The Peace Negotiations

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1st World Publishing, 2004 - Biography & Autobiography - 344 pages
While we were still in Paris, I felt, and have felt increasingly ever since, that you accepted my guidance and direction on questions with regard to which I had to instruct you only with increasing reluctance.... "... I must say that it would relieve me of embarrassment, Mr. Secretary, the embarrassment of feeling your reluctance and divergence of judgment, if you would give your present office up and afford me an opportunity to select some one whose mind would more willingly go along with mine." These words are taken from the letter which President Wilson wrote to me on February 11, 1920. On the following day I tendered my resignation as Secretary of State by a letter, in which I said:

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Contents

THE SYSTEM OF MANDATES
149
DIFFERENCES AS TO THE LEAGUE RECAPITULATED
161
THE PROPOSED TREATY WITH FRANCE
175
LACK OF AN AMERICAN PROGRAMME
186
SECRET DIPLOMACY
209
THE SHANTUNG SETTLEMENT
236
THE BULLITT AFFAIR
260
CONCLUSION
270

LEAGUE OF NATIONS PLAN OF LORD
289
THE FOURTEEN POINTS
313
THE ARTICLES OF THE TREATY
319
Copyright

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Page 315 - All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly fifty years, should be righted, in order that peace may once more be made secure in the interest of all. 9. A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be effected along clearly recognizable lines of nationality.
Page 97 - The Members of the League undertake to respect and preserve as against external aggression the territorial integrity and existing political independence of all Members of the League.
Page 281 - Any war or threat of war, whether immediately affecting any of the Members of the League or not, is hereby declared a matter of concern to the whole League, and the League shall take any action that may be deemed wise and effectual to safeguard the peace of nations.
Page 315 - Rumania, Serbia, and Montenegro should be evacuated; occupied territories restored; Serbia accorded free and secure access to the sea; and the relations of the several Balkan states to one another determined by friendly counsel along historically established lines of allegiance and nationality...
Page 295 - The council may deal at its meetings with any matter within the sphere of action of the league or affecting the peace of the world.
Page 65 - ... an equality of rights; the guarantees exchanged must neither recognize nor imply a difference between big nations and small, between those that are powerful and those that are weak. Right must be based upon the common strength, not upon the individual strength, of the nations upon whose concert peace will depend.
Page 310 - League : (a) will endeavour to secure and maintain fair and humane conditions of labour for men, women and children, both in their own countries and in all countries to which their commercial and industrial relations extend, and for that purpose will establish and maintain the necessary international organisations ; (b) undertake to secure just treatment of the native inhabitants of territories under their control...
Page 303 - If the Council fails to reach a report which is unanimously agreed to by the members thereof, other than the representatives of one or more of the parties to the dispute, the members of the League reserve to themselves the right to take such action as they shall consider necessary for the maintenance of right and justice.

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