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of the belligerent powers, as they have come to the knowledge of this department, up to the year 1808, may be found in a report made to Congress, by the Secretary of State, on the 21st of December of that year. In that report the belligerent edicts bearing upon neutral commerce, and corresponding with the years on the lists now sent, are as follows:
tween neutrals and the colonies
cerning blockades, communi-
August 9. Blockade of Fe.
1806. Nov. 21,
1805. August 17. Direct trade with
enemies' colonies subjected to
restrictions. 1806. April 8. Blockade of the
Ems, Weser, &c.
May 16. Blockade from the
September 25. Discontinu-
trade from port to Port of
June 26. Blockade of the
November 11, Three orders
1807. Dec. 17.
1808. April 17. Bayonne decree.
March 28. Act of parliament.
April 11. Orders encouraging our citizens to violate the embargo
April 14. Act of parliament to prohibit the exportation of cotton wool, &c.
Act of parliament making valid certain orders in council.
May 4. Blockade of Copenhagen and the island of Zealand.
June 23. Act of parliament regulating trade between the United States and Great Britain.
October 14. Admiral Cochran's blockade of the French Leeward Islands.
To these may be added the British order in council of the 26th of April, 1809, prohibiting altogether all trade with France and Holland, and the ports of Italy comprehended under the denomination of the kingdom of Italy; the blockade of the ports of Spain from Gijon to the French territory of the 20th February, 1810, which was partially relaxed on the 14th of May, 1810; the blockade of Venice, instituted on the 27th of July, 1806, and which was declared to be still in force on the 26th of March, 1810; the blockade of the canal of Corfu of the 18th of Aug. 1810, which, in effect, was an attempt to blockade the whole Adriatick sea; together with certain other regulations, principally touching the trade on the Baltick.
To the French edicts may be added the decree of Rambouillet of the 23d of March, 1810.
The seizures and condemnations under the authority of the government of Naples, were principally in consequence of a special decree of the sovereign of that state.
In making up the lists, reference has been had to the dates of the orders in council of Nov. 1907, and the French edicts of Berlin and Milan, chiefly because their promulgation formed a new epoch in the history of commercial spoliations. Under this division these lists will exhibit the following results.
528 Captures, &c. subsequent to those orders
VESSELS. Captures, &c. prior to the Berlin and Milan decrees
206 Captures during the existence of those decrees 307 Captures since the revocation of those decrees 45
The number of captures by the Neapolitans amounts to 47. The statement relative to Danish captures will best explain itself.
With respect to the question proposed by the resolution in obedience to which this report is made, “How far the decrees, orders, or regulations, under which the captures have been made, are abandoned or persevered in by the. nation making such captures," it may be remarked, that the Berlin and Milan decrees were revoked, as far as they affected the neutral commerce of the United States, according to an official declaration of the French government made at Paris on the 5th of August, 1810, to the American minister then resident there; and that this revocation in the same latitude, has been since corroborated by acts and declarations of the French government communicated to the minister of the United States who now resides at Paris. The decrees of Bayonne and of Rambouillet, as well as that of the sovereign of Naples, being
special, ceased with the accomplishment of the particular object of their promulgation.
On the part of Great Britain, it is officially known to the Secretary of State, that up to the period of declaring war against that power by Congress, the orders in council were rigidly enforced against American neutral trade; captures and condemnations were incessantly occurring ; and with respect to any edict of a date anterior to those orders in council, it is impossible distinctly to specify whether it has been abandoned or not; for so late as the 26th March, 1810, the British secretary of state for foreign affairs officially refused to allow the American minister in London to infer that the blockade of May, 1806, had become extinct by the operation of the orders in council. On the contrary, he expressly stated that that blockade was comprehended under the more extensive restrictions of a subsequent order : Hence it may be inferred, that the orders in council of November, 1807, and of April, 1809, which were a more general extension of unlawful principles previously acted upon in a limited degree, although they comprehended yet did not extinguish, particular blockades or orders antecedently proclaimed ; thus leaving it uncertain whether, in the event of the revocation of the orders in council themselves, any or what obnoxious edicts would or would not be insisted on or relinquished.
In relation to Spain, the department of state is not in possession of information sufficient to authorize a report of captures, &c. during the present war, by that power. All which is respectfully submitted.
JAMES MONROE. Department of State, July 6, 1812.
TROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
1812.* In compliance with the resolution of the House of Representatives of the twenty-sixth of June, I transmit the information contained in the documents here with enclosed.
From the Secretary of State to General George Matthews,
and Colonel John M Kee. Department of State, January 26, 1811.
The President of the United States having appointed you jointly and severally commissioners for carrying into effect certain provisions of an act of Congress, (a copy of which is enclosed) relative to the portion of the Floridas situated to the east of the river Perdido, you will repair to that quarter with all possible expedition, concealing from general observation the trust committed to you, with that discretion which the delicacy and importance of the undertaking require.
Should you find governour Folk, or the local authority existing there, inclined to surrender in an amicable manner the possession of the remaining portion or portions of West Florida now held by him in the name of the Spanish monarchy, you are to aocept, in behalf of the United States, the abdication of his, or of the other existing authority, and the jurisdiction of the country over which it extends. And should a stipulation be insisted on for the re-delivery of the country, at a future period, you may engage for such re-delivery to the lawful sovereign.
The debts clearly due from the Spanish government to the people of the territory surrendered may, if insisted on, be assumed within reasonable limits, and under specified descriptions, to be settled hereafter as a claim against Spain in an adjustment of our affairs with her. You
(This message was confidential ; and the injunction of secrecy not removed till July 6.]