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have originated, who fhall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconfider it. If after fuch reconfideration, two-thirds of that House fhall agree to país the bill, it fhall be fent, together with the objections, to the other Houfe, by which it fhall likewife be reconfidered, and if approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But in all fuch cases, the votes of both Houses fhall be determined by yeas and nays; and the names of the perfons voting for and against the bill, fhall be entered on the journal of each House respectively. If any bill fhall not be returned by the Prefident within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it fhall have been presented to him, the fame fhall be a law, in like manner as if he had figned it, unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, in which cafe it fhall not be a law.

Every order, resolution or vote to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be neceffary (except on a question of adjournment) fhall be prefented to the Prefident of the United States; and before the fame fhall take effect, fhall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repaffed by two-thirds of the Senate and Houfe of Reprefentatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill.

Sect. 8. The Congrefs fhall have power

To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defence and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excifes, fhall be uniform throughout the United States :

To borrow money on the credit of the United States: To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes :

To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the fubject of bankruptcies throughout the United States :

VOL. I.

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To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and meafures :

To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the fecurities and current coin of the United States:

To establish post-offices and poft-roads :

To promote the progrefs of fcience and ufeful arts, by fecuring, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclufive right to their respective writings and dif

coveries :

To conftitute tribunals inferior to the fupreme court: To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high feas, and offences against the law of nations:

To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprifal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water:

To raife and fupport armies; but no appropriation of money to that ufe fhall be for a longer term than two years:

To provide and maintain a navy:

To make rules for the government and rugulation of the land and naval forces :

To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, suppress infurrections and repel invafions:

To provide for organizing, arming, and difciplining the militia, and for governing fuch part of them as may be employed in the fervice of the United States, referving to the ftates refpectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress:

To exercise exclufive leigflation in all cafes whatfoever, over fuch district (not exceeding ten miles fquare) as may by ceffion of particular states, and the acceptance of Congrefs, become the feat of the government of the United States, and to exercife like authority over all places purchafed by the confent of the legiflature of the ftate in which the fame fhall be, for the erection of

forts, magazines, arfenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings:-And

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To make all laws which fhall be neceffary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers velted by this Conftitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.

Sect. 9. The migration or importation of fuch perfons as any of the ftates now exifting fhall think proper to admit, fhall not be prohibited by the Congrefs prior to the year one thoufand eight hundred and eight; but a tax or duty may be impofed on fuch importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each perfon.

The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus fhall not be fufpended, unless when in cafes of rebellion or inva fion the public fafety may require it..

No bill of attainder or ex poft facto law fhall be paffed. No capitation, or other direct tax fhall be laid, unlefs in proportion to the cenfus or enumeration herein before directed to be taken.

No tax or duty fhall be laid on articles exported from any state. No preference fhall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of another: Nor fhall veffels bound to, or from, one state be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another.

No money fhall be drawn from the treafury, but in confequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money fhall be published from time

to time.

No title of nobility fhall be granted by the United States: and no perfon holding any office of profit or truft under them, fhall, without the confent of the Congrefs, accept of any prefent, emolument, office, or title of any kind whatever, from any king, prince or foreign ftate.

Sect. 10. No ftate fhall enter into any treaty, alliance

or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprifal; coin money; emit bills of credit; make any thing but gold and filver coin a tender in payment of debts; pafs any bill of attainder, ex poft facio law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility.

No ftate fhall, without the confent of the Congreis, lay any impofts or duties on imports or exports, except what may be abfolutely neceffary for executing its infpection laws; and the net produce of all duties and impofts, laid by any state on imports or exports, fall be for the use of the treasury of the United States; and all fuch laws fhall be fubject to the revision and controul of the Congrefs. No ftate fhall, without the confent of Congrefs, lay any duty of tonnage, kecp troops, or fhips of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in fuch imminent danger as will not admit of delay."

ARTICLE

II.

Sect. 1. The executive power fhall be vefted in a Prefident of the United States of America. He fhall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice-Prefident, chofen for the fame term, be elected as follows:

Each state fhall appoint, in fuch manner as the legiflature thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Reprefentatives to which the state may be entitled in the Congrefs; but no Senator or Reprefentative, or perfon holding, an office of truft or profit under the United States, fhall be appointed an elector.

The electors fhall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for two perfons, of whom one at least fhall not be an inhabitant of the fame ftate with themfelves. And they shall make a lift of all the perfons voted for, and of the number of votes for each; which lift they shall fign and certify, and tranfmit, fealed, to

the feat of the government of the United States, directed to the Prefident of the Senate. The Prefident of the Senate fhall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes fhall then be counted. The perfon having the greatest number of votes fhall be the Prefident, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have fuch majority, and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Reprefentatives fhall immediately chuse by ballot one of them for President; and if no perfon have a majority, then from the five highest on the lift the faid House fhall in like manner chufe the Prefident. But in chusing the President, the votes fhall be taken by ftates, the reprefentation from each ftate having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the ftates, and a majority of all the ftates fhall be neceffary to a choice. In every cafe, after the choice of the Prefident, the perfon having the greatest number of votes of the electors fhall be the Vice-Prefident. But if there fhould remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate fhall chufe from them by ballot the Vice-Prefident.

The Congress may determine the time of chufing the electors, and the day on which they fhall give their votes; which day fhall be the fame throughout the United States.

No perfon except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of Prefident; neither fhall any perfon be eligible to that office who fhall not have attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen years a refident within the United States.

In cafe of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, refignation, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the faid office, the fame fhall devolve on the Vice-Prefident; and the Congress may by

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