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minutes into their consideration, must be the possibility of a tumult, and of the proto secure on the part of the Police a vigo priety of his being prepared with proper rous discharge of their duty. He believed, assistants to prevent as much as possible since last Monday, every person was salis- its pernicious effects. But what was his tisfied with their conduct. Parliament conduct? Why, he issued sunimonses in had never held their sittings in greater the usual way for eighty persons to attend, security-had never been less in danger of wbom about forty obeyed his summons, of interruption. With respect to what He had no account of those persons, lowhad taken place on the day he had named, ever, and seened to have adopted do he thoughi it unnecessary to say any method with regard to their organization, thing now. It appeared that every pre and not one of the witnesses who were caution had previously been taken by examined seemed to have observed the the Secretary of State which common existence of any outrage, at a moment prudence could dictate. He regretted when one member of the House had comthat it had been found necessary to call plained of being nearly rode over by a out the military ; but the propriety of troop, of horse. He thought the apathy doing this under the circumstances of the which had been displayed on tbis occasion case, he believed, would not be questioned, should form a subject for very rigorous and he thought it would be seen that inquiry; as he was convinced, if the conhardly any blame attached to the civil stables, of whom it appeared pot less than power, if, for once, it had not been able to 150 were in atiendance, had been properly preserve the peace, and afford full pro. mustered and judiciously directed, at an tection. If on this subject there was any early hour in the aftemoon, all necessity difference of opinion, he trusted the House for ine interference of the military would would think the conduct of the Police have been obviated; and if it was not since Monday had atoned for their first probable, it was, at least, possible, that all errors. Conceiving it would be best not ibe disgraceful scenes wbich had taken to revive the unfortunate events of Monday place would have been prevented. Under night, and that there would be no objec- this impression he could not concur in the tion to pass over what had occurred, he vote which had been proposed by the should move, that the said orders be dis right hon. gentleman, of passing over concharged.

duct lightly, which he could not but view Mr. Whitbread was sorry to be under with great jealousy in persons to whom the necessity of bringing back to the recol. the protection of the House was entrusted, lection of the House, the evidence which He thought, with a view to the future, that was taken on the night in question, from it was essential something like the disapthe nature and effect of which he con- probation of the House towards the conceived the motion of the right hon. gen. duct of the magistrates should be mani. tleman was by no means such a motion as fested. the House could agree to, with a due Mr. Bathurst said, the House would reregard to its own character. The right collect that it was understood, on the night ; hon. gentleman, however, had not con- alluded to, that information should be tented himself with merely moving, that given to the magistrates of the feelings the order should be discharged, but had which the House entertained of their conintimated that the magistrates were almost duct. (Mr. Whitbread here remarked, without blame; and, by a panegyric that there was nothing on the Journals to upon their subsequent conduct, seemed this effect.) Mr. Bathurst, in continuadesirous of at once wiping out all recol. tion, observed, that Mr. Morris, the high lection of their previous proceedings. bailiff, was in fact under the direction of Now, what was the real history of the trans- other magistrates, at the head of whom action ? With respect to the precautions was sir N. Conant, who at the time the outtaken, upon the part of the Secretary of rages were taking place, was acting as the State and that of the Speaker, nothing chief, from whom orders were received; could have been more proper or creditable but from the immense multitude which had to their vigilance; but, unfortunately, assembled, he believed it was impossible those precautions were rendered nugalory to have avoided calling out the military., by the conduct of the magistrates to whom With respect to the assertion, that the the execution of the orders given was en calling out the military had produced the trusted. Notice, it was seen, had been other outrages which had been committed, given to the lligh Bailiff of Westminster of he believed this would not for a moment

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be credited, when it was known that be- , missness on the part of the magistrales and fore the military had arrived in Palace civil power; and with this feeling he yard, sir N. Conant had actually been thought their conduct should not be called away to suppress riots of a com- passed over without an expression of the plexion equally dangerous, which had feeling of the House upon ihe subject. broken out in other parts of the town. It Mr. F. Douglas thought it of import. was very true, that the magistrates had ance, that the conduct of the civil officers not placed themselves without the avenues should be minutely inquired into, not so of the House, because such situations were much with a view to punish or to censure attended with imminent danger-one or the past, as to guard against a recurrence iwo of the constables having been abso- of the evil complained of. However he Jutely incapacitated from the exercise of might regret some of the events which their duties by blows received from brick- had taken place, he should always rebats. As far, however, as they could, member with pleasure the firmness and consistently with the strength of the force dignity which that House had displayed, under their orders, they had taken every and exult in the reflexion, that not one of means to resist the gross attacks which its members had mistaken the clamour of were made. Upon the whole, he saw no. a mob for the voice of the people. thing which called for punishment upon

Mr. Lockhart was willing that the prothose individuals, or indeed merited the ceedings which had taken place should be further cognizance of the House.

consigned lo oblivion, as far as the punishMr. Wynn was of opinion that it was ment of the magistrales was concerned ; impossible to pass over live conduct of the but he wished their recollection 10 surá magistrates without notice. He would vive, in order that such measures of prerecall to the recollection of the House, that caution might be taken as should make it the noble lord (Castlereagh) had objecied unnecessary to call out the military on any to any admonition being given to those similar occasion. He wished to see the persons on Monday night, because he constables young, healthy, and vigorous, considered that any discussion upon the instead of decayed and decrepid men, subject would have kept them from those like those which he had seen on the late duljes which at that time required their occasion, who appeared to be incapable of presence. It was then understood that acting with effect, although he found they their conduct was liable to inquiry on a had foolish vanity enough to be jealous of future occasion, and, in obedience to that each other. He understood such a feeling feeling, he conceived an inquiry should had caused a difference between the offinow take place. He thought with his cers from Bow-street and those of other hon, friend (Mr. Whitbread), that the con- offices. He was of opinion that a civil duct of the High Bailiff had been particu. force, better headed, and better organized, Jarly reprehensible, because he was the ought to be at hand on such occasions. person, of all others, to whom he believed He wished the old law, of calling out ihe House ought to look for protection, the house keepers of each parish when and yet he, of all others, seemed to be the public peace was endangered, were most ignorant of what was passing. With again resorted to, places of rendezvous respect to the hazard in which it was named, and other arrangements made for stated by the right hon. gentleman, who their being speedily assembled, and efspoke last, the constables would have been | fectually engaged to quell the disturb. placed by remaining without the doors of ance. If such measures were not adopted, ihe House, he considered it of less im the capital might one day fall into the portance that they should run risks, than hands of a mob, who might not be kept ihat the members of the House should be down till they had done it great, and prevented from performing their parlia- almost irreparable injury. He took oc, mentary duties. It was, in fact, a neces. casion to censure the conduct of certain sary altendant upon the office of constable, persons forming the jury on a coroner's that he should expose his person to danger; inquest, who had promulgated authoriand if such an excuse were to be received tatively what they took upon themas a ground for neglect of duty, the ne. selves to lay down as the law, though he cessary consequence would be, that on all would not acknowledge it to be so. He occasions the military must be resorted to controverted the opinions published by Upon the whole, he could not help being the jury, who lately sat on the body of the of opinion, that there had been great re- officer unfortunately killed in Burlington

minutes into their consideration, must be the possibility of a lumult, and of the proto secure on the part of the Police a 'vigo-priety of his being prepared with proper rous discharge of their duty. He believed, assistants to prevent as much as possible since last Monday, every person was salis- its pernicious effects. But wbat was his tisfied with their conduct, Parliament conduct? Why, he issued sunimonses in had never held their sittings in greater the usual way for eighty persons to attend, securily-had never been less in danger of wbom about forty obeyed his summons, of interruption. With respect to what He had no account of those persons, how. had taken place on the day he had named, ever, and seemed to have adopted po he thought it unnecessary to say any method with regard to their organization, thing now. It appeared that every pre. and not one of the witnesses who were caution bad previously been taken by examined seemed to have observed the the Secretary of State which common existence of any outrage, at a moment prudence could dictate. He regretted when one member of the House had com. that it had been found necessary to call plained of being nearly rode over by a out the military; but the propriety of troop of horse. He thought the apathy doing this under the circumstances of the which bad been displayed on this occasion case, he believed, would not be questioned, should form a subject for very rigorous and he thought it would be seen that inquiry; as he was convinced, if the conhardly any blame attached to the civil stables, of whom it appeared Dot less than power, if, for once, it had not been able to 150 were in attendance, had been properly preserve the peace, and afford full pro. mustered and judiciously directed, at an tection, If on this subject there was any early hour in the afternoon, all necessity difference of opinion, he trusted the House for the interference of the military would would think the conduct of the Police have been obviated; and if it was not since Monday had atoned for their first probable, it was, at least, possible, that all errors. Conceiving it would be best not ine disgraceful scenes wbich had taken to revive the unfortunate events of Monday place would have been prevented. Under night, and that there would be no objec- this impression he could not concur in the tion to pass over what had occurred, he vote which had been proposed by the should move, that the said orders be dis right hon. gentleman, of passing over concharged.

duct lighıly, which he could not but view Mr. Whitbread was sorry to be under with great jealousy in persons 10 whom the necessity of bringing back to the recol. the protection of the House was entrusted, lection of the House, the evidence which He ihought, with a view to the future, that was taken on the night in question, from it was essential something like the disapthe nature and effect of which he con. probation of the House towards the con. ceived the motion of the right hon. gen. duct of the magistrates should be mani. tleman was by no means such a'motion as fested. the House could agree to, with a due Mr. Bathurst said, the House would reregard to its own character. The right collect that it was understood, on the night i hon. gentleman, however, had not con- alluded to, that information should be iented himself with merely moving, that given to the magistrates of the feelings the order should be discharged, but had which the House entertained of their conintimated that the magistrates were almost duct. (Mr. Whitbread here remarked, without blame; and, by a panegyric that there was nothing on the Journals to upon their subsequent conduct, seemed this effect.) Mr. Bathurst, in continuadesirous of at once wiping out all recol- tion, observed, that Mr. Morris, the high lection of their previous proceedings. bailiff, was in fact under the direction of Now, what was the real history of the trans. Other magistrates, at the head of whom action? With respect to the precautions was sir N. Conant, who at the time the outtaken, upon the part of the Secretary of rages were taking place, was acting as the State and that of the Speaker, nothing chief, from whom orders were received ; could have been more proper or creditable but from the immense multitude which had to their vigilance; but, unfortunately, assembled, he believed it was impossible those precautions were rendered nugalory to have avoided calling out the military., by the conduct of the magistrates to whom With respect to the assertion, that the the execution of the orders given was en calling out the military had produced the trusted. Notice, it was seen, had been other outrages which had been committed, given to the High Bailiff of Westminster of" he believed this would not for a moment

be credited, when it was known that be. , missness on the part of the magistrales and fore the military had arrived in Palace civil power; and with this feeling he yard, sir N. Conant had actually been thought their conduct should not be called away 10 suppress riots of a com- passed over without an expression of the plexion equally dangerous, which had feeling of the House upon the subject. braken out in other parts of the town. It Mr. F. Douglas thought it of import. was very true, that the magistrates had ance, that the conduct of the civil officers not placed themselves without the avenues should be minutely inquired into, not so of the flouse, because such situations were much with a view to punish or to censure attended with imminent danger-one or the past, as lo guard against a recurrence two of the constables having been abso- of the evil complained of. However he Jotely incapacitated from the exercise of might regret some of the events which their duties by blows received from brick- had taken place, he should always rebais. As far, however, as they could, member with pleasure the firmness and consistently with the strength of the force dignity which that House had displayed, under their orders, they had taken every and exult in the reflexion, that not one of means to resist the gross attacks which its members had mistaken the clamour of were made. Upon the whole, be saw no. a mob for the voice of the people. thing which called for punishment upon

Mr. Lockhart was willing that the prothose individuals, or indeed merited the ceedings which had laken place should be further cognizance of the House.

consigned to oblivion, as far as the punishMr. Wynn was of opinion that it was ment of the magistrales was concerned ; impossible to pass over ive conduct of the but he wished their recollection to surá magistrates without notice. He would vive, in order that such measures of prerecall to the recollection of the House, that caution might be taken as should make it ihe noble lord (Castlereagh) had objected unnecessary to call out the military on any to any admonition being given to those similar occasion. He wished to see the persons on Monday night, because be constables young, healthy, and vigorous, considered that any discussion upon the instead of decayed and decrepid men, subject would have kept them from those like those which he had seen on the late duljes which at that time required their occasion, who appeared to be incapable of presence. It was then understood that acting with effect, although he found they their conduct was liable to inquiry on a had foolish vanity enough to be jealous of future occasion, and, in obedience to that each other. He understood such a feeling feeling, he conceived an inquiry should had caused a difference between the offi. now take place. He thought with his cers from Bow-street and those of other hon. friend (Mr. Whitbread), that the conoffices. He was of opinion that a civil duct of the High Bailiff had been particu- force, better headed, and better organized, larly reprehensible, because he was the ought to be at hand on' such occasions. person, of all others, lo whom he believed He wished the old law, of calling out ihe House ought to look for protection, the house keepers of each parish when and yet be, of all others, seemed to be the public peace was endangered, were most ignorant of what was passing. With again resorted 10, places of rendezvous respect to the hazard in which it was named, and other arrangements made for stated by the right hon. gentleman, who their being speedily assembled, and efspoke last, the coostables would have been fectually engaged to quell the disturb. placed by remaining without the doors of ance. If such measures were not adopted, the House, be considered it of less im- the capital might one day fall into the portance that they should run risks, than hands of a mob, who might not be kept ihat the members of the House should be down till they had done it great, and prevented from performing their parlia- almost irreparable injury. He took ocmentary duties. It was, in fact, a neces. casion to censure the conduct of certain sary atiendant

upon the office of constable, persons forming the jury on a coroner's that he should expose his person to danger; inquest, who had promulgated authori. and if such an excuse were to be received tatively what they took upon themas a groond for neglect of duty, the ne. selves to lay down as the law, though he cessary consequence would be, ihat on all would not acknowledge it to be so. He occasions the military must be resorted to controverted the opinions published by Upon the wbole, he could not help being the jory, who lately sat on the body of the of opinion, that there had been great re- officer unfortunately killed in Burlington.

street, refuted the doctrine which they Mr. Butterworth said, that he had expehad attempted to inculcate, and, supporting rienced some difficulty in reaching bis kimself on the authority of lord Mansfield, carriage, about eight o'clock of the evecontended that the right of the parties ning in question; but on that occasion, as entrusted with the care of any place well as on his return to the House about an assailed by a mob, to use the weapons with hour afterwards, the constables exerted. which they were armed, to the destruc- themselves 10 the utmost to clear the way. tion of the assailants, was only to be de Sir C. Monck observed, that the Speaker termined by the necessity of the case. of the House was not supposed to know

Mr. Addington observed, that the charges any thing about the preservation of the brought against the magistrates seemed to peace; having given orders for their attende be, that they had not been in their proper ance, it was the duty of the magistrates to stations at the time of the riot, and that take all proper measures. He thought it they had not inade a judicious disposition most extraordinary that a verdict of of ihe civil force. Now, the first charge murder bad been returned against the could only amount to an error in judy. soldiers, while it did not appear that any ment; and he admitted that if they had rioters were in custody, or that any ata been on the outside of the building, they tempt at arson or murder had appeared on would have been better able to direct the the part of the populace. constables. As to the second charge, be Mr. Addington stated there were at least thought ir 100 much to expect, that on the thirty rioters in custody. first occasion, they should have been able Mr. Wrottesley could not agree that the to make the most judicious disposition of magistrates were altogether exempt from the civil power, which it was possible to blame. He remarked on the evidence of make. The chief magistrate of Bow the high bailift, who had stated that he street had been desired to be present at bad about 50 out of his 80 constables the Secretary of State's office during the about the House; that that force was inevening in question. From a laudable sufficient to repress the mob; but that he degree of zeal he came down to the House did not take any measures to procure adin the beginning of the evening, and there ditional force, relying on Messrs. Baker continued till belween eight and nine and Birnie, whom he knew were in alo'clock, being then on the outside of the tendance. He did not, however, combuilding, when he was called suddenly municate with them. His reliance on away, bis presence being necessary in an- Mr. Baker was much to his credit, as there other quarter of the town. The magis was a marked difference between the contrates within were not aware that he was duct of that gentleman and that of the called off, and it was from this, he be- other persons who had been examined at lieved, that the circumstances had taken the bar. He thought the bigh bailiff place which had given rise to the imputa. blameable in not communicating with the . iion of remissness. The conduct of the police magistrates. Some measures, he magistrates had been marked, since that ihought, should be taken to let ibe magisperiod, with a great degree of zeal and trates know that it was necessary for them assiduity, and he hoped the House would lo take proper methods tu stiñe lumulus not think it proper to visit them with a in their commencement; for he was confipunishment so heavy as its censure. dent that with the help of a few consta

Mr. Whitbread explained, that it was bles at the beginning of the evening the not his intention to 'lump all the magis- riot might have been altogether suptrates, who had been examined, in the pressed, by taking such persons into cuscharge which he thought should be made tody as refused to disperse. He observed, against some of them. It was well for the that it was extraordinary that none of the right hon. gentleman who defended them persons had been apprehended, who had lo confound them; but he did not mean to defiled the walls about the metropolis with attack them altogether.

the most inflammatory inscriptions. He Mr. Hammersley thought the police laws thought this might have been done by defective, there being no provision for an the ordinary exertion of the Police. extraordinary number of constables in case Mr. Alderman Atkins stated, that as far of riots. He hoped that the persons to

as he had witnessed the conduct of the whom this departinent of the government magistrales on the night in question, they was entrusted, would pay attention to the had been very active. The high bailith, subject.

he thought, had exerted himself to the ut

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