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appointed and authorized to manage the business on behalf of their respective governments. The said commissioners shall be respectively paid in such manner as shall be agreed between the two contracting parties, such agreement being to be settled at the time of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty; and all other expenses attending said commissioners shall be defrayed equally by the two parties. And, in case of death, sickness, resignation, or necessary absence, the place of every such commissioner respectively shall be supplied in the same manner as such commisssoner was first appointed, and the new commissioner shall take the same oath or affirmation, and do the same duties. It is further agreed between the two contracting parties, that in case any of the islands mentioned in any of the preceding articles, which were in the possession of one of the parties prior to the commencement of the present war between the countries, should, by the decision of any of the boards of commissioners aforesaid, or of the sovereign or state so referred to, as in the four next preceding articles contained, fall within the dominions of the other party, all grants of land made previous to the commencement of the war, by the party having had such possession, shall be as valid as if such island or islands had, by such decision or decisions, been adjudged to be within the dominions of the party having such possession.
Art. IX.- The United States of America engage to put an end, immediately after the ratification of the present treaty, to hostilities with all the tribes or nations of Indians, with whom they may be at war at the time of such ratification; and forthwith to restore to such tribes or nations, respectively, all the possessions, rights, and privileges, which they may have enjoyed or been entitli d to in one thousand eight hundred and eleven, previous to such hostilities: Provided always, that such tribes or nations shall agree to desist from all hostilities agaivst the United States of America, their citizens and subjects, upon the ratification of the present treaty being notified to such tribes or nations, and shall so desist accordingly. And his Britannic majesty engages, on his part, to put an end immediately after the ratification of the present treaty, to hostilities with all the tribes or nations of Indians with whom he may be at war at the time of such ratification, and forth with to restore to such tribes or nations respectively, all the possessions, rights, and privi. leges, which they may have enjoyed, or been entitled to, in one thousand eight hundred and cleven, previous to such hostilities : Provided always, that such tribes or nations shall agree to desist from all hostilities against his Britannic majesty, and his subjects, upon the ratification of the present treaty being notified to such tribes or nations, and shall so desist accordingly.
Art. X.-_Whereas the traffic in slaves is irreconcilable with the principles of humanity and justice, and whereas both his Britannic majesty and the United States are desirous of con. tinuing their efforts to promote its entire abolition, it is hereby agreed that both the contracting parties shall use their best endeavors to accomplish so desirable an object.
Art. XI.-This treaty, when the same shall have been rati. fied on both sides, without alteration by either of the contract. ing parties and the ratifications mutually exchanged, shall be binding on both parties, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington, in the space of four months from this day, or sooner, if practicable.
In faith whereof, we the respective plenipoteutiaries, have signed this treaty, and have thereunto affixed our seals.
Done, in triplicate, at Ghent, the twenty-fourth day of December, one thousand eight hundred and fourteen.
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS,
J. A. BAYARD,
Now, therefore, to the end that the said treaty of peace and amity may be observed with good faith, on the part of the United States, I, James Madison, president as aforesaid, have caused the premises to be made public: and I do hereby enjoin all persons bearing office, civil or military, within the United States, and all others, citizens or inhabitants thereof, or being within the same, faithfully to observe and fulfil the said treaty, and every clause and article thereof.
In testimony whereof I have caused the seal of the United States to be affixed to these presents, and signed the same with Donc at the city of Washington, this eighteenth day of
February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and fifteen, and of the sovereignty and inde-
pendence of the United States the thirty-ninth.
By the president,
ADAMS, United States' brig, her capture, Vol. I. 81.866. Her recapture, 81-3.
-ship, her size, armament, and destruction, Vol. II. 246—8. 479.
Alexandria newspaper, quotation, from, Vol. II. 255-9.
city, caplure of, Vol. II. 276.
Alwood, Reuben, his desperate wound, Vol. 11. 75.
Amherstburg, village of, its size and situation, Vol. 1. 48.
Anaconda, United States' letter of marque, capture of the, Vol. II. 70.
Annual Register, its historical inaccuracy, Vol. II. 305,
Armistice proposed at the first of the war, refusal of the president to ratify, Vol. 1. 15. First
one proposed by sir George Prevost, 78. Its ill effects, ib. and 181. Refusal of the president
to ratify, 80. General Sheaffe's, 100. Its termination, 107. Another proposed by sir George
Armstrong, Mr. Secretary, his plan of operations against Upper Canada, Vol. 1. 132. Changes
his plan to an attack upon Montreal, 302–3. Ilis orders to major-general Hampton, 505.
The like to general M'Clure, respecting the burning of Newark, Vol. 11. 9. His plan for the
1814 campaign, 78–79.
Army, for the defence of Washington-city, its organization, Vol. II. 274. Its strength at Bla-
densburg, 284. Its defeat, 286–8. Retreat through Washington, 289. Encamps at George-
town heights, 296. Its strength and inactive state, ib.
for the defence of Baltimore, its organization and strength, 311-18. Is defeated, and
retreats to the entrenchments in front of the city, 316--20.
Atlas, United States' letter of marque, capture of the, Vol. II, 70.
Aut Canards, river of, skirmish at, Vol. I. 59.
Baltimore, described, Vol. II. 310. Attack upon, 312--27.509-23. Ill effects of its not having
been persevered in, 328–9. 331.
Barclay, captain, R.N. on his way to Lake Erie, joins the centre-division of the army, Vol I.
163. Compelled to await the equipment of the ship Detroit, 269. Sails out with her in a
half-fitted state, and is captured, 270. Neglect shown to him, 286.
Barney, commodore, his flotilla described, Vol. II. 248. Its retreat up the Patuxent to St.
Leonard's creek, 212. Skirmishes with it, 253—4. Is blockaded, 260. With the aid of a
land-battery raises the blockade, and proceeds higher up the Patuxent, 261. His official
letter, ib. Flotilla destroyed at Pig.point, 277—8. Joins general Winder's army, 280. Is
wounded and taken prisoner at Bladensburg, 289.
Barratarian freebooters, invited to aid in the invasion of Louisiana, Vol. II. 341. Trick played
upon the British by their commandant, ib. Join in defending the state, and are pardoned
by the president, ib.
Barrie, captain R. N. his official account of the capture of the United States' ship Adams,
Vol. II. 487. Commands in the Chesapeake, 332." His proceedings there, ib. Departs for
St. Mary's river, 334.
Basden, captain, his repulse from a log-entrenchment, at Twenty-mile creek, Vol. 11.7645.417.
Baubee, major, his imprisonment along with convicts, in Frankfort Penitentiary, Vol 1. 299.
Baynes, adjutant-general, his official letter, Vol. I. 413. Remarks thereon, 175. 316.
Beckwith, sir Sydney, his official account of the loss in the attack upon Craney island, Vol. II.
Ditto of the attack upon Hampton, ib. and 417.
Benedict, in the Patuxent, proceedings at, Vol. II. 254–9. 277.300.
Bennet, captain, W. P. United States’ army, his trial and acquittal, Vol. I. 43.
Biddle, captain, United States’ army, differs materially in his statements from colonel Macomb,
Vol. I. 318-19.
Bienvenu creek described, Vol. II. 355.
Bisshopp, lieutenant-colonel, his arrival at Frenchman's creek, Vol. I. 115. Reply to general
Smyth's summons to surrender Fort-Erie, 118. 389. His official account of the repulse of
the Americans near Fort-Erie, 386. Crosses the Niagara, and captures the batteries at Black
Rock, 228-9. Receives a mortal wound, 229. His character, 230.
Bissel, colonel, United States' army, lands on an island in the St. Lawrence, and frightens
some females, Vol. I. 321.
Black Rock, village of, its situation, Vol. I, 50.
441. Destroyed, Vol. II. 22.
- batteries, their fire insuccessful attack upon, by colonel Tucker, 162-4.
Fort-Erie, Vol. I. 105. Capture by the British, 228-30.
Black-bird, the Indian Chief, his enterprise, Vol. I. 226.
Bladensburg, battle of, Vol. II. 284-91. 492-502.
Bort, an American one, compared in force with a British man-of-war brig, Vol. 11. 959.
Brerstler, colonel, United States' army, supposed effect of his Stentorian voice,' Vol. 1. 114.
Skirmish with captain Kerr's Indians, 215. Surrenders, with his detachment, to a small
British party, 216—8. 436—7.
Bostwick, lieutenant-colonel, captures a gang of American depredators and traitors, Vol. II. 5.
Opinion entertained of the exploit by the présideut of Upper Canada, 395.
Boundary line, where it injures the Canadians, Vol. I. 238.
Brwyer fort, its construction by general Wilkinson, Vol. II. 342. Strength, ib. Is attacked
by four sloops of war, 343. Cuts the cable of the Hermes, and drives her on shore, 344-6.
Its capture by major-general Lambert, 391–2. 570—5.
Boyd, major-general, United States' army, succeeds to the command at Port-George, Vol. 1.
219. His misrepresentation, 254. Proceeds with the army of the centre to the attack of
Montreal, 259. Lands near Chrystler's Farm, 321. Attacks colonel Morrison, 329. Is de-
feated, 330—1. His gross misrepresentations, 333-5. Retires to the boats, 338.
Breaking parole, authorized by the American government, Vol. I. 234-6.
Brisbane, major-general, crosses the Saranac with his brigade, Vol. II. 220. Silences and drives
the Americans from their batteries, 222.
Brock, major-general, his promptitude on hearing of the war, Vol. I. 56. His proclamation to
the Canadians, 358. Its salutary effect, 64. Arrival at Amherstburg and Sandwich, 68. Sum-
mons to Fort-Detroit. 69. Capture of the fort, garrison, and Michigan territory, 69–79. 362,
Proclamation to the Michigan people, 70. 368. Intention of reducing Fort-Wayne prevented
by sir George Prevost's armistice, 181. Return to Fort-George, 78. Arrival thence at Queens-
town, 88. Advance against a superior body of Americans, 89. Death 90. Its immediate ill
consequences, 100. Character, 103—4.
Brooke, colonel, succeeds to the command of the British troops opposite to Baltimore, Vol. II.
317. Defeats the American army, 818. His official account, 508. Re-embarks at North-
point, 326. In the field at New Orleans, but not at the head of his regiment, 980.
Brown, major-general, United States' army, his curious stratagem to deceive sir George Prevost
at Sackett's Harbor, Vol. I. 171. Lands near Chrystler's farm, 320. Skirmishes with, and
is delayed in his march by, a small force under brevet-major Dennis, 321–2.
expedition at Barnhart's, 338. Proceeds to Sackett's Harbor, 351. Mistakes his orders, and
marches for Onondago hollow and back, Vol. 11. 79. His exaggerated account of the busi-
ness at Oswego, 105. 430. Proceeds to Batavia, 114. Is ordered to cross the Niagara, ib.
Issues a general order, ib. 430. His force, 115. Crosses the strait, and takes Fort-Erie, 116.
Defeats major-general Riall, 118-25. His force after the battle, 125. Advances to Chippe-
way and Queenstown, 129.. Detaches general Swift to reconnoitre Fort-George, ib. Wants
commodore Chauncey to co-operate in an attack upon Kingston, 130. Calls a council, 133.
Detaches a strong force to invest Port-George, ib. Advances upon Fort. George, 137. Re-enters
Queenstown, and recrosses the Chippeway, where he encamps, 138. Engages, and is defeated
by lieutenat-general Drummond, at Lundy's Lane, 139--49. His ofticial letter, 149. 443.
Is wounded, and crosses to Buffaloe, 150. His force in the battle, 154-5. Resigns the
command to major-general Ripley. 446. Resumes the command, and is reinforced, 229. Re-
solves upon a sortie, 230. His official account, 234. Falsehood in it, 235. Is superseded by
general Izard, 238. Repairs to Sackett's Harbor, 240.
Brownstown, village of, its situation, Vol. I. 49. Skirmish at, 61. Scalps taken by the Ameri.
cans at, 66.
Buffaloe creek, its situation, Vol. 1. 50. Il effects of not destroying the schooners fitting at,
285. Destruction of three small ones, in 1813, Vol. II. 22.
village, its situation, Vol. I. 50. · Attacked and destroyed, Vol. II. 22. 400-4.
Bulger, lieutenant, his successful enterprise against the United States' schooners, Tigress and
Scorpion, 197. 201. His official account, 460.
Burdick's Political and Historical Register, extracts from, Vol. I. 43. 287. 291. 294. 296. Vol. II.
Burlington, American troops at, in 1813, Vol. I. 245.
Butler, colonel, United States' army, his official account of captain Basden's repulse, Vol. I.
Caledonia, N. W. company's brig, her capture, Vol. I. 81-3.
Campaign, Canadian, of 1812, its commencement, Vol. 1. 56. Termination, 130.
of 1813, its commencement and progress, Vol. I. 131. to Vol. II. 89.
of 1814, its commencement and progress, Vol. II. 72---243.
Campbell. colonel, U. S. army, lands at Dorer, in Upper Canada, and burns the houses and
mills of the inhabitants, Vol. II. 109-116 Slight censure passed upon him by a court of
Canadian lakes, briefly described, Vol. I. 46~-54.
militia, their deficiency of arms, Vol. I. 74. Good behaviour, 155. 312.
Canada, Upper, general Hull's invasion of, Vol. 1. 58–77. General Van Rensselaer's ditto,
89-102. General Smith's dittn, 111-20. General Dearborn's ditto, 143-164. 202-33.
General Harrison's ditto, 274-267.
, Lower, general Hampton's invasion of, 306—17. See Expedition.
Capitol, at Washington.city, a shot from the, kills one soldier and general Ross's horse, Vol. II.
993. Is destroyed, ib. Capable of being made a citadel, 294. Contained other public
buildings, or rooms, ib.
Carolina, U. S. schooner, her force and destructive fi re at New Orleans, Vol. 11. 361. Is dese
troyed by hot shot, 363.
- Carr, lieutenant, U. 8. army, his honorable conduct, Vol. I. 236.
Cassin, commodore, his bumbastical letters, Vol. 11. 55. 411. Account of the attack on Craney
island, 57. 412.
Catalan. See Bienvenu.
Cataract, the Niagara, its height, Vol. I. 51.
Cawdle, Mr. released from American imprisonment, Vol. II. 18.
Centre-division of the British Canadian army, repulses the enemy at Queenstown, Vol. I. 87-
102. The like near Fort-Erie, 110-18. Detachment driven from York, 142-9. Another de-
tachment, after a gallant resistance, retires from Fort-George towards Burlington Heights,
150-60. A third detachment attacks and retreats from Sackett's Harbor, 164–77. Critical
situation of the detachment at Burlington Heights, 203. Its gallant and successful effort,
204–12. Several partial successes, 214--20. 228--30. Its advance to St. David's, 252. Its
total numbers, 253. Makes' a deinonstration upon Fort-George, 254. Encreased sickness,
257. Effective strength, in September 1813, 258. Retreats to Burlington, Vol. II. 3. Is
ordered to, but does not, retire upon Kingston, 4. Pursues general M.Clure, 7. Enters
Fort-George, 11. Carries Fort-Niagara, 14-18. Enters Lewistown, Black Rock and Buf-
faloe, 18-25. Goes into winter quarters, 27. (Now called right-division.) Defeated at
Steets' creek, 190-8. 431.-6. Defeats general Brown's army at Lundy's lane, 143—59.
436–48. Encamps near Fort-Erie, 161. Fails in an assault upon the works, 169–77. 450.
Its strength in September, 1814, 229. Its advance attacked by the garrison from Fort-Erie,
291. Drives the Americans to their fort, 293. Its encreased sickness, 236. Retires to
Chippeway, 237. Affair with a detachment at Lyon's creek, 239. Is re-inforced, 240.
Regains possession of the Niagara-frontier, and goes into wintet quarters, 241.
American Canadian army of the, its organization and strength, Vol. I. 80. Repulse
near Fort-Erie, 110–18. Success at York, 142-9; and at Fort-George, 150-60. Advance
towards Burlington Heights, 203. Defeat at Stoney creek, 204–12. Retreat to Fort-George,
213-14. Partial losses, 214–20. 230. Strengthjin July, 1813, 253. In September, 259.
Loses the opportunity of capturing the British centre-division, ib. Departs to join the
northern army, in an expedition against Montreal, 259. Its subsequent proceedings, 300-52.
Is re-organized at Batavia, Vol. II. 114. Takes Fort-Erie, 115. Defeats general Riall, 120-7.
Advances to Queenstown and Fort.George, 129. 137. Retires to Queenstown and Chippeway,
137–8. Is defeated at Lundy's lane, 142—7. Retreats to Fort-Erie, 158. Repels an assault
upon the works, 170–7. Makes a sortie upon the British batteries, 281–6. 'Is re-inforced
by general Izard's army, 238. Evacuates the Canadian territory, 240.
Chambers, captain, his imprisonment along with convicts in Frankfort Penitentiary, Vol. 1.
Champlain, lake, its situation and extent, Vol. I. 297. Belongs wholly to the Americans,
298. Proceedings upon, in 1813, 239-248.
town entered by the British, in 1813, Vol. 1. 244.
Chandler, brigadier-general, U. S. army, his capture by the British, Vol. 1. 206.
Chapin, major, U. s. militia, identified as the head of a gang of depredators, Vol. 1.918.
His in human treatment of some wounded British prisoners, 227. His vaunting account of
an affair with a British piquet, Vol. 11. 2.
Chaptico, proceedings at, Vol. 11. 265.
Charges, of unparalleled gallantry, Vol. II. 86—7.
Charlestown, in the Chesapeake, proceedings at, Vol II. 49.
Chateaugay river, battle of the, Vol. I. 306–17. British official account of, 462.
Chauncey, commodore, his arrival at Sackett's Harbor, Vol. I. 121. Commences equipping a
fleet, ib. Attack upon York, U. C. 141-9. 404. Sounds the approach to Fort-George, 150.
Bombards that fort and Newark, 152. Returns to Sackett's Harbor to await the equipment
of the Pike, 212. Sails in her to the head of the lake, 231. Lands troops and seamen near
Burlington Heights, ib. Overrates the British forces and re-embarks the troops, ib. Carries
away, as prisoners, some infirm inhabitants, ib. Proceeds to York, and lands troops under
lieutenant-colonel Scott, 232. Empties the gaols, and plunders the inhabitants, 233. His