« PreviousContinue »
together with busts of Sir Francis and Mr. Desenfans. The interior of this mausoleum is the architect's happiest effort here. It is chaste, and appropriate: with the single defect, perhaps, that, though the light is mellowed by its transmission (from above) through stained glass, the pervading character, as adapted to the chamber of death, is still too lightsome: glass of a darker stain might have had a better effect.
There have been, and still are, in this country, more costly galleries, than the Dulwich, but it might be difficult to speak of any one, taken altogether, as more pleasing. As specimens of the enormous sums that have been paid for collections in England, I quote the following:-1779. the Houghton, two hundred and thirty-two pictures, £40,555. 1798. the Orleans, two hundred and ninety-six pictures, £43,500. 1824. The Angerstein, (now the National,) thirty-eight pictures, £57,000.
WHIG AND TORY.
"THIS year," (1680,) says Hume, “is remarkable for being the epoch of the well-known epithets of Whig and Tory, by which, and sometimes without any material difference, this island has been so long divided. court party reproached their antagonists with their affinity to the fanatical conventiclers in Scotland, who were known by the name of Whigs. The Country party found a resemblance between the courtiers and Popish banditti in Ireland, to whom the appellation of Tory was affixed. And after this manner these foolish terms of reproach came into public and general use; and even at present seem not nearer their end than when they were first invented."
Bailey, in his very curious and still valuable Dictionary, gives the following as the origin of these terms. TORY: a "word first used by the Protestants in Ireland, to signify those Irish common robbers and murderers who stood outlawed for robbery and murder; now a
nick-name to such as call themselves high church-men, or to the partizans of the Chevalier de St. George."-" WHIG (Sax.) Whey, butter-milk, or very small beer: also a name first applied to those in Scotland who kept their meetings in the fields, their common food being sour milk: a nick-name given to those who were against the court interest in the times of King Charles and James, and to such as were for it in succeeding reigns."
In the "Review of the British Nation" by Daniel Defoe, we have-"The word Tory is Irish, and was first made use of in Ireland in the time of Elizabeth's wars there. It signified a kind of robbers, who, being listed in neither army, preyed in general upon their country, without distinction of English or Irish." he proceeds to ascribe the invention of the term to Titus Oates. As to the word Whig, he tells us little more than that it is Scotch.
The first application of Whig to an English political party, is said to have arisen out of the following circumstance. The Duke of Monmouth, returning from the Battle of "Bothwell Brig," was received with marks of displeasure by Charles II., on account of the mercy he had displayed towards the Covenanters (the Scotch Whigs) after his victory. Lord Lauderdale, it is added, increased this angry
feeling, by telling the King, with an oath, that Monmouth had been "so civil to the Whigs, because he was a Whig himself in his heart.” This stamped it for a court-word; and it was not long before all the supposed partisans of the Duke obtained the name of Whigs. -Possibly, about the year 1925, posterity will be amusing themselves with disquisitions on the supposed origin of the term RADICAL.
MEN OF GENIUS:
Men of Genius, in all ages and countries, have been remarkable for their want of prudence, or rather for their want of attention to their pecuniary interest,-an attention incompatible with their very natures. Acting from enthusiasm and feeling, rather than from calculation and caution, they overlook the vulgar yet indispensable requisites to worldly comfort and prosperity. Genius may be compared to Atalanta: it suffers itself to be distanced in the race by men infinitely inferior in point of intellect, but who possess the cunning to secure to themselves the prize: unfortunately, however, the baits which tempt Genius to turn aside from the course, and suffer competitors to outstrip it, are not golden ones. THOMAS MOORE. (Speech at the Literary Fund Dinner, May 12, 1824.
I asked the Heavens-" What foe to God hath done
I asked the Sea. The Sea with fury boiled,
Disclosed the abyss, and from the centre ran."
I asked the Earth. The Earth replied, aghast, "'Twas MAN and such strange pangs my bosom rent, That still I fear and tremble at the past.
To MAN, gay-smiling MAN, I went,
And asked him next.-He turned a scornful eye,
Were it possible for our Divines to adopt the practice of taking one of the Poets for a textbook, in lieu of the Bible, certainly no one of the tribe would afford them so luxuriant a field for apt and striking quotation as SHAKSPEARE.
The talent of an Author is best displayed in the body of his work; his good sense in the Preface.
He who is contented with himself must certainly have a bad taste. (Zimmerman.)
Genius should ever seem superior to its own abilities. (French Author.)
Love is an episode in the life of man, but the history of woman. (Anon.) LACONICUS.