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[Recital of the Decree of 5 May, 1883.]

And whereas Her Majesty the Queen has consented to abandon her Consular jurisdiction with a view to British subjects in the Regency becoming justiciable by the said French tribunals, under the same conditions as French subjects, and to the extent of the jurisdiction vested by law in the said tribunals :

Now, therefore, Her Majesty, by virtue and in exercise of the powers in this behalf by the "Foreign Jurisdiction Acts, 1843 to 1878," or otherwise, in Her Majesty vested, is pleased by and with the advice of her Privy Council to order, and it is hereby ordered as follows:

As regards all such matters and cases as come within the jurisdiction of the said French tribunals, the operation of the Orders in Council regulating Her Majesty's Consular jurisdiction in Tunis shall cease to be in force and operation within the Regency on and after the first day of January, 1884, except as regards any judicial matters pending in Her Britannic Majesty's Court for Tunis on the day above mentioned.

COUNTRY OF THE BAROLONGS [SOUTH AFRICA]. Treaty, 22 May, 1884.

men.

I, MONTSIOA, CHIEF OF THE BAROLONGS,

Give the Queen to rule in my country over white men and black I give her to publish laws and to change them when necessary; and to make known the modes of procedure of the Courts, and to appoint judges and magistrates and police and other officers of government as may be necessary, and to regulate their duties and authority:

To arrest criminals, and to release them on bail, or to hold them as prisoners, and to convey them as such from one place to another in this country, or to convey them as prisoners out of this country, according to the laws of the Queen :

To collect money (taxes) among the inhabitants of the country of the Barolongs, which will go to defray the expenses of the work done in this country by the Queen: and to levy Court fees, to impose fines, and to employ the money thus obtained according to the laws of the Queen :

Further, I give to the Queen, whom I have called, to originate and to carry forward all work necessary to establish the Courts and the laws, and effectually to confirm the government and authority which I give the Queen by this agreement.

the International Association of

COUNTRY OF THE BATLAPINGS [SOUTH AFRICA].
Treaty, 3 May, 1884.

Agreement with Mankoroane, the Chief, in identical terms with that with the Chief of the Barolongs.

Order in Council, South Africa (Bechuanaland and the Kalahari), 27 January, 1885.

After reciting the two Treaties given above, declares (Art. 4) that the jurisdiction extends to the persons and matters following:

(1) All persons within the limits of this Order [the parts of South Africa situate west of the South African Republic, north of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, east of the 20th meridian of east longitude, and south of the 22nd parallel of south latitude; and not within the jurisdiction of any civilised Power] who are British subjects by birth or naturalization, or are otherwise for the time being subject to British law.

(2) All persons properly enjoying Her Majesty's protection within the said limits.

(3) All persons within the limits to which the aforesaid Treaties with Mankoroane and Montsioa respectively extend, whether such persons are natives of Africa or not, and whether subjects of any African or non-African Power or not.

(4) The property and all personal or proprietary rights and liabilities within the said limits of any such persons as before mentioned, or situate within the said limits, although such persons may not be withia the said limits.

CONGO.

Convention between Her Britannic Majesty and His Majesty the King of the Belgians, acting as Founder of, and in the name of, the International Association of the Congo, 16 December, 1884.

[Recognition V. Every British Consul or Consular officer within the said of the flag of territories, who shall be thereunto duly authorized by Her Britannic Majesty's Government, may hold a Consular Court for the district the Congo and assigned to him, and shall exercise sole and exclusive jurisdiction, both civil and criminal, over the persons and property of British subjects within the same, in accordance with British law.

of the Free

States under its administration, as the flag of a friendly

VI. Nothing in the last preceding Article contained shall be deemed to relieve any British subject from the obligation to observe the laws of Government.] the said Free States applicable to foreigners, but any infraction thereof by a British subject shall be justiciable only by a British Consular Court.

[For the

Order in

Council, see post, p. 221.]

VII. Inhabitants of the said territories who are subject to the

government of the Association, if they shall commit any wrong against the person or property of a British subject, shall be arrested and punished by the authorities of the Association according to the laws of the said Free States [under its administration].

Justice shall be equitably and impartially administered on both sides.

VIII. A British subject having reason to complain against an inhabitant of the said territories, who is subject to the government of the Association, must proceed to the Consulate and state his grievance.

The Consul will inquire into the merits of the case, and do his utmost to arrange it amicably. In like manner, if any such inhabitant of the said territories shall have reason to complain of a British subject, the Consul shall no less listen to his complaint, and endeavour to settle it in a friendly manner. If disputes take place of such a nature that the Consul cannot arrange them amicably, then he shall request the assistance of the authorities of the Association, and they may together examine into the merits of the case and decide it equitably.

IX. Should any inhabitant of the said territories, who is subject to the government of the Association, fail to discharge debts incurred to a British subject, or should he fraudulently abscond, the authorities of the Association will do their utmost to bring him to justice, and to enforce recovery of the debts; and should any British subject fraudulently abscond or fail to discharge debts incurred by him to an inhabitant of the said territories who is subject to the government of the Association, the British authorities will, in like manner, do their utmost to bring him to justice, and to enforce recovery of the debt. No British Consul nor any authority of the Association is to be held responsible for the payment of any debt contracted either by a British subject, or by any inhabitant of the said territories, who is subject to the government of the Association.

Decree of the King of the Belgians, Sovereign of the Independent State of the Congo, 30 July, 1886.

I. Le mariage peut être contracté valablement sur le territoire de l'État, s'il a été autorisé au préalable par l'Administrateur Général au Congo. Cette autorisation est donnée par écrit pour chaque cas particulier. II. L'Administrateur Général au Congo prescrit les formalités à suivre pour la célébration du mariage.

III. Les obligations qui naissent du mariage, ainsi que les droits et les devoirs respectifs des époux, sont ceux établis par les Articles 203 à 226 inclusivement du Code Civil en vigueur en Belgique.

ROYAL NIGER COMPANY (formerly National African Company,

Limited).

Charter, 10 July, 1886.

"To hold and retain the full benefit of the cessions obtained by the Company, from the Kings and Chiefs of the various territories in the basin of the River Niger in Africa."

XVI. In all matters relating to the observance of the last preceding article [conformity to Treaties], or to the exercise within the Company's territories for the time being of any jurisdiction exerciseable by us under the Foreign Jurisdiction Acts, or the said general Act of the 26th of February, 1885 [of the Conference of the great Powers at Berlin, relative to the freedom of trade in the basin of the Congo River and other matters], the Company shall conform to and observe and carry out all such directions as may from time to time be given in that behalf by our Secretaries of State, and the Company shall, at their own expense, appoint all such officers to perform such duties, and provide such Courts and other requisites for the administration of justice as he directs.

WEST COAST OF AFRICA.

Order in Council, 6 August, 1874. Divers Countries near or adjacent to Her Majesty's Gold Coast Colony.

And whereas Her Majesty hath acquired power and jurisdiction within divers countries on the West Coast of Africa near or adjacent to Her Majesty's said Gold Coast Colony, and it is expedient to determine the mode of exercising such power and jurisdiction :

The power and jurisdiction is to be exercised by the Legislative Council of the Gold Coast Colony by ordinance, the Governor of the Colony having a negative voice in the passing of the ordinances, and the right to disallow them being reserved to the Queen.

Order in Council, 29 December, 1887. Territories adjacent to the Colony of Lagos.

In similar terms to the above, the "Colony of Lagos" being substituted for the "Gold Coast Colony."

Treaty, 4 July, 1884.

With the Kings and Chiefs of New Calabar.

III. It is agreed that full and exclusive jurisdiction, civil and criminal, over British subjects and their property in the territory of New Calabar is reserved to Her Britannic Majesty, to be exercised by such Consular or other officer as Her Majesty shall appoint for that purpose.

The same jurisdiction is likewise reserved to Her Majesty in the said territory of New Calabar over foreign subjects enjoying British protection, who shall be deemed to be included in the expression "British subject" throughout this Treaty.

IV. All disputes between the Kings and Chiefs of New Calabar, or between them and British or foreign traders, or between the aforesaid Kings and Chiefs and neighbouring tribes, which cannot be settled amicably between the two parties, shall be submitted to the British Consular or other officer appointed by Her Britannic Majesty, to exercise jurisdiction in New Calabar territories for arbitration and decision, or for arrangement.

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OKO AMACOM (

[With the following additions:- To Article IV.,

The said Kings and Chiefs shall have the right to appeal to Her Majesty's Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs against the decision of the Consular or other officers.

V. The Kings and Chiefs of Old Calabar hereby engage to assist the British Consular or other officers in the execution of such duties as may be assigned to them.]

King, Queen, and Chiefs of ATANI (Niger Left Bank, No. 5)

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