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CONTENTS

Page

Introduction

Treaties of 1908 and 1925, appointments of the Commissioners, and reservation of lands

along the International Boundary

Treaty between the United States of America and the United Kingdom concerning

the boundary between the United States and the Dominion of Canada from the

Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.

Article I. The boundary through Passamaquoddy Bay

Article II. The boundary from the mouth to the source of the St. Croix River..

Article III. The boundary from the source of the St. Croix River to the St.

Lawrence River....

Article IV. The boundary from its intersection with the St. Lawrence River

to the mouth of Pigeon River

Article V. The boundary from the mouth of Pigeon River to the Northwestern-

most Point of the Lake of the Woods

Article VI. The boundary from the Northwesternmost Point of the Lake of

the Woods to the summit of the Rocky Mountains

Article VII. The boundary from the summit of the Rocky Mountains to the

Gulf of Georgia

Article VIII. The boundary from the forty-ninth parallel to the Pacific Ocean.

Article IX. General provisions

Article X

Treaty between the United States of America and His Britannic Majesty, in respect

of the Dominion of Canada, to define more accurately at certain points and to

complete the International Boundary between the United States and Canada and

to maintain the demarcation of that boundary -

Article I

Article II

Article III

Article IV

Article V.

Appointments of the Commissioners under concurrent action of 1902-1903 and

under the treaty of 1908:

Dr. W. F. King for His Britannic Majesty

Messrs. O. H. Tittmann and Charles D. Walcott for the United States..

Mr. O. H. Tittmann for the United States.

Dr. W. F. King for His Britannic Majesty

Mr. E. C. Barnard for the United States..

Mr. J. J. McArthur for His Britannic Majesty

Mr. E. Lester Jones for the United States

Mr. J. D. Craig for His Britannic Majesty -

Mr. James H. Van Wagenen for the United States

Mr. Noel J. Ogilvie for His Britannic Majesty

Mr. Thomas Riggs for the United States

V

Treaties of 1908 and 1925-Continued.

Reservation of lands along the International Boundary:

Proclamations by the President of the United States of America

Action taken by the Provincial Governments of the Dominion of Canada

Reservations by the Province of British Columbia -

Reservations by the Province of Alberta..

Reservations by the Province of Saskatchewan.

Reservations by the Province of Manitoba.

Agreement of the Commissioners as to the manner in which the provisions of the con-

current action of 1902–1903, of articles VI and VII of the treaty of 1908, and of articles

I and II of the treaty of 1925 should be carried out

Retracement of the boundary line

Field operations

Season of 1901—Reconnaissance west of the Rocky Mountains

Western Canadian party

Eastern Canadian party

United States astronomic and topographic parties -

First United States geologic party-Point Roberts to Osoyoos Lake.

Second United States geologic party-West crossing of the Kootenai River to

Osoyoos Lake

Third United States geologic party--Kootenai River at Porthill, Idaho, to

summit of the Rocky Mountains.

Season of 1902- Reconnaissance west of the Rocky Mountains

Western Canadian party-Point Roberts

Eastern Canadian party-Similkameen River to South Fork of Salmon River.

Season of 1903—South Fork of Salmon River to the summit of the Rocky Mountains.

Canadian party-West of Porthill, Idaho

United States parties

Astronomic party -

First astronomic subparty

Second astronomic subparty

Third astronomic subparty

Topographic party -

First topographic subparty

Second topographic subparty

Third topographic subparty

Fourth topographic subparty-Leveling-

Season of 1904—Skagit River to the summit of the Rocky Mountains.

Canadian party ---

United States parties

Astronomic party

First astronomic subparty

Second astronomic subparty

Third astronomic subparty

Topographic party

Line projection subparty

Triangulation subparty-

Topographic and vista-cutting subparty --

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Field operations-Continued.

Season of 1905-Detached sections west of the summit of the Rocky Mountains..

Canadian parties -

Line party--

Western trail- and vista-cutting party

Topographic party --

Monumenting parties

Triangulation party

United States parties

Astronomic party

Triangulation subparty

Monumenting subparty

Topographic party ---

Triangulation subparty-

Monumenting subparty

Level subparty

Season of 1906—Point Roberts to the Skagit River

Canadian party

First subparty-

Main party

Second subparty

Main party--

Third subparty

Main party-

Season of 1907—Point Roberts to the Skagit River; and joint inspection west of the

Rocky Mountains

Canadian parties -

Triangulation subparty

Second subparty

Main party

Third subparty

Fourth subparty

Monumenting parties

Joint inspection party

Season of 1908—Conclusion of work west of the Rocky Mountains; and the boundary

from Coutts, Alberta, 100 miles eastward to Lodge Creek.

The boundary west of the summit of the Rocky Mountains.

The boundary east of the summit of the Rocky Mountains

Canadian party --

Season of 1909- From the summit of the Rocky Mountains eastward to Frenchman

Creek.

Canadian party ---

United States party --

Season of 1910-From the North Fork of Milk River to Coutts, Alberta; from

Frenchman Creek to the Middle Fork of Poplar River; and from the West Branch

of Short Creek to the east slope of the Turtle Mountains

Canadian party --

United States party -

Season of 1911–From the Middle Fork of Poplar River to the West Branch of Short

Creek; and from the east slope of the Turtle Mountains to Red River:

Canadian party --

United States party.

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Field operations-Continued.

Season of 1912-From Red River to Lake of the Woods; the meridian line; and meas-

urement of bases, Rocky Mountains to Lake of the Woods

Season of 1913—The meridian line and the 49th parallel near Lake of the Woods...

Season of 1914–Numbering the monuments ---

Seasons of 1917 to 1922—Completion of field operations under the provisions of the

treaty of 1908

Season of 1926 and subsequent thereto—Maintenance under the treaty of 1925

Field and office methods and results:

Horizontal control...

Monuments and monumenting

Types of monuments -

The boundary vista

Topography --

Vertical control...

Field transportation -

The official maps.

Establishment of the point adopted in lieu of the original Northwesternmost Point of Lake

of the Woods in accordance with the provisions of the treaty of 1925.

Description and definition of the International Boundary Line from the Gulf of Georgia

(Georgia Strait) to the Northwesternmost Point of Lake of the Woods.

Geographic positions of monuments marking the International Boundary from the

Gulf of Georgia (Georgia Strait) to the Northwesternmost Point of Lake of the

Woods

Geographic positions of marks and monuments ranging and referencing the Inter-

national Boundary from the Gulf of Georgia (Georgia Strait) to the Northwestern-

most Point of Lake of the Woods.

Conclusion

Appendix I. Historical sketch

Explorations of the interior.

Bibliography -

Appendix II. The boundary treaties

Definitive treaty of peace (1783), Article II.

The Jay Treaty. Treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation (1794), Article IV

Treaty of peace and amity (Treaty of Ghent, 1814), Article VII.

Convention of 1818, Articles II and III.

Convention continuing in force Article III of the Convention of 1818 (1827), Articles

I, II, and III...

The Oregon Treaty. Treaty establishing the boundary in the territory on the

northwest coast of America lying westward of the Rocky Mountains (1846)----

Appendix III. Original surveys and demarcations:

Boundary west of the summit of the Rocky Mountains

Adoption of official maps

Conferences and agreements of the Commissioners of 1857-69

Final report of the British Commissioner.

Astronomical determinations

Longitudes and descriptions of monuments

Official description of the boundary -

Methods and results of field work..

Boundary east of the summit of the Rocky Mountains.

Final proceedings of the Commission.

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