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48. Any application which a tenant is authorised by this Act to make to the court shall, if made to the court on the first occasion on which it sits after the passing of this Act, have the same operation as if it had been made on the day on which this Act comes into force; and any order made upon such application shall be of the same effect as if it had been made on the day on which this Act comes into force, unless the

a holding are due to some person or persons besides the landlord, the advance made by the land commission under this section shall be rateably distributed by the court amongst the persons entitled thereto.

An application for an advance under this section shall not be made after the twenty-eighth day of February one thousand eight hundred and eightytwo.

The omission or refusal by either landlord or tenant of any holding to join with the other of them in obtaining a loan from the land commission under this section shall not prejudice any other application or proceeding which either of them may make or institute under this Act or the Landlord and Tenant (Ireland) Act, 1870, in relation to the holding.

The land commission may make advances for the purpose of this section out of any moneys for the time being in their hands for the purposes of this Act.

The land commission shall at such time after the expiration of each period of twelve months as the Treasury may from time to time appoint, make up an account showing for the said period of twelve months the amount of all such payments due to them in respect of rentcharges payable to them under this section as they have failed to recover at the expiration of the said period (in this section referred to as payments in arrear), and the Commissioners of Church Temporalities in Ireland shall, out of any moneys at their disposal, pay to the land commission any sums appearing from such account to be due to the land commission. Any such payment by the Commissioners of Church Temporalities in Ireland shall not discharge any person indebted to the land commission in respect of any payments in arrear, and it shall be the duty of the land commission to take any proceedings they may be advised for the recovery of payments in arrear, and to repay to the Commissioners of Church Temporalities in Ireland any sums so recovered.

60. Any application which a tenant is authorised by this Act to make to the court shall, if made to the court on the first occasion on which it sits after the passing of this Act, have the same operation as if it had been made on the day on which this Act comes into force; and any order made upon such application shall be of the same effect as if it had been made on the day on which this Act comes into force, unless

court otherwise directs; and the person by whom such application is made shall, if the court thinks just, be in the same position and have the same rights in respect of his tenancy as he would have been in and would have had if the application had been made on the day on which this Act comes into force.

49. This Act shall not apply to England or Scotland.

50. This Act may be cited for all purposes as the Land Law (Ireland) Act, 1881.

the court otherwise directs; and the person by whom such application is made shall, if the court thinks just, be in the same position and have the same rights in respect of his tenancy as he would have been in and would have had if the application had been made on the day on which this Act comes into force. 61. This Act shall not apply to England or Scotland.

62. This Act may be cited for all purposes as the Land Law (Ireland) Act, 1881.

INDEX.

The figures between [] refer to PART I.

ACCIDENTS.-Bullfight at Marseilles, 61;

H.M.S." Doterel" explosion, 31; Marker
at Wormwood Scrubbs rifle butts, 37;
Monte Rosa, 59; Steamer near London,
Ontario, 37
AERONAUTICS.

Ascent from Crystal
Palace on Derby Day, 38; Ascent in
"Saladin," death of Mr. Powell, 89;
Nice, accident at, 16; perilous descent
by the Danube, 62
AFGHANISTAN.-AMIR (Abdurrahman)
at Kabul [314]; mission to Viceroy at
Calcutta [319]; defeat by Ayub [320];
subsequent victory [321]; occupies
Kandahar [322], 73

AYUB, at Herat [315], [318]; cor-
respondence with Kandahar [315];
departure from Herat [319]; defeats
Amir and occupies Kandahar [321];
is defeated by Amir [321]; flight into
Persia [322]

BOKHARA, raids by Turkis [319]
DYNASTIC intrigues and internal rivalries
[315], [319]

KANDAHAR, Withdrawal from [315],
[316]; occupation by Ayub [321];
by Amir [322], 73. KANDAHAR DE-
BATE in Lords [165], [168]
KHAIBAR PASS, evacuation of [322]
MAHSUD WAZIRIS, expedition against
[323]

MALCOLMSON, Col., acquitted by court-
martial, 29

MARRI tribe, expedition against, [317]
QUETTAH, partial withdrawal from [322]
RELATIONS with British Government
[316]

WAR, return of cost, &c., of, 63
WARDAKS, trouble with the [322]
AFRICA.-EXPLORATIONS, vide Science,
Geography; fatal encounter with a
slave dhow, Captain Brownrigg killed,

87

TUNIS AND TRIPOLI, vide France
AFRICA, SOUTH

BASUTO war [150] [387]; armistice
[388]; mediation of Sir H. Robinson
[388]; withdrawal of colonial troops
[388]

CAPE COLONY, Afrikander Bond [389];
CETYWAYO, the detention of [389]
[390]; HOUSES OF LEGISLATURE,
meeting of [387]; new ministry [388];
railway extension [389]; KAFIRLAND,
end of rebellion in [389]; ROBINSON,
Sir Hercules, arrival of as Governor
[387]

COLLEY, Sir George, address to troops

AFRICA, SOUTH, cont.

[378]; advance from Newcastle [379];
engagements at Laing's Nek [379];
Ingogo River [380]; Majuba Hill
[380]; his death [381]

NATAL [389]; opposition to appoint-
ment of Mr. Sendall as Lieutenant-
Governor [390]; Sir Henry Bulwer
appointed Governor [390]

ORANGE FREE STATE [378]; neutrality
preserved by President Brand [379];
his efforts for settlement of Transvaal
war [379] [380] [381]; his opinion of
the Afrikander Bond [389]
TRANSVAAL-Boers, war with, state of
affairs at end of 1880 [377]; the Boers
at Bliquant's Pont [377]; preparations -
for relief of Pretoria [378]; Boers
enter Natal [149], and advance to
Laing's Nek [378]; British garrisons
in a state of siege [379]; advance of
British from Newcastle [379]; number
of Boer troops [379]; repulse of British
at Laing's Nek [151] [379]; commu-
nications stopped [380]; repulse of
Boers at Ingogo River [380]; arrival
of reinforcements under Sir E. Wood,
[380]; occupation of Majuba Hill
[380]; defeat of British and death of
General Colley [381]; Sir E. Wood
takes command [381]; Armistice [152],
[381]; terms of peace [381]; surrender
of Potchefstroom, [382]; Conservative
meeting at Willis' Rooms, [154];
Convention signed [383]; ratified by
Volksraad [387]; satisfaction at, in
England [158]; mass meeting of Boers
on restoration of Republic [387];
public feeling in England and Europe
[378]; in Natal and the Cape [382];
Roberts, Sir Frederic, arrival at Cape
Town and return to England [386];
Royal Commission, opening of [382];
subjects taken under consideration at
383];
Volksraad, called together
[386]; ratify convention [387]; im-
port duties [387]: gold concessions to
Mr. Benjamin [387]; Wood, Sir Eve-
lyn, arrival at Newcastle with rein-
forcements [380]; return to Maritz-
burg [380]; assumes command [381];
demands guns, &c., surrendered
Potchefstroom [382]

at

WALWICH BAY, disagreements between
French and German missionaries [390]
WARS, return of cost, &c. of, 63
ZULULAND, disturbances in [390]
AGRICULTURE.-Farmers' Alliance and

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