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library, one thousand five hundred dollars; pay of assistant of same,
seven hundred and twenty dollars; pay of five firemen, two thousand
two hundred dollars; increase and expense of the library, books, maga-
zines, periodicals, and completing printing and binding of catalogues
one thousand dollars.

For pay of librarian's assistant, one thousand dollars.
For furniture for cadet-hospital, one hundred dollars.

For repairing and improving sea-coast battery, taking up, repairing foundation, and relaying platform for fifteen-inch gun, four hundred and eighty dollars.

For new stone front-pintle platform for fifteen-inch gun, one thousand dollars.

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Buildings and grounds.

Buildings and grounds: For repairing roads and paths, five hundred dollars. For resetting steam-boilers used for heating cadet-barracks, academy, Heating appachapel, and library, one thousand two hundred dollars.

SECTION 2. That the Military Academy band shall consist of one teacher of music, who shall be leader of the band, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, and may be a civilian, and of twenty-four enlisted musicians of the band.

SEC. 3. That the teacher of music shall receive ninety dollars per month, one ration, and the allowance of fuel of a second lieutenant of the Army; and that of the enlisted musicians of the band six shall each be paid thirty-four dollars per month; six shall each be paid twenty dollars per month; and the remaining twelve shall each be paid seventeen dollars per month; and that the enlisted musicians of the band shall have the benefits as to pay arising from re-enlistments and length of service applicable to other enlisted men of the Army. Approved, March 3, 1877.



Pay of band.

CHAP. 110.-An act making appropriations for the service of the Post Office Department for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated for the service of the Post Office Department for the year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, out of any money in the Treasury arising from the revenues of said Department, in conformity to the act of July second, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, as follows:


March 3, 1877.

Ante, p. 78.


Postal service.

Mail depreda

For mail-depredations and special agents, one hundred and thirty-five thousand dollars; and not exceeding seven thousand five hundred dol. tions. lars of this amount may be expended for fees to United States attorneys, marshals, clerks of courts, and counsel necessarily employed by special agents of the Post Office Department, subject to approval by the Attorney-General.

For preparation and publication of post-route maps, twenty-five thou sand dollars; and the Postmaster-General may authorize the publication and sale of said maps to individuals at the cost thereof, the proceeds of said sales to be applied as a further appropriation for said purpose.

Post-route maps.
Sale of maps.



For advertising, sixty thousand dollars: Provided, That the Postmaster General shall cause advertisements of all general mail- lettings of each State and Territory to be conspicuously posted up in each postoffice in the State and Territory embraced in said advertisements for at to be posted up. least sixty days before the time of such general letting; and no other advertisement of such lettings shall be required; but this provision shall not apply to any other than general mail lettings.







For miscellaneous items in the office of the Postmaster-General one thousand five hundred dollars.


For compensation to postmasters, seven million two hundred and fifty thousand dollars.

For compensation to clerks in post-offices, three million three hundred Rates of compen- and forty thousand dollars; and the Postmaster General is hereby directed to cause a careful inquiry to be made into the rates of compensation now made to clerks in post-offices, with a view to a more equitable adjustment and reduction thereof: Provided, That such adjustment shall in no case involve an increase over and above the present aggregate compensation as provided in this act.




For payment to letter-carriers, one million, eight hundred and twentyReduction of five thousand dollars. It shall be the duty of the Postmaster-General to carefully inquire into the number of carriers employed in the several cities where the free delivery of mail-matter is established, and to reduce the number of carriers and the number of deliveries of the mails by such carriers for each day to the reasonable requirements of the public service.

Wrapping-paper. For wrapping paper, twenty-two thousand five hundred dollars.
For wrapping-twine, fifty-thousand dollars.


Rent, etc.


Inland mailtransportation.

Railway postoffice clerks.


Mail-route mes


Local agents.
Locks and keys.
Mail-bags, &c.

Postage stamps.

Stamped envelopes.

For marking and rating stamps, nine thousand dollars.
For letter-balances and scales, five thousand dollars.
For rent, light, and fuel, four hundred thousand dollars.
For office-furniture, twenty thousand dollars.

For stationery, fifty-five thousand dollars.

For miscellaneous and incidental items, eighty thousand dollars.


For inland mail transportation, namely: For transportation on starroutes and by steamboats, and all other than railroad-routes, six million two hundred and thirty-seven thousand nine hundred and ninety-three dollars; for transportation by railroad, nine million two hundred and fifty thousand dollars; one hundred and fifty thousand dollars of the same may be used by the Postmaster General to obtain proper facilities from the great trunk lines lines of railroads for the railway post-office service during the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight

For compensation to railway-post-office clerks, one million, two hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars.

For route-agents, one million dollars.

For mail-route messengers, one hundred and fifty thousand dollars.
For local agents, one hundred and ten thousand dollars.

For mail messengers six hundred and seventy thousand dollars.
For mail locks and keys, sixteen thousand dollars.

For mail-bags and mail-bag catchers, two hundred thousand dollars.


For manufacture of adhesive postage-stamps, of official stamps, and of newspaper and periodical stamps, one hundred and fifty thousand dollars.

For pay of agent and assistants to distribute stamps, and expenses of the agency, six thousand and nine hundred dollars.

For manufacture of stamped envelopes and newspaper wrappers, six hundred thousand dollars.

For pay of agent and assistants to distribute stamped envelopes and newspaper-wrappers, and expenses of agency, fourteen thousand one hundred and fifty dollars.

For manufacture of postal cards, three hundred thousand dollars. For pay of agent and assistants to distribute postal cards, and expenses of agency, six thousand one hundred dollars. For registered package envelopes, locks, and seals, forty thousand dollars.

For office-envelopes and for dead-letter envelopes, twenty-five thou sand dollars.

For ship, steamboat, and way letters, seven thousand five hundred dollars.

For engraving, printing, and binding drafts and warrants, one thousand five hundred dollars.


For transportation of foreign mails, two hundred and forty thousand dollars.

For balance due foreign countries, fifty thousand dollars, including the United States' portion of the expense of the international office organized under the provisions of article fifteen of the general postal union treaty concluded at Berne, October uinth, eighteen hundred and seventy four.

Postal cards.

Registered-package envelopes. Office-envelopes

Ship, steamboat, and way letters. Engraving, etc.

Foreign mailtransportation.

Balances due for

eign countries. Post, p. 584.

Commission to

mail-service. 1876, ch. 179, Ante, 79.

For the commission appointed under the act entitled "An act making appropriations for the service of the Post Office Department for the examine railway year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-seven, and for other purposes" approved July twelfth eighteen hundred and seventy-six, to continue and complete the service required of them by said act and to include an examination of mail service other than by railroads, six thousand dollars.

Appropriation in


SEC. 2. That if the revenue of the Post-Office Department shall be insufficient to meet the appropriations made by this act, then the sum addition to reveof two million, nine hundred and thirty-nine thousand, seven hundred and twenty-five dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, be, and the same is hereby appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to supply deficiencies in revenue of the Post-Office Department for the year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight. Approved, March 3, 1877.

CHAP. 111.-An act making appropriations for the naval service for the year end-
ing June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums be, and
they are hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the
Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the naval service of the Gov-
ernment for the year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and sev
enty eight, and for other purposes:

For pay of commissioned and warrant officers at sea, on shore, on special service, and of those on the retired-list and unemployed, and for the actual expenses of officers traveling under orders, and for pay of the petty-officers, seamen, ordinary seamen, landsmen, and boys, including men of the engineers' force, and for the Coast Survey service, seven thousand five hundred men, six million, six hundred thousand dollars

March 3, 1877.

Ante, p. 65.

Appropriations. Naval service.

Pay, mileage, etc.

Contingent ex

For contingent expenses of the Navy Department, namely: For rent and furniture of buildings and offices not in navy yards; expenses of penses. courts-martial and courts of inquiry, boards of investigation, examining. boards, with clerks' and witnesses' fees, and traveling-expenses and costs; stationery and recording; expenses of purchasing-paymasters' offices at the various cities, including clerks, furniture, fuel, stationery, and incidental expenses; newspapers and advertising; foreign postage;


telegraphing, foreign and domestic; copying; mail and express wagons
and livery and express fees and freight; all books for the use of the
Navy; experts' fees and cost of suits; commissions, warrants, diplomas,
and discharges; relief of vessels in distress and pilotage; recovery of
valuables from shipwrecks; quarantine expenses; care and transporta-
tion of the dead; reports, professional investigation, and information
from abroad; and all other emergencies and extraordinary expenses
arising at home or abroad, but impossible to be anticipated or classified,
eighty thousand dollars.

For the civil establishments of the several navy-yards, eighty-five
thousand dollars.


For foreign and local pilotage and towage of ships of war, forty-five Navigation and navigation sup- thousand dollars. plies.

For services and materials in correcting compasses on board ship, and for adjusting and testing compasses on shore, three thousand dollars. For nautical and astronomical instruments, nautical books, maps, charts, and sailing-directions, and repairs of nautical instruments for ships of war, nine thousand dollars.

For books for libraries for ships of war, three thousand dollars.

For navy signals and apparatus, namely, signal-lights, lanterns, rockets, including running-lights, drawings, and engravings for signalbooks, six thousand dollars.

For compass-fittings, including binnacles, tripods, and other appendages of ships' compasses, three thousand dollars.

For logs and other appliances for measuring the ships' way, leads and other appliances for sounding, three thousand dollars.

For lanterns and lamps, and their appendages, for general use on board ship, including those for the cabin, ward room, and steerage, for the holds and spirit-room, for decks and quartermasters' use, five thousand dollars.

For bunting and other materials for flags, and making and repairing flags of all kinds, five thousand dollars.

For oil for ships of war other than that used for the engineer department, candles when used as a substitute for oil in binnacles, runninglights, for chimneys and wick and soap used in navigation department, sixteen thousand dollars.

For stationery for commanders and navigators of vessels of war and for use of courts-martial, two thousand dollars.

For musical instruments and music for vessels of war, one thousand dollars.

For steering-signals and indicators, and for speaking tubes and gongs, for signal-communication on board vessels of war, two thousand dollars. For contingent expenses of the Bureau of Navigation, namely: For Contingent exfreight and transportation of navigation materials; postage and telegraphing; advertising for proposals; packing-boxes and materials, and all other contingent expenses, three thousand dollars.




Naval Observatory.

For drawing, engraving, and printing and photolithographing charts, correcting old plates, preparing and publishing sailing directions, and other hydrographic information, and for making charts, including those of the Pacific coast, fifty thousand dollars.

For fuel, light, and office-furniture; care of building and other labor; purchase of books for library, drawing-materials, and other stationery; postage, freight, and other contingent expenses, five thousand dollars. For rent and repair of building, two thousand eight hundred dollars For expenses of Naval Observatory, namely:

For pay of three assistants, at one thousand five hundred dollars each, four thousand five hundred dollars; and one clerk, at one thousand six hundred dollars.

For wages of one instrument-maker, one messenger, three watchmen,

and one porter; for keeping grounds in order and repairs to buildings; for fuel, light, and office-furniture; and for stationery, purchase of books for library, chemicals for batteries, and freight, and all other contingent expenses, ten thousand dollars.

For reducing and transcribing astronomical observations upon sheets for publication, two thousand two hundred dollars.

For continuing theory and tables of the moon's motion, one thousand two hundred dollars.

For the reduction of the late observations upon the transit of Venus, five thousand dollars.

For expenses of observing the transit of Mercury on May sixth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, at various points in the United States, one thousand five hundred dollars.

For expenses of Nautical Almanac:

For pay of computers and clerk for compiling and preparing for publication the American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac, fifteen thousand nac. dollars.

For rent, fuel, labor, stationery, boxes, expresses, and miscellaneous items, one thousand five hundred dollars.

For continuance of work on new planets discovered by American astronomers, three thousand dollars.


Nautical Alm

For fuel, tools, and materials of all kinds necessary in carrying on Ordnance and the mechanical branches of the Ordnance Department at the several ordnance-stores. navy-yards, magazines, and stations, fifty thousand dollars.

For labor at all the navy-yards, magazines, and stations in fitting ships for sea and in preserving ordnance material, one hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars.

For necessary repairs to ordnance buildings, magazines, gun-parks, boats, lighters, wharves, machinery, and other necessaries of the like character, ten thousand dollars.

For miscellaneous items, namely, for freight to foreign and home stations, advertising and auctioneers' fees, cartage and express charges, repairs to fire-engines, gas and water pipes, gas and water tax at magazines, toll, ferriage, foreign postage, and telegrams, three thousand dollars.

For the torpedo corps: For the purchase and manufacture and preservation of gunpowder, nitro-glycerine, and gun-cotton, six thousand dollars.

For instruction in electricity, electrical apparatus, galvanic batteries, and insulated wire, five thousand dollars.

For purchase of copper, iron, wood, and other materials and apparatus and machinery necessary for the manufacture of torpedoes, and for work on the same, fifteen thousand dollars.

For labor, including chemist, pyrotechnist, electrician, one foremanmachinist, and one writer, ten thousand dollars.

For repairs to buildings and wharves, and material and labor for seawall, two thousand dollars.

For freight and express charges, five hundred dollars.

For contingent expenses of the ordnance service of the Navy, one thousand dollars.


Torpedo corps.

For equipment of vessels: For coal for steamers' and ships' use, in- Equipment of cluding expenses of transportation; storeage, labor, hemp, wire, and vessels. other materials for the manufacture of rope; hides, cordage, canvas, leather; iron for manufacture of cables, anchors, and galleys; condensing and boat-detaching apparatus; cables, anchors, furniture, hose, bake ovens, and cooking-stoves; life-rafts for monitors; heating-appa

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