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Merchant Shipping (Part IV. Safety.)

tions.

(1.) Every Steam Ship built of Iron, of One hundred Tons to be divided or upwards the building of which commenced after the by WaterTwenty-eighth Day of August One thousand eight light Partihundred and forty-six, and every Steam Ship built of Iron of less Burden than One hundred Tons the building of which commenced after the Seventh Day of August One thousand eight hundred and fifty-one, (except Ships used solely as Steam Tugs,) shall be divided by substantial transverse Water-tight Partitions, so that the Fore Part of the Ship shall be separated from the Engine Room by One of such Partitions, and so that the After Part of such Ship shall be separated from the Engine Room by another of such Partitions :

(2.) Every Steam Ship built of Iron the building of which
commences after the passing of this Act, shall be divided
by such Partitions as aforesaid into not less than Three
equal Parts, or as nearly so as Circumstances permit :

(3.) In such last-mentioned Ships each such Partition as
aforesaid shall be of equal Strength with the Side Plates
of the Ship with which it is in contact :

(4.) Every Screw Steam Ship built of Iron, the building of
which commences after the passing of this Act, shall, in
addition to the above Partitions, be fitted with a small
Water-tight Compartment inclosing the After-extremity
of the Shaft:

Build and Equipment of Steam Ships.

And no Officer of Customs or other Person shall grant a Officers of Clearance or Transire for any Iron Steam Ship required to be Customs not divided or fitted as aforesaid, unless the same is so divided to grant Certificatesexcept and fitted; and if any such Ship attempts to ply or go to Sea so divided. without such Clearance or Transire, any such Officer may detain her until she is so divided and fitted; and if any Steam Ship herein-before required to be so divided or fitted plies or goes to Sea without being so divided or fitted, the Owner shall incur a Penalty not exceeding One hundred Pounds.

CCCI. Steam Ships shall be provided as follows; (that is to Equipment of say,) Steam Ships.

(1.) Every Steam Ship of which a Survey is hereby required Safety Valve. shall be provided with a Safety Valve upon each Boiler, so constructed as to be out of the Control of the Engineer when the Steam is up, and, if such Valve is in addition to the ordinary Valve, it shall be so constructed as to have an Area not less and a Pressure not greater than the Area of and Pressure on tha alve:

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Merchant Shipping (Part IV. Safety.)

(2.) Every Sea-going Steam Ship employed to carry Passengers shall have her Compasses properly adjusted from Time to Time; such Adjustment, in the Case of Ships surveyed as herein-after mentioned, to be made to the Satisfaction of the Shipwright Surveyor, and according to such Regulations as may be issued by the Board of Trade:

(3.) Every Sea-going Steam Ship (unless used solely as a Steam Tug) shall be provided with a Hose adapted for the Purpose of extinguishing Fire in any Part of the Ship and capable of being connected with the Engines of the Ship:

(4.) Every Sea-going Steam Ship employed to carry Passengers shall be provided with the following Means of making Signals of Distress; (that is to say,) Twelve Blue Lights or Twelve Port Fires, and One Cannon with Aramunition for at least Twelve Charges, or, in the Discretion of the Master or Owner of such Ship, with such other Means of making Signals (if any) as may have previously been approved by the Board of Trade:

(5.) Every Home Trade Steam Ship employed to carry Passengers by Sea shall be provided with such Shelter for the protection of Deck Passengers (if any) as the Board of Trade, having regard to the Nature of the Passage, the Number of Deck Passengers to be carried, the Season of the Year, the Safety of the Ship, and the Circumstances of the Case, may require.

And if any Steam Ship as aforesaid plies or goes to Sea from any Port in the United Kingdom without being so provided as herein-before required, then for each Default in any of the above Requisites the Owner shall (if he appears to be in fault) incur a Penalty not exceeding One hundred Pounds, and the Master shall (if he appears to be in fault) incur a Penalty not exceeding Fifty Pounds.

Penalty for improper Weight on

CCCII. If any Person places an undue Weight on the Safety Valve of any Steam Ship, or, in the Case of Steam Ships Safety Valve. Surveyed as herein after mentioned, increases such Weight

beyond the Limits fixed by such Engineer Surveyor as hereinafter mentioned, he shall, in addition to any other Liabilities he may incur by so doing, incur a Penalty not exceeding One hundred Pounds.

Merchant Shipping (Part IV. Safety.)

Survey of Passenger Steamers.

66

Steamer.

any

CCCIII. For the Purpose of the Enactments here in contained Definition with respect to Surveys and Certificates of Passenger Steam Passenger Ships, the Word Passengers "shall be held to include Persons carried in a Steam Ship, other than the Master and Crew and the Owner, his Family and Servants; and the Expression "Passenger Steamer" shall be held to include every British Steam Ship carrying Passengers to, from, or between any Place or Places in the United Kingdom, excepting Steam Ferry Boats working in Chains, commonly called Steam Bridges.

Survey of
Passenger

Steamers.

CCCIV. Every Passenger Steamer shall be surveyed twice Passenger at the least in each Year in manner hercin-after mentioned.

Steamers to be surveyed.

veyors, and

CCCV. The Board of Trade may from Time to Time apoint Board of such Number of fit and proper Persons to be Shipwright Sur- Trade to ap-. veyors and Engineer Surveyors for the Purposes of this Act at point Sursuch Ports or Places as it thinks proper, and may also appoint fix their Rea Surveyor General for the United Kingdom, and may from muneration. Time to Time remove such Surveyors or any of them, and may from Time to Time fix and alter the Rates of Remuneration to be received by such Surveyors.

CCCVI. It shall be lawful for the said Surveyors in the Exe- Surveyors to cution of their Duties to go on board any Steam Ship at all have Power reasonable Times, and to inspect the same or any Part thereof, to inspect. or any of the Machinery, Boats, Equipments, or Articles on board thereof, or any Certificates of the Master or Mate to which the Provisions of this Act or any of the Regulations to be made by virtue thereof apply, not unnecessarily detaining or delaying the Ship from proceeding on any Voyage, and, if in consequence of any Accident to any such Ship or for any other Reason they consider it necessary so to do, to require the Ship to be taken into Dock for the Purpose of surveying the Hull thereof; and any Person who hinders any such Surveyor from going on board any such Steam Ship, or otherwise impedes him in the Execution of his Duty under this Act, shall incur a Penalty not exceeding Five Pounds.

CCCVII. The said Surveyors shall execute their Duties Board of under the Direction of the Board of Trade, and such Board Trade to shall make Regulations as to the Manner in which the Surveys regulate Mode of making here in-after mentioned shall be made, and as to the Notice to Surveys. be given to the Surveyors when Surveys are required, and as to the Amount and Payment of any travelling or other Expenses incurred by such Surveyors in the Execution of their Duties,

and

Survey of
Passenger
Steamers.

Penalty on

Surveyors receiving Fees unlawfully.

Merchant Shipping (Part IV. Safety.)

and may thereby determine the Persons by whom and the Conditions under which such Payment shall be made.

CCCVIII. Every Surveyor who demands or receives directly or indirectly from the Owner or Master of any Ship surveyed by him under the Provisions of this Act any Fee or Remuneration whatsoever for or in respect of such Survey, otherwise than as the Officer and by the Direction of the Board of Trade, shall incur a Penalty not exceeding Fifty Pounds.

Owners to

CCCIX. The Owner of every Passenger Steamer shall cause have Surveys the same to be surveyed at the Times herein-after directed made by Shipwright and by One of the said Shipwright Surveyors and by One of the Engineer Sur- said Engineer Surveyors so appointed as aforesaid; such veyors, and Shipwright Surveyor being, in the Case of Iron Steamers, a Surveyors to give DeclaPerson who is in the Judgment of the Board of Trade properly ration. qualified to survey such Ships; and such Surveyors shall thereupon, if satisfied that they can with Propriety do so, give to such Owner Declarations as follows:

The Declaration of the Shipwright Surveyor shall contain Statements of the following Particulars; (that is to say,)

(1.) That the Hull of the Ship is sufficient for the Service intended and in good Condition:

(2.) That the Partitions, Boats, Life Buoys, Lights, Signals, Compasses, and Shelter for Deck Passengers, and the Certificates of the Master and Mate or Mates, are such, and in such Condition, as required by this Act:

(3.) The Time (if less than Six Months) for which the said Hull and Equipments will be sufficient :

(4.) The Limits (if any) beyond which, as regards the Hull and Equipments, the Ship is in the Surveyor's Judgment not fit to ply:

(5.) The Number of Passengers which the Ship is in the Judgment of the Surveyor fit to carry, distinguishing, if necessary, between the respective Numbers to be carried on the Deck and in the Cabins, and in different Parts of the Deck and Cabins; such Numbers to be subject to such Conditions and Variations, according to the Time of Year, the Nature of the Voyage, the Cargo carried, or other Circumstances, as the Case requires:

And the Declaration of the Engineer Surveyor shall contain
Statements of the following Particulars; (that is to say,)

Merchant Shipping (Part IV. Safety.)

(1.) That the Machinery of the Ship is sufficient for the
Service intended, and in good Condition:

(2.) The Time (if less than Six Months) for which such
Machinery will be sufficient:

(3.) That the Safety Valves and Fire Hose are such and
in such Condition as are required by this Act:

(4.) The Limits of the Weight to be placed on the Safety
Valves:

(5.) The Limits (if any) beyond which, as regards the Ma-
chinery, the Ship is in the Surveyor's Judgment not fit
to ply:

And such Declarations shall be in such Form as the Board of
Trade directs.

Survey of
Passenger

Steamers.

tions to Board

CCCX. The said Owner shall transmit such Declarations Transmission to the Board of Trade within Fourteen Days after the Dates of of Declarathe Receipt thereof respectively; and in default shall forfeit a of Trade. Sum not exceeding Ten Shillings for every Day that the sending of such Declarations is delayed; and such Sum shall be paid Penalty for upon the Delivery of the Certificate herein-after mentioned in Delay. addition to the Fee payable for the same, and shall be applied in the same Manner as such Fees.

CCCXII.

Transmission

CCCXI. In all Cases where it is possible the said half-yearly Times apSurveys shall be made in the Months of April and of October, pointed for and the Declarations shall be transmitted on or before the Surveys and Thirtieth Day of April and the Thirty-first Day of October res- of Declarapectively; but if the Owner of any Passenger Steamer is unable tions. to have the same surveyed in the Month of April or October, (as the Case may be,) either by reason of sucl; Ship being absent from the United Kingdom during the whole of those Periods respectively, or by reason of such Ship or the Machinery thereof being under Construction or Repair, or of such Ship being laid up in Dock, or for any other Reason satisfactory to the Board of Trade, then he shall have the same surveyed as aforesaid as soon thereafter as possible, and shall transmit such Declarations to the Board of Trade within Fourteen Days after the Receipt thereof, together with a Statement of the Reasons which have prevented the Survey of such Ship at the Time herein-before prescribed, and shall, in case of Delay in transmitting the Declarations, be liable to a Forfeiture similar to that mentioned in the last preceding Section.

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