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World Peace Foundation

Pamphlets

VOLUME VI

1923

WORLD PEACE FOUNDATION
40 MT. VERNON STREET, BOSTON

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The corporation is constituted for the purpose of educating the people of all nations to a full knowledge of the waste and destructiveness of war, its evil effects on present social conditions and on the well-being of future generations, and to promote international justice and the brotherhood of man; and, generally, by every practical means to promote peace and good will among all mankind. -By-laws of the Corporation.

It is to this patient and thorough work of education, through the school, the college, the church, the press, the pamphlet and the book, that the World Peace Foundation addresses itself.-Edwin Ginn.

The idea of force can not at once be eradicated. It is useless to believe that the nations can be persuaded to disband their present armies and dismantle their present navies, trusting in each other or in the Hague Tribunal to settle any possible differences between them, unless, first, some substitute for the existing forces is provided and demonstrated by experience to be adequate to protect the rights, dignity and territory of the respective nations. My own belief is that the idea which underlies the movement for the Hague Court can be developed so that the nations can be persuaded each to contribute a small percentage of their military forces at sea and on land to form an International Guard or Police Force. -Edwin Ginn.

*Incorporated under the laws of Massachusetts, July 12, 1910, as the International School of Peaco. Name changed to World Peace Foundation, December 22, 1910.

WORLD PEACE FOUNDATION PAMPHLETS

Published by
WORLD PEACE FOUNDATION

40 MT. VERNON STREET, BOSTON, MASS. Single numbers, 5 cents. Sample copies on request. Quantity rates vary

with cost of production.
General Secretary, Edward Cummings.
Corresponding Secretary and Librarian, Denys P. Myers.

Leneral

CONTENTS

NO. 1, THE WORLD COURT

PAGE

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I. THE PRESIDENT AND THE COURT:

Address of the President at a luncheon of the Associated Press,

Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York, April 24, 1923
Record of political platforms
As candidate and President
The administration and the Court
The position of the Senate .
Must practice justice daily

Loosened party ties :
Not influenced by bankers:
Extract from address before the American Society of Newspaper

Editors, Washington, April 28, 1923
Great advance of world society:

Letter of the President in reply to resolution of the Ohio Senate .
II. THE SECRETARY OF STATE AND THE CRITICS:

Address on "The Permanent Court of International Justice"

delivered before the American Society of International Law,
Washington, April 27, 1923
Why the Court exists
Defects of arbitral method
Court gives improved method
Hague Tribunal inadequate
How Permanent Court is established
League solved choosing of judges
Guaranty of fair elections
League does not control Court
Conditions of American adhesion
An independent judicial body
Jurisdiction is voluntary

Answers six-vote objection
III. ELIHU Root AND THE COURT:

Address as President of the American Society of International Law,

Washington, April 26, 1923
Old "court" not a court .
Judges do not represent states
Importance of judicial decision
Renders public opinion effective
Self-respect enjoins participation
How Court came into being

A world, not a League, court
Allows only one national judge
Compulsory jurisdiction
Step toward outlawing war

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