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81

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SWITZERLAND, independence of its cantons recognized, $ 26.. 38
constitution of, $ 57 ...

78
changes in the constitution, § 59 a
mediation respecting, $ 73

116
neutrality of, § 416

551
position of, during wars of the French Revolution, $ 417. 552
alliance with other powers in 1815, $ 419

554
rights of, as to part of Savoy, $ 420 a

556

TERCEIRA, affair of, $ 439 n

388
TERRITORIAL WATERS, extent of, $ 177 a

269
TERRITORY of the enemy, ravaging during war, $ 347

473
restoration of, after peace, $ 546...

708
right of a sovereign over his own, § 86

138
passage of belligerent through neutral, $ 427

563
debts of, when transferred, § 30 a

45
TEXAS, recognition of independence of, § 27 f

42
debts of, when united to United States, § 29 a

44
TEXT WRITERS, a source of international law, § 15

22
authority of, § 15 a

26
TIBET, relations of, with China and England, § 38 b.

63
TITLE to property captured in war, $ 359 ...

489
to real property, how transferred in war, $ 398

528
TITLES of sovereign princes, § 159

251
TOLEN, IGNACIO, case of, § 151 T.

246
TORPEDOES, suggestion as to restriction on use of, $ 537 a 702
lawful to obstruct channels with, $ 537 a

702
TOUSIG, SIMON, case of, $ 151 S.....

244
TRADE LAWS, how regarded by other States, $ 114

179
TRADE WITH THE ENEMY, unlawfulness of, $ 309.

422
reasons for forbidding it, $ 310

423
American decisions, § 311.....

425
quitting hostile territory at thecommencement of war, $313a 428
strictness of the rules, § 315.....

430
extent of the restrictions on, § 315 b

431
with the common enemy, unlawful to allies, § 316

433
contracts with the enemy prohibited, $ 317

434
domicile, during war, $ 319 ....

435
house of trade in enemy's country, S 334

451
license from the enemy, § 341 .

459
TREASON, by British subjects abroad, triable in England, $ 113a 179
TREATIES, a source of international law, $ 15

22
affecting sovereignty of a State, $ 25.

37
how affected by a change of sovereign power, S 28.

43
real and personal, $ 29...

43
modification of right to contract, $ 252

356
form of, § 253

356
when they require ratification, $ 254

357

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TREATIES- continued.
refusal to ratify, § 263 .

364
auxiliary legislative measures, S 266

367
when they begin to bind, § 264

365
freedom of consent, how far necessary, § 267

368
transitory, when perpetual, § 268

369
as to fisheries between the United States and England, $ 269 371
the operation of which ceases in certain cases, $ 275 381
revived on the renewal of peace, $ 276

382
of guaranty, $ 277...

383
of alliance, S 278

384
rules for interpreting, $ 287.

394
commencement of their operation, $ 266 a.

368
binding effect of, as to debts, $ 29 a

44
modifying neutrality, $ 424...

560
inviolability of, declaration respecting, § 70 c

106
list of, regarded by United States as abrogated, § 29 a 44
TREATIES OF PEACE, power of making, $ 538

703
dismemberment of States by, $ 541.

704
power to make, in England, S 542

706
effects of, § 544 . :

706
uti possidetis, the basis of, $ 545

708
restoration of territory by, § 546

708
commencement of, § 547 ...

709
cessation of hostilities after, § 548

710
restoration of things taken, $ 549

711
breach of, $ 550..

712
TREATY OF LONDON, 1871, as to the Black Sea, $ 70 c 105
TREATY OF PARIS, as to the Black Sea, § 182 a

278
as to navigation of the Danube, $ 197 a

294
as to mediation, § 288 a

396
close of Crimean war by, § 70 b

104
principal clauses of

776
TREATY OF WASHINGTON, as to the Canadian fisheries,
§ 180 a...

275
articles as to, now abrogated, § 180 a.

276
rules of international law in, § 439 p

589
text of .....

760
TRENT, THE, case of, $ 504 a ..

659
as regards right of search, § 109 a

173
TRIBUNALS, decisions of, a source of international law, $ 15.. 25
TRIBUTARY STATES, instances of, § 37

.59, 60
TROPPAU AND LAYBACH, congress of, $ 65

90
TRUCE. (See Armistice.)
flag of, $ 411 I

546
TURKEY, relation of, to Europe, $ 70 a.

102
how affected by the Treaty of Paris, S 70 b

104
admission of, to European system

776
outbreak of last war with Russia, § 70 f

107
secret agreement with England, § 70 g

108
relation of, to Roumania and Servia, § 36 a

53

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TURKEY-continued.
consular jurisdiction in, $ 110 a

176
neutralization of the Black Sea, § 182 a

279
guaranty of integrity of, by Treaty of Paris....

777
by England, Austria, and France 780
interferences in, $ 70

100
rights of, over the Black Sea and the Dardanelles, § 182.. 278
principal treaties relating to

776
TUSCALOOSA, THE, reception of, at Simon's Bay, $ 434 f.... 574

63
65
67

33

38

UNION of two States, personal and real, $ 40

incorporate, $ 42

federal, § 44
UNITED STATES, acquisition of sovereignty by, $ 21

acknowledgment of independence of, $ 26
constitution of, § 52
executive power in, $ 54
treaty-making power in, § 55
list of treaties regarded as abrogated by, $ 29 a
consular treaty with China, § 110
extradition treaty with England, § 117
treaty with Russia as to the north-west coast, $ 169

expiration of the treaty, $ 171
former claim to the Mississippi, $ 201
navigation of the St. Lawrence by, $ 203
legislation in, $ 54 a ..
policy of, towards European States, § 67 a
practice as to extradition, $ 1160
slavery in, § 133 c....
who are citizens of, § 151 M
protection of citizens abroad, $ 151 N
expatriation in, $ 151 L
British subjects in, during the civil war, § 151 P..
foreign enlistment Acts, $ 437....
complaints of England during the civil war, $ 439 o
Treaty of Washington, 1871, $ 439 p.
indirect claims at Geneva, § 439 u
discussion with Prussia, as to free ships free goods, § 456
not a party to the Declaration of Paris, § 358 a
relations of, with China, S 14 ...

Barbary States, & 14

Japan, $ 14...
UNJUST SENTENCE of foreign court, § 391
UNKIAR SKELESSI, treaty of
UTI POSSIDETIS, basis of treaties of peace, $ 545 ..
UTILITY, the basis of international law, § 4

75
76
78
44
176
185
260
261
298
302
77
94
182
213
239
239
238
241
576
588
589
592
612
488
22
22
22

518

775

708

5

11

VATTEL, system of, 9 9
VENICE, claim of, to Adriatic Sea, $ 186
VERONA, Congress of, § 66

284

91

PAGE
VESSELS. (See Ships.)
VICE-ADMIRALTY prize courts ..

751
VIENNA, TREATY OF, rules as to navigation of rivers in, $ 197 293
VIOLATION of neutral waters by capture, § 428

564
complaint of this, only to come from the neutral State, $ 430 567
restitution of property for, 431

567
of blockade, $ 509...

669
of blockade by egress, $ 520

683
VIRGINIUS, THE, case of, $ 124 d...

198
VISITATION and search, right of, $ 524 (See Search)

685
VOGT, CARL, extradition of, § 116 d

183
VOLUNTARY law of nations, S 8....

11

53

405
405
405
406

WALLACHIA formerly a semi-sovereign State, 36 (See

Roumania) ..
WAR, manuals of the usages of. (See Manuals of the Usayes of

War.)
right of making, in whom vested, § 294
public or solemn, $ 295
perfect or imperfect, $ 296
necessity of a declaration of, $ 297.
enemy's property in the country at the commencement of,

$ 298
rights of, against an enemy, § 342.
tendency of modern, $ 343 a
wounded in, care of, § 343 b
exchange of prisoners of, $ 344
persons exempt from acts of, $ 345.
question as to merchant seamen, § 345 a
capture of private property during, § 346
military occupation during, $ 346 c..
persons authorized to engage in, $ 356
title to property captured in, $ 359..
quitting hostile territory on the outbreak of, $ 313 a
extent of intercourse between enemies, $ 315 b
who are recognized as belligerents, $ 411d
cessation of hostilities, $ 548

(See also Civil War.)

408
460
461
462
464
465
466
466
469
487
489
428
431
542
710

242

WARREN, case of, § 151 P
WASHINGTON, burning of, by the British forces, $ 351
Treaty of, as to the Canadian fisheries, $ 180 a

abrogation of, $ 180 a...

as to violations of British neutrality, $ 439 p..
text of Treaty of
WILLS, how affected by change of domicile, $ 83 a

of British subjects made abroad, g 83c...
WILSON, extradition of, $ 120 a

477
275
276
589
760

135
136

191

PAGE

10

WOLF, system of, $ 7
WOUNDED in war, convention relating to, $ 343 b

462

WRONGS abroad, jurisdiction over, in England, § 144 a ...... 223

ZAMBESI, provisions of general Act of Berlin Conference as to. 803
ZOLLVEREIN, formation of the, $ 51 c

74
accession of Hamburg and Bremen to, $ 51 c

75

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THE END.

LONDON : PRINTED BY C. F. BOWORTH, GREAT NEW STREET, FETTER LANE, E.C.

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