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regard to the establishment of solid tranquillity in Portugal (to speak with perfect sincerity),* it rests entirely in the hands of England. It is to her that Providence

proposes, in a certain degree, this problem. (!) It rests with her to meditate on it and to solve it. And if our policy could be indifferent to the repose of other countries, if the internal and external peace which the governments and the nations enjoy were not in the eyes of his Majesty a benefit, for the preservation of which Russia is obliged to watch, as well from her positive engagements as from the advantages she derives from them, we might dispense with agitating this question. But the irresistible testimony of events is there to show two truths which seem to us of deep importance. The first is, that in the actual state of Europe there exists no isolated evil. The last troubles of Portugal have been a blow, of which the recoil has been felt in Italy as in Spain, in France as in England. Spain has seen an excited party rush to the combat; Italy has seen its old sectaries bestir themselves anew ; France has been forced to

* We must leave to the reader to judge of the sincerity of the Cabinet of St. Petersburgh by perusing part of the Despatch of Count Pozzo di Borgo, in p. 275, beginning with “people” down to “ characterise them,” p. 278.

adopt measures of eclût; England to have recourse to arms; Austria herself, to save from a dangerous snare the young Prince whose destiny has been confided to her. So true it is that, in our days, the ties of the monarchs and the contact of the people have confounded for them both benefits and evils. Another truth not less proved is, that as much as the future tranquillity of Portugal interests the rest of Europe, so much does it seem still to depend on the fate of the Infant Don Miguel and of the definitive resolutions which shall be taken with regard to him. It is in fact his name that the agitators invoke, and it is equally on him that the friends of

peace found their hopes. He it is whom the army awaits, and he is already sought by the regards of those even who had been frightened and alienated by the errors of his early youth. The future fate of this Prince, therefore, is the future fate of his country. In pronouncing these opinions, our object is by no means to contest with Great Britain the principal part which belongs to her in this grand political drama. Far from this we maintain, that the denouement can only be effected through her; and we know that if the Cabinet of St. James were not too just to set aside entirely

the considerations of right, it might decide every thing in Portugal by the sole authority of force. But our confidence in its principles, the intimacy which characterises our mutual relations, and the spontaneous communications which it has made to you, give us reason to hope that it will receive with favour observations, the only source of which is the love of good. And since the fate of the Infant Don Miguel attaches itself as a last result to his voyage to Brazil ; since to this same voyage are attached the destinies of the Portuguese monarchy, we shall discuss the question, whether the Infant must accept or not the invitation to proceed to Rio Janeiro.

This question presents itself under a double point of view—under the point of rights and under that of interests.

In right it appears to us that the determination of Don Pedro decides it.

This Prince has abdicated the crown of Portugal in favour of the Infanta Donna Maria da Gloria, under two conditions.

He decided first that Portugal should take the oath to the charter that he granted. Second, that the Infant Don Miguel should be affianced to the Infanta Donna Maria da Gloria, and that the marriage should be concluded. These two conditions are fulfilled. The Portuguese nation has taken the oath to its new fundamental law. The Infant Don Miguel has followed this example. The Portuguese, who had taken refuge in Spain in order not to take the oath, and who now endeavour, with arms in their hands, to overthrow the charter of Don Pedro, cannot be considered and treated otherwise than as rebels. The immense majority of the inhabitants of the kingdom range themselves under the banners of the legitimate government. Furthermore, indeed, the charter has been put into execution. The Chambers of Peers and of the Deputies have been convoked, assembled, and constituted. They have deliberated and voted freely. Finally, Don Miguel has been affianced to the Infanta D. Maria da Gloria. The marriage is concluded, and nothing now is wanting but the celebration of the nuptials, of which the act of abdication makes no mention.* Thus then, we repeat, the two conditions

* This is one of those instances of Jesuitry with which almost every diplomatic document of Russia abounds. In this simple sentence in a State Paper, professedly representing the interests of Europe, Russia says that there is only one thing wanting to consolidate the marriage, viz, the celebration of the nuptials; and in

affixed by Don Pedro to the abdication of the crown of Portugal are fulfilled in all their extent; and this abdication has now full and entire validity.

The first consequence of this irrefragable fact is, that from the day on which the above-mentioned conditions have been fulfilled, Don Pedro, according to the very terms of his own decisions, has ceased to be King of Portugal.

The second is, that from the date of this day, as it is a principle that the sovereignty never experiences interruption, it is the Infanta Donna Maria who reigns in this kingdom.

The third, that from the date of this day the relations of sovereign towards the subject have ceased between Don Pedro and Don Miguel, to give place solely to the relations of elder brother to younger brother.

The fourth, in fine, that the elder brother may indeed invite the younger brother to repair to him, but that he has not the right to give him the order

the same breath she adds, “ the marriage is concluded, and thus the conditions affixed by Don Pedro to the abdications are fulfilled in all their extent.” Is it not evident that Russia must have ascertained or contrived, before Don Miguel left Vienna, that he never would marry Donna Maria ? The reader will be able to form his own opinion as he proceeds.--Ed.

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