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234 to 267 million dollars, and manufactures ready for consumption, from 447 to 531 million dollars, indicating that exports of manufactures as a whole in the full calendar ́year will be fully 100 million dollars more than those of 1910 and far in advance of any earlier year. Cotton exports in the ten months of 1911 aggregated 2,945 million pounds, valued at 371 million dollars, establishing a new high record in value and closely approximating the high record quantity of 2,983 million pounds exported in the corresponding ten months of 1909. Iron and steel exports in the ten months of 1911 were 206 million dollars in value, against 164 million in the corresponding period of 1910; and for the full calendar year the total will doubtless be about a quarter billion dollars. Other leading articles of manufacture also increased, according to the ten months' figures of the Bureau of Statistics Department of Commerce and Labor; copper, from 74 to 83 million dollars; illuminating oil, from 48 to 53 million; cotton manufactures, from 29 to 37 million; vegetable oils, from 11 to 18 million; leather and manufactures thereof, from 46 to 47 million; and wood manufactures, from 69 to 78 million dollars, the comparisons in each case being with the ten months ending with October, 1910. The list of comparisons might be further extended to show increases in agricultural implements, automobiles, cars, drugs, chemicals and medicines, scientific instruments, and many other articles.
In this department of The Editorial Review we publish each month the history and growth of a newspaper of prominence. In this number we sketch the successful career of The Ohio State Journal.
¶ We also reprint here carefully selected editorials on
THE OHIO STATE JOURNAL.
THE progress and the long career of a newspaper may not in themselves be a criterion of its worth; for location and special local conditions are often important factors in success. character of a journal and its devotion to public interests have much to do with its development and continuity. The standard of Ohio newspapers is exceptionally high, and many of them wield immense influence not only in the city of publication, but in the state and the nation. The State Journal recently celebrated its hundredth year and brought out an anniversary number containing valuable historical data regarding the state, the eighty-eight counties that comprise it, its capital city, Columbus, and its various institutions of an educational, philanthropic and cultural character. The newspaper is one with worthy traditions, sound principles and devotion to the welfare of the people. It fulfills the high mission of journalism in a conspicuously thorough
The Ohio State Journal was founded by Nathaniel P. Willis, grandfather of the well-known poet. This was on July 17, 1811, its name being the Western Intelligencer. It is the third oldest. newspaper in Ohio, and one of the oldest in the United States.
The century since 1811 has been one of marked progress and national development. When the State Journal was established all the equipment of office and press had to be brought over the Alleghanies by pack-train and wagon, "delivered on flatboats at Pittsburgh for transfer down the Ohio River to the mouth of the Scioto and thence to Chillicothe by pack and wagon again." When the newspaper was founded Columbus was little more than a forest; today it has nearly 200,000 inhabitants. Since 1811 this country has gone through four wars; has doubled its territory, has expanded in population from three or four millions to over ninety millions. In the year of the birth of this journal Abraham Lincoln, William Ewart Gladstone, Alfred Tennyson, Charles Darwin, Chopin, Mendelssohn and other mighty men of brain and character were as yet in their infancy. How potent was their work in the progress of the nineteenth century is matter of history. Across the hundred years intervening between 1811 and today great names pass before the mind's eye, men who were added to the Roll of Fame,-Webster, Clay, Whittier, Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Lincoln, Grant and a host of others in statesmanship, letters and action. The retrospect is an object lesson in optimism. In 1811 four days were required to carry a letter by post from Boston to New York, and the cost was seventeen cents!
The passing years have found reflected in the State Journal the great changes that have marked the progress of the newspaper world. At first the publication was weekly and of small size, seldom more than four columns, never exceeding four pages. When it became the official organ of the State Legislature it was issued three times a week and, eventually, daily during the legislative session. In 1838 it was changed from an evening to a morning newspaper, which it has continued to be down to the present time. In 1847 the telegraph came to Columbus, but was at first irregular in service. Hand presses have given place to steam presses. The telephone became a factor in newspaper work in the late seventies; typewriters have largely replaced long-hand writing and the linotype has succeeded the hand compositor. And, with the years, the State Journal has grown from a small
weekly to a strong daily, with an ever-strengthening sphere of influence.
The State Journal has been a school from which many men have gone forth to reputations of national and international character in the political and literary life of the nation. William Dean. Howells was one of its editors. Two governors of Ohio were on the staff, Salmon P. Chase having been an editorial writer before he went to Washington. One of the correspondents of the paper was Charles D. Hilles, the present secretary to the President.
The first number of the State Journal, or as it was then known, the Western Intelligencer, was printed under the auspices of Col. James Kilborne. August 21, 1811, marked the first of a chain of changes in ownership. On that date the paper passed to Joel Buttles and George Smith, who announced that it would be "conducted upon just and equitable principles, independent of private opinion or local prejudice." Three years later the plant was removed from Worthington to Columbus, and Columbus Gazette added to the title. Mr. Smith withdrew and P. H. Olmsted and Ezra Griswold joined the firm. Mr. Buttles becoming interested in other matters than newspapers, the control passed completely to Colonel Olmsted.
In 1825 George Nashee, of Chillicothe, was appointed State printer at Columbus. He allied himself with Colonel Olmsted and the paper became the Ohio State Journal. The legislature at that time did not publish a daily journal of its proceedings and the paper became the official organ. Since that time many changes and amalgamations have taken place, until in 1902 it passed into the hands of its present owners. A Sunday edition was first issued in 1890.
Coincidental with the establishment of the State Journal was the navigation by steam of the Ohio River, the centenary of which was recently celebrated. Columbus has been preeminent in educational and uplift work for the good of humanity and many of its institutions are models of their kind.
In the anniversary number of October 26, 1911, many interesting and historic reproductions are given, among others a facsimile of the fifth number of the first volume. Under the title the following caption is placed: "Truth, equality and liberal knowledge are the three pillars of republican liberty."
Congratulations from contemporaries and distinguished men. in the country were sent to the State Journal on its centennial.
LEARNING AND EARNING.
(Ohio State Journal.)
HERE is a good sentiment uttered by Dean Hodges at Chautauqua last summer. "We should take less time earning a living and more time living." If men would take that little hint to heart they would find life fairer. Even if one could not cut down on his time in earning a living, he could increase it in living. There is hardly a man anywhere but could give one hour each day to the demands of the intellect and heart and make his life happier and nobler thereby.
There is some danger that the time saved in cutting down the hours of a day's work is not made use of as was originally intended that it should be given up to mental, moral and social improvement. The real friend of the eight-hour law will be true to its doctrine, for if he is, he will adorn the cause he represents and give it a stronger foothold in public opinion. For don't you know the real victories in the future are to be gained by intellectual and moral progress? And don't you know a victory thus gained is the only one worth having?
Yes, that is the doctrine-spend more time in living-not in loafing, or discussing, or smoking, or frolicking, but in those practices that illumine the mind and cultivate the emotions. That is the way future problems are to be solved-not by prejudice, menace, or excitement, but by thought, by candor, by friendship.
But there is another thought, which is, that a man can live while he is earning a living. Some of the finest people we know put cheer and thought into their work. There is an art in common things as beautiful as in sculpture or music. And the men and women who put it there are our best people, better than wealth, position or leisure can possibly make them.