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Convention, the internal legislation of each state remains in

force.

To avoid misconstruction, it is agreed that the use of public armorial bearings and decorations may be taken to be contrary to public order in the sense of last paragraph of Article VI.

5. Each country of the Union shall publish, if practicable, an official newspaper, in connection with the special government department mentioned in Article XII.

6. This paragraph relates to the working of the International Office at Berne, the expense of which is to be divided in a given proportion amongst the several states forming the Union.

7. The present Protocol, which shall be ratified along with the Convention, shall have the same force, validity, and duration as the Convention itself.

INDEX.

ACCOUNT OF PROFITS

in action for infringement, 291
ACCOUNTS

what, necessary in application for extension, 204
ACTIONS

for infringements, 279
may be brought in any division of High Court of Justice, 279
cannot be brought before publication of complete specification,

280
plaintiff cannot have both damages and account of profits in,

291
ADVERTISEMENT

required on application for amendment, 188
required on application for extension, 201, 395
of acceptance of complete specification, 115, 328, 364

of amendments, 190, 332
AFFIDAVITS,

how to be made, 363
AGENTS

may act for applicants, 96
but not sign applications, 361

for infringers liable for infringements, 271
AMENDMENT OF SPECIFICATION, 188, 326, 327, 331, 363

patentee may seek leave to amend by way of correction, dis-

claimer, or explanation, 188, 194, 331, 368
not allowed to make invention substantially larger or different

from invention claimed, 189, 331
cases under earlier Act, 193, 194
leave to amend conclusive as to right of party to make, 189
to be advertised, and may be opposed within one month from

date of first advertisement, 331, 369
application for leave to amend, to be left at Patent Office, 188
if leave to make refused by comptroller, applicant may appeal

to law officer, 189
comptroller to give notice of and hear and decide application

subject to appeal, 331
law officer to hear same if required, 331
to be deemed part of specification, 332
power to disclaim part of invention during action for infringe-

ment, 332
restriction of recovery of damages after, 332

AMENDMENT OF SPECIFICATION-continued.

form of application for, 384

general power to amend documents given to comptroller, 312
AMERICA, UNITED STATES,

patent laws of, 402
APPEAL

from comptroller to law officer, 170, 374
none from law officer on appeal to him from comptroller on

question of amendment of specification, 190
none from Board of Trade in cases of compulsory licences, 228
rules on appeals to law officers, 374

form of notice of, 394
APPLICATIONS,

patents for, 42
not favoured by law, 42

cases as to, 42-50. See RIVAL APPLICATIONS
APPLICATION FOR PATENT,

who may make, 95-98
joint applications, 95, 325
on death of applicant patent may be granted to legal repre-

sentatives, 97, 329, 364
may be opposed, 169
any person may apply for patent, 325
form of, 326, 379
form of, on communication from abroad, 380
to contain declaration and be accompanied by provisional or

complete specification, 326
when comptroller requires amendment, applicant may appeal

from decision to law officer, 326
must be signed by applicant and contain statement of address,

361

order of recording, 364
ARGENTINE REPUBLIC,

patent laws of, 406
ASSIGNMENTS,

of letters patent, 224
registry of, 224, 227, 344
ought to be by deed, 224
proper covenants in, 224
no implied warranty of the patent on contract for, 225
purchaser should on, have search made as to novelty of patent,

225
assignee of part may bring separate action for infringement, 225
co-owner of patent may sue alone for recovery of profits, 225
survivor of two assignees may sue for an infringement com-

mitted during life of the other, 226
body corporate may take, and be registered as proprietor in cor-

porate name, 227
by executors good, though probate registered after assignment,

238
to Secretary of War for certain inventions, 310
assignee may disclaim, 196
cases on,

225-234

AUSTRALIAN COLONIES,

patent laws of, 443-446
AUSTRIA,

patent laws of, 407
BELGIUM,

patent laws of, 469
BOARD OF TRADE,

power to order Patentee to grant licences, 227

power to make rules for classification, &c., 313, 314, 348
BRAZIL,

patent laws of, 410
BRITISH GUIANA,

patent laws of, 447
BRITISH HONDURAS,

patent laws of, 447
CANADA,

patent laws of, 448
CAPE OF GOOD HOPE,

patent laws of, 450
CASES,

principles, 7-13
processes, 13-18
amount of invention required to support patent, 26-34
second patents, 34
patents for novelty and utility, 35-94
applications, 42
inventor, true and first, 51-61
publication in printed books, 61-64
publication in specification under prior patent, 64-70
public user, 70-83
prior user by inventor, 83-89
experiments, 89-93
patentee, who may be, 95-98
the title, 99-104
specifications provisional, 107–110, 119, 120

complete, 115-168
drawings, 117, 118
oppositions, 171-179
amendments of specifications, 188-197
extension, 201-223
assignments and licences, 225-234
registration, 236-239

infringement, 241-299
CAVEAT

against extension of patent, 200, 334

as to grants of patents and amendments, 317
CERTIFICATES

when given by judge to entitle plaintiff to full costs in future

actions, 298
of payment or renewal, 367
form of application for, 388
form of, 388

CEYLON,

patent laws of, 451
CHANNEL ISLANDS,

not now included in patent, 181
CHEMICAL PROCESSES,

when patentable, 25, 260

and products, cases as to infringement of patents for, 260-273
CHILI,

patent laws of, 411
CLAIMS,

complete specification must contain, 113, 156
must not be wide and speculative, 149
suggestions as to preparing, 145, 156
intended to ascertain extent of what is claimed as new, 158

cases as to, 156-1
CLASSIFICATION OF PATENTABLE INVENTIONS, 18

new contrivances applied to new objects or purposes, 18
a new contrivance employed to effect old object, 18
a combination of known parts, 20
new methods of applying an old thing, 21
chemical processes usually but not always in combination with

mechanical contrivances, 25

cases on, 18-25
CLERICAL ERRORS

amendment of, in letters patent, 185, 197

in specifications, &c., 116, 197, 312
COLOMBIA,

patent laws of, 412
COLONIAL ARRANGEMENTS, 309, 349
COLONIES (BRITISH),

patent laws of, 443
COLOURABLE ALTERATION

of patented invention actionable, 242
COMBINATIONS. See INFRINGEMENT,

of known parts are patentable, 20, 21, 250
how to be treated in specifications, 139
cases as to infringement of patents for, 250-260
if patent is solely for, nothing can be infringed but the use

the entire combination, 250
to protect subordinate parts and minor, it is necessary to claim

them, 256
minor, must be new, useful, and patentable per se, 257
the taking of subordinate part or parts of, may be an infringe-

ment of patent, 258,259
COMPLETE SPECIFICATION. See SPECIFICATION
COMMUNICATION FROM ABROAD,

patent for invention which is, may be granted to alien friend, 96
or to British subject, 96
applicant for must be resident, 317
rule as to, 365
form of application for, 380

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