence of constitutional disturbance, and his recovery though slow was unchecked by any relapse or unfavourable symptoms.

24. A grace proposed in the Senate House of Cambridge University granting to women admission to the honour examinations. A very large number of non-resident fellows came up, and the matter was keenly discussed both in the Senate House and in the public press. The right was conceded by 398 to 32.

25. A terrible lynching case occurred at Springfield, Tennessee. Some months previously, nine negroes had murdered with horrible barbarity a farmer named Lagrade, plunder being their object. All were caught and confined in Springfield gaol. One week afterwards a mob took two of them from the prison and lynched them, at the same time lynching another murderer confined there. Another prisoner, after confessing the crime, died in prison. The trial was held at Springfield, and after hearing the Judge's charge was adjourned for the day, and the Sheriff started with the prisoners in his charge to the prison. A mob met him at the door and captured the prisoners. They then took possession of the court-house and hanged five of them to the verandah at the court-house door. Two other negroes, who had turned State evidence, were pursued during the night and killed. Thus ten murders avenged that of Lagrade.

26. The vacancy for East Cumberland, occasioned by the death of Sir Richard Musgrave, filled by Mr. George Howard (Liberal), who obtained 3,071 votes against 3,041 given to his opponent Mr. James Lowther (Conservative).

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27. The St. Patrick's Orphan Asylum at Scranton, Pennsylvania, burnt down. The Sisters of Charity had in their charge 40 children under 12 years, who were locked in their dormitories when the fire was discovered. Sister unlocked the girls' dormitory, liberating 23 girls, who all escaped; but on going to open the boys' dormitory, a stranger on the stairs refused to allow her to pass, because of the danger, saying that all had escaped. Afterwards, on the firemen breaking in the door, they found 17 boys suffocated by the smoke. They had crawled under their cots. They were all dead. Only two of them had been touched by the fire.

The marriage of the prospective heir to the German crown celebrated with great pomp in the Royal Schloss at Berlin. The bridegroom was

Frederick William Victor Albert, eldest son of the Crown Prince of Prussia and of Germany, grandson of the German Emperor and of Queen Victoria, nephew in the fifth degree of Frederick the Great, and twenty-fifth lineal descendant of the adventurous Conrad, cadet of Hohenzollern.

A great demonstration made in Paris, in celebration of Victor Hugo having entered his eightieth year. M. Jules Ferry, attended by the chief functionaries of his department, waited upon M. Hugo, and begged the poet's acceptance, as an offering from the Government of the French Republic, of a superb vase from the Sèvres factory. The Comédie Française presented to

him an immense wreath of white roses, on which were emblazoned the names of the pieces he had brought out there. Literature, trade, and commerce sent multifarious deputations, which assembled at eleven o'clock in the avenues adjoining the Place de l'Etoile, and comprised almost every well-known personage in Paris.

MARCH.

3. At the Vatican an unknown Cardinal appeared in the Loggia of Raphael among the many persons gathered there on the occasion of the anniversary of Leo XIII.'s coronation. For a few moments he was supposed to be a foreign Cardinal whose appearance was unknown to the officials, and some ladies present are said to have kissed his hand and received the Benediction from him. It was, however, soon noticed that he wore a moustache, and that some of the accessories in his dress were incomplete, and on his being then questioned, it was found that the supposed Cardinal was a poor madman who had on several occasions presented himself at the Vatican asking to be presented to the Pope.

5. At one o'clock in the afternoon a violent earthquake in about seven seconds nearly destroyed the town of Casamicciola, in the Island of Ischia, and reduced this flourishing and celebrated bathing establishment and town to little more than a heap of ruins. One hundred and twenty bodies were dug out of the ruins. Lower Casamicciola was less injured, but in the Upper Town there was not a house remaining. From amidst the heap of ruins the tower of the church, with the clock standing at five minutes past one, stood firm. In many directions the streets were impassable from the yawning chasms, some of which were two feet wide, and the majority of the survivors were forced to sleep for several nights in the open air. On the previous day shocks of earthquakes had been felt in Switzerland, at Agram, and in the Puy de Dôme.

6. At Nice, a balloon with three passengers was unexpectedly carried out to sea, and in spite of all attempts to stop its flight, the travellers would have been drowned had they not fallen in with an Italian ship, which rescued them after they had been four hours on the water.

7. The House of Lords delivered judgment in the action brought by Sir Rowland Hill and other residents at Hampstead against the managers of the Metropolitan Asylums for damages on account of a nuisance arising from the Hampstead Small-pox Hospital. Their lordships decided that the managers had no statutory authority to do anything which might be a nuisance to the plaintiffs without their consent. The judgment of the lower Courts in favour of the plaintiffs was therefore to be affirmed, with costs.

8. The House of Lords sitting as a Committee of Privileges declared that William John Manners, a son of the late Lord Huntingtower by his public English marriage with Miss Katharine Camilla Burke, had made out his claim to the Earldoms of Dysart and Barony of Huntingtower, created by Charles I. A counter petition had been made on behalf of Albert Edwin Tollemache, who claimed to be the only legitimate son of an irregular Scotch marriage which had been previously contracted by Lord Huntingtower with Elizabeth Ackford, his mother's lady's-maid, and much evidence was heard on both sides.

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13. The Czar Alexander assassinated in the streets of St. Petersburg, About one o'clock, the Emperor, accompanied by his brother, the GrandDuke Michael, was being driven in a closed carriage from the Winter Palace,

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He had reached the Catherine Canal, near the Stable-bridge, and close to the wall of the garden attached to the Michael Palace, when an explosion took place just behind the carriage, wounding the horses, one of the six Cossacks forming the escort, and killing a Moujick standing near. The carriage, somewhat shattered, was immediately brought to a standstill, and the Emperor, apparently thus far uninjured, stepped out before his brother in the road. After he had alighted from his carriage an officer ran towards him, and asked whether he was hurt. His Majesty replied very calmly, "Thank God! I am untouched. Don't disturb yourself. I must see after the wounded." A number of soldiers of the escort and civilians who had happened to be passing at the time were lying on the ground wounded. The Emperor ordered that all attention should be paid to the injured, and especially to a Cossack who had sustained serious hurts, and then, turning round, he saw the assassin a few paces from him, surrounded by a crowd of people. A soldier of the Preobrajenski Regiment of the Guard held him fast by the arms. He had in one hand a revolver and in the other a dagger. The Emperor approached the assassin with the utmost coolness and ordered him to be removed. His Majesty turned to walk home, but he had only gone a few steps when another young man threw something at his feet. A tremendous explosion followed, which was heard all over the city. As soon as the smoke had cleared away, the Emperor was seen to be lying on the ground in a pool of blood. Many other wounded persons were lying near him. The assassin himself fell to the ground, but was unhurt. He was immediately surrounded by a furious crowd, from whom the police had some difficulty in protecting him. The Emperor, who was quite unconscious, was placed on the sleigh of the Chief of Police, who took him in his arms, resting the head, which was covered with blood, on his breast. The Emperor's helmet was carried away by the explosion, and was not afterwards to be found. The Imperial carriage being smashed to pieces by this second explosion, the wounded Colonel took the Emperor into his sledge, and drove him to the Winter Palace. Drs. Botkin, Golvin, and two others were at once summoned, and they stated in a bulletin published about three o'clock that both his Majesty's legs were broken below the knees, the lower part of the body was severely injured, and the left eye forced from its socket. They therefore added that there was no hope. The Grand-Duke Michael, fortunately, was not hurt. The physicians having declared the Emperor's condition hopeless, the whole Imperial Family immediately gathered at the Winter Palace. The Emperor's chaplain was soon called, and from his hands his Imperial Majesty took the last Communion, and quietly expired shortly afterwards, at about a quarter to four. The Imperial Standard over the Palace was then lowered half-mast before a vast, silent, and anxiously inquiring crowd. All hats were removed, and general sorrow seemed to prevail. While driving up to the Palace the Grand-Duke Czarewitch was cheered by the masses. Streams of people moved up and down the streets, passing from one to the other the official bulletins. A Council of State was immediately summoned. All restaurants and places of amusement were closed, and even the outgoing trains on the various lines stopped. Rousakoff, the youth who threw the first bomb at the Emperor's carriage, was arrested by a soldier after the explosion. For the last two years he had been a student at the Mining Academy. The criminal who threw the second bomb was not taken. Rousakoff confessed to having thrown the first bomb, but denied any knowledge of the person who threw the second. On the following night a Cossack, and

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- According to a Parliamentary Paper the total cost of the General Election of 1880, as shown in the official returns made by the various candidates, was 1.737.300, exclusive of 24 Irish seats. The outlay by 480 Conservative candidates was 951.000, and that by 488 Liberals was 771,540/, The average cost of success to the Conservatives was 1,8841. per seat, and to the Liberals 1.545., whilst of the defeated candidates, the former spent on an average 2,0641. per head, and the latter 1,663. In the English and Welsh

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