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1901. 412 Mr. Finch to Mr. Hay

May 21 Citizenship of minor son of a United States citi

zen, born and residing without the United

States. Submits question to Department. 444 | Same to same..

June 4 Friendly relations of United States legation with

Government of l'ruguay. Incloses official

newspaper article in regard to.
185 Mr. Hill to Mr. Finch....... June 28 | Citizenship of minor son of a l'nited States citi-

zen, born and residing without the United
States. States that the boy is entitled to pro-
tection until he shall become of age and elect
his nationality, and that he should be given a

passport.
457 Mr. Finch to Mr. Hay....... Aug. 5 Friendly relations of United States legation with

Government of Paraguay. Incloses extract
from message of minister of foreign affairs to

Congress of Paraguay in regard to.
The President of Paraguay Sept. 14 Condolences on assassination of President
to the President of the

McKinley.
United States (telegram).
Mr. Hay to the President Sept. 16 Same subject. Acknowledges above telegram,
of Paraguay (telegram).

with thanks. The minister for foreign do Same subject...

affairs of l'ruguay to Mr. Hay (telegram). Mr. Hay to the minister for ....do... Same subject. Acknowledges above telegram, ioreign affairs of Cruguay

with appreciation. (telegram).

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VENEZUELA.

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1900. 538 Mr. Loomis to Mr. Hay..... 29 Arrest and release of United StatesConsularAgent

Baiz at Barcelona, and delay in transmission of

legation's telegram. Reports in regard to.

1901. 379 Mr. Hay to Mr. Loomis..... Jan. 16 Same subject. Instructs to insist on adequate

apologies and measures to prevent recurrence. Mr. Loomis to Mr. Hay (tel- Feb. 12 Visit of U.S S. Scorpion to the Orinoco River. egram).

Reports protest on Venezuelan Government

against Mr. Hillto Mr. Loomis (tel- Feb. 13 Same subject. States that visit was in accordance egram).

with numerous precedents. 394 Sanie to same

Feb. 14 Same subject Confirms above telegram, and

incloses letter from Navy Department citing

precedents
563 Mr. Loomis to Mr. Hay.. Feb. 23 Arrest and release of United States ConsularAgent

Baizat Barcelona, and delay in transmission of
legation s telegram. Reports that Venezuelan
Government holds that consular officers are not
enutled to personal immunities. Incloses notes

to and from minister for foreign affairs. 564 Same to same

do... Visit of U.S S Scorpion to the Orinoco River.

Incloses protest from minister for foreign affairs

and reply thereto, 572 Same to same

Mar. 1 Same subject. Incloses further note from min

ister for foreign affairs citing Venezuelan law,
which requires special permit of the Executive

for war vessels to visit nonopen ports. 574 Same to same

Mar.

Arrest and release of United States ConsularAgent

Baiz at Barcelona, and delay in transmission of
legation s telegram. Reports that no apology

has yet been made.
402 Mr. Hay to Mr Loomis..... Mar 18 Visit of VS. S. Scorpion to Orinoco River, In-

closes letter from Navy Department pointing
out distinction between an ordinary visit and

a visit for "scientific purposes."
599 Mr. Loomis to Mr. Hay..... Apr. 7 Arrest and release of 'L'nited States Consular

Agent Baiz at Barcelona, and delay in trans

mission of legation s telegram. Reports that 1

satisfactory apology will be made to Mr. Baiz. 604 Mr. Russell 10 Mr. Hay..... Apr. 20 Same subject. “Reports that satisfactory apolo

gies have been made to Mr. Baiz. Same to same ............. May 3 Same subject. Incloges text of letter of regret

addressed to Mr. Faiz by the President of the

State of Barcelony and Mr. Baiz's reply.
414 | Mr. Hill to Mr. Russell..... May 4 | Same subject. Ex resses gratification at apolo-

gies reported, an i states that explanations may
be asked of the Government of Venezuela con-
cerning the nondelivery of the legation's tele.

gram to the consular agent.
610 Mr. Russell to Mr. Hay.....,....do ... Visit of U.S.S. Scorpion to the Orinoco River, In-

closes law of 1882 regulating the visits of war vessels to Venezuelan waters.

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1901.
415 Mr. Hill to Mr. Russell..... May 22 Arrest and release of United States Consular

Agent Baiz at Barcelona, and delay in trans-
mission of legation's telegram. States that
Department still awaits an explanation of the

interception of legation's telegrarı to Mr. Baiz. 625 Mr. Russell to Mr. Hay.. June 15 Same subject. Reports that explanation referred'

to above has not been received. Same to same (telegram)......do ... Visit of U. S. S. Mayflower to the island of Mar- !

garita. Reports that the President of Vene

zuela has cabled for details. 629 Same to same

do Same subject. Confirms above telegram. Same to same (telegram)... June 19 Same subject. Reports that Venezuelan Govern

ment has asked an explanation, and inquires

what reply he shall make.
Same to same (telegram) .. June 22 Same subject. Reports that Venezuelan Govern-

ment repeats request for explanation of May.
flower's entrance of closed port, and holds that
United States officials were aware of law on

subject.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Russell (tel. ....do ... Same subject States that visit was made in ac-
egram).

cordance witu custom, and that list of closed

ports has not yet been received.
634 Mr. Russell to Mr. Hay June 30 Arrest and release of United States Consular

Agent Baiz at Barcelona, and delay in trans-
mission of legation's telegram. Reports that
loss of telegram is explained by interruptions
caused by heavy rains and destruction by the
subsequent earthquake. Incloses note of min-

ister of fomento. 637 Same to same

do... Claims of foreigners against Venezuela growing

out of the Castro revolution. Transmits sum-
mary of awards of the Venezuelan commission
appointed to examine, and reports that con-
certed action has been suggested by the diplo-

matic representatives.
426 Mr. Hill to Mr. Russell...... July 3 Visit of U.S. S. Mayflower to the island of Marga-

rita. States that inasmuch as Porlamar is open
to foreign trade it is not understood how treaty

stipulations were violated.
429 Mr. Hay to Mr. Russell July 12 Arrest and release of United States Consular

Agent Baiz at Barcelona, and delay in trans-
mission of legation's telegram. States that ex-
planations as to interception of telegram, as re-

ported in dispatch No. 634, are satisfactory. 643 Mr. Russell to Mr. Hay

July 14 Visit of U.S.S. Mayflower to the island of Marga

rita. Incloses notes to and from the minister for

foreign affairs in regard to. 646 Same to same

.do... Claims of foreigners against Venezuela growing

out of the Castro revolution. Reports that
Venezuelan Government has issued a decree
that payment of claims adjudicated by the
claims commission will have to be provided

for by the Venezuelan Congress.
431 Mr. Hay to Mr. Russell..... July 17 Same subject. States that it is not the policy of

the United States to act jointly with foreign
powers, but the right to intervene in behalf of
American claimants barred by the commission

is reserved.
432 Mr. Hill to Mr. Russell ..... July 27 Visit of U.S.S. Mayflower to the island of Marga-

rita. States that the incident seems to be satis

factorily closed. 655 | Mr. Russell to Mr. Hay..... July 28 Same subject. Reports that Venezuelan Govern

ment complained of visit to Pampatar, a closed

port. Gives list of open ports.
Same to same (telegram)... July 31 Protection by. United States representatives of

Colombian interests in Venezuela. Reports

invasion of Venezuela by Colombian force.
Same to same (telegram)... Aug. 3 Same subject. Inquires if he may extend, if

Colombian minister is given his passport.
Mr. Adee to Mr. Russell Aug. 5 Same subject. Authorizes to take charge by way
(telegram).

of good offices.
Mr. Russell to Mr. Hay (tel. Aug. 16 Same subject. Reports having assumed charge
egram).

of Colombian legation, 6 Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay......

Aug. 24 Same subject. Reports departure of Colombian

minister and agreement with him as to custody

of property.
The President of Venezuela Sept. 21 Condolences on assassination of President
to the President of the

McKinley.
United States (telegram).
The President of the United ...do ... Same subject. Acknowledges above telegram,
States to the President of

with appreciation.
Venezuela (telegram).
34 Mr. Bower to Mr. Hay.. Oct. 19 | Reception at German legation to German colony

at Caracas and officers of German war ship Vincta.

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CORRESPONDENCE.

ARGENTINE REPUBLIC.

PASSPORT APPLICATION OF FRANK H. BOWERS.

Mr. Lord to Mr. Hay.

No. 89.]

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Buenos Ayres, January 12, 1901. Sir: I have the honor to inform you that I rejected the application of one Mr. Frank H. Bowers for a passport on the following facts which are respectfully submitted for your approval or revision as the case may require:

Mr. Bowers was born of American parents in the city of Buenos Ayres, Argentine Republic, on the 17th day of February, 1880, in which city he has since resided, with the exception of some two years while absent at school. Being nearly 21 years of age he now proposes to go to the United States with the intention of making his permanent residence in the city of Boston, Mass., where he intends to engage in business--probably as the other end of the business here--and where his mother now resides, having recently removed from this city to that place. As Mr. Bowers desired to spend a few weeks traveling in Europe before proceeding to his destination in the United States, he made application to this legation for a passport as an American citizen under the provision of section 1993, Revised Statutes of the United States; but, in view of the provision of section 1 of Article I of the Argentine law, No. 346, of October 8, 1869, declaring all persons born within the territory of the Argentine Republic, though of foreign parentage, to be Argentine citizens, I did not feel warranted in granting his application for a passport:

I deem it proper to say, upon the facts as stated, that I was first inclined to grant Mr. Bowers's application for a passport, intending to inform him that it furnished him no security against any claim that the Argentine Government might assert to his allegiance or service while he remained within the Argentine jurisdiction; but a subsequent reading of the opinion of Mr. Attorney-General Hoar to Mr. Secretary of State Fish, dated the 12th of June, 1869, led me to the conclusion that persons born of American parents in the Argentine Republic, which declares them to be citizens thereof, could not avail themselves of the provisions of section 1993 to obtain a certificate of their American citizenship while they continue within the Argentine territory, nor, possibly, until they should come within the sovereignty and jurisdiction of the United States. I have, etc.,

WM. P. LORD. FR 1901—1

1

Mr. Hay to Mr. Lord.

No. 34.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, February 25, 1901. Sir: I have to acknowledge the receipt of your No. 89, of the 12th ultimo, reporting that you had rejected the application of Mr. Frank H. Bowers for a passport.

It appears that Mr. Bowers was born of American parents in Buenos Ayres on February 17, 1880, in which city he has since resided with an exception of two years' absence at school. He desired the passport to use in Europe while en route to the United States, where he expects to reside.

In reply I have to say that the Department is of opinion that you should have issued the passport, as Mr. Bowers was clearly an American citizen, under section 1993, Revised Statutes, being born abroad of American parents.

You need not have concerned yourself with the conflict between the United States and Argentine laws, as it does not appear that the Argentine Government had made any claim to Mr. Bowers's allegiance, and he was, moreover, about to leave the Republic finally, and to come to the United States. I am, etc.,

JOHN HAY.

POLITICAL.DISTURBANCES-STATE OF SIEGE DECLARED IN BUENOS AYRES ON ACCOUNT OF PUBLIC DISORDER CAUSED BY OPPOSITION TO BILL CONSOLIDATING PUBLIC DEBT.

Mr. Lord to Mr. Hay.

[Telegram.-Paraphrase.)

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Buenos Ayres, July 5, 1901. Mr. Lord reports that the Argentine Government has been constrained to declare its capital in a state of siege for a period of six months, owing to public disorder caused by opposition to the bill consolidating the public debt, pending in Congress.

Mr. Lord to Mr. Hay.

No. 128.]

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Buenos Ayres, July 11, 1901. Sir: Referring to my cablegram of the 5th instant, relative to the state of siege in this capital, I beg to say that the street disturbances or public disorders which caused the executive power, with the sanction of Congress, to issue a decree declaring this capital to be in a state of siege for six months, grew out of opposition to a bill for unifying the public debt.

During the present year there has been considerable discussion in the press as to the advisability of consolidating the public debt, which consists of some thirty loans bearing different rates of interest, into one loan with a uniform interest. In the progress of this discussion, it was not apparent that there was any serious objection to the adoption of a financial measure which should accomplish this object without increasing the public debt or pledging the customs revenue for its payment. Wbile it was not positively known that a proposition was on foot looking to the unification of these loans having the approval of the Government, it was surmised--and it was intimatedthat Dr. Cárlos Pellegrini, a leading senator, and Mr. Ernesto Tornquist, a prominent financier of this city, who were then in Europe, had been authorized by the Government to treat with its creditors and ascertain the terms on which a unification of the public debt could be effected. This supposition led to much talk and discussion concerning the terms and conditions which should form the basis of a measure of this character and also to some apprehension, quite freely expressed, that the opportunity afforded in dealing with such measure would be used for speculation to the detriment of the Government's credit and interests.

When Congress opened its session in May last, there was a good deal of curiosity exhibited to know what the President would say in his message about consolidating the public debt and a good deal of surprise expressed that he should have made no mention nor reference to that subject. But, as Dr. Pellegrini had not returned from Europe to resume his seat in the senate, it was surmised that he was delayed on account of not having been able to arrange satisfactory terms, and to this fact the public attributed the President's reticence to unification in his message.

So the discussion went on growing more intense, but not heated.

About a month after the opening of Congress, Dr. Pellegrini returned to Buenos Ayres, resumed his seat in the Senate, and took part in its discussions, giving no intimation of nor making any reference to the subject of unification. As the finances were known to be in desperate straits and some remedy for their improvement considered to be of paramount importance, the belief still prevailed that some sort of scheme for the unification of the public debt would be proposed, notwithstanding the silence of Dr. Pelligrini and the reticence of Government officials. The consequence was that the press became more vigorous in its comments and criticisms on the action of the Government and the people more expectant and agitated.

At last the President sent a message to Congress recommending a bill for consolidating the public debt, the chief features of which bill were to be as stated: (1) The decrease of the service of the debt by $5,000,000; (2) the consolidation of the thirty existing loans into one, with a uniform rate of interest and an amortization, and (3) the payment of the balance of the floating debt, maturing in this year and next, amounting to $18,000,000 gold. The public debt is about $385,000,000 and the unification bill included it and some other items, making the whole sum of $135,000,000. The bill provided that 70 per cent of the customs receipts should be turned over daily, not into the national treasury, but a certain bank designated by the creditors, to be applied to the obligations incurred. It will be seen, therefore, that the scheme for consolidating the public debt increased its amount and pledged a portion of the only gold revenue of the nation to meet its obligations. The bill was presented by Dr. Pelligrini in the Senate with a short speech in support of it.' Without further discussion it passed the Senate with only two dissentient votes, and was sent to the House of Deputies, where it was referred to a committee, who reported favorably upon it.

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